The Complete Book on Printing Technology with Process Flow Diagrams, Plant Layouts and Machinery Details (Offset, Gravure, Flexographic, Security, Web Offset and Pad Printing) 3rd Revised Edition ( New Arrival ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers ISBN 9788194099512
Code ENI111 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 1895   1895 US$ 58   58
Pages: 512 Published 2024
Publisher Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
Usually Ships within 5 days

Printing is a process for reproducing text and image, typically with ink on paper using a printing press. It is often carried out as a large-scale industrial process, and is an essential part of publishing and transaction printing. Printing technology market is growing, due to technological proliferation along with increasing applications of commercial printing across end users. In India, the market for printing technology is at its nascent stage; however offers huge growth opportunities in the coming years. The major factors boosting the growth of offset printing press market are the growth of packaging industry across the globe, increasing demand in graphic applications, the wide range of application in various industry, and industrialization. The offset printing press market is projected to register healthy growth due to new and advanced technologies are driving the introduction of new product lined of offset printing press from large and medium manufacturers which responsible to register high productivity of offset printing press, and offers better user experience to the end-users and also reduce operational costs. This book is dedicated to the Printing Industry. In this book, the details of printing methods and applications are given. The book throws light on the materials required for the same and the various processes involved. This popular book has been organized to provide readers with a firmer grasp of how printing technologies are revolutionizing the industry. The major content of the book are the beginning of printing, the printing industry, sheet-fed offset printing, printing processing, offset press, modern printing process, pad printing application, gravure printing, web offset printing, the flexographic printing, security printing, process flow diagrams, layouts and photographs of machinery with supplier’s contact details. A total guide to manufacturing and entrepreneurial success in one of today's most printing industry. This book is one-stop guide to one of the fastest growing sectors of the printing industry, where opportunities abound for manufacturers, retailers, and entrepreneurs. This is the only complete handbook on the commercial production of printing products. It serves up a feast of how-to information, from concept to purchasing equipment.



1.    Introduction

        1.1        History of Printing

                     1.1.1       Invention of Movable Type

                     1.1.2       Lithography

                     1.1.3       Offset Printing

                     1.1.4       Intaglio

                     1.1.5       Gravure

                     1.1.6       Flexography

                     1.1.7       Screen Printing

                     1.1.8       Digital Printing

                     1.1.9       Hybrid Printing

        1.2        Uses and Applications of Printing

        1.3        Types of Printing

                     1.3.1       Offset Lithography

                     1.3.2       Digital Printing

                     1.3.3       Flexography

                     1.3.4       Gravure Printing

                     1.3.5       Screen Printing

                     1.3.6       Letterpress Printing

                     1.3.7       Thermal Printing

                     1.3.8       3D Printing

        1.4        Structure of the Printing Industry

                     1.4.1       Pre-Media

                     1.4.2       Prepress

                     1.4.3       Press (Printing)

                     1.4.4       Postpress/Finishing

2.    How to Start Printing Business

3.    Plant Layout Description of Printing Business

4.    Gravure Printing

        4.1        History of Gravure Printing

        4.2        Principles of Gravure Printing Process

                     4.2.1       Intaglio/Gravure Method

        4.3        Advantages of Gravure

        4.4        Limitations of Gravure

        4.5        Characteristics

        4.6        Main Sections of Gravure Printing Machine

                     4.6.1       Unwind Section

                     4.6.2       Printing Section

                     4.6.3       Drying Section

                     4.6.4       Rewind Section

        4.7        Gravure Image Carrier Preparation

                     4.7.1       Hand Engraving and Printing

                     4.7.2       Gravure Image Carriers

                     4.7.3       Manufacturer of Gravure Cylinders

                     4.7.4       Gravure Cylinder Imaging

                     4.7.5       Gravure Engraving

        4.8        Gravure Cylinder Preparation Methods

                     4.8.1       Preparing of Gravure Cylinder by Conventional
Method or Carbon Tissue Method

                     4.8.2       Electronic/Electromechanical Engraving of Gravure Cylinders

                     4.8.3       Laser Engraving/Laser Cutting Process

        4.9        Structure of Gravure Cylinder

                     4.9.1       Gravure Cylinder

                     4.9.2       Gravure Cylinder Components

                     4.9.3       Copper Plating and Polishing

                     4.9.4       Reusing the Cylinders

                     4.9.5       Ballard Shell Cylinders

        4.10     Gravure Drying System

                     4.10.1     Gravure Drying Chamber

                     4.10.2     Gravure Solvent Recovery System

                     4.10.3     Higher LELs due to Solvent Recovery

                     4.10.4     Other Environmental-Friendly Solvent Removal/Reduction Systems Incineration (Thermal

        4.11     Doctor Blade – Structure, Types, Mechanism

                     4.11.1     Doctor Blade

                     4.11.2     Structure and Mechanism of Gravure Doctor Blade

                     4.11.3     Types of Doctor Blade

        4.12     Impression Roller - Structure, Types, Mechanisms

                     4.12.1     Structure and Mechanism of Gravure Impression

                     4.12.2     Types of Gravure Impression Roller

        4.13     Gravure Presses

                     4.13.1     Press Configurations for Packaging

                     4.13.2     Gravure Label Presses

                     4.13.3     Gravure Publication Presses

        4.14     Solvent Based Inks, Water Based Inks, Uv and Eb Inks

                     4.14.1     Gravure Solvent Based Inks

                     4.14.2     Gravure Water-Based Inks

                     4.14.3     Gravure Uv Curing Inks

                     4.14.4     Eb-Curing Inks and Coatings

5.    Screen Printing

        5.1        History of Screen-Printing

        5.2        Principles of Screen Printing Process

        5.3        Procedure for Screen Printing

        5.4        The Screen Printing Process Offers Several Advantages

        5.5        Applications of Screen Printing

                     5.5.1       Screen Printing on Flat Surfaces

                     5.5.2       Screen Printing on Curved Surfaces

        5.6        Main Sections of a Flatbed Screen Printing Machine

                     5.6.1       Frame

                     5.6.2       Base

                     5.6.3       Screen Fabric

                     5.6.4       Squeegee

        5.7        Image Carriers Used for Screen Printing

                     5.7.1       Negative and Constructive Creation

                     5.7.2       Making a Screen Frame

        5.8        Various Methods of Preparing Image Carriers for Screen Printing

                     5.8.1       Preparing the Screen by Knife-Cut Stencil Method

        5.9        Photographic Methods of Making Screen Image Carriers

                     5.9.1       Preparing the Screen by Gelatine Process (“Direct” Method)

                     5.9.2       Screen Making By Photo Sensitive Films (5-Star
Film) Method (Indirect or Transfer Method)

                     5.9.3       Chromaline Film Method of Screen Making (Direct/Indirect Method)

        5.10     Mesh Selection

                     5.10.1     Mesh (Woven Screen Printing Fabric)

                     5.10.2     Materials Used for Screen Printing Fabrics

        5.11     The Squeegee

        5.12     Squeegee Selection

                     5.12.1     Shapes of Squeegee Blades

                     5.12.2     Squeegee Hardness

                     5.12.3     Squeegee Materials

        5.13     Screen Pretreatment

        5.14     Screen Stretching/Tensioning

                     5.14.1     Basic Steps in Screen Stretching/Tensioning

        5.15     Stretching the Screen Printing Fabric

                     5.15.1     Manual Stretching

                     5.15.2     Machine Stretching

        5.16     Types of Screen Printing Machines

                     5.16.1     Container Printing Machines

                     5.16.2     The Flatbed Hinged Frame Press

                     5.16.3     Automatic Flatbed Hinged Frame Screen Presses

                     5.16.4     The Rotary Screen Press

                     5.16.5     Carousel Machines

        5.17     Screen Printing Inks

                     5.17.1     Components of Inks and Ink Systems

        5.18     Screen Printing Ink Types

                     5.18.1     Decalcomanias Inks

                     5.18.2     Circuit Board Inks

                     5.18.3     Inks for Posters

                     5.18.4     Metallic Enamel Inks

                     5.18.5     Paints for Polymers

                     5.18.6     Glass Inks

                     5.18.7     Textiles and Garments: Plastisols and Emulsions

        5.19     Control of Screen Printing Ink Quality

                     5.19.1     Appropriate Quality Control Tests for Screen Printing Inks

        5.20     Typical Screen Printing Equipment

                     5.20.1     Printer and Films

                     5.20.2     Mesh Screen

                     5.20.3     The Inks

                     5.20.4     Squeegees

                     5.20.5     Printing Press

                     5.20.6     Belt Dryer

        5.21     Silk Screen Printing Process

                     5.21.1     Design Drafting

                     5.21.2     Choose and Prepare the Mesh Screen

                     5.21.3     Expose the Emulsion Paint to Light Source

                     5.21.4     Prepare the Stencil

                     5.21.5     Prepare for Screen Printing

                     5.21.6     Print the Design

                     5.21.7     Heat-Cure and Finish the Print

        5.22     Types of Screen Printing Process

                     5.22.1     Grayscale Printing

                     5.22.2     Spot-Color Printing

                     5.22.3     CMYK (4-Color Printing)

                     5.22.4     Duotone Printing

                     5.22.5     Half-Tone Printing

                     5.22.6     Simulated Process Printing

6.    Flexographic Printing

        6.1        History

        6.2        Benefits and Drawbacks of Flexographic Printing

                     6.2.1       Benefits of Printing in Flexographic Form

                     6.2.2       The Drawbacks of Printing Flexographically

        6.3        Various Substrates That Flexography Can Print On

                     6.3.1       Plastic Film

                     6.3.2       Foil

                     6.3.3       Corrugated Board

        6.4        A Vast Variety of Inks for Flexography Use

                     6.4.1       Water-Based

                     6.4.2       Solvent-Based

                     6.4.3       Energy-Curable (UV & EB-Based)

        6.5        Mainstream Types of Flexographic Printing Press

                     6.5.1       Stack Press

                     6.5.2       Central Impression (CI) Press

                     6.5.3       In-Line Pres

                     6.5.4       Wide-Web Press (Substrates of 21-80 Inches)

                     6.5.5       Narrow-Web Press (Substrates’ Length d” 20 Inches)

        6.6        The Fundamentals of Flexography the Process of

                     6.6.1       Flexographic Printing Process

                     6.6.2       Main Sections of Flexography Printing Machines (Presses)

        6.7        All Flexographic Presses are made up of Four Basic Sections Typically Mounted in Succession Between
Sturdy side Frames

                     6.7.1       Unwind Section

                     6.7.2       Printing Section

                     6.7.3       Drying Section

                     6.7.4       Rewind Section

        6.8        Flexographic Image Carrier Preparation

                     6.8.1       Flexographic Plate

                     6.8.2       Structure of Flexographic Plate

        6.9        Plate Preparation Methods

                     6.9.1       Rubber Plates Preparation

                     6.9.2       Photopolymer Flexographic Plates

                     6.9.3       Laser Engraving

        6.10     Types of Flexo Inking Systems

                     6.10.1     Two-Roll Ink Metering System

                     6.10.2     Modified Two-Roll with a Doctor Blade Ink Metering System

                     6.10.3     Reverse Angle Doctor Blade Ink Metering System

                     6.10.4     Chambered Doctor Blade Ink Metering System

        6.11     Types of Anilox Cells and Cleaning Systems

                     6.11.1     The Anilox Roll

                     6.11.2     Anilox Roll Specifications

        6.12     Types of Anilox Roll Based on Cell Shapes

                     6.12.1     Inverted Pyramid

                     6.12.2     Quadrangular Cell

                     6.12.3     Trihelical Cell

        6.13     Types of Anilox Rolls Based on Roller Surfaces

                     6.13.1     Laser-Engraved Ceramic Anilox Rolls

                     6.13.2     Conventional (Or) Mechanically Engraved Chrome
Anilox Rolls

        6.14     Types of Anilox Roll Cleaning Systems

                     6.14.1     Roll Cleaning System

                     6.14.2     Jet Wash Type System

                     6.14.3     Powder Blasting System

                     6.14.4     Polymer Bead Blasting System

                     6.14.5     Dry Ice System

                     6.14.6     Laser Cleaning System

                     6.14.7     Ultrasonics

                     6.14.8     Alpha Sound

        6.15     Types of Flexo Plate Cylinders

7.    3D Printing

        7.1        Types of 3D Printing

                     7.1.1       Binder Jetting

                     7.1.2       Direct Energy Deposition

                     7.1.3       Material Extrusion

                     7.1.4       Material Jetting

                     7.1.5       Powder Bed Fusion

                     7.1.6       Sheet Lamination

                     7.1.7       VAT Photopolymerization

        7.2        Different Types of 3D Printing Technologies and Their Applications

        7.3        An STL File: What is it?

        7.4        3D Printing Process

                     7.4.1       3D Modelling

                     7.4.2       Saving the 3D Model

                     7.4.3       Preparing the 3D Model for Printing

                     7.4.4       Checking and Saving the Print File

                     7.4.5       3D Printing

                     7.4.6       Post-Processing

        7.5        How 3D Printing Works?

        7.6        Key Industries Leveraging 3D Printing

                     7.6.1       Applications in Medicine and Dentistry

                     7.6.2       Defense and Aerospace

                     7.6.3       The Automobile Industry

                     7.6.4       Personal and Consumer Products

                     7.6.5       Aeronautics and Space Travel

                     7.6.6       Customized Apparel and Style

                     7.6.7       Culinary Arts and Food

8.    Digital Printing

        8.1        Types of Digital Printing

        8.2        Digital Print Media and Products

        8.3        Benefits of Digital Printing

        8.4        Digital Printing Process

        8.5        Which Type of Machinery is used in Digital Printing?

                     8.5.1       Prepress Stage Machinery

                     8.5.2       Essential Machinery for the Printing Stage

        8.6        The Role of Pile Turners in Digital Printing

        8.7        Digital Printing in Packaging and Labels

                     8.7.1       Label Presses and Corrugated Packaging Printers

                     8.7.2       Colour Label Presses

                     8.7.3       Corrugated Printers

9.    Ultra Violet (UV) Printing

        9.1        Benefits of UV Printing

        9.2        History of UV Printing Process

        9.3        Which Materials are Suitable for UV Printing?

        9.4        Which Parts Make up a UV Printing Machine’s Core?

                     9.4.1       Printheads

                     9.4.2       PCB (Printed Circuit Board)

                     9.4.3       Curing Light

                     9.4.4       Machine Body

                     9.4.5       Guide Rail

                     9.4.6       The Process of Printing in Ultra-Violet (UV)

                     9.4.7       LED UV Printing

        9.5        The UV Printing Process

10.  Offset Printing Technology

        10.1     The Offset Lithographic Process’s Past

        10.2     Lithography and Offset Printing Fundamentals

        10.3     The Offset Printing Principle

        10.4     Configuration and Structure of Sheetfed Offset Press

                     10.4.1     Single Color Offset Press

                     10.4.2     Multi-Color Sheet-Fed Presses

                     10.4.3     Convertible Press

        10.5     Types of Sheetfed Offset Press

                     10.5.1     Inline Press

                     10.5.2     Stack Type Press

                     10.5.3     Blanket to Blanket Press

                     10.5.4     Common Impression Cylinder Presses

        10.6     Sheet Control and Delivery in Offset Press

        10.7     Types of Automatic Feeder

                     10.7.1     Single Sheet Feeder or Successive Sheet Feeder

                     10.7.2     Stream Feeder

        10.8     Feeder Head Components

        10.9     Sheet Registering Devices

        10.10   Early Sheet Detectors (or) Electromechanical Type
Sheet Detectors

        10.11   Sheet Insertion Devices

        10.12   Delivery Section

        10.13   Offset Press Printing Unit

                     10.13.1   Establishing a Sheetfed Printing Press

        10.14   Types of Blankets

                     10.14.1   Conventional Blanket (or) Non-Compressible Blankets

                     10.14.2   Compressible Blankets

        10.15   Construction of Inking System

                     10.15.1   Roller Setting

                     10.15.2   Roller the Distance Between the Plate and the form Roller

                     10.15.3   Setting Form Roller to Oscillator

        10.16   Ink System Issues

        10.17   Dampening System

                     10.17.1   Construction of Dampening System

                     10.17.2   Composition of Dampening Solution

                     10.17.3   Dampening Solution pH

                     10.17.4   Conductivity of the Dampening Solution

                     10.17.5   Dampening System Roller Setting

                     10.17.6   Conventional Dampening System

                     10.17.7   Continuous Dampening System

                     10.17.8   Dahlgren Dampening System

11.  Textile Printing

        11.1     Textile Printing’s Historical Background

        11.2     Printing Method

                     11.2.1     Block Printing

                     11.2.2     Screen Printing

                     11.2.3     Engaved Roller Printing

                     11.2.4     Transfer Printing

                     11.2.5     Stencilling

                     11.2.6     Digital Printing

                     11.2.7     Rotary Screen Printing

                     11.2.8     Direct Printing

                     11.2.9     Discharge Printing

                     11.2.10   Resist Printing

                     11.2.11   Ink-Jet Printing

                     11.2.12   Heat-Transfer Printing

        11.3     Early Textile Printing Methods

        11.4     Comparison Between Dyeing and Printing

        11.5     Enter Digital Direct Reactive Textile Printing

        11.6     Wet Printing Techniques

                     11.6.1     Preparation of the Print Paste

                     11.6.2     Printing the Fabric

                     11.6.3     Drying the Printed Fabric

                     11.6.4     Fixation of the Printed Dye or Pigment

                     11.6.5     Afterwashing

        11.7     Printing Methods

                     11.7.1     Flat-Bed Screen Printing

                     11.7.2     Rotary Screen Printing

                     11.7.3     Screen Engraving

                     11.7.4     Laser Engraving

                     11.7.5     Engraved Roller Printing

                     11.7.6     Heat Transfer Printing

                     11.7.7     Digital Ink-Jet Printing

12.  CTP (Computer to Plate)

        12.1     What is a CTP Machine?

        12.2     Technology

        12.3     Computer-to-Plate Advantage

        12.4     Computer to Plate versus Computer to Film

        12.5     CTP Method

                     12.5.1     Internal Drum Imagesetters

                     12.5.2     External Drum Imagesetters

                     12.5.3     Flat-Bed Imagesetters

        12.6     Types of CTP-Plates (Computer-to-Plate)

                     12.6.1     Photopolymer Plates

                     12.6.2     Silverhalogen Plates

                     12.6.3     Thermal Plates

        12.7     Advantages of CTP vs. CTF

        12.8     Disadvantages of CTP vs. CTF

        12.9     CTP Process

                     12.9.1     Digital File Preparation

                     12.9.2     Computer-to-Plate Imaging

                     12.9.3     Plate Development

                     12.9.4     Mounting on the Printing Press

                     12.9.5     Printing

        12.10   What Types Of CTP Plates

                     12.10.1   Silver Salt Diffusion Transfer Type

                     12.10.2   The Polymer Compound Type

                     12.10.3   Silver Salt Emulsion and Polymer Compound Composite Type

                     12.10.4   Spray Mask Type

                     12.10.5   Thermal Type

        12.11   The Definition of Thermal CTP Technology

                     12.11.1   Classification of Thermal CTP technology

13.  Pad Printing

        13.1     Description of Parts

        13.2     The History of Pad Printing

        13.3     Pros and Cons of Pad Printing

        13.4     Limitations of Pad Printing

        13.5     How to Pad Print?

        13.6     Basic Components of Pad Printers

                     13.6.1     Pad Printer

                     13.6.2     Pad Print Ink Cup

                     13.6.3     Pad Print Ink

                     13.6.4     Printing Pad

                     13.6.5     Pad Printing Plate

        13.7     Pad Printing Vs. Screen Printing: What’re The Differences?

        13.8     Which Industry Applications Print With Pad Printing?

        13.9     Factors to Consider During Pad Printing

14.  Web Offset Printing

        14.1     Design of Web Machines

        14.2     Reel Stand Unit

        14.3     Web Control Unit

        14.4     Printing Units

        14.5     Main Parts of Printing Unit

        14.6     Delivery Operations

        14.7     Ancillary Operations by Delivery Unit

        14.8     Colour and Its Reproduction

        14.9     Classification of Colours

                     14.9.1     Primary Colours

                     14.9.2     Secondary Colours

                     14.9.3     Tertiary Colours

                     14.9.4     Influence of Colours

        14.10   Terminology Related to Colour

        14.11   Quality Control in Printing

        14.12   During Printing

        14.13   After Printing

15.  Security Printing

        15.1     Credit Cards

        15.2     Caliper and Dimensions

        15.3     Hologram

        15.4     Hologram Types

        15.5     Uses

        15.6     Numbering with Micr Ink on Rotary Presses

                     15.6.1     Ink Agitation

                     15.6.2     Heat Fountains

                     15.6.3     Distribution of Ink

                     15.6.4     Form Rollers and Impression Cylinders

                     15.6.5     Cam Setting

                     15.6.6     Setting form Rollers

                     15.6.7     Impression Cylinders

                     15.6.8     Setting Impression

                     15.6.9     Speeds

        15.7     Methods in Security Printing

                     15.7.1     Substrates in Security Printing

                     15.7.2     Security Inks

                     15.7.3     RFID Hidden Security Features

                     15.7.4     RFID Tag Categories

                     15.7.5     RFID Tag Shapes and Sizes

                     15.7.6     Printing

        15.8     Prospective Developments in Rfid Tags and Security Printing

16.  High Security Printing for Banknote

        16.1     Specialized Substrates

        16.2     Intaglio Printing

        16.3     Watermarks

        16.4     Security Inks

        16.5     Holograms and Kinegrams

        16.6     Microprinting

        16.7     See-through Registers

        16.8     Serial Numbers

        16.9     UV Features

        16.10   Digital Authentication

17.  Security Printing for Tax Labels, and Other Securities

        17.1     Specialized Inks and Dyes

        17.2     Substrate Security

        17.3     Intaglio Printing

        17.4     Microprinting

        17.5     Holograms and Foils

        17.6     Guilloche Patterns

        17.7     Serial Numbers and Barcodes

        17.8     Digital Authentication

        17.9     Implementation Considerations

18.  BIS Standards

19.  Plant Layout, Process Flow Chart & Diagram

20.  Photographs of Plant and Machinery with Suppliers Contact Details

      Rotary Screen Printing Machine

      Flexographic Roll to Roll Printing Machine

      High Speed Flexo Printing Machine

      3 Color Satellite Unit RottaSpeed Web Offset Machine

      Offset Printing Machine

      Pad Printing Machine

      Automatic Heat Press

      Black and White Digital Print Production System

      Flexographic Printing Machine

      Fully Automatic Printing Head

      Single Colour Electro Pneumatic Pad Printing Machine

      Manual Pad Printing Machines

      Label Printing Press

      Offset Machines

      Automatic Heat Transfer Machine

      Semi-Automatic Screen Printing Machine

      Flatbed Screen Printing Machine

      Multi Cage Screen Stretching Machine

      Digital LED UV Flatbed Printing Machine

      Mini Offset Printing Machine

      Rotogravure Printing Machine

      CTP Offset Printing Computer to Plate Machine

      Four Color Offset Machine

      5 Color B1 Offset Lithographic Printing Machine with Spot Coating





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• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


Our Approach:

• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR