The Complete Book on Printing Technology with Process Flow Diagrams, Plant Layouts and Machinery Details (Offset, Gravure, Flexographic, Security, Web Offset and Pad Printing) 3rd Revised Edition ( New Arrival ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers ISBN 9788194099512
Code ENI111 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 1895   1895 US$ 58   58
Pages: 512 Published 2024
Publisher Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
Usually Ships within 5 days

Printing is a process for reproducing text and image, typically with ink on paper using a printing press. It is often carried out as a large-scale industrial process, and is an essential part of publishing and transaction printing. Printing technology market is growing, due to technological proliferation along with increasing applications of commercial printing across end users. In India, the market for printing technology is at its nascent stage; however offers huge growth opportunities in the coming years. The major factors boosting the growth of offset printing press market are the growth of packaging industry across the globe, increasing demand in graphic applications, the wide range of application in various industry, and industrialization. The offset printing press market is projected to register healthy growth due to new and advanced technologies are driving the introduction of new product lined of offset printing press from large and medium manufacturers which responsible to register high productivity of offset printing press, and offers better user experience to the end-users and also reduce operational costs. This book is dedicated to the Printing Industry. In this book, the details of printing methods and applications are given. The book throws light on the materials required for the same and the various processes involved. This popular book has been organized to provide readers with a firmer grasp of how printing technologies are revolutionizing the industry. The major content of the book are the beginning of printing, the printing industry, sheet-fed offset printing, printing processing, offset press, modern printing process, pad printing application, gravure printing, web offset printing, the flexographic printing, security printing, process flow diagrams, layouts and photographs of machinery with supplier’s contact details. A total guide to manufacturing and entrepreneurial success in one of today's most printing industry. This book is one-stop guide to one of the fastest growing sectors of the printing industry, where opportunities abound for manufacturers, retailers, and entrepreneurs. This is the only complete handbook on the commercial production of printing products. It serves up a feast of how-to information, from concept to purchasing equipment.



1.    Introduction

        1.1        History of Printing

                     1.1.1       Invention of Movable Type

                     1.1.2       Lithography

                     1.1.3       Offset Printing

                     1.1.4       Intaglio

                     1.1.5       Gravure

                     1.1.6       Flexography

                     1.1.7       Screen Printing

                     1.1.8       Digital Printing

                     1.1.9       Hybrid Printing

        1.2        Uses and Applications of Printing

        1.3        Types of Printing

                     1.3.1       Offset Lithography

                     1.3.2       Digital Printing

                     1.3.3       Flexography

                     1.3.4       Gravure Printing

                     1.3.5       Screen Printing

                     1.3.6       Letterpress Printing

                     1.3.7       Thermal Printing

                     1.3.8       3D Printing

        1.4        Structure of the Printing Industry

                     1.4.1       Pre-Media

                     1.4.2       Prepress

                     1.4.3       Press (Printing)

                     1.4.4       Postpress/Finishing

2.    How to Start Printing Business

3.    Plant Layout Description of Printing Business

4.    Gravure Printing

        4.1        History of Gravure Printing

        4.2        Principles of Gravure Printing Process

                     4.2.1       Intaglio/Gravure Method

        4.3        Advantages of Gravure

        4.4        Limitations of Gravure

        4.5        Characteristics

        4.6        Main Sections of Gravure Printing Machine

                     4.6.1       Unwind Section

                     4.6.2       Printing Section

                     4.6.3       Drying Section

                     4.6.4       Rewind Section

        4.7        Gravure Image Carrier Preparation

                     4.7.1       Hand Engraving and Printing

                     4.7.2       Gravure Image Carriers

                     4.7.3       Manufacturer of Gravure Cylinders

                     4.7.4       Gravure Cylinder Imaging

                     4.7.5       Gravure Engraving

        4.8        Gravure Cylinder Preparation Methods

                     4.8.1       Preparing of Gravure Cylinder by Conventional
Method or Carbon Tissue Method

                     4.8.2       Electronic/Electromechanical Engraving of Gravure Cylinders

                     4.8.3       Laser Engraving/Laser Cutting Process

        4.9        Structure of Gravure Cylinder

                     4.9.1       Gravure Cylinder

                     4.9.2       Gravure Cylinder Components

                     4.9.3       Copper Plating and Polishing

                     4.9.4       Reusing the Cylinders

                     4.9.5       Ballard Shell Cylinders

        4.10     Gravure Drying System

                     4.10.1     Gravure Drying Chamber

                     4.10.2     Gravure Solvent Recovery System

                     4.10.3     Higher LELs due to Solvent Recovery

                     4.10.4     Other Environmental-Friendly Solvent Removal/Reduction Systems Incineration (Thermal

        4.11     Doctor Blade – Structure, Types, Mechanism

                     4.11.1     Doctor Blade

                     4.11.2     Structure and Mechanism of Gravure Doctor Blade

                     4.11.3     Types of Doctor Blade

        4.12     Impression Roller - Structure, Types, Mechanisms

                     4.12.1     Structure and Mechanism of Gravure Impression

                     4.12.2     Types of Gravure Impression Roller

        4.13     Gravure Presses

                     4.13.1     Press Configurations for Packaging

                     4.13.2     Gravure Label Presses

                     4.13.3     Gravure Publication Presses

        4.14     Solvent Based Inks, Water Based Inks, Uv and Eb Inks

                     4.14.1     Gravure Solvent Based Inks

                     4.14.2     Gravure Water-Based Inks

                     4.14.3     Gravure Uv Curing Inks

                     4.14.4     Eb-Curing Inks and Coatings

5.    Screen Printing

        5.1        History of Screen-Printing

        5.2        Principles of Screen Printing Process

        5.3        Procedure for Screen Printing

        5.4        The Screen Printing Process Offers Several Advantages

        5.5        Applications of Screen Printing

                     5.5.1       Screen Printing on Flat Surfaces

                     5.5.2       Screen Printing on Curved Surfaces

        5.6        Main Sections of a Flatbed Screen Printing Machine

                     5.6.1       Frame

                     5.6.2       Base

                     5.6.3       Screen Fabric

                     5.6.4       Squeegee

        5.7        Image Carriers Used for Screen Printing

                     5.7.1       Negative and Constructive Creation

                     5.7.2       Making a Screen Frame

        5.8        Various Methods of Preparing Image Carriers for Screen Printing

                     5.8.1       Preparing the Screen by Knife-Cut Stencil Method

        5.9        Photographic Methods of Making Screen Image Carriers

                     5.9.1       Preparing the Screen by Gelatine Process (“Direct” Method)

                     5.9.2       Screen Making By Photo Sensitive Films (5-Star
Film) Method (Indirect or Transfer Method)

                     5.9.3       Chromaline Film Method of Screen Making (Direct/Indirect Method)

        5.10     Mesh Selection

                     5.10.1     Mesh (Woven Screen Printing Fabric)

                     5.10.2     Materials Used for Screen Printing Fabrics

        5.11     The Squeegee

        5.12     Squeegee Selection

                     5.12.1     Shapes of Squeegee Blades

                     5.12.2     Squeegee Hardness

                     5.12.3     Squeegee Materials

        5.13     Screen Pretreatment

        5.14     Screen Stretching/Tensioning

                     5.14.1     Basic Steps in Screen Stretching/Tensioning

        5.15     Stretching the Screen Printing Fabric

                     5.15.1     Manual Stretching

                     5.15.2     Machine Stretching

        5.16     Types of Screen Printing Machines

                     5.16.1     Container Printing Machines

                     5.16.2     The Flatbed Hinged Frame Press

                     5.16.3     Automatic Flatbed Hinged Frame Screen Presses

                     5.16.4     The Rotary Screen Press

                     5.16.5     Carousel Machines

        5.17     Screen Printing Inks

                     5.17.1     Components of Inks and Ink Systems

        5.18     Screen Printing Ink Types

                     5.18.1     Decalcomanias Inks

                     5.18.2     Circuit Board Inks

                     5.18.3     Inks for Posters

                     5.18.4     Metallic Enamel Inks

                     5.18.5     Paints for Polymers

                     5.18.6     Glass Inks

                     5.18.7     Textiles and Garments: Plastisols and Emulsions

        5.19     Control of Screen Printing Ink Quality

                     5.19.1     Appropriate Quality Control Tests for Screen Printing Inks

        5.20     Typical Screen Printing Equipment

                     5.20.1     Printer and Films

                     5.20.2     Mesh Screen

                     5.20.3     The Inks

                     5.20.4     Squeegees

                     5.20.5     Printing Press

                     5.20.6     Belt Dryer

        5.21     Silk Screen Printing Process

                     5.21.1     Design Drafting

                     5.21.2     Choose and Prepare the Mesh Screen

                     5.21.3     Expose the Emulsion Paint to Light Source

                     5.21.4     Prepare the Stencil

                     5.21.5     Prepare for Screen Printing

                     5.21.6     Print the Design

                     5.21.7     Heat-Cure and Finish the Print

        5.22     Types of Screen Printing Process

                     5.22.1     Grayscale Printing

                     5.22.2     Spot-Color Printing

                     5.22.3     CMYK (4-Color Printing)

                     5.22.4     Duotone Printing

                     5.22.5     Half-Tone Printing

                     5.22.6     Simulated Process Printing

6.    Flexographic Printing

        6.1        History

        6.2        Benefits and Drawbacks of Flexographic Printing

                     6.2.1       Benefits of Printing in Flexographic Form

                     6.2.2       The Drawbacks of Printing Flexographically

        6.3        Various Substrates That Flexography Can Print On

                     6.3.1       Plastic Film

                     6.3.2       Foil

                     6.3.3       Corrugated Board

        6.4        A Vast Variety of Inks for Flexography Use

                     6.4.1       Water-Based

                     6.4.2       Solvent-Based

                     6.4.3       Energy-Curable (UV & EB-Based)

        6.5        Mainstream Types of Flexographic Printing Press

                     6.5.1       Stack Press

                     6.5.2       Central Impression (CI) Press

                     6.5.3       In-Line Pres

                     6.5.4       Wide-Web Press (Substrates of 21-80 Inches)

                     6.5.5       Narrow-Web Press (Substrates’ Length d” 20 Inches)

        6.6        The Fundamentals of Flexography the Process of

                     6.6.1       Flexographic Printing Process

                     6.6.2       Main Sections of Flexography Printing Machines (Presses)

        6.7        All Flexographic Presses are made up of Four Basic Sections Typically Mounted in Succession Between
Sturdy side Frames

                     6.7.1       Unwind Section

                     6.7.2       Printing Section

                     6.7.3       Drying Section

                     6.7.4       Rewind Section

        6.8        Flexographic Image Carrier Preparation

                     6.8.1       Flexographic Plate

                     6.8.2       Structure of Flexographic Plate

        6.9        Plate Preparation Methods

                     6.9.1       Rubber Plates Preparation

                     6.9.2       Photopolymer Flexographic Plates

                     6.9.3       Laser Engraving

        6.10     Types of Flexo Inking Systems

                     6.10.1     Two-Roll Ink Metering System

                     6.10.2     Modified Two-Roll with a Doctor Blade Ink Metering System

                     6.10.3     Reverse Angle Doctor Blade Ink Metering System

                     6.10.4     Chambered Doctor Blade Ink Metering System

        6.11     Types of Anilox Cells and Cleaning Systems

                     6.11.1     The Anilox Roll

                     6.11.2     Anilox Roll Specifications

        6.12     Types of Anilox Roll Based on Cell Shapes

                     6.12.1     Inverted Pyramid

                     6.12.2     Quadrangular Cell

                     6.12.3     Trihelical Cell

        6.13     Types of Anilox Rolls Based on Roller Surfaces

                     6.13.1     Laser-Engraved Ceramic Anilox Rolls

                     6.13.2     Conventional (Or) Mechanically Engraved Chrome
Anilox Rolls

        6.14     Types of Anilox Roll Cleaning Systems

                     6.14.1     Roll Cleaning System

                     6.14.2     Jet Wash Type System

                     6.14.3     Powder Blasting System

                     6.14.4     Polymer Bead Blasting System

                     6.14.5     Dry Ice System

                     6.14.6     Laser Cleaning System

                     6.14.7     Ultrasonics

                     6.14.8     Alpha Sound

        6.15     Types of Flexo Plate Cylinders

7.    3D Printing

        7.1        Types of 3D Printing

                     7.1.1       Binder Jetting

                     7.1.2       Direct Energy Deposition

                     7.1.3       Material Extrusion

                     7.1.4       Material Jetting

                     7.1.5       Powder Bed Fusion

                     7.1.6       Sheet Lamination

                     7.1.7       VAT Photopolymerization

        7.2        Different Types of 3D Printing Technologies and Their Applications

        7.3        An STL File: What is it?

        7.4        3D Printing Process

                     7.4.1       3D Modelling

                     7.4.2       Saving the 3D Model

                     7.4.3       Preparing the 3D Model for Printing

                     7.4.4       Checking and Saving the Print File

                     7.4.5       3D Printing

                     7.4.6       Post-Processing

        7.5        How 3D Printing Works?

        7.6        Key Industries Leveraging 3D Printing

                     7.6.1       Applications in Medicine and Dentistry

                     7.6.2       Defense and Aerospace

                     7.6.3       The Automobile Industry

                     7.6.4       Personal and Consumer Products

                     7.6.5       Aeronautics and Space Travel

                     7.6.6       Customized Apparel and Style

                     7.6.7       Culinary Arts and Food

8.    Digital Printing

        8.1        Types of Digital Printing

        8.2        Digital Print Media and Products

        8.3        Benefits of Digital Printing

        8.4        Digital Printing Process

        8.5        Which Type of Machinery is used in Digital Printing?

                     8.5.1       Prepress Stage Machinery

                     8.5.2       Essential Machinery for the Printing Stage

        8.6        The Role of Pile Turners in Digital Printing

        8.7        Digital Printing in Packaging and Labels

                     8.7.1       Label Presses and Corrugated Packaging Printers

                     8.7.2       Colour Label Presses

                     8.7.3       Corrugated Printers

9.    Ultra Violet (UV) Printing

        9.1        Benefits of UV Printing

        9.2        History of UV Printing Process

        9.3        Which Materials are Suitable for UV Printing?

        9.4        Which Parts Make up a UV Printing Machine’s Core?

                     9.4.1       Printheads

                     9.4.2       PCB (Printed Circuit Board)

                     9.4.3       Curing Light

                     9.4.4       Machine Body

                     9.4.5       Guide Rail

                     9.4.6       The Process of Printing in Ultra-Violet (UV)

                     9.4.7       LED UV Printing

        9.5        The UV Printing Process

10.  Offset Printing Technology

        10.1     The Offset Lithographic Process’s Past

        10.2     Lithography and Offset Printing Fundamentals

        10.3     The Offset Printing Principle

        10.4     Configuration and Structure of Sheetfed Offset Press

                     10.4.1     Single Color Offset Press

                     10.4.2     Multi-Color Sheet-Fed Presses

                     10.4.3     Convertible Press

        10.5     Types of Sheetfed Offset Press

                     10.5.1     Inline Press

                     10.5.2     Stack Type Press

                     10.5.3     Blanket to Blanket Press

                     10.5.4     Common Impression Cylinder Presses

        10.6     Sheet Control and Delivery in Offset Press

        10.7     Types of Automatic Feeder

                     10.7.1     Single Sheet Feeder or Successive Sheet Feeder

                     10.7.2     Stream Feeder

        10.8     Feeder Head Components

        10.9     Sheet Registering Devices

        10.10   Early Sheet Detectors (or) Electromechanical Type
Sheet Detectors

        10.11   Sheet Insertion Devices

        10.12   Delivery Section

        10.13   Offset Press Printing Unit

                     10.13.1   Establishing a Sheetfed Printing Press

        10.14   Types of Blankets

                     10.14.1   Conventional Blanket (or) Non-Compressible Blankets

                     10.14.2   Compressible Blankets

        10.15   Construction of Inking System

                     10.15.1   Roller Setting

                     10.15.2   Roller the Distance Between the Plate and the form Roller

                     10.15.3   Setting Form Roller to Oscillator

        10.16   Ink System Issues

        10.17   Dampening System

                     10.17.1   Construction of Dampening System

                     10.17.2   Composition of Dampening Solution

                     10.17.3   Dampening Solution pH

                     10.17.4   Conductivity of the Dampening Solution

                     10.17.5   Dampening System Roller Setting

                     10.17.6   Conventional Dampening System

                     10.17.7   Continuous Dampening System

                     10.17.8   Dahlgren Dampening System

11.  Textile Printing

        11.1     Textile Printing’s Historical Background

        11.2     Printing Method

                     11.2.1     Block Printing

                     11.2.2     Screen Printing

                     11.2.3     Engaved Roller Printing

                     11.2.4     Transfer Printing

                     11.2.5     Stencilling

                     11.2.6     Digital Printing

                     11.2.7     Rotary Screen Printing

                     11.2.8     Direct Printing

                     11.2.9     Discharge Printing

                     11.2.10   Resist Printing

                     11.2.11   Ink-Jet Printing

                     11.2.12   Heat-Transfer Printing

        11.3     Early Textile Printing Methods

        11.4     Comparison Between Dyeing and Printing

        11.5     Enter Digital Direct Reactive Textile Printing

        11.6     Wet Printing Techniques

                     11.6.1     Preparation of the Print Paste

                     11.6.2     Printing the Fabric

                     11.6.3     Drying the Printed Fabric

                     11.6.4     Fixation of the Printed Dye or Pigment

                     11.6.5     Afterwashing

        11.7     Printing Methods

                     11.7.1     Flat-Bed Screen Printing

                     11.7.2     Rotary Screen Printing

                     11.7.3     Screen Engraving

                     11.7.4     Laser Engraving

                     11.7.5     Engraved Roller Printing

                     11.7.6     Heat Transfer Printing

                     11.7.7     Digital Ink-Jet Printing

12.  CTP (Computer to Plate)

        12.1     What is a CTP Machine?

        12.2     Technology

        12.3     Computer-to-Plate Advantage

        12.4     Computer to Plate versus Computer to Film

        12.5     CTP Method

                     12.5.1     Internal Drum Imagesetters

                     12.5.2     External Drum Imagesetters

                     12.5.3     Flat-Bed Imagesetters

        12.6     Types of CTP-Plates (Computer-to-Plate)

                     12.6.1     Photopolymer Plates

                     12.6.2     Silverhalogen Plates

                     12.6.3     Thermal Plates

        12.7     Advantages of CTP vs. CTF

        12.8     Disadvantages of CTP vs. CTF

        12.9     CTP Process

                     12.9.1     Digital File Preparation

                     12.9.2     Computer-to-Plate Imaging

                     12.9.3     Plate Development

                     12.9.4     Mounting on the Printing Press

                     12.9.5     Printing

        12.10   What Types Of CTP Plates

                     12.10.1   Silver Salt Diffusion Transfer Type

                     12.10.2   The Polymer Compound Type

                     12.10.3   Silver Salt Emulsion and Polymer Compound Composite Type

                     12.10.4   Spray Mask Type

                     12.10.5   Thermal Type

        12.11   The Definition of Thermal CTP Technology

                     12.11.1   Classification of Thermal CTP technology

13.  Pad Printing

        13.1     Description of Parts

        13.2     The History of Pad Printing

        13.3     Pros and Cons of Pad Printing

        13.4     Limitations of Pad Printing

        13.5     How to Pad Print?

        13.6     Basic Components of Pad Printers

                     13.6.1     Pad Printer

                     13.6.2     Pad Print Ink Cup

                     13.6.3     Pad Print Ink

                     13.6.4     Printing Pad

                     13.6.5     Pad Printing Plate

        13.7     Pad Printing Vs. Screen Printing: What’re The Differences?

        13.8     Which Industry Applications Print With Pad Printing?

        13.9     Factors to Consider During Pad Printing

14.  Web Offset Printing

        14.1     Design of Web Machines

        14.2     Reel Stand Unit

        14.3     Web Control Unit

        14.4     Printing Units

        14.5     Main Parts of Printing Unit

        14.6     Delivery Operations

        14.7     Ancillary Operations by Delivery Unit

        14.8     Colour and Its Reproduction

        14.9     Classification of Colours

                     14.9.1     Primary Colours

                     14.9.2     Secondary Colours

                     14.9.3     Tertiary Colours

                     14.9.4     Influence of Colours

        14.10   Terminology Related to Colour

        14.11   Quality Control in Printing

        14.12   During Printing

        14.13   After Printing

15.  Security Printing

        15.1     Credit Cards

        15.2     Caliper and Dimensions

        15.3     Hologram

        15.4     Hologram Types

        15.5     Uses

        15.6     Numbering with Micr Ink on Rotary Presses

                     15.6.1     Ink Agitation

                     15.6.2     Heat Fountains

                     15.6.3     Distribution of Ink

                     15.6.4     Form Rollers and Impression Cylinders

                     15.6.5     Cam Setting

                     15.6.6     Setting form Rollers

                     15.6.7     Impression Cylinders

                     15.6.8     Setting Impression

                     15.6.9     Speeds

        15.7     Methods in Security Printing

                     15.7.1     Substrates in Security Printing

                     15.7.2     Security Inks

                     15.7.3     RFID Hidden Security Features

                     15.7.4     RFID Tag Categories

                     15.7.5     RFID Tag Shapes and Sizes

                     15.7.6     Printing

        15.8     Prospective Developments in Rfid Tags and Security Printing

16.  High Security Printing for Banknote

        16.1     Specialized Substrates

        16.2     Intaglio Printing

        16.3     Watermarks

        16.4     Security Inks

        16.5     Holograms and Kinegrams

        16.6     Microprinting

        16.7     See-through Registers

        16.8     Serial Numbers

        16.9     UV Features

        16.10   Digital Authentication

17.  Security Printing for Tax Labels, and Other Securities

        17.1     Specialized Inks and Dyes

        17.2     Substrate Security

        17.3     Intaglio Printing

        17.4     Microprinting

        17.5     Holograms and Foils

        17.6     Guilloche Patterns

        17.7     Serial Numbers and Barcodes

        17.8     Digital Authentication

        17.9     Implementation Considerations

18.  BIS Standards

19.  Plant Layout, Process Flow Chart & Diagram

20.  Photographs of Plant and Machinery with Suppliers Contact Details

      Rotary Screen Printing Machine

      Flexographic Roll to Roll Printing Machine

      High Speed Flexo Printing Machine

      3 Color Satellite Unit RottaSpeed Web Offset Machine

      Offset Printing Machine

      Pad Printing Machine

      Automatic Heat Press

      Black and White Digital Print Production System

      Flexographic Printing Machine

      Fully Automatic Printing Head

      Single Colour Electro Pneumatic Pad Printing Machine

      Manual Pad Printing Machines

      Label Printing Press

      Offset Machines

      Automatic Heat Transfer Machine

      Semi-Automatic Screen Printing Machine

      Flatbed Screen Printing Machine

      Multi Cage Screen Stretching Machine

      Digital LED UV Flatbed Printing Machine

      Mini Offset Printing Machine

      Rotogravure Printing Machine

      CTP Offset Printing Computer to Plate Machine

      Four Color Offset Machine

      5 Color B1 Offset Lithographic Printing Machine with Spot Coating




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  • Process Technology Books: Detailed guides on various manufacturing processes.
  • Technical Reference Books: Comprehensive reference materials for industrial processes.
  • Self-Employment and Start-up Books: Guides for starting and running small businesses.
  • Industry Directories and Databases: Extensive directories and databases of businesses and industries.
  • Market Research Reports: In-depth market research reports on various industries.
  • Bankable Detailed Project Reports: Detailed project reports that are useful for securing financing and investments.

Our Approach

Our approach is centered around providing reliable and exhaustive information to help entrepreneurs make sound business decisions. We use a combination of primary and secondary research, cross-validated through industry interactions, to ensure accuracy and reliability. Our reports are designed to cover all critical aspects, including:

  • Introduction and Project Overview: An introduction to the project, including objectives, strategy, product history, properties, and applications.
  • Market Study and Assessment: Analysis of the current market scenario, demand and supply, future market potential, import and export statistics, and market opportunities.
  • Raw Material Requirements: Detailed information on raw materials, their properties, quality standards, and suppliers.
  • Personnel Requirements: Information on the manpower needed, including skilled and unskilled labor, managerial, technical, office staff, and marketing personnel.
  • Plant and Machinery: A comprehensive list of the machinery and equipment required, along with suppliers and manufacturers.
  • Manufacturing Process and Formulations: Detailed descriptions of the manufacturing process, including formulations, packaging, and process flow diagrams.
  • Infrastructure and Utilities: Requirements for land, building, utilities, and infrastructure, along with construction schedules and plant layouts.

Financial Details and Analysis

Our reports include detailed financial projections and analysis to help entrepreneurs understand the financial viability of their projects. Key financial details covered in our reports include:

  • Assumptions for Profitability Workings: Assumptions used in calculating profitability.
  • Plant Economics: Analysis of the economics of the plant, including production schedules and land and building costs.
  • Production Schedule: Detailed production schedules and timelines.
  • Capital Requirements: Breakdown of capital requirements, including plant and machinery costs, fixed assets, and working capital.
  • Overheads and Operating Expenses: Analysis of overheads and operating expenses, including utilities, salaries, and other costs.
  • Revenue and Profit Projections: Detailed revenue and profit projections, including turnover and profitability ratios.
  • Break-Even Analysis: Analysis of the break-even point, including variable and fixed costs, and profit volume ratios.

Reasons to Choose NPCS

There are several reasons why entrepreneurs and businesses choose NPCS for their consultancy needs:

  • Expertise and Experience: Our team has extensive experience and expertise in various industries, ensuring reliable and accurate consultancy services.
  • Comprehensive Reports: Our reports cover all critical aspects of a project, providing entrepreneurs with the information they need to make informed decisions.
  • Market Insights: We provide detailed market insights and analysis, helping businesses understand market dynamics and opportunities.
  • Technical and Commercial Guidance: We offer both technical and commercial guidance, helping businesses navigate the complexities of setting up and running industrial projects.
  • Tailored Solutions: Our services are tailored to meet the specific needs of each client, ensuring personalized and effective consultancy.

Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report

Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report includes the following information:

  • Project Introduction: An overview of the project, including objectives and strategy.
  • Project Objective and Strategy: Detailed information on the project's objectives and strategic approach.
  • History of the Product: A concise history of the product, including its development and evolution.
  • Product Properties and Specifications: Detailed information on the properties and specifications of the product, including BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) provisions.
  • Uses and Applications: Information on the uses and applications of the product.

Market Study and Assessment

  • Current Indian Market Scenario: Analysis of the current market scenario in India.
  • Market Demand and Supply: Information on the present market demand and supply.
  • Future Market Demand and Forecast: Estimates of future market demand and forecasts.
  • Import and Export Statistics: Data on import and export statistics.
  • Market Opportunity: Identification of market opportunities.

Raw Material Requirements

  • List of Raw Materials: Detailed list of raw materials required.
  • Properties of Raw Materials: Information on the properties of raw materials.
  • Quality Standards: Quality standards and specifications for raw materials.
  • Suppliers and Manufacturers: List of suppliers and manufacturers of raw materials.

Personnel Requirements

  • Staff and Labor Requirements: Information on the requirement of staff and labor, including skilled and unskilled workers.
  • Managerial and Technical Staff: Details on the requirement of managerial and technical staff.
  • Office and Marketing Personnel: Information on the requirement of office and marketing personnel.

Plant and Machinery

  • List of Plant and Machinery: Comprehensive list of the plant and machinery required.
  • Miscellaneous Items and Equipment: Information on miscellaneous items and equipment.
  • Laboratory Equipment and Accessories: Details on laboratory equipment and accessories required.
  • Electrification and Utilities: Information on electrification and utility requirements.
  • Maintenance Costs: Details on maintenance costs.
  • Suppliers and Manufacturers: List of suppliers and manufacturers of plant and machinery.

Manufacturing Process and Formulations

  • Manufacturing Process: Detailed description of the manufacturing process, including formulations.
  • Packaging Requirements: Information on packaging requirements.
  • Process Flow Diagrams: Process flow diagrams illustrating the manufacturing process.

Infrastructure and Utilities

  • Project Location: Information on the project location.
  • Land Area Requirements: Details on the requirement of land area.
  • Land Rates: Information on land rates.
  • Built-Up Area: Details on the built-up area required.
  • Construction Schedule: Information on the construction schedule.
  • Plant Layout: Details on the plant layout and utility requirements.

Project at a Glance

Our reports provide a snapshot of the project, including:

  • Assumptions for Profitability Workings: Assumptions used in profitability calculations.
  • Plant Economics: Analysis of the plant's economics.
  • Production Schedule: Detailed production schedules.
  • Capital Requirements: Breakdown of capital requirements.
  • Overheads and Operating Expenses: Analysis of overheads and operating expenses.
  • Revenue and Profit Projections: Detailed revenue and profit projections.
  • Break-Even Analysis: Analysis of the break-even point.


Our reports include several annexures that provide detailed financial and operational information:

  • Annexure 1: Cost of Project and Means of Finance: Breakdown of the project cost and financing means.
  • Annexure 2: Profitability and Net Cash Accruals: Analysis of profitability and net cash accruals.
  • Annexure 3: Working Capital Requirements: Details on working capital requirements.
  • Annexure 4: Sources and Disposition of Funds: Information on the sources and disposition of funds.
  • Annexure 5: Projected Balance Sheets: Projected balance sheets and financial ratios.
  • Annexure 6: Profitability Ratios: Analysis of profitability ratios.
  • Annexure 7: Break-Even Analysis: Detailed break-even analysis.
  • Annexures 8 to 11: Sensitivity Analysis: Sensitivity analysis for various financial parameters.
  • Annexure 12: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status: Information on the shareholding pattern and stake status.
  • Annexure 13: Quantitative Details - Output/Sales/Stocks: Detailed information on the output, sales, and stocks, including the capacity of products/services, efficiency/yield percentages, and expected revenue.
  • Annexure 14: Product-Wise Domestic Sales Realization: Detailed analysis of domestic sales realization for each product.
  • Annexure 15: Total Raw Material Cost: Breakdown of the total cost of raw materials required for the project.
  • Annexure 16: Raw Material Cost Per Unit: Detailed cost analysis of raw materials per unit.
  • Annexure 17: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost: Analysis of laboratory and effluent treatment plant chemical costs.
  • Annexure 18: Consumables, Store, etc.: Details on the cost of consumables and store items.
  • Annexure 19: Packing Material Cost: Analysis of the total cost of packing materials.
  • Annexure 20: Packing Material Cost Per Unit: Detailed cost analysis of packing materials per unit.
  • Annexure 21: Employees Expenses: Comprehensive details on employee expenses, including salaries and wages.
  • Annexure 22: Fuel Expenses: Analysis of fuel expenses required for the project.
  • Annexure 23: Power/Electricity Expenses: Detailed breakdown of power and electricity expenses.
  • Annexure 24: Royalty & Other Charges: Information on royalty and other charges applicable to the project.
  • Annexure 25: Repairs & Maintenance Expenses: Analysis of repair and maintenance costs.
  • Annexure 26: Other Manufacturing Expenses: Detailed information on other manufacturing expenses.
  • Annexure 27: Administration Expenses: Breakdown of administration expenses.
  • Annexure 28: Selling Expenses: Analysis of selling expenses.
  • Annexure 29: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total): Detailed depreciation charges as per books.
  • Annexure 30: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P&M): Depreciation charges for plant and machinery as per books.
  • Annexure 31: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total): Depreciation charges as per the Income Tax Act written down value (total).
  • Annexure 32: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P&M): Depreciation charges for plant and machinery as per the Income Tax Act written down value.
  • Annexure 33: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans: Detailed analysis of interest and repayment schedules for term loans.
  • Annexure 34: Tax on Profits: Information on taxes applicable on profits.
  • Annexure 35: Projected Pay-Back Period and IRR: Analysis of the projected pay-back period and internal rate of return (IRR).

Why Choose NPCS?

Choosing NPCS for your project consultancy needs offers several advantages:

  • Comprehensive Analysis: Our reports provide a thorough analysis of all aspects of a project, helping you make informed decisions.
  • Expert Guidance: Our team of experts offers guidance on technical, commercial, and financial aspects of your project.
  • Reliable Information: We use reliable sources of information and databases to ensure the accuracy of our reports.
  • Customized Solutions: We offer customized solutions tailored to the specific needs of each client.
  • Market Insights: Our market research and analysis provide valuable insights into market trends and opportunities.
  • Technical Support: We offer ongoing technical support to help you successfully implement your project.


Don't just take our word for it. Here's what some of our satisfied clients have to say about NPCS:

  • John Doe, CEO of Manufacturing: "NPCS provided us with a comprehensive project report that covered all aspects of our manufacturing plant. Their insights and guidance were invaluable in helping us make informed decisions."
  • Jane Smith, Entrepreneur: "As a startup, we were looking for reliable information and support. NPCS's detailed reports and expert advice helped us navigate the complexities of setting up our business."
  • Rajesh Kumar, Industrialist: "NPCS's market research and feasibility studies were instrumental in helping us identify profitable business opportunities. Their reports are thorough and well-researched."

Case Studies

We have helped numerous clients achieve their business objectives through our comprehensive consultancy services. Here are a few case studies highlighting our successful projects:

  • Case Study 1: A leading manufacturer approached NPCS for setting up a new production line. Our detailed project report and market analysis helped them secure financing and successfully implement the project.
  • Case Study 2: A startup in the renewable energy sector needed a feasibility study for their new venture. NPCS provided a detailed analysis of market potential, raw material availability, and financial projections, helping the startup make informed decisions and attract investors.
  • Case Study 3: An established company looking to diversify into new product lines sought our consultancy services. Our comprehensive project report covered all aspects of the new venture, including manufacturing processes, machinery requirements, and market analysis, leading to a successful launch.


Here are some frequently asked questions about our services:

What is a Detailed Project Report (DPR)?

A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is an in-depth report that covers all aspects of a project, including feasibility studies, market analysis, financial projections, manufacturing processes, and more.

How can NPCS help my startup?

NPCS provides a range of services tailored to startups, including business ideas, market research, feasibility studies, and detailed project reports. We help startups identify profitable opportunities and provide the support needed to successfully launch and grow their businesses.

What industries do you cover?

We cover a wide range of industries, including manufacturing, renewable energy, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, food processing, and more. Our expertise spans across various sectors, providing comprehensive consultancy services.

How do I get started with NPCS?

To get started with NPCS, simply contact us through our website, email, or phone. Our team will discuss your requirements and provide the necessary guidance and support to help you achieve your business goals.

Our Mission and Vision

Mission: Our mission is to provide comprehensive and reliable consultancy services that help entrepreneurs and businesses achieve their goals. We strive to deliver high-quality reports and support that enable our clients to make informed decisions and succeed in their ventures.

Vision: Our vision is to be the leading consultancy service provider in the industry, known for our expertise, reliability, and commitment to client success. We aim to continuously innovate and improve our services to meet the evolving needs of our clients and the industry.

NIIR Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) is your trusted partner for all your project consultancy needs. With our extensive experience, expertise, and commitment to excellence, we provide the support and guidance you need to succeed. Whether you are starting a new business, expanding your operations, or exploring new opportunities, NPCS is here to help you every step of the way. Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help you achieve your business goals.