Manufacture of Paint, Varnish & Allied Products (3rd Revised Edition)# ( ) ( Best Seller ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author P. K. Chattopadhyay ISBN 9788195577576
Code ENI25 Format Hardcover
Price: Rs 1995   1995 US$ 53   53
Pages: 138 Published 2022
Publisher NIIR Project Consultancy Services
Usually Ships within 5 days


Manufacture of

Paint Varnish & Allied Products

(Industrial Paint, N.C. Thinner, Paint Industry, Infrared Reflected (IR) Paint, High Temperature Aluminium Based Paint, Paint Drier, Powder Coating Paint, Latex Paints for Roof)

Varnishes are organic solvent-based solutions of natural or manmade resins that dry when applied thinly to a surface. The dried films are firm and translucent in appearance. The films have varied degrees of gloss, protective ability, flexibility, and durability depending on the solution's composition.

Varnishing materials are as varied as the many paint media and techniques used throughout the history of painting. The advantages of applying a transparent resin as a final surface coating were discovered in Antiquity; waxes, for example, have been discovered on the surfaces of ancient wall murals. By the early Renaissance, a number of materials, ranging from egg white to resin, had been produced for use as painting varnishes. Tree resins (mastic and dammar), fossil resins (copal), and insect excretions (shellac) became the most common materials used as varnishes over time.

Artists and restorers still use many of these natural materials today. There have also been numerous synthetic varnishes made that provide a wide range of surface properties. Synthetic varnishes have gained popularity, however they differ from natural varnishes in terms of qualities.

Varnishes should be removable so that the underlying surface can be cleaned without being damaged. By allowing the painting to be solubilized and removed, along with any surface pollution, the use of a removable varnish provides a vital tool to anyone wanting to restore or clean the painting. The varnish must be flexible enough to flow with the painting surface while still being firm enough to prevent grime and dust from adhering to the surface by giving a non-tacky surface. It must be made with the appropriate porosity to either allow moisture to pass through or provide a moisture barrier, depending on the substrate and weather circumstances. It should be resistant to chemicals and water. Over time it should resist discoloration caused by factors like humidity, heat and visible and ultra violet (UV) light sources. Finally, the varnish must possess excellent clarity, without discoloration or fogging.

The global paints and coatings market is expected growth rate (CAGR) of 8.5%. There is a rapid growth in consumption of paints and coatings in many industries. Paints and coatings are widely used in the automotive, construction and manufacturing industries. Biocides are being used in paints to enhance their longevity and to maintain their quality. Biocide additives have been designed to protect paints from getting damaged during storage or to keep fungi and algae from growing on the applied paints. The market for biocides in paints will continue to grow due to the switch from solvent based to water based paints as they are not hazardous for human health and environment, and minimize fungal and algae growth. However, replacement of traditional biocides based on chlorine and formaldehyde with environmentally friendly biocides add to the costs of paint production.

Construction, automotive and transportation, and the wood sectors all employ paints and coatings. They have a significant application in the building and construction business, where they are used to protect structures from harm from the outside. In addition, the product is used to decorate residential and non-residential infrastructures and buildings, industrial equipment, vehicle and marine, industrial wood, and other applications. The materials are widely used in diverse applications, owing to their properties such as protection from environmental factors, corrosion protection, reflection-absorption, anti-friction, and hardness.

High-tech coatings that comprise cationic electrocoating ingredients are becoming more popular, as they protect multifarious metal objects against corrosion by covering all the corners and crevices. High-performance ceramic extends the life of aircraft turbine engines and automobile engines. It primarily serves to safeguard components against high temperatures, wear, and corrosion.

This industry's growth has led to huge product demand in other applications such as residential and commercial construction. Furthermore, these products also gain momentum due to applications such as automotive & transportation, wood, coils, and industrial metals that will lead to an upsurge in the global market.

Based on application, the market is categorized into architectural, automotive OEM, marine, coil, general industries, protective coatings, automotive refinish, industrial wood, and others. Amongst these applications, the architectural segment is expected to remain dominant in terms of revenue and volume during the forecast period. In architectural applications, coatings and paints are mainly used for decorative purposes for residential and non-residential structures to protect them from environmental harm, UV radiation, and others. Increasing use of these materials in diverse industries such as construction and automotive is expected to fuel this market's growth.

High demand for paints and coatings in the automotive industry, owing to its color stability, continuous protective film formation, corrosion resistance, abrasion and scratch resistance, flexibility, and durability, will boost the market prospects.

The growth in coil segments can be linked to the high production of sheets of various materials such as polymers, steel, and copper. Coils are used in semiconductors, household wires, cables, automotive, building & construction, etc.

The book covers a wide range of topics connected to Industrial Paint, N.C. Thinner, Paint Industry, Infrared Reflected (IR) Paint, High Temperature Aluminium Based Paint, Paint Drier, Powder Coating Paint, Latex Paints for Roof, BIS Specifications, as well as their manufacturing processes and plant economics.

A thorough guide on Paint Varnish & Allied Products manufacture and entrepreneurship. This book is a one-stop shop for everything you need to know about the Paint Varnish & Allied Products, which is ripe with opportunity for producers, merchants, and entrepreneurs. This is the only book that covers the process of making commercial Paint Varnish & Allied Products. From concept through equipment procurement, it is a veritable feast of how-to information.




a)      Types of Paint

b)      Manufacture of Paints










h)      Quality Control



4)       N.C. THINNER

a)      Introduction










b)      Applications of Paint

c)       Advantages of Decorative Paint

d)      Product Details

e)      Basic Raw Materials

f)       Paint Manufacturing

g)      Paint Production Flow Diagram

h)      Process of Acrylic Emulsion Paint

i)        Manufacturing Process

i)        Production Detail & Process of Manufacture:

ii)       Quality Control & Specification

j)        Flow Diagram of Acrylic Emulsion Paint

k)      Process of Decorative Paint

i)        Manufacturing Process

l)        Flow Diagram of Decorative Paint

m)    Quality Control



a)      Introduction

i)        Visible and Infrared Radiation

b)      Visible & Near Infrared (NIR) Radiation of Coatings

i)        Emissivity and Highly Reflective Pigments

ii)       Binders

iii)     Pigments

c)       How Does Infrared Reflection Work

d)      Applications of NIR Reflective Pigments

e)      Applications of Infrared Reflective Pigments

f)       IR Reflective Paint Benefits

g)      IR Reflected Resins

h)      TiO2 Infrared Reflective Paint Pigment

i)        Challenging for TiO2 Reflective Paint

i)        Near Infrared Reflectance Properties

j)        B.I.S. SpecificationS

k)      Manufacturing Process

i)        Process Details

l)        Process Flow Diagram

m)    Quality Control



a)      Introduction

b)      B.I.S. Standards

c)       Product Details

d)      Uses & Applications

e)      BASIC Raw Materials

f)       Manufacturing Process

i)        Plant & Machinery

ii)       Process Details

iii)     Dispersing the Pigment

iv)     Canning the Paint

g)      Process Flow Diagram

h)      Test Methods

i)        Packing and Marking




b)      Essential Requirements Of A Good Drier

c)       Various Paint Driers


i)        (A) Cobalt Octoate

ii)       (B) Metal Naphthenates

e)      Properties & Characteristics of Paint Driers

f)       Some Formulation Of Paint Driers

g)      Raw Materials For Paint Driers

h)      ManufacturING PROCESS

i)        Manufacturing Process for Cobalt Octoate

ii)       Manufacturing Process for Cobalt Naphthenate

iii)     Manufacturing Process for Cobalt Rosinate

iv)     Manufacturing Process for Cobalt Oleate

i)        Process Flow Diagram

i)        For Cobalt Octoate

ii)       For Cobalt Naphthenate

iii)     For Cobalt Rosinate

iv)     For Cobalt Oleate

j)        Method Of Manufacture Of Cobalt Acetate




b)      Uses

c)       Properties

d)      Uses & Properties of Polyester and Acrylic Resin in Powder Coating Paint

e)      Manufacturing Process

i)        Process

f)       Manufacturing Process Flow Diagram






i)        Basic Raw Material

ii)       Plant and Machinery Required









NIIR Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) is a renowned name in the industrial world, offering integrated technical consultancy services. Our team consists of engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts, and design specialists with extensive experience in their respective industries. We provide a range of services, including Detailed Project Reports, Business Plans for Manufacturing Plants, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, and Start-up Business Opportunities. Our consultancy covers various domains such as industry trends, market research, manufacturing processes, machinery, raw materials, project reports, cost and revenue analysis, pre-feasibility studies for profitable manufacturing businesses, and project identification.

Our Services

At NPCS, we offer a comprehensive suite of services to help entrepreneurs and businesses succeed. Our key services include:

  • Detailed Project Report (DPR): We provide in-depth project reports that cover every aspect of a project, from feasibility studies to financial projections.
  • Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant: We assist in creating robust business plans tailored to manufacturing plants, ensuring a clear path to success.
  • Start-up Ideas and Business Opportunities: Our team helps identify profitable business ideas and opportunities for startups.
  • Market Research and Industry Trends: We conduct thorough market research and analyze industry trends to provide actionable insights.
  • Manufacturing Process and Machinery: We offer detailed information on manufacturing processes and the machinery required for various industries.
  • Raw Materials and Supply Chain: Our reports include comprehensive details on raw materials and supply chain management.
  • Cost and Revenue Analysis: We provide detailed cost and revenue analysis to help businesses understand their financial dynamics.
  • Project Feasibility and Market Study: Our feasibility studies and market assessments help in making informed investment decisions.
  • Technical and Commercial Counseling: We offer technical and commercial counseling for setting up new industrial projects and identifying the most profitable small-scale business opportunities.


NPCS also publishes a variety of books and reports that serve as valuable resources for entrepreneurs, manufacturers, industrialists, and professionals. Our publications include:

  • Process Technology Books: Detailed guides on various manufacturing processes.
  • Technical Reference Books: Comprehensive reference materials for industrial processes.
  • Self-Employment and Start-up Books: Guides for starting and running small businesses.
  • Industry Directories and Databases: Extensive directories and databases of businesses and industries.
  • Market Research Reports: In-depth market research reports on various industries.
  • Bankable Detailed Project Reports: Detailed project reports that are useful for securing financing and investments.

Our Approach

Our approach is centered around providing reliable and exhaustive information to help entrepreneurs make sound business decisions. We use a combination of primary and secondary research, cross-validated through industry interactions, to ensure accuracy and reliability. Our reports are designed to cover all critical aspects, including:

  • Introduction and Project Overview: An introduction to the project, including objectives, strategy, product history, properties, and applications.
  • Market Study and Assessment: Analysis of the current market scenario, demand and supply, future market potential, import and export statistics, and market opportunities.
  • Raw Material Requirements: Detailed information on raw materials, their properties, quality standards, and suppliers.
  • Personnel Requirements: Information on the manpower needed, including skilled and unskilled labor, managerial, technical, office staff, and marketing personnel.
  • Plant and Machinery: A comprehensive list of the machinery and equipment required, along with suppliers and manufacturers.
  • Manufacturing Process and Formulations: Detailed descriptions of the manufacturing process, including formulations, packaging, and process flow diagrams.
  • Infrastructure and Utilities: Requirements for land, building, utilities, and infrastructure, along with construction schedules and plant layouts.

Financial Details and Analysis

Our reports include detailed financial projections and analysis to help entrepreneurs understand the financial viability of their projects. Key financial details covered in our reports include:

  • Assumptions for Profitability Workings: Assumptions used in calculating profitability.
  • Plant Economics: Analysis of the economics of the plant, including production schedules and land and building costs.
  • Production Schedule: Detailed production schedules and timelines.
  • Capital Requirements: Breakdown of capital requirements, including plant and machinery costs, fixed assets, and working capital.
  • Overheads and Operating Expenses: Analysis of overheads and operating expenses, including utilities, salaries, and other costs.
  • Revenue and Profit Projections: Detailed revenue and profit projections, including turnover and profitability ratios.
  • Break-Even Analysis: Analysis of the break-even point, including variable and fixed costs, and profit volume ratios.

Reasons to Choose NPCS

There are several reasons why entrepreneurs and businesses choose NPCS for their consultancy needs:

  • Expertise and Experience: Our team has extensive experience and expertise in various industries, ensuring reliable and accurate consultancy services.
  • Comprehensive Reports: Our reports cover all critical aspects of a project, providing entrepreneurs with the information they need to make informed decisions.
  • Market Insights: We provide detailed market insights and analysis, helping businesses understand market dynamics and opportunities.
  • Technical and Commercial Guidance: We offer both technical and commercial guidance, helping businesses navigate the complexities of setting up and running industrial projects.
  • Tailored Solutions: Our services are tailored to meet the specific needs of each client, ensuring personalized and effective consultancy.

Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report

Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report includes the following information:

  • Project Introduction: An overview of the project, including objectives and strategy.
  • Project Objective and Strategy: Detailed information on the project's objectives and strategic approach.
  • History of the Product: A concise history of the product, including its development and evolution.
  • Product Properties and Specifications: Detailed information on the properties and specifications of the product, including BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) provisions.
  • Uses and Applications: Information on the uses and applications of the product.

Market Study and Assessment

  • Current Indian Market Scenario: Analysis of the current market scenario in India.
  • Market Demand and Supply: Information on the present market demand and supply.
  • Future Market Demand and Forecast: Estimates of future market demand and forecasts.
  • Import and Export Statistics: Data on import and export statistics.
  • Market Opportunity: Identification of market opportunities.

Raw Material Requirements

  • List of Raw Materials: Detailed list of raw materials required.
  • Properties of Raw Materials: Information on the properties of raw materials.
  • Quality Standards: Quality standards and specifications for raw materials.
  • Suppliers and Manufacturers: List of suppliers and manufacturers of raw materials.

Personnel Requirements

  • Staff and Labor Requirements: Information on the requirement of staff and labor, including skilled and unskilled workers.
  • Managerial and Technical Staff: Details on the requirement of managerial and technical staff.
  • Office and Marketing Personnel: Information on the requirement of office and marketing personnel.

Plant and Machinery

  • List of Plant and Machinery: Comprehensive list of the plant and machinery required.
  • Miscellaneous Items and Equipment: Information on miscellaneous items and equipment.
  • Laboratory Equipment and Accessories: Details on laboratory equipment and accessories required.
  • Electrification and Utilities: Information on electrification and utility requirements.
  • Maintenance Costs: Details on maintenance costs.
  • Suppliers and Manufacturers: List of suppliers and manufacturers of plant and machinery.

Manufacturing Process and Formulations

  • Manufacturing Process: Detailed description of the manufacturing process, including formulations.
  • Packaging Requirements: Information on packaging requirements.
  • Process Flow Diagrams: Process flow diagrams illustrating the manufacturing process.

Infrastructure and Utilities

  • Project Location: Information on the project location.
  • Land Area Requirements: Details on the requirement of land area.
  • Land Rates: Information on land rates.
  • Built-Up Area: Details on the built-up area required.
  • Construction Schedule: Information on the construction schedule.
  • Plant Layout: Details on the plant layout and utility requirements.

Project at a Glance

Our reports provide a snapshot of the project, including:

  • Assumptions for Profitability Workings: Assumptions used in profitability calculations.
  • Plant Economics: Analysis of the plant's economics.
  • Production Schedule: Detailed production schedules.
  • Capital Requirements: Breakdown of capital requirements.
  • Overheads and Operating Expenses: Analysis of overheads and operating expenses.
  • Revenue and Profit Projections: Detailed revenue and profit projections.
  • Break-Even Analysis: Analysis of the break-even point.


Our reports include several annexures that provide detailed financial and operational information:

  • Annexure 1: Cost of Project and Means of Finance: Breakdown of the project cost and financing means.
  • Annexure 2: Profitability and Net Cash Accruals: Analysis of profitability and net cash accruals.
  • Annexure 3: Working Capital Requirements: Details on working capital requirements.
  • Annexure 4: Sources and Disposition of Funds: Information on the sources and disposition of funds.
  • Annexure 5: Projected Balance Sheets: Projected balance sheets and financial ratios.
  • Annexure 6: Profitability Ratios: Analysis of profitability ratios.
  • Annexure 7: Break-Even Analysis: Detailed break-even analysis.
  • Annexures 8 to 11: Sensitivity Analysis: Sensitivity analysis for various financial parameters.
  • Annexure 12: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status: Information on the shareholding pattern and stake status.
  • Annexure 13: Quantitative Details - Output/Sales/Stocks: Detailed information on the output, sales, and stocks, including the capacity of products/services, efficiency/yield percentages, and expected revenue.
  • Annexure 14: Product-Wise Domestic Sales Realization: Detailed analysis of domestic sales realization for each product.
  • Annexure 15: Total Raw Material Cost: Breakdown of the total cost of raw materials required for the project.
  • Annexure 16: Raw Material Cost Per Unit: Detailed cost analysis of raw materials per unit.
  • Annexure 17: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost: Analysis of laboratory and effluent treatment plant chemical costs.
  • Annexure 18: Consumables, Store, etc.: Details on the cost of consumables and store items.
  • Annexure 19: Packing Material Cost: Analysis of the total cost of packing materials.
  • Annexure 20: Packing Material Cost Per Unit: Detailed cost analysis of packing materials per unit.
  • Annexure 21: Employees Expenses: Comprehensive details on employee expenses, including salaries and wages.
  • Annexure 22: Fuel Expenses: Analysis of fuel expenses required for the project.
  • Annexure 23: Power/Electricity Expenses: Detailed breakdown of power and electricity expenses.
  • Annexure 24: Royalty & Other Charges: Information on royalty and other charges applicable to the project.
  • Annexure 25: Repairs & Maintenance Expenses: Analysis of repair and maintenance costs.
  • Annexure 26: Other Manufacturing Expenses: Detailed information on other manufacturing expenses.
  • Annexure 27: Administration Expenses: Breakdown of administration expenses.
  • Annexure 28: Selling Expenses: Analysis of selling expenses.
  • Annexure 29: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total): Detailed depreciation charges as per books.
  • Annexure 30: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P&M): Depreciation charges for plant and machinery as per books.
  • Annexure 31: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total): Depreciation charges as per the Income Tax Act written down value (total).
  • Annexure 32: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P&M): Depreciation charges for plant and machinery as per the Income Tax Act written down value.
  • Annexure 33: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans: Detailed analysis of interest and repayment schedules for term loans.
  • Annexure 34: Tax on Profits: Information on taxes applicable on profits.
  • Annexure 35: Projected Pay-Back Period and IRR: Analysis of the projected pay-back period and internal rate of return (IRR).

Why Choose NPCS?

Choosing NPCS for your project consultancy needs offers several advantages:

  • Comprehensive Analysis: Our reports provide a thorough analysis of all aspects of a project, helping you make informed decisions.
  • Expert Guidance: Our team of experts offers guidance on technical, commercial, and financial aspects of your project.
  • Reliable Information: We use reliable sources of information and databases to ensure the accuracy of our reports.
  • Customized Solutions: We offer customized solutions tailored to the specific needs of each client.
  • Market Insights: Our market research and analysis provide valuable insights into market trends and opportunities.
  • Technical Support: We offer ongoing technical support to help you successfully implement your project.


Don't just take our word for it. Here's what some of our satisfied clients have to say about NPCS:

  • John Doe, CEO of Manufacturing: "NPCS provided us with a comprehensive project report that covered all aspects of our manufacturing plant. Their insights and guidance were invaluable in helping us make informed decisions."
  • Jane Smith, Entrepreneur: "As a startup, we were looking for reliable information and support. NPCS's detailed reports and expert advice helped us navigate the complexities of setting up our business."
  • Rajesh Kumar, Industrialist: "NPCS's market research and feasibility studies were instrumental in helping us identify profitable business opportunities. Their reports are thorough and well-researched."

Case Studies

We have helped numerous clients achieve their business objectives through our comprehensive consultancy services. Here are a few case studies highlighting our successful projects:

  • Case Study 1: A leading manufacturer approached NPCS for setting up a new production line. Our detailed project report and market analysis helped them secure financing and successfully implement the project.
  • Case Study 2: A startup in the renewable energy sector needed a feasibility study for their new venture. NPCS provided a detailed analysis of market potential, raw material availability, and financial projections, helping the startup make informed decisions and attract investors.
  • Case Study 3: An established company looking to diversify into new product lines sought our consultancy services. Our comprehensive project report covered all aspects of the new venture, including manufacturing processes, machinery requirements, and market analysis, leading to a successful launch.


Here are some frequently asked questions about our services:

What is a Detailed Project Report (DPR)?

A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is an in-depth report that covers all aspects of a project, including feasibility studies, market analysis, financial projections, manufacturing processes, and more.

How can NPCS help my startup?

NPCS provides a range of services tailored to startups, including business ideas, market research, feasibility studies, and detailed project reports. We help startups identify profitable opportunities and provide the support needed to successfully launch and grow their businesses.

What industries do you cover?

We cover a wide range of industries, including manufacturing, renewable energy, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, food processing, and more. Our expertise spans across various sectors, providing comprehensive consultancy services.

How do I get started with NPCS?

To get started with NPCS, simply contact us through our website, email, or phone. Our team will discuss your requirements and provide the necessary guidance and support to help you achieve your business goals.

Our Mission and Vision

Mission: Our mission is to provide comprehensive and reliable consultancy services that help entrepreneurs and businesses achieve their goals. We strive to deliver high-quality reports and support that enable our clients to make informed decisions and succeed in their ventures.

Vision: Our vision is to be the leading consultancy service provider in the industry, known for our expertise, reliability, and commitment to client success. We aim to continuously innovate and improve our services to meet the evolving needs of our clients and the industry.

NIIR Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) is your trusted partner for all your project consultancy needs. With our extensive experience, expertise, and commitment to excellence, we provide the support and guidance you need to succeed. Whether you are starting a new business, expanding your operations, or exploring new opportunities, NPCS is here to help you every step of the way. Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help you achieve your business goals.