Modern Technology of Paints, Varnishes & Lacquers 3rd edition ( New Arrival ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author P.K Tripathi ISBN 978-81-957447-2-5
Code ENI345 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 2200   2200 US$ 54   54
Pages: 616 Published 2023
Publisher Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
Usually Ships within 5



Modern Technology of Paints, Varnishes & Lacquers

(Solvents, Plasticizers, Distempers, Whitewash, Putties & Emulsion, Lacquers, Primers, Powder Coatings, Pigments, Alkyd Resin, Solvent-type Resins, Hydrocarbon Thinners, Epoxy Resins with Formulations, Machinery Equipment Details and Factory Layout)

Paints, varnishes, and lacquers are chemicals or substances that you can use to change the color, texture or shine of a surface. These materials can be applied to a wide range of surfaces, including those made of metal, wood, paper, and plastic. They can be used to paint canvas works of art, to coat beautiful things with a layer of protection, or for practical uses like polishing furniture. The most popular kind of paints are oil-based paints, which are created using pigments that, when dried, leave an oily layer on the surface. Due to their lower levels of toxicity as compared to paintings made with an oil base, acrylics have grown in popularity in recent years.


Paints, varnishes, and lacquers are essential supplies for any job involving home décor. Numerous colours are available for these products to match any style. Additionally, you can choose the finish that best meets your needs because they come in a variety of finishes. These products come in a variety that makes it simple to obtain just what you need without having to purchase numerous different things. These paints, varnishes, and lacquers are not only long-lasting but also simple to use thanks to current technology.


The size of the global market for paints, varnishes, and lacquers is anticipated to increase at a CAGR of 7.8%. The demand is on the rise, and technological developments in the paint business are the main drivers of this expansion. Global population growth is also driving up demand for residential and commercial real estate, which will drive up demand for paints, varnishes, and lacquers globally. This sector's growth can be attributed to a variety of factors. More paints, varnishes, and lacquers will be required when there is a rise in the demand for new housing due to population growth. As homeowners attempt to make their homes appear newer with fresh coats of paint, industry analysts predict that sales will increase even further. In order to meet the expectations of the market, manufacturers must also adapt. While they look for new markets to supply, they have been investing in machinery and extending their manufacturing lines. In fact, it's one of the fastest-growing manufacturing industries. This industry not only has a high growth rate but also offers tremendous opportunities for entrepreneurs to enter this booming business. Modern paint, varnish, and lacquer technologies have made it simpler for people to design unique paint jobs for use on furniture. Due to the low entrance requirements, this industry benefits entrepreneurs, to launch your business.


The Major Contents of the books are Solvents, Plasticizers, Distempers, Whitewash, Putties & Emulsion, Lacquers, Primers, Powder Coatings, Pigments, Alkyd Resin, Solvent-type Resins, Hydrocarbon Thinners, Epoxy Resins with Formulations, Factory Layout, and Photographs of Machinery with Supplier Contact Information.


A comprehensive reference to manufacturing and entrepreneurship in the Paints, Varnishes & Lacquers products business. This book is a one-stop shop for everything you need to know about the Paints, Varnishes & Lacquers products manufacturing industry, which is ripe with potential for manufacturers, merchants, and entrepreneurs. This is the only comprehensive guide to commercial Paints, Varnishes & Lacquers products manufacture. It provides a feast of how-to knowledge, from concept through equipment purchase.




1.    Introduction

        1.1        Components

                     1.1.1       Vehicle

                     1.1.2       Binder or Film Former

                     1.1.3       Diluent or Solvent or Thinner

        1.2        Pigment, Dye and Filler

        1.3        Additives

        1.4        Color Changing

        1.5        Art

        1.6        Application

        1.7        Product Variants

        1.8        Finish Types

        1.9        Failure

                     1.9.1       Dilution

                     1.9.2       Contamination

                     1.9.3       Peeling/Blistering

                     1.9.4       Chalking

                     1.9.5       Cracking

                     1.9.6       Erosion

        1.10     Types of Paint

                     1.10.1     Oil Paint

                     1.10.2     Emulsion Paint

                     1.10.3     Enamel Paint

                     1.10.4     Bituminous Paint

                     1.10.5     Aluminium Paint

                     1.10.6     Anti-Corrosive Paint

                     1.10.7     Synthetic Rubber Paint

                     1.10.8     Cement Paint

                     1.10.9     Speciality Home Paints: Lasts Long, Protects Longer

        1.11     Properties

                     1.11.1     Wear Ability

                     1.11.2     Covering Ability

                     1.11.3     Ease of Cleaning

                     1.11.4     Environmentally Friendly

                     1.11.5     Aesthetic

                     1.11.6     Practical and Cost Effective

        1.12     Paint Compositions and Their Functions in Paints

                     1.12.1     Pigments

        1.13     Prime Pigments

                     1.13.1     Extender Pigments

        1.14     Inorganic Pigments in Pictures

        1.15     Organic Pigments in Pictures

                     1.15.1     Binders

                     1.15.2     Linseed Oil

        1.16     Tips & Techniques

                     1.16.1     Safflower Oil

                     1.16.2     Acrylic Resin Dispersion

                     1.16.3     Gum Arabic

                     1.16.4     Kaolin

                     1.16.5     Waxes

                     1.16.6     Dextrin

                     1.16.7     Schellac

                     1.16.8     Alkyd Resin

                     1.16.9     Alkyd Polymers (Resins)

                     1.16.10   Epoxy Polymers (Resins)

                     1.16.11   Liquid Metal Paint

        1.17     Types of Liquid Metal Paint

                     1.17.1     Liquid Epoxy Coating

                     1.17.2     Polyurethane Coating

                     1.17.3     Polyaspartic Coating

        1.18     Common Uses of Liquid Metal Paint

        1.19     Additives

                     1.19.1.    Environmental Issues Determine the Development
Trend of Coatings

                     1.19.2     Additive Types and Effects

2.    Paint Production Process

        2.1        Raw Materials

        2.2        Laboratory

        2.3        Weighing the Raw Materials

        2.4        Dispersion

        2.5        Pre-Mixing

        2.6        Grinding the Pigments

        2.7        Fineness Inspection

        2.8        Colour Inspection

        2.9        Stability Inspection

        2.10     Filling

3.    How to Start a Painting Business?

        3.1        Steps

                     3.1.1       Step 1: The Fundamentals

                     3.1.2       Step 2: Sign Up for a Business Name

                     3.1.3       Step 3: Choose the Best Painting Services and
Desired Target Market

                     3.1.4       Step 4: Register Business and Purchase Insurance

                     3.1.5       Step 5: Purchase Essential Painting Materials

                     3.1.6       Step 6: Establish a Business Bank Account

                     3.1.7       Step 7: Hire Painters

                     3.1.8       Step 8: A Marketing Strategy for Painting Company

4.    Oils Used in Paints and Varnishes

        4.1        Drying Oils

                     4.1.1       Linseed Oil

                     4.1.2       Boiled Oil from Linseed Oil

                     4.1.3       Blown Oil from Linseed Oil

                     4.1.4       Stand Oil from Linseed Oil

                     4.1.5       Perilla Oil

        4.2        Conjugated Oils

                     4.2.1       Tung Oil

                     4.2.2       Oiticica Oil

                     4.2.3       Kamla Seed Oil

                     4.2.4       Dehydrated Castor Oil or D.C.O.

        4.3        Semi Drying Oils

                     4.3.1       Soyabean Oil

                     4.3.2       Safflower Oil

                     4.3.3       Tobacco Seed Oil

                     4.3.4       Sunflower Oil

                     4.3.5       Cotton Seed Oil

                     4.3.6       Fish Oil

        4.4        Non-Drying Oils

                     4.4.1       Castor Oil

                     4.4.2       Coconut Oil

        4.5        Derivatives of Drying Oils

                     4.5.1       Maleic Treated oil

                     4.5.2       Styrenated Oils

                     4.5.3       Exttraction of Oil

        4.6        Refining of Oils

                     4.6.1       Mechanical Refining

                     4.6.2       Acid Refining

                     4.6.3       Alkali Refining

5.    Solvents

        5.1        Hydrocarbons

                     5.1.1       White Spirits

                     5.1.2       Toluene (C6H5CH3)

                     5.1.3       Xylene (C6H4(CH3)2)

                     5.1.4       Benzene (C6H6)

                     5.1.5       Water White Kerosene

        5.2        Ketones

                     5.2.1       Acetone (CH3.CO.CH3)

                     5.2.2       Methyl Ethyl Ketone (CH3-C-CH2-CH3)

                     5.2.3       Methyl Isobutyl Ketone (M.I.B.K.)
3COCH2CH (CH3)2]

                     5.2.4       Di-isobutyl Ketone

        5.3        Esters

                     5.3.1       Ethyl Acetate (CH3COOC2H5)

                     5.3.2       Amyl Acetae (CH3-C-O-CH2CH2CH2CH3)

                     5.3.3       Butyl Acetate (CH3COOC4H9)

                     5.3.4       Propy Acetate (CH3-C-O-CH2-CH2-CH3)

        5.4        Glycol Ethers

                     5.4.1       Methyl Cellosolve (CH3-O-CH2-CH2-OH)

                     5.4.2       Ethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether
3-CH2-O-CH2-CH2-OH) or Celloslve

                     5.4.3       Carbitol: Diethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether

        5.5        Alcohols

                     5.5.1       Ethyl Alcohol (CH3-CH2-OH)

                     5.5.2       Isopropyl Alcohol (CH3-CH-CH3)

                     5.5.3       Butyl Alcohol (C4H9OH)

        5.6        Terpenes

                     5.6.1       Turpentine

                     5.6.2       Dipentene

                     5.6.3       Pine Oil

6.    Plasticizers

        6.1        General Properties of Plasticizers

                     6.1.1       Di-(2 Ethyl Hexyl) Phthalate

                     6.1.2       Butyl Benzyl Phthalate

                     6.1.3       Tricresyl Phosphate

                     6.1.4       Triphenyl Phosphate

                     6.1.5       Butyl Stearate

7.    Additives in Surface Coatings

        7.1        Some important Additives

        7.2        Driers

        7.3        Wetting and Dispersing Agents

        7.4        Anti Skinning Agents

        7.5        Anti Settling Agents

        7.6        Antifloating and Antiflooding  Agents

        7.7        Levelling and Flow Control Agents

        7.8        Defoaming Agents

        7.9        Preservative and Fungicides

8.    Formulary with Processes of Distempers, Whitewash,
Putties & Emulsion

        8.1        White Distemper

        8.2        Sky Blue Distemper

        8.3        Yellow Distemper

        8.4        Method of Preparation

        8.5        White Wash

        8.6        Putties (U.S. Patent 2,346, 408)

        8.7        Preventing Putty Sticking to Hands

        8.8        Alberene Stone Filler or Cement

        8.9        Non-Freezing Putty (Dutch Patent 67, 940)

        8.10     Modified Putty

        8.11     Emulsion Paints

9.    Formulations

        9.1        Enamels

                     9.1.1       Transparent Enamel

                     9.1.2       To Prepare Enamels in Different Colours

        9.2        Floor Paints

        9.3        Luminous Paints

        9.4        Paint for Structural Steel

        9.5        Window Paint (Temporary)

        9.6        Luminous Artists Oil Colours

        9.7        Latex Semi-Gloss White Paint

        9.8        Asbestos Paints

        9.9        Mica Lustre Paint

        9.10     Fire Resistant Coating

        9.11     To Clean Paint Brushes

        9.12     Water Emulsion Paints for Exterior Use

        9.13     Lacquers

                     9.13.1     Wood Lacquer

                     9.13.2     Metal Lacquer

10.  Lacquers

        10.1     Cellulose Products

        10.2     Ethyl Cellulose

        10.3     Lacquer Manufacture

        10.4     Merits of Cellulose Lacquers

        10.5     Aeroplane Lacquer

        10.6     Book Lacque

        10.7     Varnishes

        10.8     Different kinds of Varnishes

        10.9     Oil Varnish

        10.10   Turpentine Varnish

        10.11   Spirit Varnish

        10.12   Water Varnish

        10.13   Oil  Varnishes

                     10.13.1   Resins

                     10.13.2   Drying Oils

                     10.13.3   Dryer

                     10.13.4   Thinners

        10.14   Preparation of Oil Varnishes

        10.15   Gum Running

        10.16   Addition of Drying Oils

        10.17   Thinning

        10.18   Maturing

        10.19   Different kinds of Oil Varnishes

        10.20   Exterior Varnish

        10.21   Interior Decorators Varnish

        10.22   Rubbing Varnish

        10.23   Polishing Varnish

        10.24   Flat Varnish

        10.25   Gold Size

        10.26   Black Varnish

        10.27   Formulas of Oil Varnishes

        10.28   Spirit Varnish or Lacquer

        10.29   Resins

        10.30   Solvents

        10.31   Plasticizers

        10.32   Alcohol Varnish

        10.33   Turpentine Varnishes

        10.34   French Varnish

        10.35   Varnish prepared from Synthetic Resins

        10.36   Spar Varnish

        10.37   Process

11.  Paint Manufacturing Different Types of Paints
and Various Formulations

        11.1     Premixing

        11.2     Commonly Used Machines for Pre-Mixing

        11.3     Precautions Taken during Premixing Operation

        11.4     Grinding Operation

        11.5     Precaution Taken

        11.6     Thinning

        11.7     Precaution

        11.8     Tinting Operation

        11.9     Precautions Taken

        11.10   Refining

        11.11   Filling

        11.12   Labelling and Packing

        11.13   Oil Based Paints

        11.14   Typical Formulations

        11.15   Modern Gloss Finishes

        11.16   Heat Resisting Paints

        11.17   Flame Retardant Paints

        11.18   Plastic Paints

        11.19   Floor Paints

        11.20   Types of Floor Paints

        11.21   Primary Requirements for Floor Paints

        11.22   Flat Paints

        11.23   Flat Oil Paint

        11.24   Aluminium Paint

        11.25   Wrinkle Finishes

        11.26   Hammer Finishes

        11.27   Marine Coatings

                     11.27.1   Introduction

        11.28   Ship Paints

        11.29   Hull Paints

        11.30   Top Sides Finish

        11.31   Boot Topping Paints

        11.32   Marine Paint to Resist Sea Water

        11.33   Antifouling Paints

        11.34   Anti-Corrosive Paints

        11.35   Road Marking Paints

        11.36   Chemical Resistant Coatings

        11.37   Synthetic Enamel Paints

        11.38   Bituminous Coatings

        11.39   High solids Finishes

        11.40   Curing Agent

        11.41   Graphite and Graphite Paints

        11.42   Graphite Paints

12.  Primers

        12.1     Primer for Metals

        12.2     Types of Primers

                     12.2.1     Blast Primers

        12.3     Metallic Zinc Primers

        12.4     Red Oxide/Zinc Chrome Primers

        12.5     Lead Based Primer

        12.6     Wash Primer

        12.7     Reactions

        12.8     Primers for Wood

        12.9     Leadless Primers

        12.10   Aluminium Primer

        12.11   Emulsion Primers

        12.12   Wall Primers & Sealers

13.  Powder Coatings

        13.1     Thermoplastic Coatings

        13.2     PVC Coatings

        13.3     Polyamides

        13.4     Polyethylene

        13.5     Cellulose Esters

        13.6     Polyesters

        13.7     Thermosetting Coating Powders

        13.8     Epoxy Powder Coatings

        13.9     Polyurethane

        13.10   Acrylic Resins

        13.11   Formulation of Powder Coatings

        13.12   Manufacturing Process

        13.13   Ingredients Required

                     13.13.1   Melt Mixing Process

        13.14   Application Method

        13.15   Fluidized Bed Coating

        13.16   Electrosatic Fludized Bed Coatings

        13.17   Electrostatic Spray Coating

        13.18   Flame Spraying

        13.19   Test Methods

        13.20   Future Trend

14.  Pigments—General Classification and Description

        14.1     Definition of Paint

        14.2     Purposes of Pigments in Paint

        14.3     Tyeps of Pigments

        14.4     Principles of Hiding Power

        14.5     Hiding Power of Paint

        14.6     Extender Pigments

                     14.6.1 General Properties of Extenders

        14.7     Pigment Manufacturing

                     14.7.1     Silicate Pigments

                     14.7.2     Barium Sulfate Pigments

                     14.7.3     Calcium Sulfate Pigments

                     14.7.4     Calcium Carbonate Pigments

                     14.7.5     Specific Extenders

                     14.7.6     The Future of Extender Pigment Technology

15.  White Hiding Pigment

16.  Organic Toners and Mineral Pigments

        16.1     Color Blending

        16.2     Metallic Pigments

        16.3     Blacks

        16.4     Earth Colors

        16.5     Inorganic Blues

        16.6     Organic Blues

        16.7     Browns

        16.8     Greens

        16.9     Organic Greens

        16.10   Marron Pigments

        16.11   Oranges

        16.12   Reds

        16.13   Violets

        16.14   Yellows

17.  Alkyd Resin Technology

18.  Solvent-Type Resins

        18.1     Brush Lacquers

        18.2     Ethyl Cellulose and “Parlon”

                     18.2.1     Ethyl Cellulose

        18.3     “Parlon”

        18.4     Vinyl Resins, Polystyrene and Styrene Resins, Acrylate
and Methacrylate Resins,  Allyl Resins, Pliolite, And Silicone Resins

                     18.4.1     Vinyl Resins

        18.5     Polystyrene and Styrene Resins

        18.6     Acrylate and Methacrylate Resins

        18.7     Allyl Resins

        18.8     “Pliolite”

        18.9     Silicone Resins

19.  Hydrocarbon Thinners

        19.1     Volatile Lubricants

        19.2     Measures of Solvency

        19.3     Composition

        19.4     Viscosity Reduction

        19.5     Tests for Purity

        19.6     Volatility

        19.7     Conclusion

20.  Formulation of the “Volatiles” in Nitrocellulose

        20.1     Solvents and Diluents

        20.2     Viscosity

        20.3     Toluene vs. Naphtha

        20.4     Effect of Resins

        20.5     Flow

        20.6     Latent Solvents

        20.7     Evaporation

        20.8     Orange Peel

        20.9     Diluents

        20.10   Viscosity

        20.11   Blushing

        20.12   Thinners

                     20.12.1   Typical Solvent Formulas

21.  The Testing of Raw Materials

        21.1     Reasons for Testing Raw Materials

        21.2     Completeness of Testing

        21.3     Solvents

                     21.3.1     Drying Oils

        21.4     Resins

        21.5     Conclusion

22.  Resin and Varnish Manufacture

        22.1     Tung Oil

        22.2     Oiticica Oil

        22.3     Perilla and Linseed Oils

        22.4     Other Oils

        22.5     Oil-Resin Combinations

        22.6     Spar Varnishes

        22.7     Floor Varnishes

        22.8     Application Methods

23.  Water and Emulsion Paints

24.  Epoxy Resins

        24.1     Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Epoxy

                     24.1.1     Manufacture

                     24.1.2     Curing Mechanisms

                     24.1.3     Other Epoxy Resins

        24.2     Two-Package or Amine-Cured Epoxy Coatings

                     24.2.1     Basic Curing Mechanism and Curing Agent Requirements

                     24.2.2     Curing Agent  Selection

                     24.2.3     Selection of Epoxy Resin Type

                     24.2.4     Solvent Selection

                     24.2.5     Two-Package Maintenance Coatings

                     24.2.6     Heavy-Duty Coatings

                     24.2.7     Trade Sales Formulations

                     24.2.8     Epoxy/Coal Tar Coatings

                     24.2.9     Solventless and Super-High Solids Coatings

                     24.2.10   Zinc-Rich Epoxy Primers

                     24.2.11   Government Specifications

        24.3     Epoxy  Esters

                     24.3.1     Selection of Epoxy Resins and Acids for

                     24.3.2     Formulation Principles and Calculations

                     24.3.2     Manufacturing Procedure

                     24.3.3     Drier Selection

                     24.3.4     Epoxy Esters from Liquid Epoxy Resins

        24.4     High-Performance Baking Finishes

                     24.4.1     Epoxy-phenolic Coatings

                     24.4.2     Preparation

                     24.4.3     Amino Resin-Converted Epoxy Coatings

                     24.4.4     Use of Epoxy Resins with Thermosetting Acrylics

        24.5     Other Types of Epoxy Coatings

                     24.5.1     Epoxy Powder Coatings

                     24.5.2     Epoxy/Polyamide-Splash Zone Coatings

                     24.5.3     Thermoplastic Epoxy Resin Coatings

25.  White Pigments

        25.1     Opacity

        25.2     The Reactive White Pigments

                     25.2.1     Basic Carbonate White Lead

                     25.2.2     Basic Sulfate White Lead

                     25.2.3     Basic Silicate White Lead

                     25.2.4     Dibasic Lead Phosphite

                     25.2.5     Zinc Oxide

                     25.2.6     Leaded Zinc Oxide

                     25.2.7     Antimony Oxide

        25.3     The Nonreactive White Pigments

                     25.3.1     Zinc Sulfide

                     25.3.2     Lithopone

                     25.3.3     Titanium Pigments

26.  Coloured Pigments

        26.1     Chrome Yellows

        26.2     Zinc Yellows

        26.3     Strontium Yellow

        26.4     Nickel Titanate Yellow

        26.5     Nickel Azo Yellow

        26.6     Cadmium Yellow

        26.7     Yellow Iron Oxide

        26.8     Hansa Yellows

        26.9     Benzidine Yellows

        26.10   Vat Yellows

        26.11   Chrome Orange

        26.12   Molybdate Orange

        26.13   Cadmium Orange

        26.14   "Mercadium" Orange

        26.15   Benzidine Orange

        26.16   Dinitraniline Orange

        26.17   Vat Dye Oranges

        26.18   Chrome Greens

        26.19   Chromium Oxide

        26.20   Hydrated Chromium Oxide

        26.21   Copper Phthalocyanine Green

        26.22   Organic Green Toners

        26.23   Iron Blues

        26.24   Copper Phthalocyanine Blues

        26.25   Ultramarine Blue

        26.26   Organic Blue Toners

        26.27   Indanthrone Blue

        26.28   Carbazole Dioxazine Violet

        26.29   Organic Violet Toner

        26.30   Mineral Violet

        26.31   Quinacridone Violet

        26.32   Lithols

        26.33   Para Reds

        26.34   Toluidine Reds

        26.35   Lithol Rubine

        26.36   Chlorinated Para Red

        26.37   Quinacridone Reds and Maroons

        26.38   Red Iron Oxide

        26.39   Cadmium Red and Maroons

        26.40   "Mercadium" Reds and Maroons

        26.41   Red Lead

        26.42   Thioindigo Reds and Maroons

        26.43   Arylide Maroons

        26.44   Siennas, Ochers and Umbers

        26.45   Carbon Blacks, Lampblacks and Bone Blacks

        26.46   Tinting Properties of Colored Pigments

27.  Paint Formulation

        27.1     Art

        27.2     Science

        27.3     Raw Materials

        27.4     Manufacture

        27.5     Cost

        27.6     Performance

        27.7     Principles

        27.8     Pigment Volume Concentration

        27.9     Critical Pigment Volume Concentration

        27.10   Pigments

        27.11   Vehicle

        27.12   Solvents and Driers

        27.13   Formulation Example

        27.14   White House Paint

        27.15   Computer

28.  Pigment Dispersion

        28.1     Definition

        28.2     Method

        28.3     Equipment

        28.4     Mill Base Formulation

        28.5     Setting Up a Laboratory Formula

        28.6     Equipment Setups and Limitations

        28.7     Tank Configuration

        28.8     Premixers

        28.9     Conclusions

29.  Emulsion Paints

        29.1     Ingredients of an Emulsion Paint

                     29.1.1     Surfactants

                     29.1.2     Behavior of Emulsions

                     29.1.3     Protective Colloid

                     29.1.4     pH

        29.2     Emulsion Formation

                     29.2.1     Emulsion Polymerization

                     29.2.2     Ingredients

                     29.2.3     Post-Emulsification

        29.3     Stability of Emulsions

        29.4     Phase Volume

30.  Aluminum Pigments and Paints

        30.1 History

        30.2 Methods of Manufacture

        30.3 Properties and Characteristics of the Pigment

                     30.3.1     Particle Size Characteristics

                     30.3.2     Light Reflectance

                     30.3.3     Heat Reflectance

                     30.3.4     Water Permeability

                     30.3.5     Density

                     30.3.6     Chemical Characteristics

                     30.3.7     Leafing Layer

                     30.3.8     Leafing Stability

                     30.3.9     Toxicity Hazards

        30.4     Aluminium Pigment Products

                     30.4.1     Standard Products

                     30.4.2     Special Products

        30.5     Testing Aluminum Pigments

        30.6     Aluminum Paints

                     30.6.1     Maintenance Paints

                     30.6.2     Heat-Resistant Aluminum Paints

                     30.6.3     Trade Sales and Aerosol Paints

                     30.6.4     Colored Aluminum Paints

                     30.6.5     Roof-Coatings

                     30.6.6     Aluminum Priming Paints

                     30.6.7     Industrial Finishing

                     30.6.8     Hammer Finishes

                     30.6.9     Colored Metallescent Enamels

                     30.6.10   Flamboyant Finishes

                     30.6.11   Brilliant or Chrome Finishes

        30.7     Application Methods

31.  BIS Specifications

32.  ISO Standards

33.  Factory Layout

34.  Photographs of Plant and Machinery with Supplier’s Contact Details

    Alkyd Resin Plant

    Paint Making Machine

    Paint Manufacturing Machine

    Paint Manufacturing Plant

    Thermoplastic Paint Making Machine

    Floor Paint Making Machine

    Lacquer Coating Making Machine

    Coating Varnishing Machine

    Roll Varnish Machine

    Impregnation Vessel

    Vacuum Pressure Impregnation System

    Varnish Plate Making Equipment

    Solvent Packaging Machine

    Surface Protection Film Coating Machine

    Primer Making Machine

    Thinner Filling Machine

    Pigment Color Mixer Machine

    Roll Mill

    Colloid Mill Machine

    Paint Filtration Machine






NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


Our Approach:

• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR