Handbook on Perfume, Deodorant, Air Freshener, Body Spray, Fragrances, Flavours and Essential Oil Industry with Manufacturing Formulations, Process, Machinery Equipment Details & Factory Layout ( New Arrival ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author P.K. Tripathi ISBN 9788195676941
Code ENI333 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 1775   1775 US$ 48   48
Pages: 472 Published 2022
Publisher Niir Project Consultancy Services
Usually Ships within 05


Handbook on

Perfume, Deodorant, Air Freshener, Body Spray,

Fragrances, Flavours and Essential Oil Industry

with Manufacturing  Formulations, Process, Machinery Equipment Details & Factory Layout

One of the most obvious advantages of wearing perfume is that it masks body odours and keeps us smelling fresh throughout the day. It also contributes to our increased self-assurance. It can be immensely calming to know that we smell nice. Perfume has the ability to influence mood and create the atmosphere desire. Aromatherapy, incense, and ittar have all been in India since ancient times, and essential oil scent is formerly a part of regal tradition. Perfumes are made up of scents or essential oils that give out a pleasing scent.

The global perfume market size valued expected is CAGR of 3.9%. The global deodorant market size is valued is projected to reach a CAGR of 4.0%. The global air freshener market valued at CAGR of 3.5%. An air freshener is a product that typically emits fragrance to eliminate unpleasant odor in a room.  Body mist market recorded a value CAGR of 3.7%. Global demand for fragrances is expected to reach rising at a CAGR of 4.7%. The global flavour ingredients market is being aided by the growing flavour and fragrance ingredients market, which stood at a value is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.0%. The global essential oils market size is estimated to reach at a CAGR of 9.3%. 

Successful business ideas in perfume industry is profitable and very viable. Thus, it is a good idea to venture into it by starting your own business. Read this book on for more information about perfume industry in detail. It will help you understand how to get started with your own perfume business. Perfume is a great way to make money because of its high demand in today’s market place.

The book contains detailed information about Perfumes in which all aspects are covered. The book is of immense use to professionals in Perfumery & Cosmetics for quick revision as well as in day-to-day life where people would like to know about perfumes. This book also serves as an excellent guide for those who want to venture into perfume industry or have been associated with it.

A complete guide to the Perfume, Deodorant, Air Freshener, Body Spray, Fragrances, Flavours and Essential Oil Industry manufacturing and entrepreneurship. This is the only book that covers the entire process of making commercial Perfume, Deodorant, Air Freshener, Body Spray, Fragrances, Flavours and Essential Oil Industry. It's a veritable feast of how-to information, from concept through equipment acquisition.



1.    Introduction

        1.1        Imprecise Terminology

        1.2        Solvent Types

        1.3        Applying Fragrances

        1.4        Fragrance Notes

        1.5        Benefits

                     1.5.1       The Scent

                     1.5.2       The Perfume Lifts Mood

                     1.5.3       The Perfume Boosts Confidence

                     1.5.4       The Perfume Attracts

                     1.5.5       The Final Verdict

2.    How to Start a Perfume Business

        2.1        Steps

                     2.1.1       Learn the Skills of Making Perfume

                     2.1.2       Create a Business Plan

                     2.1.3       Name Your Business

                     2.1.4       Make Your Perfume Making Business Legal

                     2.1.5       Do Proper Bookkeeping

                     2.1.6       Invent New Scents

                     2.1.7       Purchase the Bottles

                     2.1.8       Create Brand

                     2.1.9       Finalize Packaging

                     2.1.10     Assemble the Perfume

                     2.1.11     Choose Sales Displays

                     2.1.12     Set Up a Website

                     2.1.13     Set Price

                     2.1.14     Decide Which Retailers to Target

                     2.1.15     Contract with a Mass Producer

                     2.1.16     Market the Perfume Line

                     2.1.17     How to Sell Perfumes?

3.    Everything Need to Start a Perfume Business

        3.1        Price

        3.2        Understanding Brand’s Values and Vision

        3.3        Developing & Manufacturing Perfume

        3.4        Choosing the Perfect Bottle

        3.5        Personalized Packaging

        3.6        Logistics Taken Care

        3.7        How Long does this Entire Process Take?

4.    Classification of Perfumes

        4.1        Aromatic Sources

        4.2        Composition of Perfume

        4.3        Manufacturing Process

        4.4        Manufacture of Perfume

        4.5        The Perfume Psychology

        4.6        The Future

5.    How to Make Perfume

        5.1        Raw Materials

        5.2        Manufacturing Process

                     5.2.1       Collection

                     5.2.2       Extraction

                     5.2.3       Blending

                     5.2.4       Aging

        5.3        Quality Control

        5.4        Future

6.    How to Export Perfume

        6.1        Starting Exports

                     6.1.1       Establishing an Organization

                     6.1.2       Opening a Bank Account

                     6.1.3       Obtaining Permanent Account Number (PAN)

                     6.1.4       Obtaining Importer-Exporter Code (IEC) Number

                     6.1.5       Registration cum Membership Certificate (RCMC)

                     6.1.6       Selection of Product

                     6.1.7       Selection of Markets

                     6.1.8       Finding Buyers

                     6.1.9       Sampling

                     6.1.10     Pricing/Costing

                     6.1.11     Negotiation with Buyers

                     6.1.12     Covering Risks through ECGC

        6.2        Processing an Export Order

                     6.2.1       Confirmation of Order

                     6.2.2       Procurement of Goods

                     6.2.3       Quality Control

                     6.2.4       Finance

                     6.2.5       Labeling, Packaging, Packing and Marking

                     6.2.6       Insurance

                     6.2.7       Delivery

                     6.2.8       Customs Procedures

                     6.2.9       Customs House Agents

                     6.2.10     Documentation

                     6.2.11     Submission of Documents to Bank

                     6.2.12     Realization of Export Proceeds

        6.3        Documentation Required For Perfume Export

                     6.3.1       Air Waybill

                     6.3.2       Bill of Lading

                     6.3.3       Certificate of Conformity

                     6.3.4       Certificate of Origin

                     6.3.5       Commercial Invoice

                     6.3.6       Dock/Warehouse Receipt

                     6.3.7       Export License

                     6.3.8       Export Packing List

                     6.3.9       Inspection Certification

                     6.3.10     Insurance Certificate

        6.4        Document for Perfume Export

7.    Packaging of Perfumes

        7.1        Steps of Packaging Perfume

8.    Quality Control in the Perfume Industry

        8.1        Spectrophotometers Measure Essential Oil Quality

        8.2        The Value of Versatility and Flexibility

        8.3        Perfume Color Matters

9.    Perfume Ingredients and Sources

10.  Perfume Technology Interventions

        10.1     Extraction of Base Ingredients

                     10.1.1     Improved Field Distillation Units

                     10.1.2     Super Critical Fluid Extraction (SCFE)

                     10.1.3     Rotary Extractors

                     10.1.4     Ultrasonic Extraction

                     10.1.5     Microwave Extraction Technologies

        10.2     Solvent Free Microwave Extraction (SFME)

        10.3     Blending of Essential Oils/Creation of Flavor/

                     10.3.1     Artificial Intelligence Powered Fragrance Creation

                     10.3.2     Automation of Blending Process

                     10.3.3     Technology Adoption

11.  Perfume Enfleurage

        11.1     Cold Enfleurage

        11.2     Hot Enfleurage

        11.3     Enfleurage Technique Today

        11.4     The Enfleurage and the Base Notes

        11.5     The Olfactory Pyramid

12.  Essential Oils Distillation

        12.1     Essence Extracted By Distillation

        12.2     Cinnamon and Other Spices

13.  Perfume Sofact Extraction

        13.1     What is Supercritical CO2 Gas?

        13.2     Other Uses of the Sofact or Extraction by CO2  

        13.3     What are the Advantages of CO2, or Sofact Extraction?

        13.4     The Raw Material is Treated with Respect

        13.5     Environmentally Friendly Technique

        13.6     A New Way of Extracting Odorous Molecules

        13.7     State-of-the-Art Technology in all Areas

14.  Volatile Solvent Extraction

        14.1     Raw Materials Treated with Volatile Solvents

15.  Aerosol Perfume Spray

        15.1     Introduction

        15.2     Technical Support for Aerosol Perfume Spray Filling

        15.3     Aerosol Perfume Spray Filling Solutions

                     15.3.1     Automatic Aerosol Filling Machine for the Production
of Aerosol Perfume Spray

16.  Aerosols Perfume

        16.1     Why Do Aerosols Feel Cold?

                     16.1.1     Propellants

                     16.1.2     Valve

        16.2     Types of Aerosols

        16.3     Aerosol Use

        16.4     General Use of Aerosols

        16.5     How Aerosol are Cans Made?

        16.6     How Aerosols Work

17.  Antiperspirant/Deodorant Stick

        17.1     Raw Materials

        17.2     Active Ingredients

        17.3     Gelling Agents

        17.4     Other Ingredients

        17.5     Manufacturing Process

                     17.5.1     Batching

                     17.5.2     Filling

                     17.5.3     Finishing Operations

        17.6     Quality Control

                     17.6.1     Safety Testing

                     17.6.2     Efficacy Testing

        17.7     Byproducts/Waste

18.  Body Mist

        18.1     Use

        18.2     Benefits

                     18.2.1     Fragrance Layering

                     18.2.2     Refershing Wardrobe

        18.3     Quality

                     18.3.1     Fragrance

        18.4     Water, Alcohol, and Oil Concentration

        18.5     Hydration and Safety on Skin

        18.6     Price

19.  Air Freshener

        19.1     Design

        19.2     Raw Materials

        19.3     The Manufacturing Process

                     19.3.1     Fragrance Pack Construction

                     19.3.2     Heater Construction

                     19.3.3     Final Assembly and Packaging

        19.4     Quality Control

        19.5     The Future

20.  Deodorant

        20.1     Classification

                     20.1.1     Deodorant

                     20.1.2     Deodorant Antiperspirant

        20.2     Product Formulations and Formats

                     20.2.1     Formulations

21.  Production of Deodorant

        21.1     Deodorant Manufacture

22.  Deodorant, Air Freshener, Body Spray Production

        22.1     Product Description

        22.2     Suitable for All Typical Aerosol Products, such as

        22.3     Features

        22.4     Process

        22.5     Liquid Filling, Valve Supplying & Sealing Machine

        22.6     Sealing & Gas Filling Machine

        22.7     Automatic Weighting Machine

        22.8     Automatic Water Bath Leak Tester

        22.9     Automatic Spray Nozzle Presser

23.  How to Start a Fragrance Business: Everything Need to Know

        23.1     Introduction

        23.2     What does it Require to Start a Fragrance Company?

        23.3     What Then are Some of the Techniques Need to Implement?

                     23.3.1     Everything Need To Know on How to Start a Fragrance Business

                     23.3.2     Craft a Business Plan

                     23.3.3     Identify Target Audience

24.  Fragrances

        24.1     What is the Difference Between Fragrance, Perfume, Toilette and Cologne?

        24.2     The Life Cycle of Fragrances

        24.3     Fragrances: Linear vs. Non-Linear

        24.4     Both have Their Purposes

        24.5     Designer vs. Niche Fragrances

        24.6     Fragrances Pricing - The Business of Fragrances

        24.7     How to Select and Buy the Right Perfume

        24.8     What are the Different Sizes Available?

        24.9     Rules for Perfume Application

        24.10   The Average Perfume Lifespan

25.  Flavors and Fragrances

        25.1     Importance

        25.2     Manufacturing of Flavour and Fragrances

        25.3     Types of Flavouring and Fragrances

        25.4     Constituents of Flavour and Fragrances

                     25.4.1     Veterinary Fixative

                     25.4.2     Smelly Substances

        25.5     Essential Oils (In Flavour and Fragrance Industry)

                     25.5.1     Production Process of Essential Oil

        25.6     Production of Essential Oil

                     25.6.1     Synthetic and Semi-Synthetic Process in Perfumes and Flavors

                     25.6.2     Condensation Process

                     25.6.3     Encapsulation of Flavour

                     25.6.4     Encapsulation

                     25.6.5     Perfume Manufacturing (Fragrances)

        25.7     Difference of Oil and Alcohol Based Perfume

                     25.7.1     Oil Based

        25.8     Methods of Recovery of Natural Flavour and Fragrance Substances (Essential oils, Resins, Fixatives)

        25.9     The Nature-Identical Flavouring Agent

                     25.9.1     Chemical

26.  Specifications in the Flavour & Fragrance Industry

        26.1     Quality Assurance

        26.2     Quality Control

        26.3     Fragrance Quality

        26.4     Quality of Natural Ingredient

        26.5     Quality of Synthetic Ingredient

        26.6     Chemical Analysis

        26.7     Organoleptic Analysis

        26.8     Top Notes

        26.9     Middle Notes

        26.10   Base Note

        26.11   Odour Evaluations

        26.12   Flavour Evaluations

        26.13   Instrumental Methods of Analysis

27.  Fragrance Extraction

        27.1     Maceration/Solvent Extraction

        27.2     Organic Solvent Extraction

        27.3     Supercritical Fluid Extraction

        27.4     Ethanol Extraction

        27.5     Distillation

        27.6     Steam Distillation

        27.7     Dry/Destructive Distillation

        27.8     Fractionation Distillation

        27.9     Expression

        27.10   Enfleurage

28.  Head Spaces or Nature Print

        28.1     Raw Materials on the Perfumer’s Organ

        28.2     How does Headspace Work?

        28.3     What are the Advantages of Head Space?

        28.4     Discovery of New Raw Materials

        28.5     The Possibility of Analysing Original Atmospheres

        28.6     The Jungle Essence Extraction Process

29.  When Does Perfume Actually Expire?

        29.1     How to Make Perfume Last Longer

        29.2     How Long Do Unopened Perfumes Last?

        29.3     Is Using An Expired Perfume Safe?

        29.4     The Final Takeaway

30.  The Production of Natural Perfumes

        30.1     The Perfume in the Plant

        30.2     The Separation of Natural Odoriferous Materials

        30.3     Distillation

        30.4     Expression

        30.5     The Sponge Process

        30.6     The Ecuelle Method

        30.7     Machine Processes

        30.8     Extraction

        30.9     Enfleurage

        30.10   Maceration

        30.11   Volatile Solvents

        30.12   Absolutes with Synthetics

        30.13   Extraction with Liquid CO2

        30.14   Extraction with Butane

        30.15   Statistics

        30.16   Production Seasons

31.  Soap Perfumery

     Soap manufacture

     Raw materials

     Shaving  soap

     Transparent  soaps

     Super-Fatted toilet soaps

     The milling process

     Coloured  soaps


     No. 1185

     No. 1186

     Soap compounds


     Acacia Soap, No. 1187

     Acacia Soap, No. 1188


     Almond Soap, No. 1189

     Almond Soap, No. 1190


     Amber Soap, No. 1191

     Amber Soap, No. 1192

     Buttermilk, No. 1193

     Buttermilk, No. 1194

     Bouquet, No. 1195

     Bouquet, No. 1196

     Brown Windsor

     Brown Windsor, No. 1197

     Brown Windsor, No. 1198

     Cedarwood, No. 1199

     Cedar, No. 1200


     Carnation Soap, No. 1201

     Carnation Soap, No. 1202


     Chypre Soap, No. 1203

     Chypre Soap, No. 1204

     Curd. No. 1205

     Curd. No. 1206


     Cologne Soap, No. 1207

     Cologne Soap, No. 1208


     Cyclamen Soap, No. 1209

     Cyclamen Soap, No. 1210


     Fern Soap, No. 1211

     Fern Soap, No. 1212

     Glycerine and Cucumber, No. 1213

     Glycerine and Cucumber, No. 1214


     Heliotrope Soap, No. 1215

     Heliotrope Soap, No. 1216

     Herb, No. 1217

     Herb, No. 1218

     Honey, No. 1219

     Honey, No. 1220


     Hyacinth Soap, No. 1221

     Hyacinth Soap, No. 1222


     Soap, No. 1223

     Jasmin Soap, No. 1224


     Lavender Soap, No. 1225

     Lavender   (Soap) No. 1226


     Lilac Soap, No. 1227

     Lilac Soap, No. 1228


     Lily Soap, No. 1229

     Lily Soap, No. 1230

     May Blossom, No. 1231

     May Blossom, No. 1232

     Musk, No. 1233

     Musk, No. 1234


     Narcissus Soap, No. 1235

     Narcissus Soap, No. 1236


     Opoponax Soap, No. 1237

     Opoponax Soap, No. 1238

     Palm and Olive Oils, No. 1239

     Palm and Olive Oils, No. 1240

     Pine Bouquet, No. 1241

     Pine Bouquet, No. 1242


     Rose Soap, No. 1243

     Rose Soap, No. 1244


     Santal Soap, No. 1245

     Santal Soap, No. 1246

     Shaving Stick, No. 1247

     Shaving Stick, No. 1248

     Sweet Pea

     Sweet Pea Soap, No. 1249

     Sweet Pea

     Sweet Pea Soap, No. 1250

     Transparent, No. 1251

     Transparent, No. 1252

     Trèfle, No. 1253

     Trèfle, No. 1254


     Verbena Soap, No. 1255

     Verbena Soap, No. 1256


     Violet Soap, No. 1257

     Violet Soap, No. 1258

     Antiseptic  and  medicated  soaps

     No. 1259

     No. 1260

32.  Formulation of Perfumes


     Acetic Acid, Tincture

     Alpestrine, Perfume

     Amber, Base

     Amber, Concrete (Fixative)

     Amber, Liquid (Chypre Basis)

     Ambergris, Perfume Imitation No. 1

     Ambergris, Perfume Imitation No. 2

     Ambergris, Tincture

     Bergammonia, Disinfectant

     Bergamot, Essence (Natural) No. 1

     Bergamot, Essence (Natural) No. 2

     Bouquet, No. 1 (for Soap)

     Bouquet, No. 2 (for Soap)


     Calamus, Imitation No. 1

     Calamus, Imitation No. 2

     Camphor, Tincture

     Cananga (for Soap)


     Carnation, Imitation No. 1

     Carnation, Imitation No. 2

     Carnation (for Soap)

     Carnation, Pink (Perfume)

     Castor, Tincture No. 1

     Castor, Tincture No. 2

     Cedrela, “Wood Type”

     Citronella (for Soap)

     Coconut, Extract (Natural)

     Coconut, Paste


     Color Base Standard Formula No. 1

     Color Base Standard Formula No. 2

     Color Mixture

     Colors (Natural Dyes)

     Cover Odor, Perfume No. 1

     Cover Odor, Perfume No. 2

     Cover Odor, Perfume No. 3

     Cyclamen, Base (Synthetic)

     Cyclamen (for Soap)

     Deodorant for Cream

     Deodorant for Vessels

     Deodorant for Water

     Deodorants (Masking Agent)

     Deodorants (Masking Agent) For Heavy Odors

     Deodorants (Masking Agent) Grassy Odors

     Diacetyl, Tincture

     Eau De Cologne

     Eau De Cologne (for Soap)

     Eglantine (Wild Rose)

     Esters, General Base

     Fenugreek, Tincture

     Fern (for Soap)

     Floral Fragrance (for Soap)

     Floral, Imitation No. 1

     Floral, Imitation No. 2


     Fougere, Base (Fern)

     Frangipanni, Imitation No. 1 (Acutifolia, Alba, Rubra)

     Frangipanni, Imitation No. 2

     Frangipanni, Imitation No. 3

     Frangipanni, Imitation No. 4

     Freshener, Perfume

     Gardenia, Base


     Geranium, Imitation (for Soap)

     Geranium, Synthetic

     Gingergrass (for Soap)

     GiroflÉ, Imitation No. 1

     GiroflÉ, Imitation No. 2

     Halo, Sea Salt Odor


     Hawthorn (for Soap)

     Heliotrope (for Soap)

     Herbal Base, “Gold Water”

     HIP, Extract (Natural)

     HIP, Imitation No. 1

     Honey, Synthetic (for Perfume)





     Iris, Synthetic

     Jasmine (for Brilliantine)

     Jasmine “Grandiflora”

     Jasmine, Imitation No. 1

     Jasmine, Imitation No. 2

     Jasmine, Imitation No. 3 (For Soap)

     Jasmine, Infusion

     Jasmine, Synthetic No. 1

     Jasmine, Synthetic No. 2

     Jasmine, Synthetic No. 3

     Jasmine, Synthetic No. 4

     Jasmine, Synthetic No. 5

     Jasmine, Synthetic No. 6

     Jonquil (Daffodil), Imitation

     Jonquil (Daffodil), Synthetic

     Lavender, Essence (Natural)

     Lavender, Imitation No. 1

     Lavender, Imitation No. 2

     Lavender, Imitation No. 3

     Lavender, Imitation No. 4

     Lavender, Imitation No. 5

     Lavender, Imitation No. 6

     Lavender, Imitation No. 7

     Lavender, Imitation No. 8

     Lavender, Imitation No. 9

     Lavender, Imitation No. 10

     Lavender, Imitation No. 11

     Lavender, Imitation No. 12 (for Soap)

     Lavender, Sweet


     Lilac, Imitation No. 1

     Lilac, Imitation No. 2

     Lilac, Imitation No. 3

     Lilac, Imitation No. 4

     Lilac, Imitation No. 5

     Lilac, Imitation No. 6

     Lilac, Imitation No. 7

     Lilac, Imitation No. 8

     Lilac, Imitation No. 9 (for Soap)

     Lilac, Synthetic No. 1 (for Soap)

     Lilac, Synthetic No. 2 (for Soap)

     Lily, Base


     Mignonette (Reseda)

     Mimosa, Imitation

     Mimosa, Synthetic


     Muguet (Lily of the Valley), Imitation No. 1

     Muguet (Lily of the Valley), Imitation No. 2

     Muguet (Lily of the Valley), Imitation No. 3 (for Soap)

     Muguet (Lily of the Valley), Synthetic No. 1

     Muguet (Lily of the Valley), Synthetic No. 2


     Musk, Imitation No. 1 (for Powder)

     Musk, Imitation No. 2 (for Soap)

     Narcissus, Imitation No. 1 (for Powder)

     Narcissus, Imitation No. 2 (for Cologne)

     Narcissus, Imitation No. 3 (for Cologne)

     Narcissus, Imitation No. 4 “Poeticus” (For Cologne)

     Narcissus, Imitation No. 5 (for Soap)

     Narcissus, Synthetic No. 1

     Narcissus, Synthetic No. 2

     Narcissus, Synthetic No. 3

     Narcissus, Synthetic No. 4

     Neroli, Imitation No. 1

     Neroli, Imitation No. 2

     Neroli, Imitation No. 3

     Neroli, Imitation No. 4 (for Soap)


     Neutroleum, Deodorizing Perfume

     New Mown Hay (Foin Coupé), Imitation No. 1

     New Mown Hay (Fon Coupe), Imitation No. 2

     New Mown Hay (Foin Coupe), Imitation No. 3

     Opoponax, Imitation No. 1

     Opoponax, Imitation No. 2

     Opoponax, Imitation No. 3

     Opoponax, Imitation No. 4 (for Soap)

     Orange Blosoom, Bouquet (for Soap)

     Orange Flower, Imitation No. 1

     Orange Flower, Imitation No. 2

     Orange Flower, Imitation No. 3

     Orange Flower, Synthetic No. 4

     Orchid, Imitation

     Orris Root, Extract (Natural)

     Orris Root, Florentine

     Orris Root, Synthetic

     Pathouli, Imitation No. 1 (for Soap)

     Pathouli, Imitation No. 2 (for Toilet Powder)

     Pine, Bouquet (for Soap)

     Pine, Imitation No. 1

     Pine, Imitation No. 2

     Pine Needle

     Pine Needle, Siberian, Imitation No. 1

     Pine Needle, Siberian, Imitation No. 2

     Pine Needle, Siberian, Imitation No. 3

     Rose, Bulgarian Type

     Rose, for Cream

     Rose, for Face Powder No. 1

     Rose, for Face Powder No. 2

     Rose, Imitation No. 1

     Rose, Imitation No. 2

     Rose, Imitation No. 3

     Rose, Imitation No. 4

     Rose, Imitation No. 5 (For Cosmetic Cream)

     Rose, Imitation No. 6 (for Soap)

     Rose, Imitation No. 7

     Rose, Imitation No. 8

     Rose, Imitation No. 9 (for Perfume)

     Rose, Imitation No. 10

     Rose, Imitation No. 11

     Rose, Imitation No. 12

     Rose, Imitation, No. 13

     Rose, Imitation No. 14

     Rose, Imitation No. 15

     Rose, Imitation No. 16

     Rose, Imitation No. 17

     Rose, Imitation No. 18

     Rose, Imitation No. 19

     Rose, Imitation No. 20

     Rose Macedone

     Rose, Moss

     Rose, Oil, Synthetic

     Rose, Oriental

     Rose Otto

     Rose, Synthetic No. 1 (General Base for Rose Odor)

     Rose, Synthetic No. 2

     Rose, Synthetic No. 3

     Rose, Synthetic No. 4 (Milk-Like Compound)

     Rose, White

     Sandalwood “Santal,” (for Soap)

     Sassafras, For Soap No. 1

     Sassafras, For Soap No. 2

     Sebacic Acid, Stabilizer for Perfume

     Soap, Perfume No. 1

     Soap, Perfume No. 2

     Soap, Perfume No. 3

     Soap, Perfume No. 4

     Soap, Perfume No. 5

     Sweet Pea, Blossom

     Syringa, Imitation No. 1

     Syringa, Imitation No. 2

     Tobacoo for Snuff

     Tobacco Perfumes, General Basic Material No. 1

     Tobacco Perfumes, General Basic Material No. 2

     Tobacco, Strong Odor

     Theflé (Clover, Trefoil) (for Soap)

     Tuberose, Imitation (for Soap)

     Tuberrose, Synthetic

     Uny Cologne, Perfume Base

     Vaporous Perfume, Imitation No. 1

     Vaporous Perfume, Imitation No. 2

     Vaporous Perfume, Imitation No. 3

     Violet, For Face Powder

     Violet, Imitation No. 1

     Violet, Imitation No. 2

     Violet, Imitation No. 3

     Violet, Imitation No. 4 (for Soap)

     Violet, Imitation No. 5 (for Soap)

     Violet, Imitation No. 6

     Violet Leaf

     Violet, Synthetic

     Wall Flower

     Winter Green, Imitation (for Soap)

     Ylang Ylang, Imitation No. 1

     Ylang Ylang, Imitation No. 2

     Ylang Ylang, Imitation No. 3

     Ylang Ylang, Imitation No. 4

     Ylang Ylang, Imitation No. 5

     Ylang Ylang, Synthetic No. 1

     Ylang Ylang, Synthetic No. 2

33.  Formulary Section: Flower Perfumes


     Rose Extender 1

     Rose No. 1

     Rose No. 2

     Rose F

     Rose H

     Rose Rouge

     Rose Blanche

     Rose MS


     Jasmin No. 1

     Jasmin No. 2

     Jasmin Fantasy No. 3

     Jasmonone No. 4

     Jasmonone No. 4a

     Jasmin Base No. 5

     Jasmin Base No. 5a

     Orangeflower and Neroli

     Orangefolwer A

     Neroli A


     Violet No. 1

     Violet No. 2

     Parma Violets Absolute, Art.

     Violet Base




     Base Claveline No. 1

     Base Clavelin No. 2

     Oeillet de Nice No. 3

     Carnation Flowers No. 4

     Oeillet des Dunes No. 5


     Fougere (Fern)

     Fougère No. 1

     Fougere No. 2


     Gardenia No. 1

     Gardenia No. 2

     Gardenia FS




     Chèvrefeuille No. 1


     Hyacinth No. 1



     Lilac Base 1

     Lilac No. 2

     Lilac No. 3


     Muguet No. 1

     Muguet No. 2

     Linden (Lime Blossom)

     Tilleul No. 1


     Mignonette (Reseda)

     Reseda No. 1



     Base Narceine No. 1

     Narcissus No. 2


     New-Mown Hay



     Opopanax Art. L

     Orchid (Orchidèe)





     Sweet Pea

     Pois de Senteur No. 1

     Seet Pea No. 2

     Syringa (Philadelphus)

     Aldehyde G Blend

     Syringa No. 1

     Trèele (Clover)

     Trèfle No. 1


     Base Tuberose No. 1

     Base Tuberose No. 2 (‘Tuberic Alcohol’)

     Tuberose No. 3


     Verveine No. 1




     Ylang No. 1

34.  Formulary Section: Sophisticated or Fantasy


     Bergamot-Vanilla Base

     Aldehydic Base A.1

     Aldehydic Base A.2

     Curacao Base

     Cuir Base C.1

     Cuir Base 2

     Woody Base B.1

     Moss Base M.1

     Base 1.S

     Moss Base M.2

     Floral Bouquet Perfumes

     Parfum QH No. 1

     Bouvardia BM

     Parfum AO

     Parfum TL

     Parfum F

     Parfum HB

     Parfum AR

     Aldehydic Perfumes

     Parfum VN

     Parfum C

     Parfum SP

     Chypre Types

     Pafum C.2

     Base Chypre H

     Parfum MD

     Chypre I.D.

     Parfum V.W.

     Oriental Perfumes

     Base S.H.

     Parfum J

     ‘Green’ Perfumes

     Hyacinth Green Base No. 10

     Parfum P No. 2

     Dominant Note Types

     Parfum D

     The Ambergris Note

     Parfum BM

     Manufacturing Processes

     Alcoholic Strengths


35.  ISO Standards

36.  BIS Specifications

37.  Factory Layout and Process Flow Chart & Diagrams

38.  Photographs of Plant & Machinery with Supplier’s
Contact Details

     Electrical Perfume Making Machine

     Perfume Mixing Tank

     Automatic Perfume Filling Machine

     Automatic Perfume Making Mixer

     Filling Machine

     Perfume Extraction Equipment

     Aerosol Filling Machine

     Aerosol Can Crimping Machine

     Essential Oil Steam Distillation Unit







NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


Our Approach:

• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR