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Handbook on Pig Farming and Pork Processing (Feeding Management, Breeding, Housing Management, Sausages, Bacon, Cooked Ham with Packaging) ( New Arrival ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers ISBN 9789381039786
Code ENI302 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 1075   1075 US$ 125   125
Pages: 272 Published 2016
Usually Ships within 5 Days

Pig farming is the raising and breeding of pigs. Among the various livestock species, piggery is most potential source for meat production and pigs are more efficient feed converters after the broiler. Pig rearing has traditionally been in the main occupational axis of the socially backward down-trodden class of Indian population since time immemorial. But at present commercial pig farming has greatly changed social scenario of this business in India. Now everyone is conscious about the economic importance of pig farming. 

Pig farming for meat production is one of the best and profitable business ideas for people. There are several highly meat producing pig breeds available and Initial requirements of small investment, quick returns and utilization of bristles and manure further increase the importance of this animal. 

This handbook is designed for use by everyone engaged in the pork production. The book explains about how to raise and care for pigs, by choosing the right breed, how to house, feed and breed them, butchering process, manufacturing process of various pork products and sample plant layouts & process flow sheets with machinery details. Major contents of the book are behavior of pigs, feeding management, pig breeding, housing management, diseases, pork processing, sausages, bacon, cooked ham, chilling and freezing of meat, meat packaging.

It will be a standard reference book for professionals, food technologists, entrepreneurs, and others interested in startup of pig farming and pork production.

1. Introduction

Advantages of Pig Farming in India

Physical Characteristics of Pigs

SWOT Analysis of Piggery Sector

Pig Breeds

(1) Large White Yorkshire 

(2) Jangali Bandel/Wild Boar 

(3) Pygmi Bandel 

(4) Landrace

(5) Middle White Yorkshire

(6) Hurra

(7) Chwanche 

(8) Banmpudke 

(9) Hampshire


2. Behaviour of Pigs

Social Behaviour

Rooting Behaviour

Maternal Behaviour

Huddling Behaviour


Sexual Behaviour

3. Feeding Management


Types of Nutrition

Feeding of Boars

Feeding of Female

Feeding of Farrowing Sow and Litter

Feeding for Piglets

Feeding of Growing and Finishing Pigs

Orphan Pigs




4. Pig Breeding

Managing the Sows

Selection of Breeding Gilt

Recognising the Heat 

Selecting the Boar

Managing the Boar

Feeding and Housing the Boar 

Timing the Service

The Birth and Care of the New-Born Piglets

Preparation Measures


Care of the New Born Piglets

Problems Related to the Birth

Slow Delivery

Accidental Killing of the Piglets by the Sow

The Sow Becomes ill After Farrowing

5. Housing Management

Selection of Housing Location


Construction Plan for a Good Pig House/Shed

Housing and Equipment

• The Boar and Boar Pen

• The Sow and Sow Pen

• The Dry Sow and Dry Sow Housing

• Farrowing Pens

• Weaners and Weaner Housing

• Grower and Finishing Pens

Different Models/Types of Pig House/Sheds

6. Diseases

Internal Parasites

(1) Roundworm

• Symptoms

• Prevention

(2) Tapeworm

• Symptoms

• Prevention

External Parasites

(1) Mange

• Symptoms

• Prevention

• Treatment

(2) Lice

• Symptoms

• Prevention

• Treatment

(3) Myiasis

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(4) Anaphrodisias

• Symptoms

• Prevention

• Treatment

(5) Leptospirosis

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(6) Brucellosis

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(7) Uterine Prolapsed

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(8) Mastitis

• Symptoms

• Prevention

• Treatment

(9) Endometritis (Bacteria)

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

Diseases and Disorders of Digestive Tract 

(1) Birth Diarrhoea

• Symptoms

• Prevention

• Treatment

(2) Red Diarrhoea or Clostridial Enteritis

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(3) Fat Diarrhea

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(4) Post Diarrhea

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(5) Salmonellosis

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(6) Swine Dysentery

• Symptoms

• Prevention

• Treatment

(7) Post Weaning Syndrome (Oedema Disease)

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

Diseases of the Respiratory Tract

(1) Influenza

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(2) Pleural Pneumonia

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(3) Atrophic Rhinitis (Inflammation of the Nose)

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(4) Pasteurellosis

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(5) Porcine Respiratory and Reproductive Syndrome (PRRS)

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

Disease Causing Problems in Walking

(1) Arthritis


Prevention and Treatment

(2) Streptococcal Infections

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

Nutritional Disorders 

(1) Anaemia

• Symptoms

• Control and Treatment

Other Diseases

(1) Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

(2) Hog Cholera

• Symptoms

• Control

(3) African Swine Fever

• Symptoms

• Control

(4) Swine Influenza

• Symptoms

• Control

(5) Transmissible Gastroenteritis (TGE)

• Control

(6) Enteric Colibacillosis

• Symptoms

• Control

(7) Salmonellosis

• Symptoms

• Control

(8) Erysipelas

• Symptoms

• Control

(9) Anthrax

• Symptoms

• Prevention and Treatment

Vaccination Schedule for Pigs


7. Pork Processing


Stunning Methods

• Percussion Stunning

• Electrical Stunning

• Carbon Dioxide Gas Stunning


• Bleeding on a Rail

• Horizontal Bleeding

• Bleeding Without Stunning

Hair or Skin Removal

Skinning Method


Splitting and Head Removal

Chilling the Carcass

Carcass Cutting Equipment

Basic Equipment Needed for the Slaughtering Operation

Useful Additional Equipment

8. Sausages

Sausage Types

(1) Fresh Sausage

(2) Cooked Sausage

(3) Dry & Semi-Dry Sausages

(4) Luncheon Meats and Jellied Products

Sausage Ingredients

Sausage Recipes and Procedures

Fresh Pork Sausage

Italian Style Pork Sausage


Nurnberger Bratwurst

Polish Sausage

Smoked Kielbasa

Coarse Ground Bologna


Cooked Salami

Summer Sausage

Dry Beef Salami

Honey Loaf

Spiced Luncheon Loaf

Family Loaf

Main Types of Products Worldwide

(1) Frankfurters (Wieners)

(2) Grill Sausages

(3) Bratwurst

(4) Bologna

(5) Mortadella

(6) Mettwurst

(7) Breakfast Sausage

(8) Blood Sausage

(9) Weisswurst

(10)Liver Sausage

Processing Stages

(1) Ingredients and Additives

(2) Formulation

(3) Comminution

(4) Smoking/Cooking

Quality Aspects of the Finished Product

Safety Aspects

9. Bacon


Processing Stages

• Traditional Wiltshire Curing

• Injection of Pork Sides

• Immersion in a “Live Brine”

• Maturation

• Modern Wiltshire Cured Bacon

• Modern Bacon Production

• Pig Production and Slaughter

• Slaughter and Chilling

• Immersion Curing (Tank Curing)

• Bag Curing

• Dry Curing

• Smoking

• Tempering and High-Speed Slicing

• Packaging

• Storage Instructions

10. Cooked Ham


Types of Products

Raw Materials

Processing Technology

• Reception

• Brine Injection

• Massaging and/or Tumbling

• Cooking

• Cooling

• Final Product

Quality Aspects of the Finished Product

• Color

• Texture

• Flavor

Safety Aspects

11. Chilling and Freezing of Meat


Effects of Freezing

Microbiological Effects

Mould Growth

Fat Rancidity

Physical Effects

Ice Formation – Mechanical and Chemical Effects

Effects on Meat Properties

• Colour

• Drip Losses

• Cooking Losses 

• Fatty Tissue

Storage Life

Management of the Cold Chain

Types of Freezers

12. Meat Packaging

Advantages of Packaging

Purpose of Packaging

Requirements for Packaging Materials

(1) Single-Layer Films

(2) Multi-Layer Films

Types of Packaging

(1) Controlled Atmosphere Packaging (CAP)

(2) Vacuum-Packaging

(3) Masterpack

(4) Modified-Atmosphere Packaging

Packaging Guidelines for Meat and Meat Products

13. Sample Plant Layouts & Process Flow Sheets with Machinery Details



NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


Our Approach:

• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR