Handbook on Herbal Medicines ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author H Panda ISBN 8178330911
Code ENI36 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 750   750 US$ 100   100
Pages: 478 Published 2004
Publisher Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
Usually Ships within 5 days

India is said to be having advantage of well-recorded and well practiced knowledge of traditional herbal medicine. Herbal medicine products are dietary supplements that people take to improve their health. Many herbs have been used for a long time for claimed health benefits. Herbal medicines are the combination of curative experiences of generations of practises of physicians of aboriginal systems of medicine from time immemorial. Herbal medicines are as well in huge demand in the developed world for health care for the reason that they are efficient, safe and have lesser side effects. They offer cure for various diseases which do not have any modern medicine likes memory loss, osteoporosis, immune disorders, etc. Their use in the developed world has also increased. The herbal medicines today symbolize safety in contrast to the synthetics that are regarded as unsafe to human and environment. In the primeval times, the Indian sagacious held the view that herbal medicines are the only resolution to treat numeral health related problems and diseases. Although herbs had been priced for their medicinal, flavouring and aromatic qualities for centuries, the synthetic products of the modern age surpassed their importance, for a while. However, the blind dependence on synthetics is over and people are returning to the naturals with hope of safety and security.
This means there is immense potentiality in the market considering the fact the present book aims to provide you comprehensive knowledge. The book contains Formulae of different Herbal Medicines used in all kind of diseases. The chapters of the book are: Use of herbal medicines for masses, commonly available plants tested for lowering blood sugar, cure of goitre by Ayurvedic herbal medicines, clinical study of chalcopyrite tables in the management of common symptoms of acid dyspepsia holistic management of bronchial asthma, drugs for skin allergy, role of Ayurveda in veterinary science, manufacturers index, botanical name of drugs, research abstracts, Ayurveda on the web databases , drugs and their equivalents along with a directory section.
Research scholars, professional students, scientists, new entrepreneurs, and present manufacturers will find valuable educational material and wider knowledge of herbal medicine in this book. Comprehensive in scope, the book provides solutions that are directly applicable to the detailed information of herbal medicine.

1. Use of Herbal Medicines for Masses
Nature's Law of Cure
Herbal Medicines for the Masses
Conclusion

2. Research of Ayurvedic medicines
The limitations of the Ayurvedic System Need for clinical trials
Herbal research at NIMHANS: the treatment of anxiety
Herbal research at NIMHANS: the treatment of cognitive deficits
Future research

3. Study with a Herbal Drug-"Pippalli Rasayana" Preparation of drug

4. Commonly available Plants Tested for Lowering Blood Sugar

5. Cure of Goitre by Ayurvedic Herbal Medicines
History of disease
Cause
Symptoms

6. Use of Bryonia Laciniosa to get Male Child
Pathology
Preventive measures
Ayurvedic treatment

7. Histochemical Study in Rat Liver under the 
Influence of Cannabis
Material and Methods
Drug preparation
Effect of the Drug

8. Vajikarana Yoga in the Management of Male Sexual Dysfunctions

9. Clinical Study of Calciprite Tables (Panchamruta Guti) in the Management of Common Symptoms of Acid Dyspepsia Amlapitta)

10. A Report on the Effect of Sookshma Triphala on Anjananamika

11. Clinical Study of Bhunimbadi Ghanasar Tablets (BNK) in the treatment of seven common Symtoms of Amlapitta (Acid Dyspepetic Disease)

12. Hepatitis-B Through Ayurvedic Medicines
Introduction
Materials & Methods
Notes from history
Signs & symtoms
Medication
Pathya 
Discussion & Conclusion

13. Holistic Management of Bronchial Asthma
Introduction
Materials and Methods
B. Vardhamana pipplai Rasayana yoga
Management
Conclusion

14. Chronic Pancreatitis with Multiple Pancreatic 
Ductal Calculi by Common Ayurvedic Preparation
Summary
Introduction
Clinical Profile of the Patient
Materials & Method
Drug selected for the study
Treatment Schedule
Diet
Observation and Results
Chronology of clinical observations
Discussion and Comment

15. Efficacy of Romasanjanana Lepa in 'Indralupta' 
(Alopecia)
Introduction
Clinical study of the drug
Romasanjanana Lepa
Materials and Methods
General Observation
Observation and Result
Discussion

16. Anantavata-Trigeminal Neuralgia
Introduction
Clinical features
Clinical profile
Treatment adopted
Shamanoushadhi
Apathya
Discussion
Conclusion

17. Rasa Preparations
Groups of Medicines in Rasa-Ratna-Samucchaya
Maharasa
Uparasa
Sadharan rasa
Ratna-Uparatna
Dhatu
Kandavisha (Poisonous herbs)
Upavisha (Poisonous herbs)
Fascial Paralysis (Due to Polio)
Drugs for Polio

18. Impotency
Uttaravasti an ultimate treatment for ED 
and unorgasm
1. Gastro Intestinal Tract
Antacid
Anti Diarrhoeal
Anthelmintics
Anti emetics
Appetite Stimulant
Colorectal Preparations
Enzymes and Carminatives
Gastric Disorders
Hepato Biliary Preparations
Laxatives

2. Cardio Vascular System
Anti Anginal Drugs
Anti-hypertensive
Anti-Coagulants and Haemostatics
Cardiac Disorders

3. Central Nervous System
Analgesics
Antipyretic
Memory Boosters
Anti Convulsants
C.N.S. Stimulants
Sedatives & Tranquilisers

4. Musculo skeletal system
Antiinflammatory
Topical Analgesics
Musculo Skeletal Drugs
Neuro muscular Drugs

5. Genito Urinary System
Urinary Anti-infectives
Diuretics
Uterine Anti-Infective
Menstrual Cycle Related Disorders
Uterine Sedative
Sexual Stimulants
Benign Prostate Hypertrophy

6. Respiratory System
Anti Asthmatics
Expectorants, Mucolytics & Decongestants
Respiratory Tract Infections

7. Skin
Drugs for Skin Allergy
Anti Allergic
Drugs for Psoriasis
Anti Fungal
Drugs for Acne Vulgaris
Pigmentation Disorders
Topical Soothing Agents
Miscellaneous Preparations

8. Nutrition
Haematinics and Haematipoietics
Tonics
Immunomodulators
Anti Obesity Drugs

9. Care
Antenatal
Postnatal

10. Infection & Infestation
Anti Malarial and Anti Filarial
Anti-Viral Anti-Infective

11. Endocrinology
Oral Hypoglycaemics
Fertility Agents
Goitre

12. Miscellaneous Diseases
Dental
Eye
E.N.T. & Oropharynx
Hair & Scalp
Paediatric Preparations
Makkala Abhyanjana

19. Role of Ayurveda in Veterinary Science
Hymn to the plants Rig Veda, 1500 B.C.

20. Ayurvedic Medicine in Veterinary
Alimentary System
Respiratory System
Reproductive System
Drugs Acting on Uterus & Overies
Drugs Acting on Spermato Genesis
Urinary System
Nutrition & Metabolism
Galactogogues
Musculo Scelital Disorders
Topically used Products & Miscellaneous Products
Cardio Vascular System
Manufacturers Index

21. Botanical Name of Drugs

22. Research Abstracts

23. Ayurveda on the WEB

24. Databases

25. Drugs (Dravyas) and their Equivalents

Directory Section

 

CHAPTER 12

HEPATITIS-B THROUGH AYURVEDIC MEDICINES

Summary: Clearance of HbsAg from the serum of Hepatitis B patient by the judicious application of "Arogyavardini Rasa" and a tablet containing "Bhumyamalaki" has been studied in this case. This combination has considerably reduced the clearance time and re-established the Liver function with complications. Hence this has opened an alternative vista for the management of Hepatitis B. 'Hepatitis B' and 'HbsAg+ve' are the much familiar and honyfying words among the public and medical fraternity now a days. Hence an attempt has been made to treat the 'HbsAg+ve' patient through Ayurvedic medicines.

Introduction

Liver is the largest organ in the human body with wide range of integrated functions. This vital organ is the soft target for many pathogens. Viruses are one among them. These viruses causes both morphological and physiological changes in the Liver. The process of change may be slow or rapid, leading to various clinical manifestations. HBV is one of the dangerous virus which cause severe alterations in the liver and some times leads to death. This is the only hepedna virus which cause infection in humans. They enter the hepatocytes of liver and replicate to cause hepatitis which is a diffuse microinflammatory disease, where in liver parenchymal cells face the wrath of the virus. Depending upon the severity of the infection and clinical features, person is treated either at O. P. D. or I. P. D. Faliure of clearance and virus from the serum is mainly due is lack of an adequate immune response.

Materials & Methods

A serologically confirmed HbsAg strongly positive (++++) case has been referred for the management through Ayurvedic medicines. The management of "Hepatitis B" cases is mainly supportive and aimed at speedy regeneration of damaged hepatocytes, inhibition of the vital replication and stimulating immune system to produce an adequate immune response. Clinical features such as Icterus, Anorexia (Aruchi), Dark urine & stools (Raktapeeta Shakruth, mootra), yellow tint of Sclerae, loss of appetite (Agni sada), Debility (dourbalya). Skin rashes (Kandu, twak vikara) are taken as parameters. L. F. T. value and serological clearance/presence of HbsAg are taken as prime evidence of assess the progress of the disease.

Notes from history

The probable mode of infection as per history was a blood transfusion done about four months prior to the manifestation of clinical features, when the patient underwent a surgery for urinary calculus.

Signs & symptoms

The presenting signs and symptoms were icterus, fever, loss of appetite, debility, dark urine and stools, yellow tints of sclerae, joint pain and pruritis since ten days and liver was slightly palpable on examination. Ultrasonography report has favoured slight hepato-splenomegaly.

Medication

  1. Arogyavardhini Rasa, one tablet three times a day after food.
  2. Two tablets "Bhumyamalaki" three times a day after food.

Medication should be continued till HbsAg becomes negative in serum. Later tablet of 'Bhumyamalaki' three times a day after food may be given as prophylaxis for one to three months.

Pathya

Patient was advised to take Laghu Aahara, more Dravyapadartha. Phalarasa (fruit juices), boiled vegetables and diet more of carbohydrate and moderate quantity of proteins.

Discussion & Conclusion

This combination of drugs has proved once again the supremacy of Ayurvedic drugs in hepatoprotective activity, and also given reassurence to the suffering humanity against HBV. Some of the other factors in the management of HBV are protecting other persons who came in close contact with infected person viz. wife/husband, children and relatives through vaccination. Usually patients needs counselling and reassurance along drug therapy.

Patient recovered rapidly during first two months of treatment, and became very weakly positive from the strongly positive. At the end of the third month patient become HbsAg negative which was confirmed by two different laboratories. " Better the immunity of the persons faster the recovery and clearance". One important factor observed during the treatment was no complications Patient well tolerated the medication.

This study has suggested that this combination of drugs has a definite role in the play in providing adequate immune response against HbsAg. Since study sample is too small, this needs further evolution.

CHAPTER 13

HOLISTIC MANAGEMENT OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMA

Introduction

Bronchitis is one of the most common respiratory diseases, significantly seen in the tropical areas. Bronchiolitis, acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis/bronchial asthma bronchiectesis and bronchial fibrosis are the progressive advanced stages of a pathological stage characterised by dyspnoea (krichra swasa) cough with or without expectoration (ardra kasa or shushka kasa), and wheeze (Ghur ghurayana with thamaha pravesha).

In Ayuvedic texts, the symptoms and sings of bronchial asthma has been described under the title Tamaka swasa a variety of swasa (respiratory disorder). Acharya Caraka has described five varieties of swasa namely Mahaswasa, Urdhwa Swasa, Chinna Swasa, Thamaka Swasa and Prathamaka Swasa.

The etio-pathological and clinical features of Thamaka shwasa corelated with that of the Bronchitis/Bronchial ashtma. The present study is a documentation of 60 cases of well established Bronchial asthma and its management through an integrated approach. It comprises of the selective line of treatments and drugs of modern systems of medicine Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy. The present study is a record of cases and their management over a period of 10 years.

Materials and Methods

  1. Selection of patients: Patients with complaints of difficult breathing, cough with or without expectoration and wheezing who visited 'Sumana Arogya dhama' were treated according to the requirement through an integrated approach of different systems of medicine and drugs. Patients were subjected for a thorough clinical examination and findings were recorded in a specific case proforma. Patients were also investigated with relative and equired Biochemical, Haematological, Microbiological and Roentogenographical procedures. All the dates were analysed by giving due importance to the differential diagnosis and the final diagnosis of Bronchial asthma was arrived. Cases were divided in to two groups for the convenience of treatment namely Acute asthmatics and Chronic Asthmatics based on the history, symptoms and sings. Cases between the age group of 4 to 40 years were selected for the study. Both female and male; adults and children were randomly selected. The cases selected were Bronchial asthmatic and were free from the associated diseases, such as Pneumonia, Cardiac problems, Pulmonary kochs, Emphysema, Corpulmonale and also Diabetes mellitus and Congenital deformities. The Acute and severe stage Bronchial asthma was managed with modern line of treatment, and the chronic stage of Bronchial asthma was treated with the alternative lines of treatment which included administration of 'Vardhamana pippali rasayana yogi' as aushadha (Medicine). Dietary restrictions (Ahara), practises such as Yoga, Pranayama, Honey pulling, Fasting etc., (Vihara) and meditation (Vichara) with an objective of preventing relapse by regulating the whole immune system.

  2. Vardhamana pipplai Rasayana yoga
    This is a course of administration of pippali (Piper lomgu) in the prescribed quantity for a prescribed period by altering the dosage in and ascending and descending order described by Acharya Charaka in the third chapter of chikitsasthana known as Kara Prachithiyam Rasayana pada. According to the texts, fruits of pippali should be administered over a period of twenty days, beginning with 10 fruits on the day one; increasing 10 fruits every day upto the 10th day and later decreasing with same number till it reaches to ten on 20th day. This dose is for people who have good tolerance (uthama Mathra). The author has recommended to start with 6 fruits and 3 fruits of pippali for people having moderate and low tolerance (Madhyama and Alpa matra) respectively. It has been adviced to administer pippali in the form of kshira paka. Acharaya charaka has attributed immunostimulants, growth promoting, geriatric, strength promoting, vitalizing, vivifying, rejuvenating, lifespan increasing and memory boosting pharmacological actions and therapeutic effects to pippali. In the present study a slight modification has been done from the classical 'Vardhamana pippali Rasayana yoga' of Charaka with regard to the ingredients, dosage and duration of the course of treatment by keeping in view the specific purpose of providing relief and specific immunity among Bronchial asthmatics. Tolerance of the patients and convenience of administration. Pippali was administered along with 2.5 gm, turmeric rhizome powder (Curcuma longa) 2.5 gm. liquorice root powder (Glycerrhiza glabra) one fruit of cordamom (Elettaria cordamomum) and sufficient quantity of Jaggery in the form of medicated milk (Kshira paka). The treatment course was start with six fruits of pippali on day one and increased one fruit every day upto 24th day and later decreased by one fruit of pippali a day till the number reached six, completing one Mandala (48 days) and administration of 900 fruits of pippali in a course. However, the quantity of turmeric, liquorice and cordamom were kept constant but the quantity of Jaggery was altered and adjusted depending upon the number of fruits of pippali, the needs of individual patients. Children below the age of 12 years were administered half the dose of Adults.

Management

Management of Bronchial asthma through an Integrated approach comprises of the following:

Medicine (Ausadha)

Patients with acute bronchial asthma and severe chronic bronchila asthma were treated and managed with the conservative line of treatment depending upon the severity of disease and response of the patients. The line of treatment and drugs included the following:

  1. Broncho-dilators: Theophylline, Salbutamol, Terbutaline sulphate, Amino phylline, Adrenaline, Ephedrine hydrochloride, Kanakasava, Vasakarista. Mruthasanjeevini sura, Shwasa kuthara, Shwasananda.
  2. Antibiotics: Penicillin, Amoxycillin, Tetracycline, Pefloxacin, Cepholosporins, Septilin.
  3. Anti-Inflammatory and Anti Allergic/Steroids: Betamethasone, Dexamethadsone, Prednisolone, Hydrocortisone, Trimacinaline aceta manide (Oral, Parenteral and Aerosal form).
  4. Anti-histamines: Cetrizine di-hydrochloride, Phenaramine maleate, Chloro phenaramine maleate Haridra kanda Karpuradi churna, Gorochanadi vati, Kasturyadi vati.
  5. Mucolytics: Bromhexine hydrochloride, Taleesadi curna, Dasamula katutrayadi kasaya, Balajeerakadi kasaya and Gudapippali.
  6. Expectorants: Ammonium chloride, Ginaphansein, Pushkaramulasava, seems to be rendering the same. This is seen based on the percentage of cure, no relapse and less significant relapse even after an year.

Diet restrictions, practises such as pranayama, yoga, meditation, listening to music etc., help in quality of mental and physical health by improving both physical and mental resistance. Honey pulling is like oil pulling (which is being practised widely) is administrated with an objective of easy expectoration of sputum and mucolysis.

Conclusion

Since no particular system of medicine has been able to provide total cure for Bronchial asthma which has been revealed in the various studies, it is advisable to augment all the good and beneficial factors from the available different systems of medicine with an objective of establishing Asthmatic free society. This conclusion is very much in accordance with the slogan of Holistic medicine and also the Rigveda 'Anobhadhraha kanthavoyantha vishwathaha'-'Let noble thoughts come to us from every side.' Because we are interested in Lokaha samasthaha sukhinobhavanthu sarvesanthu niramayaha.' 'Let the entire world remain in pleasure and happiness and let there be a society free from all sorts of diseases.'

 

 

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Along with financial details as under:

 

  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

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             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

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  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital

 

  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals

                Revenue/Income/Realisation

                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

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                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

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                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios

                D.S.C.R

                Earnings Per Share (EPS)

               

             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 

                B.E.P

  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR