Handbook on Electric Vehicles Manufacturing (E- Car, Electric Bicycle, E- Scooter, E-Motorcycle, Electric Rickshaw, E- Bus, Electric Truck with Assembly Process, Machinery Equipments & Layout) ( New Arrival ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author P.K. Tripathi ISBN 9788195676927
Code NI332 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 3695   3695 US$ 105   105
Pages: 488 Published 2022
Publisher Niir Project Consultancy Services
Usually Ships within 5


Handbook on

Electric Vehicles Manufacturing

(E- Car, Electric Bicycle, E- Scooter, E-Motorcycle, Electric Rickshaw, E- Bus, Electric Truck with Assembly Process, Machinery Equipments & Layout)


 An electric vehicle (EV) is one that is powered by an electric motor rather than an internal-combustion engine that burns a mixture of gasoline and gases to generate power. As a result, such a vehicle is being considered as a potential replacement for current-generation automobiles in order to solve issues such as:-

a)      Growing Pollution

b)      Global Warming,

c)       Natural Resource Depletion, and so on.

Despite the fact that the concept of electric vehicles has been around for a long time, it has garnered a lot of attention in the last decade as a result of the rising carbon footprint and other environmental implications of gasoline-powered vehicles.

The global electric vehicle market is expected to increase at a CAGR of 21.7 percent. Increased government investments in the development of electric vehicle charging stations and hydrogen fuelling stations, as well as buyer incentives, will provide chances for OEMs to increase their revenue stream and regional footprint. The EV market in Asia Pacific is expected to develop steadily due to increasing demand for low-cost, low-emission vehicles, whereas the market in North America and Europe is expected to rise quickly due to government initiatives and the growing high-performance passenger vehicle segment.

India's flagship plan for boosting electric mobility is FAME, or Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles FAME Scheme has been authorized by the government, with 86 percent of overall budgetary support has been set aside for the Demand Incentive, which aims to increase demand for EVs throughout the country. This phase will support e-buses, e-3 wheelers, e-4 wheeler passenger cars and e-2 wheelers in order to build demand.

The book covers a wide range of information related to the manufacture of electric vehicles. It includes E- Car, Electric Bicycle, E- Scooter, E-Motorcycle, Electric Rickshaw, E- Bus, Electric Truck with Assembly Process, contact information for machinery suppliers, Directory Section & Factory Layout.

A detailed guide on the manufacturing and entrepreneurship of electric vehicles. This book serves as a one-stop shop for everything you need to know about the Electric Vehicle Manufacturing industry, which is rife with opportunities for startups, manufacturers, merchants, and entrepreneurs. This is the only book on the production of commercial electric vehicles. It's a veritable feast of how-to information, from concept through equipment acquisition.



 Table of Contents

    1. Introduction


       1.1. Electricity Sources      

              1.1.1. Connection to Generator Plants  

              1.1.2. Onboard Generators and Hybrid EVS      

              1.1.3. Onboard Storage

       1.2. Lithium-Ion Battery      

       1.3. Electric Motor

       1.4. Vehicle Types

              1.4.1. Ground Vehicles

              1.4.2. Pure-Electric Vehicles

              1.4.3. Hybrid EVs

              1.4.4. Plug-In Electric Vehicle

              1.4.5. Range-Extended Electric Vehicle

              1.4.6. On-and Off-Road EVS    

              1.4.7. Rail Borne EVs  

              1.4.8. Airborne EVs

              1.4.9. Seaborne EVs

       1.5. Electrically Powered Spacecraft

       1.6. Energy and Motors      

       1.7. Properties       

              1.7.1. Components      

              1.7.2. Energy Sources 

              1.7.3. Batteries           

              1.7.4. Efficiency         

        1.8. Charging        

              1.8.1. Grid Capacity    

              1.8.2. Charging Stations          

              1.8.3. Battery Swapping          

              1.8.4. Dynamic Charging         

       1.9. Other in-Development Technologies      

              1.9.1. Safety

              1.9.2. Environmental

              1.9.3. Socio-Economic

              1.9.4. Mechanical       

              1.9.5. Energy Resilience

              1.9.6. Energy Efficiency

              1.9.7. Total Cost

              1.9.8. Range

              1.9.9. Heating of EVs

              1.9.10. Electric Public Transit Efficiency

              1.9.11. Polluter Pays Principle

       1.10. Costs and Emissions 

              1.10.1. Electricity Costs

              1.10.2. End of Life      

              1.10.3. CO2 Emissions

              1.10.4. Emissions       

        1.11. Formula-e     

        1.12. Future          

              1.12.1. Environmental Considerations   

              1.12.2. Improved Batteries

              1.12.3. Electric Trucks

              1.12.4. Hydrogen Trains

              1.12.5. Infrastructure Management

              1.12.6. Stabilization of the Grid

   2.  E-Vehicle Business Ideas and Opportunities

   3. Future of Electric Vehicles is Bright

        3.1. Experts Predicting Strong Sales Growth

              3.1.1. Reason #1: Battery Costs are Dropping Fast

              3.1.2. Reason #2: Longer Range, Affordable Electric

                       Cars are Coming

              3.1.3. Reason #3: More Charging Stations are    Coming

              3.1.4. Reason #4: Auto Industry is Embracing EVS

              3.1.5. Reason #5: The Global Imperative to Cut Carbon

                      Pollution and Oil Dependency      

   4. How to Start E-Vehicle Manufacturing Business

        4.1. EV Market     

        4.2. Business Opportunities in Electric Vehicles Sector        

        4.3. Battery Recycling Business     

        4.4. Battery Swapping Technology  

       4.5. Solar Electric Vehicle Charging

       4.6. Home Charging Stations          

       4.7. EV Equipment Manufacturing   

       4.8. Battery Manufacturing Business           

       4.9. Fabrication Electric Vehicle Charger     

       4.10. Solar Energy Powered Electric Vehicle Charger

   5.  Electric Vehicle Market Outlook

        5.1. Global Progress and Forecast  

        5.2. EVs in Regional Markets         

              5.2.1. Europe 

              5.2.2. China   

              5.2.3. United States   

              5.2.4. Rest of the World          

       5.3. Four Factors Driving Growth     

              5.3.1. Factor 1 – Changing Consumer Sentiment          

              5.3.2. Factor 2 – Policy and Legislation

        5.4. Fuel Economy and Emission Targets   

        5.5. City Access Restrictions         

        5.6. Financial Incentives    

              5.6.1. Factor 3 – OEM Vehicle Strategy           

       5.7. Availability of Models  

       5.8. Affordability of Models 

              5.8.1. Factor 4 – The Role of Corporate Companies       

       5.9.  Part 2: New landscape, New Approach 

        5.10. Segmenting the Market         

   6. Electric Vehicle Technology

       6.1. Electric Vehicle Layouts

              6.1.1. Identifying Electric Vehicles       

              6.1.2. Single Motor     

              6.1.3. Wheel Motors   

        6.2. Hybrid Electric Vehicle Layouts

              6.2.1. Introduction      

              6.2.2. Classifications  

              6.2.3. Operation         

              6.2.4. Configurations  

              6.2.5. Hybrid with a 48-V System        

              6.2.6. Hybrid Control Systems 

        6.3. Cables and Components         

              6.3.1. High-Voltage Cables      

              6.3.2. Components     

              6.3.3. ECE-R100        

              6.3.4. Other Systems 

   7.  Electric Car

        7.1. Types

        7.2. Benefits

        7.3. Downsides

        7.4. Automatic

        7.5. Usage of Batteries

        7.6. Safety

        7.7. Better for the Environment

        7.8. Environmental Aspects

        7.9. Public Opinion


              7.10.1. Acceleration and Drivetrain Design

              7.10.2. Electric Cars Cost

              7.10.3. Charging Costs

              7.10.4. Cost Per Mile  

              7.10.5. The Sums       

   8.  How Electric Cars Work?

        8.1. Components   

   9.  Construction of Electric Car

        9.1. Electric Car Safety     

10. E-Car Manufacturing

       10.1. Components 

       10.2. Raw Materials           

       10.3. Design          

       10.4. The Manufacturing Process    

              10.4.1. Body Shop      

              10.4.2. General Assembly       

              10.4.3. Quality Control 

              10.4.4. Byproducts/Waste       

        10.5. The Future   

11.  E-Car Assembly Line

       11.1. Application...............................................................

       11.2. Production Process   

12. Electric Bicycle

       12.1. Classes        

       12.2. Pedal-Assist Only     

       12.3. Pedelecs      

       12.4. S-Pedelecs   

       12.5. Power-on-Demand and Pedal-Assist   

       12.6. Power-on-Demand only          

       12.7. Technical      

              12.7.1. Motors and Drivetrains 

        12.8. Batteries      

        12.9. Design Variations      

       12.10. Folding E-Bikes       

        12.11. Health Effects         

       12.12. Environmental Effects          

       12.13. Advantages of E-Bike- How it Differs from other Bikes

              12.13.1. Eco-Friendliness        

              12.13.2. Health and Keeping Active      

              12.13.3. Speed           

              12.13.4. Battery Range

              12.13.5. Climbing        

13. E-Bicycle Parts

14.  How E-Bikes Work?

       14.1. Pros and Cons          

       14.2. Growth Prospects      

       14.3. Worth Money

              14.3.1. Speed 

              14.3.2. Appearance and Motor 

              14.3.3. Experience in Riding    

              14.3.4. Longer Distances         

       14.4. Ebikes vs Regular Bikes: What’s the Difference?         

              14.4.1. Appearance and Mechanics      

              14.4.2. Maintenance and Repairs         

              14.4.3. Riding Experience        

              14.4.4. Speed 

              14.4.5. Rules and Regulations  

       14.5. Objective      

       14.6. Limitations    

        14.7. Theory         

              14.7.1. Power Calculation        

              14.7.2. Motor  

              14.7.3. Motor Controlling          

              14.7.4. MOSFET transistor      

              14.7.5. Half-Bridge      

              14.7.6. NAND-gate      

              14.7.7. PWM  

        14.8. Arduino        

        14.9. Three-Phase Gate Driver       

       14.10. Bootstrap Operation 

       14.11. Experimental Details

              14.11.1. Planning Process/Design        

              14.11.2. Electronic assembly   

              14.11.3. Programming 

        14.12. PWM         

       14.13. Results       

              14.13.1. Power Calculation      

              14.13.2. Subsystems  

       14.14. Assembled System 

       14.15. Discussion  

              14.15.1. MOSFET vs IGBT     

              14.15.2. Wheel and Motor        

              14.15.3. Components  

              14.15.4. Testing of the System

15. Hybrid Electric Car Plug-In Hybrid Electric

       Vehicles (PHEVs)

       15.1. Powered by Electric Motor and Combustion Engine      

        15.2. Help from an Electric Motor   

        15.3. Regenerative Braking

       15.4. Fuel Cell for Electric Vehicle  

       15.5. Fueling and Driving Options    

       15.6. Fuel-Efficient System Design 

       15.7. Key Components of a Hybrid Electric Car        

16. Electric Scooter

        16.1. Popularity     

        16.2. Benefits of E-Scooter Use     

              16.2.1. A Reduction in Carbon Emissions         

       16.3. Cheaper and More Accessible Travel  

              16.3.1. Reduced Congestion in Cities   

       16.4. Power Source

              16.4.1. Charging         

              16.4.2. Battery Swapping         

              16.4.3. Hybrid 

              16.4.4. Fuel Cell         

        16.5. Safety          

17. Electric Scooter Parts

       17.1. Batteries       

       17.2. Types of Batteries     

              17.2.1. Lithium Ion      

              17.2.2. Lithium Manganese (INR, NMC)

              17.2.3. Lead-Acid        

        17.3. Battery Life  

        17.4. Brakes         

              17.4.1. Types of Brakes          

              17.4.2. Disc Brakes    

              17.4.3. Hydraulic Disc Brakes  

              17.4.3. Drum Brakes   

        17.5. How Do Drum Brakes Work?  

              17.5.1. Foot Brakes    

              17.5.2. Regenerative Brakes    

              17.5.3. Electronic Brakes        

        17.6. Controller     

        17.7. Deck

       17.8. Handlebars   

       17.9. Lights           


       17.11. Motor Types

              17.11.1. Brushless DC Motors 

              17.11.2. Brushed DC Motors    

        17.12. Stem          

       17.13. Tires           

18.  Electric Hybrid Vehicle (E- Scooter)

       18.1. Basic Design of HEV

       18.2. Advantages  

       18.3. Objectives    

       18.4. CAD Model of HEV    

       18.5. Block Diagram of HEV

       18.6. Working of HEV        

19.  How Do Electric Scooters Work

       19.1. Electric Scooter Components

       19.2. Electric Scooter Work

       19.3. Electric Scooter Motors Work 

       19.4. Electric Scooters Batteries Work        

       19.5. Controllers    

       19.6. Brakes         

       19.7. Wheels         

       19.8. Suspension   

       19.9. Screen and Controls  

       19.10 Deck

       19.11. Handlebars

       19.12. Lights         

       19.13. Optional Scooter Parts         

       19.14. Seats         

       19.15. Baskets or Trunks   

       19.16. How do Electric Scooters Get Charged?

       19.17. Are Electric Scooters Foldable?        

       19.18. What are Electric Scooters made of?

       19.19. How to Perform Electric Scooter Maintenance?

20. Design and Development of

       Electric Scooter

       20.1. Introduction   

       20.2. System Development

              20.2.1. The Key Components in Electric Scooter

       20.3. Battery Charger         

       20.4. Battery         

              20.4.1. Battery Management Systems

       20.5. Motor Controller         

       20.6. BLDC Hub Motor       

       20.7. DC-DC Controller       

       20.8. Performance Analysis

              20.8.1. Hub Motor Calculation  

              20.8.2. Rolling Resistance       

              20.8.3. Gradient Resistance     

              20.8.4. Aerodynamic Drag       

              20.8.5. Battery Calculation       

              20.8.6. System Operation        

21. Electric Two Wheeler & Its Manufacturing

        21.1. Need of Electric and Hybrid Two Wheelers      

        21.2. Working Principle      

        21.3. Principal       

              21.3.1. Battery

              21.3.2. Battery Up Gradation    

       23.4. Alternator      

              23.4.1. Wiring Harness

              23.4.2. Controllers       

       23.5. Production Line         

22. E-Scooter Environmental Impacts

       22.1. Impact Estimation Methodology          

23.  E-Bicycle Assembly Production Line

       23.1. Cycle Nipple Machine

       23.2. Tyre Mounting Console          

              23.2.1. Benefits

        23.3. Truing Machine Obelisk E Bike Wheels

       23.4. Lacing Machine E Bike Wheels          

       23.5. Brake-Test Machine  

24. Electric Rickshaw

        24.1. Types          

        24.1. Load Carriers

        24.2. Solar

              24.2.1. Features         

       24.3. Evolution of business

        24.4. Benefits       

              24.4.1. Low Maintenance         

              24.4.2. Suitable for Connectivity           

              24.4.3. Opportunities for Employment Creation  

       24.5. Advantages  

              24.5.1. E-Rickshaws Contribute to Zero Contamination  

              24.5.2. A Better and Affordable Maintenance     

              24.5.3. A Low Running Expense           

              24.5.4. Smoother and Prominent Turning Sweep

              24.5.5. Earning High Wages through Less Consumption

       24.6. Design and Construction        

       24.7. How Electric–Rickshaw Works

       24.8. Spare Parts  

              24.8.1. Controller        

              24.8.2. Axle    

              24.8.3. Motor  

              24.8.4. Battery

              24.8.5. Rim    

25.  Hybrid Solar E-Rickshaw

        25.1. Solar Hybrid E-Rickshaw       

        25.2. Methodology 

        25.3. Technical Specifications        

        25.4. Solar E-rickshaw with Heterogeneous Battery Packs   

26. E-Rickshaws Manufacturing

       26.1. Procedure     

       26.2. Wheel and Vehicle Body        

              26.2.1. Body   

              26.2.2. Wheel 

              26.2.3. Gear Box        

              26.2.4. DC Motor        

              26.2.5. Thermal Port   

              26.2.6. Thermal Sensor           

              26.2.7. DC Motor with Controller           

              26.2.8. H-Bridge          

       26.3. Controlled PWM Voltage        

              26.3.1. Controlled Voltage Source        

              26.3.2. Electrical Reference     

              26.3.3. Current Sensor

       26.4. Battery System and SOC       

              26.4.1. Controller        

              26.4.2. PID Controller  

              26.4.3. Manufacturing Process 

27. Electric Vehicle Testing

        27.1. Benefits       

        27.2. Factors        

        27.3. Testing and Certifying Electric Vehicles          

28. How to get E Rickshaw Approved from ICAT

29. Electric Rickshaw Charging Stations

        29.1. Introduction  

        29.2. Objective     

              29.2.1. Electric Rickshaw and Relevant Issues 

              29.2.2. Renewable Energy       

              29.2.3. Rationale         

       29.3. Technology   

              29.3.1. Battery Energy Storage System (BESS)

                         for Integrating  Renewable Energy

                        (RE) Sources    

              29.3.2. Community Energy Storage (CES)        

              29.3.3. Battery Swapping Station (BSS)

              29.3.4. Micro Grid and Smart Energy Systems  

              29.3.5. Potential Application of Existing Technologies                                                                  for EVs/E-Rickshaws

        29.4. Approach     

              29.4.1. Formulation     

              29.4.2. Simulation Software     

              29.4.3. Defining System Demands       

              29.4.4. Solar Resource

              29.4.5. System Components and Costs

       29.5. Key Assumptions      

              29.5.1. Battery DOD and Capacity Selection     

              29.5.2. Local Grid       

              29.5.3. Control Logic of Grid-Connected Solar PV          

              29.5.4. Operational Strategy and Control Logic

                          of CBESS      

              29.5.5. Economic Assumptions

        29.6. Results        

              29.6.1. Solar PV Integration     

              29.6.2. An Opportunity for Reducing Battery Disposal    

              29.6.3. An Opportunity for Creating a Sustainable and                                                      Circular Value Chain for E-Rickshaw Batteries    

              29.6.4. Economies of Scale     

              29.6.5. Microgrid and Smart Snergy Systems in

                         Rural Areas     

              29.6.6. Implementation Pathway and    

                         Business Opportunities

              29.6.7. Challenges and Outlook

30.  List of Approved E-Rickshaw Models

       As Per GSR 709 (E) and SO 2590(E)

31. Electric Bus

       31.1. Range          

        31.2. Electric Buses Charge           

        31.3. Battery Electric Buses More Popular  

       31.4. Electric Buses Cheaper         

       31.5. Principles     

              31.5.1. Battery

       31.6. Electric Bus Work     

       31.7. Benefits        

              31.7.1. Eco-Friendliness          

              31.7.2. Quiet Operation

              31.7.3. Minimal Maintenance

              31.7.4. Affordability

        31.8. Invented

        31.9. Carbon Footprint

        31.10. Use Electricity        

        31.11. Use of Batteries

        31.12. How Far Electric Bus Go

        31.13. Type of Charging Station     

        31.14. Long Take to Charge           

        31.15. Life Expectancy      

        31.16. Healthier     

        31.17. Not More Common  

32. Manufacturing Process of E-Bus

        32.1. Making Pre-Manufactured Components           

        32.2. Making the Chassis  

        32.3. Making the Body       

        32.4. Assembling  

        32.5. Quality Control          

        32.6. The Future   

33. E-Bus and E-Truck Manufacturing

       33.1. Automotive Seat Manufacturing Line   

       33.2. Welding Lines for Automotive Component        

              33.2.1. Automatic Part Welding Line     

              33.2.2. Associate Operators    

              33.2.3. Chain Management      

              33.2.4. Assemble System and Instruction         

        33.3. Truck Welding Line   

        33.4. Bus and Coach Welding Line 

              33.4.1. Standard Equipment on the Bus

                         Manufacturing Line       

        33.5. Engines and Transmission Assembly Line      

        33.6. Automotive Paint Shop          

              33.6.1. Plan    

              33.6.2. Chain management      

              33.6.3. Assemble System and Instruction         

       33.7. Automotive Assembly Line     

              33.7.1. Plan    

              33.7.2. Chain Management      

              33.7.3. Assemble System and Instruction         

              33.7.4. Conveyor System        

       33.8. Truck Manufacturing Assembly Line   

              33.8.1. Chassis Line   

        33.9. Cab Trim Line           

              33.9.1. Final Assembly Line     

              33.9.2. Features         

              33.9.3. Task   

       33.10. Bus Assembly Line  

        33.11. Automotive Testing and Inspection Line        

              33.11.1. Plan  

              33.11.2. Chain Management    

              33.11.3. Assemble System and Instruction       

              33.11.4. Vehicle Testing Pickup Truck Inspection

                           Line / Truck Production Testing Line / Bus                                                                       Testing Line

34. Batteries

        34.1. Battery Range          

        34.2. Battery Life and Recycling     

        34.3. Types of Battery       

              34.3.1. Lead–Acid Batteries (Pb–Pb02) 

              34.3.2. Alkaline (Ni–Cad, Ni–Fe and Ni–MH)      

              34.3.3. Sodium–Nickel Chloride (Na–NiCl2)       

              34.3.4. Sodium–Sulphur (Na–S)

              34.3.5. Lithium-Ion (Li-ion)       

              34.3.6. Fuel Cells        

              34.3.7. Super-Capacitors         

              34.3.8. Flywheels        

35. Battery Assembly Line

        35.1. Uses of Making Battery Pack

              35.1.1. Lithium Battery Automatic Highland Barley

                          Paper Pasting Machine

              35.1.2. Lithium Battery Sorting Machine

              35.1.3. Lithium Battery Spot Welding Machine   

              35.1.4. Battery Pack Comprehensive Tester     

              35.1.5. Battery Pack Aging Machine     

36. BIS Specifications

37. ISO Standards

38. EV Standards in China

39. British Standards (BS)

40. Approval for E Vehicle

        40.1. To Get ARAI Approval           

        40.2. Importance for EVs   

        40.3. Standards and Regulations    

       40.4. Type of Approval Testing Under CMVR           

              40.4.1. Category and Type of Approval Required

                         for EVs           

              40.4.2. Government Regulation Framework

                         for Electric Vehicles

              40.4.3. For L Category Vehicles, AIS156 (in line

                         with UN R136) covers the following points          

              40.4.4. Type Approval 

              40.4.5. Type Approval requirements are

                         broadly segregated for

              40.4.6. Contact Details

41. Authorizations Required For Setting up of

       EVS/ Battery Manufacturing Unit

       41.1. Land Acquisition and Manufacturing Unit Placement     

       41.2. E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules

                ("E-waste Rules")      

        41.3. Battery (Management and Handling) Rules

                ("Battery Management Rules")

       41.4. Workplace Regulations          

              41.4.1. Factories Act of 1948 ("Factories Act")  

              41.4.2. Employees' State Insurance Act           

        41.5. Manufacturing EVs and EV Batteries Standards

                and Criteria   

              41.5.1. A general framework for EV and EV Battery                                                                     Standards and Specifications

              41.5.2. Process of Testing and Certifications    

              41.5.3. Testing Agencies and Applicable Standards       

       41.6. Conclusion    

42. E-Vehicle Parts

DC Motors

Electric DC Motor 

Induction Motors   

Traction Batteries 

EV Traction Motor 

Inverter ARC Welding Machine       

Motor Controller    

E Rickshaw Motor 

43. E-Motorcycle Assembly Line

       43.1. Assembly Line for Motorcycle Battery 

              43.1.1. Automatic Short Circuit Testing M/C KV-20M(R)  

              43.1.2.  Automatic Electric Welding M/C KS-3AM(R)-A  

              43.1.3.  Automatic Weld Condition Checking M/C KVD-10AM(R)

              43.1.4.  Automatic Heat Sealing M/C KH-3AM 

              43.1.5.  Automatic Air Leak Testing/Coding M/C KAC-20AM(2R)

              43.1.6.  Automatic Aluminum Foil Sealing M/C KAH-30M(2S)

44. Photographs of Plant and Machinery with

       Suppliers Contact Details

Motorcycle Assembly Conveyor Machine    

Car Battery Welding Machine         

Automatic Pole Burning Machine    

Battery Heat Sealing Machine        

Cycle Rim Nipple Tightening and    

Spoke Positioning Machine

Tyre Mounting       

CO2 Welding Machine        

CO2 Welding Machine        

High Voltage Tester VHT   

Automatic High Voltage Tester AC/DC        

LED Display Manufacturing Machine           

LED Panel Bonding Machine          

Truck, Bus Tyre Uniformity Test Machine   

Tyre Changer        

Automatic Battery Assembling Plant           

45. Layout, Process Flow Chart & Diagrams

46. Associations

47. Electric Vehicle Oem & Equipment  Manufacturers Directory         




NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


Our Approach:

• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR