Investment Opportunities In Infrastructure Projects# ( ) ( Best Seller ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author NIIR Board ISBN 8186623361
Code ENI39 Format Hardcover
Price: Rs 2500   2500 US$ 225   225
Pages: 165 Published 1999
Publisher National institute of industrial Research
Usually Ships within 5 days

Infrastructure Industry in India have been experiencing a rapid growth in its different sectors with the development of urbanization and increasing involvement of foreign investments in this field. The Indian government has taken initiatives to develop the infrastructure sector, with major emphasis on construction, engineering, IT, entertainment, textiles, food, and utility to name some. Construction is the second largest economic activity in India after agriculture, and has been growing rapidly. The production of industrial machinery has also been on the rise and the increasing flow of goods has spurred increases in rail, road and port traffic, necessitating further infrastructure improvements. Roads are a necessary complement to other modes of transport. They are in fact feeders to railways and even airways. Infrastructure development is of two types: demand driven or supply driven. Demand driven infrastructure is a must for development whereas supply driven infrastructure is one which is desirable but not a must. Government has facilitated free dispensaries, hospitals and primary health centres PHCs near and on all localities. Holiday resort business is very flourishing business these days not in India only but it has brilliant prospects in foreign countries. The growth of the tourists visiting India is invariably linked up with structure of facility, the number of scenes and historic places and the general condition in the host country. Hence luxury hotels, restaurants and holiday resorts, sauna steam bath and massage parlours, golf courses and swimming pool in a hotel or holiday resort is some of the many requirements to set up a complete set for attracting tourists. Amusement park is the most popular entertaining place with the latest technological development, which provides comfort, pleasure and of course amusement. School is one of the most important social infrastructures which provide education to the children. Educational institute is the purest place on earth and it seems to be like a temple where every future program of the countries is developed. 
The first book of its kind containing various aspects of infrastructure projects along with different project profiles such as hospital, power project (hydro based), power generation from agriculture wastes (heat energy technology), multi stories commercial complex with residential apartments, hotel (5 star), water park, air taxi, school, medical college, engineering college, amusement park, power project(gas based) etc.. With details of plant, Machinery, Raw Material and Addresses of their suppliers, land & building, requirement, working capital requirements, cost of project, profitability analysis, B. E. P. etc.   

1. An Introspection on Some Aspects of Infrastructure
2. New Initiatives in Infrastructure Sector
3. Towards Better Infrastructural Facilities
4. Productivity in Infrastructure
5. Indian Economic Scene
6. Hospitals
7. Holiday Resort
8. Power Plant Hydro Based (Cap. 1 MW)
9. Power Generating Unit from Agricultural Waste (Heat Energy-Based Technology)
10. Wind Energy Power Project (Cap. : 10 MW)
11. Diesel generating Sets (20 kVA to 200 kVA)
12. Multi-Storey Commercial Complex Along with Residential and Deluxe Flats for Foreign Tourists and Revolving Restaurant on the Top
13. Hotel Industry (Five Star)
14. Water Park
15. Air Taxi (12 Seater) (On Rental Basis Two Air Crafts)
16. School
17. Medical College
18. Engineering College
19. Amusement Park
20. Gas Based Power Project (600 M.W.)


Engineering College


There is great need of engineering college in India for the development of the country and to give the better opportunity to the general merit. But in our country reservation system will not cover the merit of the general students as well as not application of technology by developed technology. Now a days highering of technology and running of administration is the main tool of the Indian's industry.

The economic progress of a country is strongly linked with the quality of education. It is, therefore, necessary for our technical educators to undertake periodic review of the curriculum and subject content of the technical programmes to ensure that they are up to date, not outmoded or obsolete and effectively fulfil the technological requirements of the country.

During the past three decades, many steps have been taken in India to improve the quality of technical education. These include evolution of model syllabi, quality improvement programmes for teachers, encouraging interaction with industry through consultancy and continuing education programmes and providing impetus for expanding infrastructural facilities in emerging technologies.

For economic growth and prosperity, the need is to produce highly professional and competent engineers. This could be achieved by imparting quality teaching to students. Towards this, some norms and standards of engineering education need to be laid down so as to educate the students with appropriate skills suitable for a rapidly changing industrial scenario.


It is useful for

  1. advancement of the country;
  2. the development of available merit of the students; and
  3. the development of new technology in the country.


It should

  1. consist of higher technically sound staff;
  2. collect the world's best technology and resource data;
  3. have good technical library and workshop; and
  4. have technical programme for the students.


Before starting an engineering college, it is required to take permission from the state government's education department and as well as from Central government educational department. It is required to take permission from University Grants Commission for getting central government fund facility.


For setting up engineering college it's basic needs is to collect funds by donation and by different government aids and from different generous persons.

It is required to purchase land of about 100 bighas or more. After procurement of land it is necessary to make planning of the civil construction of building and initial start of branch of engineering like Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical Electronics Engineering etc. According to branch of engineering building construction will be on that basic.

Above all every branch of engineering college should contist of :

  1. theoretical class room;
  2. practical class room;
  3. drawing room;
  4. workshop;
  5. library;
  6. administrative buildings;
  7. playground;
  8. toilet;
  9. university alumni hall; and
  10. hostels for students which is not essential for engineering college.

Before starting engineering college, it is necessary to make up a governing body who is actually associated with the set up of engineering college. Now governing body then sets up administrative bodies who will involve in running the engineering college.


Annual Intake 360 Students 300 Students 240 Students 180 Students
Programmes 6 Programmes 5 Programmes 4 Programmes 3 Programmes
  in Engg. & Tech in Eng. & Tech. in Eng. & Tech. in Eng. & Tech.
  (Carpet Area) (Carpet Area) (Carpet Area) (Carpet Area)


Area 755 Sqm. 670 Sqm. 585 Sqm. 500 Sqm.
Academic Area 11236 Sqm. 9890 Sqm. 8366 Sqm. 7020 Sqm.
Residential Area 12316 Sqm. 10315 Sqm. 8350 Sqm. 6593 Sqm.
  660 Sqm. 600 Sqm. 540 Sqm. 480 Sqm.
  + + + +
Ammenities Area Play Ground Play Ground Play Ground Play Ground
  + + + +
  OHT = ] Open Air      


Total Carpet Area 25000 Sqm. 21475 Sqm. 17840 Sqm. 14500 Sqm.
Total Plinth Area 34775 Sqm. 29840 Sqm 24750 Sqm. 20025 Sqm.
  + + + +
Play Ground 25000 Sqm. 25000 Sqm. 25000 Sqm. 25000 Sqm.
  + + + +
Open Air Theatre 4000 Sqm. 4000 Sqm. 4000 Sqm. 4000 Sqm.

Total Space


  1. Programme objectives
  2. Contact hours (credits/units)
  3. Course duration
  4. Programme structure
  5. Intake to programmes
  6. Admission qualifications and selection procedure
  7. Staff norms
  8. Emerging areas
  9. Multi-use of facilities
  10. Alumni Association
  11. Infrastructure norms


If we consider employment available versus Engineer, there is no vacant space among the engineers coming out from the existing engineering college. Now-a-days major engineers work as an engineer.


M/S. Jadavpur Engineering

College and Technology

Jadavpur University,

P.O. - Jadavpur,

Calcutta - 32

West Bengal


M/S. Kharagpur I.I.T.

P.O. I.I.T. Kharagpur

Dist. - Midnapore

State - West Bengal


M/S. Delhi I.I.T.

P.O. Hauz Khas,



M/S. H.B.T.T,




Rated Plant capacity  =  60 STUDENTS IN EACH BRANCH



1. Single storeyed 98550 Sqm. 88680 Sqm. 78500 Sqm. 69050 Sqm.
  Building with Playground & OHT 24.6 Acres 22.2 Acres 19.6 Acres 17.3 Acres
2. Single storeyed 69550 Sqm. 59680 Sqm. 49500 Sqm. 40150 Sqm.
  Building without Playground & OHT 17.4 Acres 14.9 Acres 12.4 Acres 10 Acres
3. Tripple storeyed 23190 Sqm. 19990 Sqm. 16500 Sqm. 13390 Sqm.
  Building without Playground & Open Air Theatre# 5.8 Acres 5 Acres 4.1 Acres 3.4 Acres
1. Land Required 25 Acres Rs. 1,00,00,000.00
2. Building Rs. 11,25,00,000.01
  TOTAL Rs. 12,25,00,000.01


  1. For electrical lab and practical room
  2. For civil laboratory and practical room
  3. For chemical laboratory and practical room
  4. For electronics and tele-communication
  5. Mechanical laboratory and practical room
  6. Drawing instrument
  7. Misc. instrumental expenses

TOTAL    Rs.     26,15,00,000.00


1. LAND AND BUILDING Rs. 12,25,00,000.01
2. PLANT AND MACHINERY Rs. 26,15,00,000.00
3. OTHER FIXED ASSETS Rs. 69,00,000.00
  TOTAL Rs. 39,09,00,000.01



  • Purchasing bias and note book register etc.
  • Purchasing duster, chalk, refill etc.
  • Purchasing paper, letter pads, certificate book etc.
  • Purchasing chemicals, machine spare parts etc.
  • Purchasing books/journals etc.
  • Misc. other expenses
  • [/ol]

    TOTAL    Rs.  4,00,000.00


    1. RAW MATERIAL Rs. 4,00,000.00
    2. SALARY AND WAGES Rs. 9,55,000.00
    3. UTILITIES AND OVERHEADS Rs. 4,30,000.00
      TOTAL Rs. 17,85,000.00


    TOTAL FIXED CAPITAL Rs. 39,09,00,000.01
    TOTAL Rs. 39,62,55,000.01


    1. EARNING SOURCES : Students Fees 300 x 12 = 3600
    2. Government Aids
    3. Consultancy Earning
    4. Interest on fixed initial fund

    TOTAL     Rs.  13, 59,40,000.00


          =  13,59,40,000.00 - 13,33,89,575.00

          =  25,50,425.00

    PROFIT SALES RATIO  =  Profit / Sales x 100   =   1.88 %

    RATE OF RETURN  =  Operating profit / T.C.I x 100   =   0.64 %

    BREAK EVEN POINT (B.E.P)  =  97.90 %




    NIIR Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) is a renowned name in the industrial world, offering integrated technical consultancy services. Our team consists of engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts, and design specialists with extensive experience in their respective industries. We provide a range of services, including Detailed Project Reports, Business Plans for Manufacturing Plants, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, and Start-up Business Opportunities. Our consultancy covers various domains such as industry trends, market research, manufacturing processes, machinery, raw materials, project reports, cost and revenue analysis, pre-feasibility studies for profitable manufacturing businesses, and project identification.

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    Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report

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    • Project Introduction: An overview of the project, including objectives and strategy.
    • Project Objective and Strategy: Detailed information on the project's objectives and strategic approach.
    • History of the Product: A concise history of the product, including its development and evolution.
    • Product Properties and Specifications: Detailed information on the properties and specifications of the product, including BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) provisions.
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    • List of Raw Materials: Detailed list of raw materials required.
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    • Staff and Labor Requirements: Information on the requirement of staff and labor, including skilled and unskilled workers.
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    Plant and Machinery

    • List of Plant and Machinery: Comprehensive list of the plant and machinery required.
    • Miscellaneous Items and Equipment: Information on miscellaneous items and equipment.
    • Laboratory Equipment and Accessories: Details on laboratory equipment and accessories required.
    • Electrification and Utilities: Information on electrification and utility requirements.
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    • Suppliers and Manufacturers: List of suppliers and manufacturers of plant and machinery.

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    • Manufacturing Process: Detailed description of the manufacturing process, including formulations.
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    • Project Location: Information on the project location.
    • Land Area Requirements: Details on the requirement of land area.
    • Land Rates: Information on land rates.
    • Built-Up Area: Details on the built-up area required.
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    • Plant Layout: Details on the plant layout and utility requirements.

    Project at a Glance

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    • Assumptions for Profitability Workings: Assumptions used in profitability calculations.
    • Plant Economics: Analysis of the plant's economics.
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    • Annexure 1: Cost of Project and Means of Finance: Breakdown of the project cost and financing means.
    • Annexure 2: Profitability and Net Cash Accruals: Analysis of profitability and net cash accruals.
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    • Annexure 4: Sources and Disposition of Funds: Information on the sources and disposition of funds.
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    • Annexure 12: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status: Information on the shareholding pattern and stake status.
    • Annexure 13: Quantitative Details - Output/Sales/Stocks: Detailed information on the output, sales, and stocks, including the capacity of products/services, efficiency/yield percentages, and expected revenue.
    • Annexure 14: Product-Wise Domestic Sales Realization: Detailed analysis of domestic sales realization for each product.
    • Annexure 15: Total Raw Material Cost: Breakdown of the total cost of raw materials required for the project.
    • Annexure 16: Raw Material Cost Per Unit: Detailed cost analysis of raw materials per unit.
    • Annexure 17: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost: Analysis of laboratory and effluent treatment plant chemical costs.
    • Annexure 18: Consumables, Store, etc.: Details on the cost of consumables and store items.
    • Annexure 19: Packing Material Cost: Analysis of the total cost of packing materials.
    • Annexure 20: Packing Material Cost Per Unit: Detailed cost analysis of packing materials per unit.
    • Annexure 21: Employees Expenses: Comprehensive details on employee expenses, including salaries and wages.
    • Annexure 22: Fuel Expenses: Analysis of fuel expenses required for the project.
    • Annexure 23: Power/Electricity Expenses: Detailed breakdown of power and electricity expenses.
    • Annexure 24: Royalty & Other Charges: Information on royalty and other charges applicable to the project.
    • Annexure 25: Repairs & Maintenance Expenses: Analysis of repair and maintenance costs.
    • Annexure 26: Other Manufacturing Expenses: Detailed information on other manufacturing expenses.
    • Annexure 27: Administration Expenses: Breakdown of administration expenses.
    • Annexure 28: Selling Expenses: Analysis of selling expenses.
    • Annexure 29: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total): Detailed depreciation charges as per books.
    • Annexure 30: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P&M): Depreciation charges for plant and machinery as per books.
    • Annexure 31: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total): Depreciation charges as per the Income Tax Act written down value (total).
    • Annexure 32: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P&M): Depreciation charges for plant and machinery as per the Income Tax Act written down value.
    • Annexure 33: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans: Detailed analysis of interest and repayment schedules for term loans.
    • Annexure 34: Tax on Profits: Information on taxes applicable on profits.
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    • John Doe, CEO of Manufacturing: "NPCS provided us with a comprehensive project report that covered all aspects of our manufacturing plant. Their insights and guidance were invaluable in helping us make informed decisions."
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    Case Studies

    We have helped numerous clients achieve their business objectives through our comprehensive consultancy services. Here are a few case studies highlighting our successful projects:

    • Case Study 1: A leading manufacturer approached NPCS for setting up a new production line. Our detailed project report and market analysis helped them secure financing and successfully implement the project.
    • Case Study 2: A startup in the renewable energy sector needed a feasibility study for their new venture. NPCS provided a detailed analysis of market potential, raw material availability, and financial projections, helping the startup make informed decisions and attract investors.
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    Here are some frequently asked questions about our services:

    What is a Detailed Project Report (DPR)?

    A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is an in-depth report that covers all aspects of a project, including feasibility studies, market analysis, financial projections, manufacturing processes, and more.

    How can NPCS help my startup?

    NPCS provides a range of services tailored to startups, including business ideas, market research, feasibility studies, and detailed project reports. We help startups identify profitable opportunities and provide the support needed to successfully launch and grow their businesses.

    What industries do you cover?

    We cover a wide range of industries, including manufacturing, renewable energy, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, food processing, and more. Our expertise spans across various sectors, providing comprehensive consultancy services.

    How do I get started with NPCS?

    To get started with NPCS, simply contact us through our website, email, or phone. Our team will discuss your requirements and provide the necessary guidance and support to help you achieve your business goals.

    Our Mission and Vision

    Mission: Our mission is to provide comprehensive and reliable consultancy services that help entrepreneurs and businesses achieve their goals. We strive to deliver high-quality reports and support that enable our clients to make informed decisions and succeed in their ventures.

    Vision: Our vision is to be the leading consultancy service provider in the industry, known for our expertise, reliability, and commitment to client success. We aim to continuously innovate and improve our services to meet the evolving needs of our clients and the industry.

    NIIR Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) is your trusted partner for all your project consultancy needs. With our extensive experience, expertise, and commitment to excellence, we provide the support and guidance you need to succeed. Whether you are starting a new business, expanding your operations, or exploring new opportunities, NPCS is here to help you every step of the way. Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help you achieve your business goals.