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Investment Opportunities In Infrastructure Projects# ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author NIIR Board ISBN 8186623361
Code ENI39 Format Hardcover
Price: Rs 2500   2500 US$ 225   225
Pages: 165 Published 1999
Publisher National institute of industrial Research
Usually Ships within 5 days

Infrastructure Industry in India have been experiencing a rapid growth in its different sectors with the development of urbanization and increasing involvement of foreign investments in this field. The Indian government has taken initiatives to develop the infrastructure sector, with major emphasis on construction, engineering, IT, entertainment, textiles, food, and utility to name some. Construction is the second largest economic activity in India after agriculture, and has been growing rapidly. The production of industrial machinery has also been on the rise and the increasing flow of goods has spurred increases in rail, road and port traffic, necessitating further infrastructure improvements. Roads are a necessary complement to other modes of transport. They are in fact feeders to railways and even airways. Infrastructure development is of two types: demand driven or supply driven. Demand driven infrastructure is a must for development whereas supply driven infrastructure is one which is desirable but not a must. Government has facilitated free dispensaries, hospitals and primary health centres PHCs near and on all localities. Holiday resort business is very flourishing business these days not in India only but it has brilliant prospects in foreign countries. The growth of the tourists visiting India is invariably linked up with structure of facility, the number of scenes and historic places and the general condition in the host country. Hence luxury hotels, restaurants and holiday resorts, sauna steam bath and massage parlours, golf courses and swimming pool in a hotel or holiday resort is some of the many requirements to set up a complete set for attracting tourists. Amusement park is the most popular entertaining place with the latest technological development, which provides comfort, pleasure and of course amusement. School is one of the most important social infrastructures which provide education to the children. Educational institute is the purest place on earth and it seems to be like a temple where every future program of the countries is developed. 
The first book of its kind containing various aspects of infrastructure projects along with different project profiles such as hospital, power project (hydro based), power generation from agriculture wastes (heat energy technology), multi stories commercial complex with residential apartments, hotel (5 star), water park, air taxi, school, medical college, engineering college, amusement park, power project(gas based) etc.. With details of plant, Machinery, Raw Material and Addresses of their suppliers, land & building, requirement, working capital requirements, cost of project, profitability analysis, B. E. P. etc.   

1. An Introspection on Some Aspects of Infrastructure
2. New Initiatives in Infrastructure Sector
3. Towards Better Infrastructural Facilities
4. Productivity in Infrastructure
5. Indian Economic Scene
6. Hospitals
7. Holiday Resort
8. Power Plant Hydro Based (Cap. 1 MW)
9. Power Generating Unit from Agricultural Waste (Heat Energy-Based Technology)
10. Wind Energy Power Project (Cap. : 10 MW)
11. Diesel generating Sets (20 kVA to 200 kVA)
12. Multi-Storey Commercial Complex Along with Residential and Deluxe Flats for Foreign Tourists and Revolving Restaurant on the Top
13. Hotel Industry (Five Star)
14. Water Park
15. Air Taxi (12 Seater) (On Rental Basis Two Air Crafts)
16. School
17. Medical College
18. Engineering College
19. Amusement Park
20. Gas Based Power Project (600 M.W.)


 

Engineering College

INTRODUCTION

There is great need of engineering college in India for the development of the country and to give the better opportunity to the general merit. But in our country reservation system will not cover the merit of the general students as well as not application of technology by developed technology. Now a days highering of technology and running of administration is the main tool of the Indian's industry.

The economic progress of a country is strongly linked with the quality of education. It is, therefore, necessary for our technical educators to undertake periodic review of the curriculum and subject content of the technical programmes to ensure that they are up to date, not outmoded or obsolete and effectively fulfil the technological requirements of the country.

During the past three decades, many steps have been taken in India to improve the quality of technical education. These include evolution of model syllabi, quality improvement programmes for teachers, encouraging interaction with industry through consultancy and continuing education programmes and providing impetus for expanding infrastructural facilities in emerging technologies.

For economic growth and prosperity, the need is to produce highly professional and competent engineers. This could be achieved by imparting quality teaching to students. Towards this, some norms and standards of engineering education need to be laid down so as to educate the students with appropriate skills suitable for a rapidly changing industrial scenario.

USEFULNESS OF ENGINEERING COLLEGE

It is useful for

  1. advancement of the country;
  2. the development of available merit of the students; and
  3. the development of new technology in the country.

CHARACTERISTICS OF ENGINEERING COLLEGE

It should

  1. consist of higher technically sound staff;
  2. collect the world's best technology and resource data;
  3. have good technical library and workshop; and
  4. have technical programme for the students.

RECOMMENDATION AND GRANT AIDS

Before starting an engineering college, it is required to take permission from the state government's education department and as well as from Central government educational department. It is required to take permission from University Grants Commission for getting central government fund facility.

SET-UP OF ENGINEERING COLLEGE

For setting up engineering college it's basic needs is to collect funds by donation and by different government aids and from different generous persons.

It is required to purchase land of about 100 bighas or more. After procurement of land it is necessary to make planning of the civil construction of building and initial start of branch of engineering like Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical Electronics Engineering etc. According to branch of engineering building construction will be on that basic.

Above all every branch of engineering college should contist of :

  1. theoretical class room;
  2. practical class room;
  3. drawing room;
  4. workshop;
  5. library;
  6. administrative buildings;
  7. playground;
  8. toilet;
  9. university alumni hall; and
  10. hostels for students which is not essential for engineering college.

Before starting engineering college, it is necessary to make up a governing body who is actually associated with the set up of engineering college. Now governing body then sets up administrative bodies who will involve in running the engineering college.

NORMS OF ENGINEERING COLLEGE

Annual Intake 360 Students 300 Students 240 Students 180 Students
Programmes 6 Programmes 5 Programmes 4 Programmes 3 Programmes
  in Engg. & Tech in Eng. & Tech. in Eng. & Tech. in Eng. & Tech.
  (Carpet Area) (Carpet Area) (Carpet Area) (Carpet Area)

Administrative

Area 755 Sqm. 670 Sqm. 585 Sqm. 500 Sqm.
Academic Area 11236 Sqm. 9890 Sqm. 8366 Sqm. 7020 Sqm.
Residential Area 12316 Sqm. 10315 Sqm. 8350 Sqm. 6593 Sqm.
  660 Sqm. 600 Sqm. 540 Sqm. 480 Sqm.
  + + + +
Ammenities Area Play Ground Play Ground Play Ground Play Ground
  + + + +
  OHT OHT OHT OHT
  OHT = ] Open Air      

Theatre

Total Carpet Area 25000 Sqm. 21475 Sqm. 17840 Sqm. 14500 Sqm.
Total Plinth Area 34775 Sqm. 29840 Sqm 24750 Sqm. 20025 Sqm.
  + + + +
Play Ground 25000 Sqm. 25000 Sqm. 25000 Sqm. 25000 Sqm.
  + + + +
Open Air Theatre 4000 Sqm. 4000 Sqm. 4000 Sqm. 4000 Sqm.

Total Space

# IN METRO-CITIES WITHOUT PLAYGROUND AND OPEN AIR THEATRE

  1. Programme objectives
  2. Contact hours (credits/units)
  3. Course duration
  4. Programme structure
  5. Intake to programmes
  6. Admission qualifications and selection procedure
  7. Staff norms
  8. Emerging areas
  9. Multi-use of facilities
  10. Alumni Association
  11. Infrastructure norms

MARKET SURVEY/DEMAND OF ENGINEERING COLLEGE

If we consider employment available versus Engineer, there is no vacant space among the engineers coming out from the existing engineering college. Now-a-days major engineers work as an engineer.

SOME EXISING ENGINEERING COLLEGES

M/S. Jadavpur Engineering

College and Technology

Jadavpur University,

P.O. - Jadavpur,

Calcutta - 32

West Bengal

 

M/S. Kharagpur I.I.T.

P.O. I.I.T. Kharagpur

Dist. - Midnapore

State - West Bengal

 

M/S. Delhi I.I.T.

P.O. Hauz Khas,

Delhi

 

M/S. H.B.T.T,

KANPUR [U.P.]

 

COST ESTIMATION

Rated Plant capacity  =  60 STUDENTS IN EACH BRANCH

SESSION JULY TO JUNE IN YEAR

LAND AND BUILDING

1. Single storeyed 98550 Sqm. 88680 Sqm. 78500 Sqm. 69050 Sqm.
  Building with Playground & OHT 24.6 Acres 22.2 Acres 19.6 Acres 17.3 Acres
2. Single storeyed 69550 Sqm. 59680 Sqm. 49500 Sqm. 40150 Sqm.
  Building without Playground & OHT 17.4 Acres 14.9 Acres 12.4 Acres 10 Acres
3. Tripple storeyed 23190 Sqm. 19990 Sqm. 16500 Sqm. 13390 Sqm.
  Building without Playground & Open Air Theatre# 5.8 Acres 5 Acres 4.1 Acres 3.4 Acres
1. Land Required 25 Acres Rs. 1,00,00,000.00
2. Building Rs. 11,25,00,000.01
  TOTAL Rs. 12,25,00,000.01

LIST OF PLANT AND MACHINERY

  1. For electrical lab and practical room
  2. For civil laboratory and practical room
  3. For chemical laboratory and practical room
  4. For electronics and tele-communication
  5. Mechanical laboratory and practical room
  6. Drawing instrument
  7. Misc. instrumental expenses

TOTAL    Rs.     26,15,00,000.00

FIXED CAPITAL

1. LAND AND BUILDING Rs. 12,25,00,000.01
2. PLANT AND MACHINERY Rs. 26,15,00,000.00
3. OTHER FIXED ASSETS Rs. 69,00,000.00
  TOTAL Rs. 39,09,00,000.01

LIST OF RAW MATERIALS

[ol]

  • Purchasing bias and note book register etc.
  • Purchasing duster, chalk, refill etc.
  • Purchasing paper, letter pads, certificate book etc.
  • Purchasing chemicals, machine spare parts etc.
  • Purchasing books/journals etc.
  • Misc. other expenses
  • [/ol]

    TOTAL    Rs.  4,00,000.00

    TOTAL WORKING CAPITAL/MONTH

    1. RAW MATERIAL Rs. 4,00,000.00
    2. SALARY AND WAGES Rs. 9,55,000.00
    3. UTILITIES AND OVERHEADS Rs. 4,30,000.00
      TOTAL Rs. 17,85,000.00

    TOTAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT

    TOTAL FIXED CAPITAL Rs. 39,09,00,000.01
    TOTAL WORKING CAPITAL FOR 3 MONTHS Rs. 53,55,000.00
    TOTAL Rs. 39,62,55,000.01

    TURN OVER/ANNUM

    1. EARNING SOURCES : Students Fees 300 x 12 = 3600
    2. Government Aids
    3. Consultancy Earning
    4. Interest on fixed initial fund

    TOTAL     Rs.  13, 59,40,000.00

    PROFIT  =  RECEIPTS- COST OF PRODUCTION

          =  13,59,40,000.00 - 13,33,89,575.00

          =  25,50,425.00

    PROFIT SALES RATIO  =  Profit / Sales x 100   =   1.88 %

    RATE OF RETURN  =  Operating profit / T.C.I x 100   =   0.64 %

    BREAK EVEN POINT (B.E.P)  =  97.90 %

     

     

    ABOUT NPCS

     

    NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

    Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

    NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

    Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.

     


    And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:


    • Good Present/Future Demand
    • Export-Import Market Potential
    • Raw Material & Manpower Availability
    • Project Costs and Payback Period


    We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.

     

    The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

    • Why I should invest in this project?
    • What will drive the growth of the product?
    • What are the costs involved?
    • What will be the market potential?


    The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

    The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.


    Reasons for buying the report:

    • This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

    • This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

    • This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

    • This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

    • The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.

     

    Our Approach:


    • Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

    • The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

    • We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.

     

    Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:

     

     

    Ø  Introduction

    ·         Project Introduction

    ·         Project Objective and Strategy

    ·         Concise History of the Product

    ·         Properties

    ·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

    ·         Uses & Applications

     

    Ø  Market Study and Assessment

    ·         Current Indian Market Scenario

    ·         Present Market Demand and Supply

    ·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

    ·         Statistics of Import & Export

    ·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

    ·         Market Opportunity

     

    Ø  Raw Material

    ·         List of Raw Materials

    ·         Properties of Raw Materials

    ·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

    ·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers

     

    Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

    ·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel

     

    Ø  Plant and Machinery

    ·         List of Plant & Machinery

    ·         Miscellaneous Items

    ·         Appliances & Equipments

    ·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

    ·         Electrification

    ·         Electric Load & Water

    ·         Maintenance Cost

    ·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)

     

    Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

    ·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

    ·         Packaging Required

    ·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram

     

    Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

    ·         Project Location

    ·         Requirement of Land Area

    ·         Rates of the Land

    ·         Built Up Area

    ·         Construction Schedule

    ·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities

     

    Project at a Glance

    Along with financial details as under:

     

      •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

      •    Plant Economics

      •    Production Schedule

      •    Land & Building

                Factory Land & Building

                Site Development Expenses

      •    Plant & Machinery

                 Indigenous Machineries

                Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

      •    Other Fixed Assets

                Furniture & Fixtures

                Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

                Technical Knowhow

                Provision of Contingencies

      •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

                 Raw Material

                Packing Material

                Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

               Consumable Store

      •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

             Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

                 Royalty and Other Charges

                Selling and Distribution Expenses

      •    Salary and Wages

      •    Turnover Per Annum

      •   Share Capital

                Equity Capital

                Preference Share Capital

     

      •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

      •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals

                    Revenue/Income/Realisation

                    Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                    Gross Profit

                    Financial Charges     

                    Total Cost of Sales

                    Net Profit After Taxes

                    Net Cash Accruals

      •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                    Current Assets

                    Gross Working. Capital

                    Current Liabilities

                    Net Working Capital

                    Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

      •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

      •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                    ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                    RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                    ROI (Average of Total Assets)

      •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios

                    D.S.C.R

                    Earnings Per Share (EPS)

                   

                 Debt Equity Ratio

            Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                    Variable Cost & Expenses

                    Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                    Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                    Fixed Expenses / Cost 

                    B.E.P

      •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

                Resultant N.P.B.T

                Resultant D.S.C.R

       Resultant PV Ratio

       Resultant DER

      Resultant ROI

              Resultant BEP

      •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital

      •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

            Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

            Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

            Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

           Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

      •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

      •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

      •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

      •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

      •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

      •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

      •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

      •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

      •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

      •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

      •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

      •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

      •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

      •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

      •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

      •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

      •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

      •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

      •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

      •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

      •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

      •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR