Handbook on Electric Vehicles Manufacturing (E- Car, Electric Bicycle, E- Scooter, E-Motorcycle, Electric Rickshaw, E- Bus, Electric Truck with Assembly Process, Machinery Equipments & Layout) ( New Arrival ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author P.K. Tripathi ISBN 9788195676927
Code NI332 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 3695   3695 US$ 105   105
Pages: 488 Published 2022
Publisher Niir Project Consultancy Services
Usually Ships within 5


Handbook on

Electric Vehicles Manufacturing

(E- Car, Electric Bicycle, E- Scooter, E-Motorcycle, Electric Rickshaw, E- Bus, Electric Truck with Assembly Process, Machinery Equipments & Layout)


 An electric vehicle (EV) is one that is powered by an electric motor rather than an internal-combustion engine that burns a mixture of gasoline and gases to generate power. As a result, such a vehicle is being considered as a potential replacement for current-generation automobiles in order to solve issues such as:-

a)      Growing Pollution

b)      Global Warming,

c)       Natural Resource Depletion, and so on.

Despite the fact that the concept of electric vehicles has been around for a long time, it has garnered a lot of attention in the last decade as a result of the rising carbon footprint and other environmental implications of gasoline-powered vehicles.

The global electric vehicle market is expected to increase at a CAGR of 21.7 percent. Increased government investments in the development of electric vehicle charging stations and hydrogen fuelling stations, as well as buyer incentives, will provide chances for OEMs to increase their revenue stream and regional footprint. The EV market in Asia Pacific is expected to develop steadily due to increasing demand for low-cost, low-emission vehicles, whereas the market in North America and Europe is expected to rise quickly due to government initiatives and the growing high-performance passenger vehicle segment.

India's flagship plan for boosting electric mobility is FAME, or Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles FAME Scheme has been authorized by the government, with 86 percent of overall budgetary support has been set aside for the Demand Incentive, which aims to increase demand for EVs throughout the country. This phase will support e-buses, e-3 wheelers, e-4 wheeler passenger cars and e-2 wheelers in order to build demand.

The book covers a wide range of information related to the manufacture of electric vehicles. It includes E- Car, Electric Bicycle, E- Scooter, E-Motorcycle, Electric Rickshaw, E- Bus, Electric Truck with Assembly Process, contact information for machinery suppliers, Directory Section & Factory Layout.

A detailed guide on the manufacturing and entrepreneurship of electric vehicles. This book serves as a one-stop shop for everything you need to know about the Electric Vehicle Manufacturing industry, which is rife with opportunities for startups, manufacturers, merchants, and entrepreneurs. This is the only book on the production of commercial electric vehicles. It's a veritable feast of how-to information, from concept through equipment acquisition.



 Table of Contents

    1. Introduction


       1.1. Electricity Sources      

              1.1.1. Connection to Generator Plants  

              1.1.2. Onboard Generators and Hybrid EVS      

              1.1.3. Onboard Storage

       1.2. Lithium-Ion Battery      

       1.3. Electric Motor

       1.4. Vehicle Types

              1.4.1. Ground Vehicles

              1.4.2. Pure-Electric Vehicles

              1.4.3. Hybrid EVs

              1.4.4. Plug-In Electric Vehicle

              1.4.5. Range-Extended Electric Vehicle

              1.4.6. On-and Off-Road EVS    

              1.4.7. Rail Borne EVs  

              1.4.8. Airborne EVs

              1.4.9. Seaborne EVs

       1.5. Electrically Powered Spacecraft

       1.6. Energy and Motors      

       1.7. Properties       

              1.7.1. Components      

              1.7.2. Energy Sources 

              1.7.3. Batteries           

              1.7.4. Efficiency         

        1.8. Charging        

              1.8.1. Grid Capacity    

              1.8.2. Charging Stations          

              1.8.3. Battery Swapping          

              1.8.4. Dynamic Charging         

       1.9. Other in-Development Technologies      

              1.9.1. Safety

              1.9.2. Environmental

              1.9.3. Socio-Economic

              1.9.4. Mechanical       

              1.9.5. Energy Resilience

              1.9.6. Energy Efficiency

              1.9.7. Total Cost

              1.9.8. Range

              1.9.9. Heating of EVs

              1.9.10. Electric Public Transit Efficiency

              1.9.11. Polluter Pays Principle

       1.10. Costs and Emissions 

              1.10.1. Electricity Costs

              1.10.2. End of Life      

              1.10.3. CO2 Emissions

              1.10.4. Emissions       

        1.11. Formula-e     

        1.12. Future          

              1.12.1. Environmental Considerations   

              1.12.2. Improved Batteries

              1.12.3. Electric Trucks

              1.12.4. Hydrogen Trains

              1.12.5. Infrastructure Management

              1.12.6. Stabilization of the Grid

   2.  E-Vehicle Business Ideas and Opportunities

   3. Future of Electric Vehicles is Bright

        3.1. Experts Predicting Strong Sales Growth

              3.1.1. Reason #1: Battery Costs are Dropping Fast

              3.1.2. Reason #2: Longer Range, Affordable Electric

                       Cars are Coming

              3.1.3. Reason #3: More Charging Stations are    Coming

              3.1.4. Reason #4: Auto Industry is Embracing EVS

              3.1.5. Reason #5: The Global Imperative to Cut Carbon

                      Pollution and Oil Dependency      

   4. How to Start E-Vehicle Manufacturing Business

        4.1. EV Market     

        4.2. Business Opportunities in Electric Vehicles Sector        

        4.3. Battery Recycling Business     

        4.4. Battery Swapping Technology  

       4.5. Solar Electric Vehicle Charging

       4.6. Home Charging Stations          

       4.7. EV Equipment Manufacturing   

       4.8. Battery Manufacturing Business           

       4.9. Fabrication Electric Vehicle Charger     

       4.10. Solar Energy Powered Electric Vehicle Charger

   5.  Electric Vehicle Market Outlook

        5.1. Global Progress and Forecast  

        5.2. EVs in Regional Markets         

              5.2.1. Europe 

              5.2.2. China   

              5.2.3. United States   

              5.2.4. Rest of the World          

       5.3. Four Factors Driving Growth     

              5.3.1. Factor 1 – Changing Consumer Sentiment          

              5.3.2. Factor 2 – Policy and Legislation

        5.4. Fuel Economy and Emission Targets   

        5.5. City Access Restrictions         

        5.6. Financial Incentives    

              5.6.1. Factor 3 – OEM Vehicle Strategy           

       5.7. Availability of Models  

       5.8. Affordability of Models 

              5.8.1. Factor 4 – The Role of Corporate Companies       

       5.9.  Part 2: New landscape, New Approach 

        5.10. Segmenting the Market         

   6. Electric Vehicle Technology

       6.1. Electric Vehicle Layouts

              6.1.1. Identifying Electric Vehicles       

              6.1.2. Single Motor     

              6.1.3. Wheel Motors   

        6.2. Hybrid Electric Vehicle Layouts

              6.2.1. Introduction      

              6.2.2. Classifications  

              6.2.3. Operation         

              6.2.4. Configurations  

              6.2.5. Hybrid with a 48-V System        

              6.2.6. Hybrid Control Systems 

        6.3. Cables and Components         

              6.3.1. High-Voltage Cables      

              6.3.2. Components     

              6.3.3. ECE-R100        

              6.3.4. Other Systems 

   7.  Electric Car

        7.1. Types

        7.2. Benefits

        7.3. Downsides

        7.4. Automatic

        7.5. Usage of Batteries

        7.6. Safety

        7.7. Better for the Environment

        7.8. Environmental Aspects

        7.9. Public Opinion


              7.10.1. Acceleration and Drivetrain Design

              7.10.2. Electric Cars Cost

              7.10.3. Charging Costs

              7.10.4. Cost Per Mile  

              7.10.5. The Sums       

   8.  How Electric Cars Work?

        8.1. Components   

   9.  Construction of Electric Car

        9.1. Electric Car Safety     

10. E-Car Manufacturing

       10.1. Components 

       10.2. Raw Materials           

       10.3. Design          

       10.4. The Manufacturing Process    

              10.4.1. Body Shop      

              10.4.2. General Assembly       

              10.4.3. Quality Control 

              10.4.4. Byproducts/Waste       

        10.5. The Future   

11.  E-Car Assembly Line

       11.1. Application...............................................................

       11.2. Production Process   

12. Electric Bicycle

       12.1. Classes        

       12.2. Pedal-Assist Only     

       12.3. Pedelecs      

       12.4. S-Pedelecs   

       12.5. Power-on-Demand and Pedal-Assist   

       12.6. Power-on-Demand only          

       12.7. Technical      

              12.7.1. Motors and Drivetrains 

        12.8. Batteries      

        12.9. Design Variations      

       12.10. Folding E-Bikes       

        12.11. Health Effects         

       12.12. Environmental Effects          

       12.13. Advantages of E-Bike- How it Differs from other Bikes

              12.13.1. Eco-Friendliness        

              12.13.2. Health and Keeping Active      

              12.13.3. Speed           

              12.13.4. Battery Range

              12.13.5. Climbing        

13. E-Bicycle Parts

14.  How E-Bikes Work?

       14.1. Pros and Cons          

       14.2. Growth Prospects      

       14.3. Worth Money

              14.3.1. Speed 

              14.3.2. Appearance and Motor 

              14.3.3. Experience in Riding    

              14.3.4. Longer Distances         

       14.4. Ebikes vs Regular Bikes: What’s the Difference?         

              14.4.1. Appearance and Mechanics      

              14.4.2. Maintenance and Repairs         

              14.4.3. Riding Experience        

              14.4.4. Speed 

              14.4.5. Rules and Regulations  

       14.5. Objective      

       14.6. Limitations    

        14.7. Theory         

              14.7.1. Power Calculation        

              14.7.2. Motor  

              14.7.3. Motor Controlling          

              14.7.4. MOSFET transistor      

              14.7.5. Half-Bridge      

              14.7.6. NAND-gate      

              14.7.7. PWM  

        14.8. Arduino        

        14.9. Three-Phase Gate Driver       

       14.10. Bootstrap Operation 

       14.11. Experimental Details

              14.11.1. Planning Process/Design        

              14.11.2. Electronic assembly   

              14.11.3. Programming 

        14.12. PWM         

       14.13. Results       

              14.13.1. Power Calculation      

              14.13.2. Subsystems  

       14.14. Assembled System 

       14.15. Discussion  

              14.15.1. MOSFET vs IGBT     

              14.15.2. Wheel and Motor        

              14.15.3. Components  

              14.15.4. Testing of the System

15. Hybrid Electric Car Plug-In Hybrid Electric

       Vehicles (PHEVs)

       15.1. Powered by Electric Motor and Combustion Engine      

        15.2. Help from an Electric Motor   

        15.3. Regenerative Braking

       15.4. Fuel Cell for Electric Vehicle  

       15.5. Fueling and Driving Options    

       15.6. Fuel-Efficient System Design 

       15.7. Key Components of a Hybrid Electric Car        

16. Electric Scooter

        16.1. Popularity     

        16.2. Benefits of E-Scooter Use     

              16.2.1. A Reduction in Carbon Emissions         

       16.3. Cheaper and More Accessible Travel  

              16.3.1. Reduced Congestion in Cities   

       16.4. Power Source

              16.4.1. Charging         

              16.4.2. Battery Swapping         

              16.4.3. Hybrid 

              16.4.4. Fuel Cell         

        16.5. Safety          

17. Electric Scooter Parts

       17.1. Batteries       

       17.2. Types of Batteries     

              17.2.1. Lithium Ion      

              17.2.2. Lithium Manganese (INR, NMC)

              17.2.3. Lead-Acid        

        17.3. Battery Life  

        17.4. Brakes         

              17.4.1. Types of Brakes          

              17.4.2. Disc Brakes    

              17.4.3. Hydraulic Disc Brakes  

              17.4.3. Drum Brakes   

        17.5. How Do Drum Brakes Work?  

              17.5.1. Foot Brakes    

              17.5.2. Regenerative Brakes    

              17.5.3. Electronic Brakes        

        17.6. Controller     

        17.7. Deck

       17.8. Handlebars   

       17.9. Lights           


       17.11. Motor Types

              17.11.1. Brushless DC Motors 

              17.11.2. Brushed DC Motors    

        17.12. Stem          

       17.13. Tires           

18.  Electric Hybrid Vehicle (E- Scooter)

       18.1. Basic Design of HEV

       18.2. Advantages  

       18.3. Objectives    

       18.4. CAD Model of HEV    

       18.5. Block Diagram of HEV

       18.6. Working of HEV        

19.  How Do Electric Scooters Work

       19.1. Electric Scooter Components

       19.2. Electric Scooter Work

       19.3. Electric Scooter Motors Work 

       19.4. Electric Scooters Batteries Work        

       19.5. Controllers    

       19.6. Brakes         

       19.7. Wheels         

       19.8. Suspension   

       19.9. Screen and Controls  

       19.10 Deck

       19.11. Handlebars

       19.12. Lights         

       19.13. Optional Scooter Parts         

       19.14. Seats         

       19.15. Baskets or Trunks   

       19.16. How do Electric Scooters Get Charged?

       19.17. Are Electric Scooters Foldable?        

       19.18. What are Electric Scooters made of?

       19.19. How to Perform Electric Scooter Maintenance?

20. Design and Development of

       Electric Scooter

       20.1. Introduction   

       20.2. System Development

              20.2.1. The Key Components in Electric Scooter

       20.3. Battery Charger         

       20.4. Battery         

              20.4.1. Battery Management Systems

       20.5. Motor Controller         

       20.6. BLDC Hub Motor       

       20.7. DC-DC Controller       

       20.8. Performance Analysis

              20.8.1. Hub Motor Calculation  

              20.8.2. Rolling Resistance       

              20.8.3. Gradient Resistance     

              20.8.4. Aerodynamic Drag       

              20.8.5. Battery Calculation       

              20.8.6. System Operation        

21. Electric Two Wheeler & Its Manufacturing

        21.1. Need of Electric and Hybrid Two Wheelers      

        21.2. Working Principle      

        21.3. Principal       

              21.3.1. Battery

              21.3.2. Battery Up Gradation    

       23.4. Alternator      

              23.4.1. Wiring Harness

              23.4.2. Controllers       

       23.5. Production Line         

22. E-Scooter Environmental Impacts

       22.1. Impact Estimation Methodology          

23.  E-Bicycle Assembly Production Line

       23.1. Cycle Nipple Machine

       23.2. Tyre Mounting Console          

              23.2.1. Benefits

        23.3. Truing Machine Obelisk E Bike Wheels

       23.4. Lacing Machine E Bike Wheels          

       23.5. Brake-Test Machine  

24. Electric Rickshaw

        24.1. Types          

        24.1. Load Carriers

        24.2. Solar

              24.2.1. Features         

       24.3. Evolution of business

        24.4. Benefits       

              24.4.1. Low Maintenance         

              24.4.2. Suitable for Connectivity           

              24.4.3. Opportunities for Employment Creation  

       24.5. Advantages  

              24.5.1. E-Rickshaws Contribute to Zero Contamination  

              24.5.2. A Better and Affordable Maintenance     

              24.5.3. A Low Running Expense           

              24.5.4. Smoother and Prominent Turning Sweep

              24.5.5. Earning High Wages through Less Consumption

       24.6. Design and Construction        

       24.7. How Electric–Rickshaw Works

       24.8. Spare Parts  

              24.8.1. Controller        

              24.8.2. Axle    

              24.8.3. Motor  

              24.8.4. Battery

              24.8.5. Rim    

25.  Hybrid Solar E-Rickshaw

        25.1. Solar Hybrid E-Rickshaw       

        25.2. Methodology 

        25.3. Technical Specifications        

        25.4. Solar E-rickshaw with Heterogeneous Battery Packs   

26. E-Rickshaws Manufacturing

       26.1. Procedure     

       26.2. Wheel and Vehicle Body        

              26.2.1. Body   

              26.2.2. Wheel 

              26.2.3. Gear Box        

              26.2.4. DC Motor        

              26.2.5. Thermal Port   

              26.2.6. Thermal Sensor           

              26.2.7. DC Motor with Controller           

              26.2.8. H-Bridge          

       26.3. Controlled PWM Voltage        

              26.3.1. Controlled Voltage Source        

              26.3.2. Electrical Reference     

              26.3.3. Current Sensor

       26.4. Battery System and SOC       

              26.4.1. Controller        

              26.4.2. PID Controller  

              26.4.3. Manufacturing Process 

27. Electric Vehicle Testing

        27.1. Benefits       

        27.2. Factors        

        27.3. Testing and Certifying Electric Vehicles          

28. How to get E Rickshaw Approved from ICAT

29. Electric Rickshaw Charging Stations

        29.1. Introduction  

        29.2. Objective     

              29.2.1. Electric Rickshaw and Relevant Issues 

              29.2.2. Renewable Energy       

              29.2.3. Rationale         

       29.3. Technology   

              29.3.1. Battery Energy Storage System (BESS)

                         for Integrating  Renewable Energy

                        (RE) Sources    

              29.3.2. Community Energy Storage (CES)        

              29.3.3. Battery Swapping Station (BSS)

              29.3.4. Micro Grid and Smart Energy Systems  

              29.3.5. Potential Application of Existing Technologies                                                                  for EVs/E-Rickshaws

        29.4. Approach     

              29.4.1. Formulation     

              29.4.2. Simulation Software     

              29.4.3. Defining System Demands       

              29.4.4. Solar Resource

              29.4.5. System Components and Costs

       29.5. Key Assumptions      

              29.5.1. Battery DOD and Capacity Selection     

              29.5.2. Local Grid       

              29.5.3. Control Logic of Grid-Connected Solar PV          

              29.5.4. Operational Strategy and Control Logic

                          of CBESS      

              29.5.5. Economic Assumptions

        29.6. Results        

              29.6.1. Solar PV Integration     

              29.6.2. An Opportunity for Reducing Battery Disposal    

              29.6.3. An Opportunity for Creating a Sustainable and                                                      Circular Value Chain for E-Rickshaw Batteries    

              29.6.4. Economies of Scale     

              29.6.5. Microgrid and Smart Snergy Systems in

                         Rural Areas     

              29.6.6. Implementation Pathway and    

                         Business Opportunities

              29.6.7. Challenges and Outlook

30.  List of Approved E-Rickshaw Models

       As Per GSR 709 (E) and SO 2590(E)

31. Electric Bus

       31.1. Range          

        31.2. Electric Buses Charge           

        31.3. Battery Electric Buses More Popular  

       31.4. Electric Buses Cheaper         

       31.5. Principles     

              31.5.1. Battery

       31.6. Electric Bus Work     

       31.7. Benefits        

              31.7.1. Eco-Friendliness          

              31.7.2. Quiet Operation

              31.7.3. Minimal Maintenance

              31.7.4. Affordability

        31.8. Invented

        31.9. Carbon Footprint

        31.10. Use Electricity        

        31.11. Use of Batteries

        31.12. How Far Electric Bus Go

        31.13. Type of Charging Station     

        31.14. Long Take to Charge           

        31.15. Life Expectancy      

        31.16. Healthier     

        31.17. Not More Common  

32. Manufacturing Process of E-Bus

        32.1. Making Pre-Manufactured Components           

        32.2. Making the Chassis  

        32.3. Making the Body       

        32.4. Assembling  

        32.5. Quality Control          

        32.6. The Future   

33. E-Bus and E-Truck Manufacturing

       33.1. Automotive Seat Manufacturing Line   

       33.2. Welding Lines for Automotive Component        

              33.2.1. Automatic Part Welding Line     

              33.2.2. Associate Operators    

              33.2.3. Chain Management      

              33.2.4. Assemble System and Instruction         

        33.3. Truck Welding Line   

        33.4. Bus and Coach Welding Line 

              33.4.1. Standard Equipment on the Bus

                         Manufacturing Line       

        33.5. Engines and Transmission Assembly Line      

        33.6. Automotive Paint Shop          

              33.6.1. Plan    

              33.6.2. Chain management      

              33.6.3. Assemble System and Instruction         

       33.7. Automotive Assembly Line     

              33.7.1. Plan    

              33.7.2. Chain Management      

              33.7.3. Assemble System and Instruction         

              33.7.4. Conveyor System        

       33.8. Truck Manufacturing Assembly Line   

              33.8.1. Chassis Line   

        33.9. Cab Trim Line           

              33.9.1. Final Assembly Line     

              33.9.2. Features         

              33.9.3. Task   

       33.10. Bus Assembly Line  

        33.11. Automotive Testing and Inspection Line        

              33.11.1. Plan  

              33.11.2. Chain Management    

              33.11.3. Assemble System and Instruction       

              33.11.4. Vehicle Testing Pickup Truck Inspection

                           Line / Truck Production Testing Line / Bus                                                                       Testing Line

34. Batteries

        34.1. Battery Range          

        34.2. Battery Life and Recycling     

        34.3. Types of Battery       

              34.3.1. Lead–Acid Batteries (Pb–Pb02) 

              34.3.2. Alkaline (Ni–Cad, Ni–Fe and Ni–MH)      

              34.3.3. Sodium–Nickel Chloride (Na–NiCl2)       

              34.3.4. Sodium–Sulphur (Na–S)

              34.3.5. Lithium-Ion (Li-ion)       

              34.3.6. Fuel Cells        

              34.3.7. Super-Capacitors         

              34.3.8. Flywheels        

35. Battery Assembly Line

        35.1. Uses of Making Battery Pack

              35.1.1. Lithium Battery Automatic Highland Barley

                          Paper Pasting Machine

              35.1.2. Lithium Battery Sorting Machine

              35.1.3. Lithium Battery Spot Welding Machine   

              35.1.4. Battery Pack Comprehensive Tester     

              35.1.5. Battery Pack Aging Machine     

36. BIS Specifications

37. ISO Standards

38. EV Standards in China

39. British Standards (BS)

40. Approval for E Vehicle

        40.1. To Get ARAI Approval           

        40.2. Importance for EVs   

        40.3. Standards and Regulations    

       40.4. Type of Approval Testing Under CMVR           

              40.4.1. Category and Type of Approval Required

                         for EVs           

              40.4.2. Government Regulation Framework

                         for Electric Vehicles

              40.4.3. For L Category Vehicles, AIS156 (in line

                         with UN R136) covers the following points          

              40.4.4. Type Approval 

              40.4.5. Type Approval requirements are

                         broadly segregated for

              40.4.6. Contact Details

41. Authorizations Required For Setting up of

       EVS/ Battery Manufacturing Unit

       41.1. Land Acquisition and Manufacturing Unit Placement     

       41.2. E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules

                ("E-waste Rules")      

        41.3. Battery (Management and Handling) Rules

                ("Battery Management Rules")

       41.4. Workplace Regulations          

              41.4.1. Factories Act of 1948 ("Factories Act")  

              41.4.2. Employees' State Insurance Act           

        41.5. Manufacturing EVs and EV Batteries Standards

                and Criteria   

              41.5.1. A general framework for EV and EV Battery                                                                     Standards and Specifications

              41.5.2. Process of Testing and Certifications    

              41.5.3. Testing Agencies and Applicable Standards       

       41.6. Conclusion    

42. E-Vehicle Parts

DC Motors

Electric DC Motor 

Induction Motors   

Traction Batteries 

EV Traction Motor 

Inverter ARC Welding Machine       

Motor Controller    

E Rickshaw Motor 

43. E-Motorcycle Assembly Line

       43.1. Assembly Line for Motorcycle Battery 

              43.1.1. Automatic Short Circuit Testing M/C KV-20M(R)  

              43.1.2.  Automatic Electric Welding M/C KS-3AM(R)-A  

              43.1.3.  Automatic Weld Condition Checking M/C KVD-10AM(R)

              43.1.4.  Automatic Heat Sealing M/C KH-3AM 

              43.1.5.  Automatic Air Leak Testing/Coding M/C KAC-20AM(2R)

              43.1.6.  Automatic Aluminum Foil Sealing M/C KAH-30M(2S)

44. Photographs of Plant and Machinery with

       Suppliers Contact Details

Motorcycle Assembly Conveyor Machine    

Car Battery Welding Machine         

Automatic Pole Burning Machine    

Battery Heat Sealing Machine        

Cycle Rim Nipple Tightening and    

Spoke Positioning Machine

Tyre Mounting       

CO2 Welding Machine        

CO2 Welding Machine        

High Voltage Tester VHT   

Automatic High Voltage Tester AC/DC        

LED Display Manufacturing Machine           

LED Panel Bonding Machine          

Truck, Bus Tyre Uniformity Test Machine   

Tyre Changer        

Automatic Battery Assembling Plant           

45. Layout, Process Flow Chart & Diagrams

46. Associations

47. Electric Vehicle Oem & Equipment  Manufacturers Directory         



NIIR Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) is a renowned name in the industrial world, offering integrated technical consultancy services. Our team consists of engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts, and design specialists with extensive experience in their respective industries. We provide a range of services, including Detailed Project Reports, Business Plans for Manufacturing Plants, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, and Start-up Business Opportunities. Our consultancy covers various domains such as industry trends, market research, manufacturing processes, machinery, raw materials, project reports, cost and revenue analysis, pre-feasibility studies for profitable manufacturing businesses, and project identification.

Our Services

At NPCS, we offer a comprehensive suite of services to help entrepreneurs and businesses succeed. Our key services include:

  • Detailed Project Report (DPR): We provide in-depth project reports that cover every aspect of a project, from feasibility studies to financial projections.
  • Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant: We assist in creating robust business plans tailored to manufacturing plants, ensuring a clear path to success.
  • Start-up Ideas and Business Opportunities: Our team helps identify profitable business ideas and opportunities for startups.
  • Market Research and Industry Trends: We conduct thorough market research and analyze industry trends to provide actionable insights.
  • Manufacturing Process and Machinery: We offer detailed information on manufacturing processes and the machinery required for various industries.
  • Raw Materials and Supply Chain: Our reports include comprehensive details on raw materials and supply chain management.
  • Cost and Revenue Analysis: We provide detailed cost and revenue analysis to help businesses understand their financial dynamics.
  • Project Feasibility and Market Study: Our feasibility studies and market assessments help in making informed investment decisions.
  • Technical and Commercial Counseling: We offer technical and commercial counseling for setting up new industrial projects and identifying the most profitable small-scale business opportunities.


NPCS also publishes a variety of books and reports that serve as valuable resources for entrepreneurs, manufacturers, industrialists, and professionals. Our publications include:

  • Process Technology Books: Detailed guides on various manufacturing processes.
  • Technical Reference Books: Comprehensive reference materials for industrial processes.
  • Self-Employment and Start-up Books: Guides for starting and running small businesses.
  • Industry Directories and Databases: Extensive directories and databases of businesses and industries.
  • Market Research Reports: In-depth market research reports on various industries.
  • Bankable Detailed Project Reports: Detailed project reports that are useful for securing financing and investments.

Our Approach

Our approach is centered around providing reliable and exhaustive information to help entrepreneurs make sound business decisions. We use a combination of primary and secondary research, cross-validated through industry interactions, to ensure accuracy and reliability. Our reports are designed to cover all critical aspects, including:

  • Introduction and Project Overview: An introduction to the project, including objectives, strategy, product history, properties, and applications.
  • Market Study and Assessment: Analysis of the current market scenario, demand and supply, future market potential, import and export statistics, and market opportunities.
  • Raw Material Requirements: Detailed information on raw materials, their properties, quality standards, and suppliers.
  • Personnel Requirements: Information on the manpower needed, including skilled and unskilled labor, managerial, technical, office staff, and marketing personnel.
  • Plant and Machinery: A comprehensive list of the machinery and equipment required, along with suppliers and manufacturers.
  • Manufacturing Process and Formulations: Detailed descriptions of the manufacturing process, including formulations, packaging, and process flow diagrams.
  • Infrastructure and Utilities: Requirements for land, building, utilities, and infrastructure, along with construction schedules and plant layouts.

Financial Details and Analysis

Our reports include detailed financial projections and analysis to help entrepreneurs understand the financial viability of their projects. Key financial details covered in our reports include:

  • Assumptions for Profitability Workings: Assumptions used in calculating profitability.
  • Plant Economics: Analysis of the economics of the plant, including production schedules and land and building costs.
  • Production Schedule: Detailed production schedules and timelines.
  • Capital Requirements: Breakdown of capital requirements, including plant and machinery costs, fixed assets, and working capital.
  • Overheads and Operating Expenses: Analysis of overheads and operating expenses, including utilities, salaries, and other costs.
  • Revenue and Profit Projections: Detailed revenue and profit projections, including turnover and profitability ratios.
  • Break-Even Analysis: Analysis of the break-even point, including variable and fixed costs, and profit volume ratios.

Reasons to Choose NPCS

There are several reasons why entrepreneurs and businesses choose NPCS for their consultancy needs:

  • Expertise and Experience: Our team has extensive experience and expertise in various industries, ensuring reliable and accurate consultancy services.
  • Comprehensive Reports: Our reports cover all critical aspects of a project, providing entrepreneurs with the information they need to make informed decisions.
  • Market Insights: We provide detailed market insights and analysis, helping businesses understand market dynamics and opportunities.
  • Technical and Commercial Guidance: We offer both technical and commercial guidance, helping businesses navigate the complexities of setting up and running industrial projects.
  • Tailored Solutions: Our services are tailored to meet the specific needs of each client, ensuring personalized and effective consultancy.

Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report

Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report includes the following information:

  • Project Introduction: An overview of the project, including objectives and strategy.
  • Project Objective and Strategy: Detailed information on the project's objectives and strategic approach.
  • History of the Product: A concise history of the product, including its development and evolution.
  • Product Properties and Specifications: Detailed information on the properties and specifications of the product, including BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) provisions.
  • Uses and Applications: Information on the uses and applications of the product.

Market Study and Assessment

  • Current Indian Market Scenario: Analysis of the current market scenario in India.
  • Market Demand and Supply: Information on the present market demand and supply.
  • Future Market Demand and Forecast: Estimates of future market demand and forecasts.
  • Import and Export Statistics: Data on import and export statistics.
  • Market Opportunity: Identification of market opportunities.

Raw Material Requirements

  • List of Raw Materials: Detailed list of raw materials required.
  • Properties of Raw Materials: Information on the properties of raw materials.
  • Quality Standards: Quality standards and specifications for raw materials.
  • Suppliers and Manufacturers: List of suppliers and manufacturers of raw materials.

Personnel Requirements

  • Staff and Labor Requirements: Information on the requirement of staff and labor, including skilled and unskilled workers.
  • Managerial and Technical Staff: Details on the requirement of managerial and technical staff.
  • Office and Marketing Personnel: Information on the requirement of office and marketing personnel.

Plant and Machinery

  • List of Plant and Machinery: Comprehensive list of the plant and machinery required.
  • Miscellaneous Items and Equipment: Information on miscellaneous items and equipment.
  • Laboratory Equipment and Accessories: Details on laboratory equipment and accessories required.
  • Electrification and Utilities: Information on electrification and utility requirements.
  • Maintenance Costs: Details on maintenance costs.
  • Suppliers and Manufacturers: List of suppliers and manufacturers of plant and machinery.

Manufacturing Process and Formulations

  • Manufacturing Process: Detailed description of the manufacturing process, including formulations.
  • Packaging Requirements: Information on packaging requirements.
  • Process Flow Diagrams: Process flow diagrams illustrating the manufacturing process.

Infrastructure and Utilities

  • Project Location: Information on the project location.
  • Land Area Requirements: Details on the requirement of land area.
  • Land Rates: Information on land rates.
  • Built-Up Area: Details on the built-up area required.
  • Construction Schedule: Information on the construction schedule.
  • Plant Layout: Details on the plant layout and utility requirements.

Project at a Glance

Our reports provide a snapshot of the project, including:

  • Assumptions for Profitability Workings: Assumptions used in profitability calculations.
  • Plant Economics: Analysis of the plant's economics.
  • Production Schedule: Detailed production schedules.
  • Capital Requirements: Breakdown of capital requirements.
  • Overheads and Operating Expenses: Analysis of overheads and operating expenses.
  • Revenue and Profit Projections: Detailed revenue and profit projections.
  • Break-Even Analysis: Analysis of the break-even point.


Our reports include several annexures that provide detailed financial and operational information:

  • Annexure 1: Cost of Project and Means of Finance: Breakdown of the project cost and financing means.
  • Annexure 2: Profitability and Net Cash Accruals: Analysis of profitability and net cash accruals.
  • Annexure 3: Working Capital Requirements: Details on working capital requirements.
  • Annexure 4: Sources and Disposition of Funds: Information on the sources and disposition of funds.
  • Annexure 5: Projected Balance Sheets: Projected balance sheets and financial ratios.
  • Annexure 6: Profitability Ratios: Analysis of profitability ratios.
  • Annexure 7: Break-Even Analysis: Detailed break-even analysis.
  • Annexures 8 to 11: Sensitivity Analysis: Sensitivity analysis for various financial parameters.
  • Annexure 12: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status: Information on the shareholding pattern and stake status.
  • Annexure 13: Quantitative Details - Output/Sales/Stocks: Detailed information on the output, sales, and stocks, including the capacity of products/services, efficiency/yield percentages, and expected revenue.
  • Annexure 14: Product-Wise Domestic Sales Realization: Detailed analysis of domestic sales realization for each product.
  • Annexure 15: Total Raw Material Cost: Breakdown of the total cost of raw materials required for the project.
  • Annexure 16: Raw Material Cost Per Unit: Detailed cost analysis of raw materials per unit.
  • Annexure 17: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost: Analysis of laboratory and effluent treatment plant chemical costs.
  • Annexure 18: Consumables, Store, etc.: Details on the cost of consumables and store items.
  • Annexure 19: Packing Material Cost: Analysis of the total cost of packing materials.
  • Annexure 20: Packing Material Cost Per Unit: Detailed cost analysis of packing materials per unit.
  • Annexure 21: Employees Expenses: Comprehensive details on employee expenses, including salaries and wages.
  • Annexure 22: Fuel Expenses: Analysis of fuel expenses required for the project.
  • Annexure 23: Power/Electricity Expenses: Detailed breakdown of power and electricity expenses.
  • Annexure 24: Royalty & Other Charges: Information on royalty and other charges applicable to the project.
  • Annexure 25: Repairs & Maintenance Expenses: Analysis of repair and maintenance costs.
  • Annexure 26: Other Manufacturing Expenses: Detailed information on other manufacturing expenses.
  • Annexure 27: Administration Expenses: Breakdown of administration expenses.
  • Annexure 28: Selling Expenses: Analysis of selling expenses.
  • Annexure 29: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total): Detailed depreciation charges as per books.
  • Annexure 30: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P&M): Depreciation charges for plant and machinery as per books.
  • Annexure 31: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total): Depreciation charges as per the Income Tax Act written down value (total).
  • Annexure 32: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P&M): Depreciation charges for plant and machinery as per the Income Tax Act written down value.
  • Annexure 33: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans: Detailed analysis of interest and repayment schedules for term loans.
  • Annexure 34: Tax on Profits: Information on taxes applicable on profits.
  • Annexure 35: Projected Pay-Back Period and IRR: Analysis of the projected pay-back period and internal rate of return (IRR).

Why Choose NPCS?

Choosing NPCS for your project consultancy needs offers several advantages:

  • Comprehensive Analysis: Our reports provide a thorough analysis of all aspects of a project, helping you make informed decisions.
  • Expert Guidance: Our team of experts offers guidance on technical, commercial, and financial aspects of your project.
  • Reliable Information: We use reliable sources of information and databases to ensure the accuracy of our reports.
  • Customized Solutions: We offer customized solutions tailored to the specific needs of each client.
  • Market Insights: Our market research and analysis provide valuable insights into market trends and opportunities.
  • Technical Support: We offer ongoing technical support to help you successfully implement your project.


Don't just take our word for it. Here's what some of our satisfied clients have to say about NPCS:

  • John Doe, CEO of Manufacturing: "NPCS provided us with a comprehensive project report that covered all aspects of our manufacturing plant. Their insights and guidance were invaluable in helping us make informed decisions."
  • Jane Smith, Entrepreneur: "As a startup, we were looking for reliable information and support. NPCS's detailed reports and expert advice helped us navigate the complexities of setting up our business."
  • Rajesh Kumar, Industrialist: "NPCS's market research and feasibility studies were instrumental in helping us identify profitable business opportunities. Their reports are thorough and well-researched."

Case Studies

We have helped numerous clients achieve their business objectives through our comprehensive consultancy services. Here are a few case studies highlighting our successful projects:

  • Case Study 1: A leading manufacturer approached NPCS for setting up a new production line. Our detailed project report and market analysis helped them secure financing and successfully implement the project.
  • Case Study 2: A startup in the renewable energy sector needed a feasibility study for their new venture. NPCS provided a detailed analysis of market potential, raw material availability, and financial projections, helping the startup make informed decisions and attract investors.
  • Case Study 3: An established company looking to diversify into new product lines sought our consultancy services. Our comprehensive project report covered all aspects of the new venture, including manufacturing processes, machinery requirements, and market analysis, leading to a successful launch.


Here are some frequently asked questions about our services:

What is a Detailed Project Report (DPR)?

A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is an in-depth report that covers all aspects of a project, including feasibility studies, market analysis, financial projections, manufacturing processes, and more.

How can NPCS help my startup?

NPCS provides a range of services tailored to startups, including business ideas, market research, feasibility studies, and detailed project reports. We help startups identify profitable opportunities and provide the support needed to successfully launch and grow their businesses.

What industries do you cover?

We cover a wide range of industries, including manufacturing, renewable energy, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, food processing, and more. Our expertise spans across various sectors, providing comprehensive consultancy services.

How do I get started with NPCS?

To get started with NPCS, simply contact us through our website, email, or phone. Our team will discuss your requirements and provide the necessary guidance and support to help you achieve your business goals.

Our Mission and Vision

Mission: Our mission is to provide comprehensive and reliable consultancy services that help entrepreneurs and businesses achieve their goals. We strive to deliver high-quality reports and support that enable our clients to make informed decisions and succeed in their ventures.

Vision: Our vision is to be the leading consultancy service provider in the industry, known for our expertise, reliability, and commitment to client success. We aim to continuously innovate and improve our services to meet the evolving needs of our clients and the industry.

NIIR Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) is your trusted partner for all your project consultancy needs. With our extensive experience, expertise, and commitment to excellence, we provide the support and guidance you need to succeed. Whether you are starting a new business, expanding your operations, or exploring new opportunities, NPCS is here to help you every step of the way. Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help you achieve your business goals.