The Complete Book on Resins (Alkyd, Amino, Phenolic, Polyurethane, Epoxy, Silicone, Acrylic), Paints, Varnishes, Pigments & Additives (Surface Coating Products with Formulae) ( New Arrival ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author Dr. Himadri Panda ISBN 9788195370191
Code ENI343 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 2275   2275 US$ 61   61
Pages: 632 Published 2022
Publisher Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
Usually Ships within 5


Resins are synthetic or natural substances that act as binders in paints and varnishes. They provide adhesion, durability, and flexibility to the finish. Common types of resins Alkyd, Amino, Phenolic, Polyurethane, Epoxy, Silicone and Acrylic. Each resin has its unique characteristics, such as fast drying time, high gloss, or resistance to chemicals.

Paints consist of pigments suspended in a binder, which can be a resin or oil. Pigments are finely ground particles that give paint its color. They can be organic or inorganic and come in a vast array of shades. The type and quality of pigments used can greatly affect the appearance and longevity of the finish. Different types of paints include acrylic, oil-based, water-based, and specialty paints like metallic or chalk paint.

Varnishes are transparent or translucent finishes applied over painted surfaces to protect and enhance the underlying colors. They provide a glossy, satin, or matte sheen and offer protection against UV rays, moisture, and abrasion. Varnishes can be solvent-based or water-based and are available in various formulations for different purposes.

Additives are substances added to paints, varnishes, or pigments to alter their properties. They can improve flow and leveling, prevent sagging or foaming, or enhance drying time and durability. Additives are often used in specific applications such as automotive coatings, industrial finishes, or decorative paints.

Surface coating products encompass a wide range of materials that are used to protect and enhance surfaces. These products go beyond just paints and varnishes and include coatings specifically designed for different applications and industries.

The global resin market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.4%. The growing demand for epoxy resin in the paints and coatings industry is driving the market. In addition, demand is likely to be driven by the growing use of epoxy in the electronics and electrical industries as an insulator and to protect components from dust, short-circuiting, and moisture. Resins offer excellent adhesion, durability, and flexibility, making them an essential component in creating beautiful and long-lasting finishes for a wide range of surfaces. The market for resins is driven by various factors, including the growing construction industry, the increasing use of coatings in automotive and aerospace sectors, and the rising demand for eco-friendly and sustainable products. Manufacturers are constantly developing new resin formulations to meet these evolving needs and regulations. In addition to traditional applications, such as architectural coatings and industrial finishes, resins are finding new markets in the growing sectors of 3D printing and advanced materials. These emerging applications present exciting opportunities for resin manufacturers to expand their product offerings and cater to evolving customer needs.

The book covers a variety of topics related to Oleoresinous Media, Varnishes, Alkyd Resin, Polyesters, Amino Resins, Phenolic Resins, Polyurethane Resins, Epoxy Resins, Water Dispersible Epoxy Coatings, Silicone Resins, Acrylic Solution Resins, Emulsion Polymerization, Emulsion Polymers, Water-Reducible Resins, Water-Soluble Polymers, Solvents, Inorganic Pigments, Titanium Dioxide Pigments, Organic Pigments, Extender Pigments, Paint Driers, Paint Additives, Architectural Paints.

This book is primarily intended for entrepreneurs and startups, but it is also a priceless tool for academics, consultants, financiers, and the Resins industry. Because of its all-encompassing perspective, it may serve a wide range of readers, all of whom have an interest in the Resin industry's continued success.




   1.    The Past, Present and Future of the Surface
Coatings Industry                                                                                   

   2.    Oleoresinous Media                                                                                

           Industry Terminology

           Ram Materials Used in Leoresinous Production

           Finished Products Based on Oleoresinous Media

           Manufacturing Equipment

           Process Control Testing

   3.    Varnishes: Composition,  Manufacture and Use          


           Oils Used in varnishes


           Water and Alkali Resistance

           Manufacture of Oleoresinous Varnishes

           Varnishes Vs. Alkyds

   4.    Alkyd Resin Technology                                                                    

           Raw Materials

           Formulation of Alkyd Resins

           Calculation of Alkyd Formulations

           Calculation of Raw Materials for an Alkyd Prepared by the Monoglyceride Process

           Typical Formulations (all quantities by mass)

   5.    Manufacture of Alkyd Resins                                                        



           Control of Alcoholysis

           Fatty and Process

           Comparison of Fusion and Azeotrope Processes

           Raw Materials Handling

           Alkyd Manufacturing Plant

   6.    Polyesters                                                                                                        

           Main Components of Unsaturated Polyesters

           Functions of Initiators, Accelerators, Inhibitors

           Effect of Structure on Properties of Cured Products

           Polyester Coating Compositions

   7.    Applications of Alkyd Resins                                                         

           Very Long Oil Alkyds: 75 per cent and above

           Long Oil Alkyds: 60 to 75 per cent

    8    Amino Resins                                                                                                  

           Formation of Amino Resins

           Urea Formaldehyde Resins

           Melamine Formaldehyde Resins

           Uses of Amino Resins

           Water Based Coatings

   9.    Phenolic Resins                                                                                           

           Phenol-Formaldehyde Reactions

           Oil Soluble 100 per cent Phenolic Resins

           Baking Phenolics

10.    Polyurethane Resins                                                                              

           Tolylene Diisocyanate (TDI)

           4, 4 Diphenylmethane Diisocyanate (MDI)

           Other Diisocyanates Used in Coating Systems

           Hydroxy Component

           Hazards of Isocyanates

           Classification of Polyurethanes

           Moisture-cured Urethanes

           Blocked Isocyanate Systems

           Two-component Catalyst-cure Polyurethanes

11.    Epoxy Resins                                                                                                    

           Epoxide Group Content (ECG)

           Curing Agents for Epoxy Resins

           Principles in Formulating with Epoxy Resins

           Solvent-based Coatings

           Single-pack Thermoplastic Epoxy Systems

12.    Water Dispersible Epoxy Coatings                                            

           Epoxy/Polyamide Emulsions

           Water-dispersible Epoxy Resin Coatings for Electrodeposition

13.    Silicone Resins                                                                                             

           Preparation of Silicones


           Methyl-and Phenyl-content

           Blending Resins178

           Preparation and Formulation of Silicone-Resin based Coatings

           Application Guides

           Applying the Coating

14.    Acrylic Solution Resins                                                                      

           Backbone Monomers

           Addition Polymerization


           Thermoplastic Acrylics

           Thermosetting Acrylics

           Acid Copolymers

15.    Emulsion Polymerization Theory                                             

           Polymerization in Emulsion Systems

16.    Emulsion Polymers:  Manufacture and Testing           

           Process Variables

           Delayed Addition Process

           Alternative Processes

           Surfactant Addition Techniques


           Surfactant Addition Techniques

           Emulsion Testing


17.    Applications of Emulsion  Polymers                                       

           Architectural Applications

           Examples of Decorative Paints

           Industrial Applications

           Adhesives Industry

           Pressure Sensitive Uses

18.    Water-Reducible Resins                                                                        

           Water-soluble Polymers

           Acrylic-modified Water-soluble Alkyds

           Silicone-modified Alkyds and Polyesters

           Keeping the Epoxide Ring Available for Subsequent Cross-linking

           Thermoplastic Polymers

           Thermosetting Polymers

           Melamine Formaldehydes

           Other Water-soluble Polymers

           Variation of Amine Levels

           Drying Properties

           Coupling Efficiency

           Driers for Air Dry and Force Dry Systems

           Cross-linking of Water-soluble Coatings

           Trouble Shooting with Water-Soluble Polymers

19.    Water-Soluble Polymers                                                                    

           Cellulose and its Derivatives

           Flow Characteristics of Water Soluble Polymer Solutions



20.    Solvents                                                                                                            

           Evaporation Rate

           Liquid/Liquid Boiling Equilibrium

           Applications Technology

           Evaporation from Polymer Film

           Chemical Solvents

           Nitrocellulose and Other Lacquers

           Latex Paints

           Solvent Control

           Gas Chromatography

21.    Inorganic Pigments                                                                                

           The Functions of a Pigment

           Properties of Pigments

           The Classification of Pigments

           Properties of Inorganic Pigments

           Lead Chromate

           Chrome Oxide Pigments

           Zinc Oxide

           Zinc Sulfide Lithopone

           Calcium Plumbate

           Mixed Phase Pigments

22.    Titanium Dioxide Pigments                                                              

           The Chloride Process

           Applications of Titanium Pigments

           Dispersion of Titanium Pigments

           Gloss Development

23.    Organic Pigments                                                                                     

           Colour and Chemical Constitution

           Azo-Condensation Pigments

           Pigment Conditioning


           Colour Index Classification

24.    Extender Pigments                                                                                   

           Particle Size and Shape

           Particle Size Distribution

           Types of Extender Pigment

           China Clay (Kaolin)

25.    Paint Driers                                                                                                    

           Drier Recommendations

           Stability of Drying Performance on Storage

           Driers for Use in Water based Systems

26.    Paint Additives                                                                                          

           Wetting and Dispersing Agents

           Aluminium Soaps

           Hydrogenated Castor Oil (Triglyceride of 12-hydroxy Stearic Acid)

           Anti-skinning Agents

           Anti-flood and Anti-float Additives

           Recognizing Flooding and Floating

           Identification of Mildew

           Latex Paint Additives

           Stabilizing Surfactants (Non-ionics)

           Latex Thickening Agents

           Coalescing Aids

27.    Manufacture of Paints                                                                        

28.    Architectural Paints                                                                            

           Formulating Exterior Paints for Wood

           Interior Paints for Plaster and Wallboard

           Exterior Emulsion Paints for Masonry

           Exterior Solution Type Paints for Masonry

           Interior and Exterior Enamels

           Enamels for Wood and Concrete Floors

29.    Inside Images of a Paint Factory                                                

  30.    Photographs of Plant & Machinery with
Supplier’s Contact Details                                                                      




NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


Our Approach:

• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR