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The Complete Book on Resins (Alkyd, Amino, Phenolic, Polyurethane Epoxy, Silicone, Acrylic), Paints, Varnishes, Pigments & Additives (Surface Coating Products with Formulae) ( New Arrival ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers ISBN 9788178331652
Code ENI64 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 1875   1875 US$ 150   150
Pages: 624 Published 2016
Publisher Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
Usually Ships within 3 days

Surface coating is the application of decorative or protective materials in liquid or powder form to substrates. These coatings normally include general solvent type paints, varnishes, lacquers, and water thinned paints. Surface coating involves different types of products for example paints, varnishes, resins, polyesters, pigments etc. Alkyd resin is complex oil modified polyester that serves as the film coating agent in some paints and clear coatings. Varnish is one of the important parts of surface coating industry. They are used as clear, transparent coatings or as vehicles for a wide variety of pigmented, opaque coatings for architectural and industrial purposes.

India’s strong economic growth has propelled the paint industry to double digit growth over the past few years and has made it Asia Pacific fastest growing paint market. The spurt in the economic growth over the past few years has caused a tremendous increase in the size of the industry. The field of surface coatings is now so extensive, and is developing rapidly. 

This handbook covers all aspects of coating technology including composition, preparation, application, manufacturing process and photographs of plant & machinery with supplier’s contact details. The major contents of the book are oleoresinous media, varnishes: composition, manufacture & use, alkyd resin technology, manufacture of alkyd resins, polyesters, amino resins, phenolic resins, polyurethane resins, epoxy resins, silicone resins, acrylic solution resins, emulsion polymerization theory, emulsion polymers, water reducible resins, water soluble polymers, solvents, inorganic pigments, titanium dioxide pigments, organic pigments, paint driers and architectural paints etc. 

It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, food technologists, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of resins, paints, varnishes, pigments & additive industry. 

Contents

1. THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE SURFACE 

COATINGS INDUSTRY

2. OLEORESINOUS MEDIA

Industry Terminology

Ram Materials Used in Leoresinous Production

Finished Products Based on Oleoresinous Media

Manufacturing Equipment

Process Control Testing

3. VARNISHES: COMPOSITION,  MANUFACTURE AND USE

Composition

Oils Used in varnishes

Gasproofing

Water and Alkali Resistance

Manufacture of Oleoresinous Varnishes

Varnishes Vs. Alkyds

4. ALKYD RESIN TECHNOLOGY

Raw Materials

Formulation of Alkyd Resins

Calculation of Alkyd Formulations

Calculation of Raw Materials for an Alkyd Prepared by the Monoglyceride Process

Typical Formulations (all quantities by mass)

5. MANUFACTURE OF ALKYD RESINS

Alcoholysis

Catalysts

Control of Alcoholysis

Fatty and Process

Comparison of Fusion and Azeotrope Processes

Raw Materials Handling

Alkyd Manufacturing Plant

6. POLYESTERS

Main Components of Unsaturated Polyesters

Functions of Initiators, Accelerators, Inhibitors

Effect of Structure on Properties of Cured Products

Polyester Coating Compositions

7. APPLICATIONS OF ALKYD RESINS

Very Long Oil Alkyds: 75 per cent and above

Long Oil Alkyds: 60 to 75 per cent

8 AMINO RESINS

Formation of Amino Resins

Urea Formaldehyde Resins

Melamine Formaldehyde Resins

Uses of Amino Resins

Water Based Coatings

9. PHENOLIC RESINS

Phenol-Formaldehyde Reactions

Oil Soluble 100 per cent Phenolic Resins

Baking Phenolics

10. POLYURETHANE RESINS

Tolylene Diisocyanate (TDI)

4, 4 Diphenylmethane Diisocyanate (MDI)

Other Diisocyanates Used in Coating Systems

Hydroxy Component

Hazards of Isocyanates

Classification of Polyurethanes

Moisture-cured Urethanes

Blocked Isocyanate Systems

Two-component Catalyst-cure Polyurethanes

11. EPOXY RESINS

Epoxide Group Content (ECG)

Curing Agents for Epoxy Resins

Principles in Formulating with Epoxy Resins

Solvent-based Coatings

Single-pack Thermoplastic Epoxy Systems

 

12. WATER DISPERSIBLE EPOXY COATINGS

Epoxy/Polyamide Emulsions

Water-dispersible Epoxy Resin Coatings for Electrodeposition

13. SILICONE RESINS

Preparation of Silicones

Polymerization

Methyl-and Phenyl-content

Blending Resins178

Preparation and Formulation of Silicone-Resin based Coatings

Application Guides

Applying the Coating

14. ACRYLIC SOLUTION RESINS

Backbone Monomers

Addition Polymerization

Copolymerization

Thermoplastic Acrylics

Thermosetting Acrylics

Acid Copolymers

15. EMULSION POLYMERIZATION THEORY

Polymerization in Emulsion Systems

16. EMULSION POLYMERS:  MANUFACTURE AND TESTING

Process Variables

Delayed Addition Process

Alternative Processes

Surfactant Addition Techniques

Agitation

Surfactant Addition Techniques

Emulsion Testing

Ultracentrifugation

17. APPLICATIONS OF EMULSION  POLYMERS

Architectural Applications

Examples of Decorative Paints

Industrial Applications

Adhesives Industry

Pressure Sensitive Uses

 

18. WATER-REDUCIBLE RESINS

Water-soluble Polymers

Acrylic-modified Water-soluble Alkyds

Silicone-modified Alkyds and Polyesters

Keeping the Epoxide Ring Available for Subsequent Cross-linking

Thermoplastic Polymers

Thermosetting Polymers

Melamine Formaldehydes

Other Water-soluble Polymers

Variation of Amine Levels

Drying Properties

Coupling Efficiency

Driers for Air Dry and Force Dry Systems

Cross-linking of Water-soluble Coatings

Trouble Shooting with Water-Soluble Polymers

19. WATER-SOLUBLE POLYMERS

Cellulose and its Derivatives

Flow Characteristics of Water Soluble Polymer Solutions

Thixotropy

Rheology

20. SOLVENTS

Evaporation Rate

Liquid/Liquid Boiling Equilibrium

Applications Technology

Evaporation from Polymer Film

Chemical Solvents

Nitrocellulose and Other Lacquers

Latex Paints

Solvent Control

Gas Chromatography

21. INORGANIC PIGMENTS

The Functions of a Pigment

Properties of Pigments

The Classification of Pigments

Properties of Inorganic Pigments

Lead Chromate

Chrome Oxide Pigments

Zinc Oxide

Zinc Sulfide Lithopone

Calcium Plumbate

Mixed Phase Pigments

22. TITANIUM DIOXIDE PIGMENTS

The Chloride Process

Applications of Titanium Pigments

Dispersion of Titanium Pigments

Gloss Development

23. ORGANIC PIGMENTS

Colour and Chemical Constitution

Azo-Condensation Pigments

Pigment Conditioning

Dyestuffs

Colour Index Classification

24. EXTENDER PIGMENTS

Particle Size and Shape

Particle Size Distribution

Types of Extender Pigment

China Clay (Kaolin)

25. PAINT DRIERS

Drier Recommendations

Stability of Drying Performance on Storage

Driers for Use in Water based Systems

26. PAINT ADDITIVES

Wetting and Dispersing Agents

Aluminium Soaps

Hydrogenated Castor Oil (Triglyceride of 12-hydroxy Stearic Acid)

Anti-skinning Agents

Anti-flood and Anti-float Additives

Recognizing Flooding and Floating

Identification of Mildew

Latex Paint Additives

Stabilizing Surfactants (Non-ionics)

Latex Thickening Agents

Coalescing Aids

27. MANUFACTURE OF PAINTS

28. ARCHITECTURAL PAINTS

Formulating Exterior Paints for Wood

Interior Paints for Plaster and Wallboard

Exterior Emulsion Paints for Masonry

Exterior Solution Type Paints for Masonry

Interior and Exterior Enamels

Enamels for Wood and Concrete Floors

29. PHOTOGRAPHS OF PLANT & MACHINERY WITH 

SUPPLIER’S CONTACT DETAILS

ABOUT NPCS

 

NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.

 


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:


• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period


We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.

 

The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?


The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.


Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.

 

Our Approach:


• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.

 

Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:

 

 

Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications

 

Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity

 

Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers

 

Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel

 

Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)

 

Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram

 

Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities

 

Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:

 

  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital

 

  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals

                Revenue/Income/Realisation

                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios

                D.S.C.R

                Earnings Per Share (EPS)

               

             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 

                B.E.P

  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR