Handbook on Ayurvedic Medicines with Formulae, Processes and Their Uses (2nd Revised Edition) ( ) ( Best Seller ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author H. Panda ISBN 9789381039250
Code ENI47 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 1475   1475 US$ 40   40
Pages: 576 Published 2013
Publisher Niir Project Consultancy Services
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Ayurvedic medicine (also called Ayurveda) is one of the world’s oldest medical systems. It originated in India and has evolved there over thousands of years. It is a holistic healing science. Ayurvedic practice involves the use of medications that typically contain herbs, metals, minerals, or other materials. Now-a-days people are attracted more towards Ayurvedic medicines as the allopathic medicines are costlier and have side effects. There is more and more scientific research being conducted in our country for treatment of various diseases by Ayurvedic and herbal therapy. Research on medicinal and cosmetic uses of herbs is contributing to the growth of herbal industry. A large number of ailments have Ayurvedic treatment much superior to the other system of medicines and this has been recognized world over.

Medicine has become an increasingly accepted alternative medical treatment in America during the last two decades. Up to 80% of people in India use either Ayurveda or other traditional medicines. It is believed that building a healthy metabolic system, attaining good digestion and proper excretion leads to vitality. India is said to have advantage of well recorded and well practiced knowledge of traditional herbal medicines. Herbal products are in huge demand in the developed world for health care, for the reason that they are efficient, safe and have lesser side effects.

Efforts have been made on this book to enable readers to explore details regarding medicinal plants and their processing, learn about the unique composition of Rooh Afza, a clinical study of Chyavanaprash produced by Ayurveda rasashala, a clinical assessment of effect of triphala inlipoma, formulae and processes of different types of Ayurvedic Medicines like churan, capsules, syrup, sharbat, pastes etc that are used in various ailments. It also highlights preparation and uses of every product accompanied with their formulations which offers relief from a variety of conditions, such as cold and flu symptoms, headaches, toothaches, sore throats, high cholesterol, vision problems, anxiety, depression etc. Special content on machinery equipment photographs along with supplier details has also been included.

We hope that this book will meet every individual need who has thrust to explore and enter into the field of medicinal herbs processing. 

Medicinal Plants
Science and Technology
Tie-up Programme
Market Potential
The unique composition of Rooh Afza

The Properties of Rooh Afza's Ingredients
Invert Sugar
Coriandrum Sativum (Coriander/Dhania)
Citrullus Vulgaris (Water-melon/Tarbooz)
Santalum Album (White Sandal Wood Sandal Safed)
Nymphaea Alba (White Waterlily/Gul Nilofar)
Protulaca Oleracea (Garden Purslane/Khurfa)
Protulaca Oleracea (Garden Purslane/Khurfa)
Daucus Carota (Carrot/Gajar)
Parmelia Perlata (Stone Flower/Chharrhila)
Spinacia Oleracea (Spinach/Palak)
Mentha Arvensis (Mint/Pudina)
Luffa Cylindrica (Smooth Luffa/Hara Ghia)
Cichorium Intybus (Endiver/Kasni)
Vitis Vinifera (Dried Grapes/Munnaqqa)
Vetiveria Zizanioides (Khus Khus Grass/Khas Hindi)
Onosma Bracteatum (Burge Gaozaban)
Rooh Afza in a nutshell
Rooh Afza as nutrient
Rooh Afza for essential electrolytes
Rooh Afza for retention of body water
Rooh Afza medicinal properties
Rooh Afza soothing and refreshing properties
When to use Rooh Afza

A Clinical Study of Chyavanaprash produced by 
Ayurveda Rasashala
Materials and Methods
Materials used

A Clinical assessment of effect of 
Sookshma Triphala in Lipoma
About Sookshma Triphala:
Action of Triphala:

A clinical study of Ayurvedeeya rasayana Formula viz,
About formula of Rasanik-T:
Storage of Itrifal
Itrifal Ustukhuddus
Itrifal Aftimun
Itrifal Sanai
Itrifal Shahtra
Itrifal Saghir
Itrifal Ghudaddi
Itrifal Fauladi
Itrifal Kabir
Itrifal Kishmishi
Itrifal Kishneezi
Itrifal Mundi
Baslivun Kabir
Bakhor Dama
Jawarish Amla Sada
Jawarish Amla Ambari Ba Nuskha Kalan
Jawarish Amlalului Masih-Ul-Mulk Wali
Jawarish Anarain
Jawarish Basbasa
Jawarish-E-Tamr Hindi
Jawarish Jalinus
Jawarish Zarishk
Jawarish Zar'uni Sada
Jawarish Zar'uni Ambari Ba Nuskha Kalan
Jawarish Zanjibil
Jawarish Safar-Jali Qabiz
Jawarish Safar Jali Mushil
Jawarish Shahi
Jawarish Shahinshahi Ambaren
Jawarish Shehr Yaran
Jawarish Tabashir
Jawarish Ood Tursh
Jawarish Ood Shirin
Jawarish Ood Mulayyin
Jawarish Fila-Fali
Jawarish Pawakih
Jawarish Qurtum
Jawarish Kamuni
Jawarish Kamuni Akbar
Jawarish Kamuni Kabir
Jawarish Kamuni Mushil
Jawarish Mastagi Sada
Jawarish Mastagi Kalan
Jawahar Mohra
Jaohar Khusia
Jaohar Seen
Jaohar Munaqa

Habub (Pills)
Hab Awaz Kusha
Hab Ahmar
Hab Azraqi
Hab Asgand
Hab Ashkhar
Ayarij Fiqra
Hab Banafsha
Hab Bawasir Badi
Hab Bawasir Khuni
Hab Papeeta
Hab Pachlauna
Hab Paichish
Hab Tap Balghami
Hab Tursh Mushtahi
Hab Jalinus
Hab Jadwar
Hab Jund
Hab Jawahar
Hab Hiltit
Hab Hamal
Hab Humma
Hab Khas
Hab Khubs-ul-hadid
Hab Dad
Hab Diq-ul-Atfal
Hab Dabba Atfal
Hab Ral
Hab Rasaut
Hab Zehar Mohra
Hab Surkh Chashm
Hab Surfah
Hab Saqmunia
Hab Sumaq
Hab Soranjan
Hab Siyah Chashm
Hab Seen
Hab Shabyar
Hab Shafa
Hab Shahiqa
Hab Sarah
Hab Urus
Hab Ambar Momiai
Hab Fishar
Hab Fauladi
Hab Kabd Naushadri
Hab Katha
Hab Gul Akh
Hab Gul Pista
Hab Lub-ul-Khashkhash
Hab Mudir
Hab Marwaridi
Hab Miskeen Nawaz
Hab Mussafi Khun
Hab Maghz Badam
Hab Muqil
Hab Mumsik Surkh
Hab Mumsik Tilai
Hab Mumsik Ambari
Hab Momiai Sada
Hab MI'A
Hab Narkachur
Hab Nazia
Hab Nashat
Hab Yarqan

Halwa-I-Supari Pak
Halwa-i-Gazar Maghzsar-i-Kunjashkwala

Khamira Abresham Hakim Arshadwala
Khamira Abresham Sada
Khamira Abresham Shira-I-Unabwala
Khamira, Abresham Ood Mastagiwala
Khamira Banafshah
Khamira Khashkhash
Khamira Zamarrud
Khamira Sandal Sada
Khamira Gaozaban Sada
Khamira Gaozaban Ambari
Khamira Gaozaban Ambari Jawaharwala
Khamira Gaozaban Ambari Jadwar Ood Salibwala
Khamira Marwarid
Khamira Marwarid Khas
Khamira Marwarid ba Nuskha-I-Kalan
Khamira Nazli Jawahar Wala

Dawa-ul-Karim Kabir
Dawa-ul-Misk Barid Jawahardar
Dawa-ul-Misk Barid Sada
Dawa-Ul-Misk Har Jawahardar
Dawa-Ul-Misk Har Sada
Dawa-ul-Misk Motadil Sada

Dawa-I-Kharish Jadid
Dawa-I-Dipti Saheb
Dawa-I-Siyah Paichish
Dawa-I-Siyah Kabutar Wali
Dawa-i-Siyah Mushil
Dawa Karhaiwali
Zarur Chhalon Wala

The Hamdard Steam Method for 'Rub'
Rub-e-Toot Siyah
Rub-e-Saib Shirin

Ruh-E-Baid Mushk

Roghan Amla Khas
Roghan Ajwain
Roghan Erandi
Roghan Afsantin
Roghan Anaf
Roghan Auja'khas
Roghan Babunah
Roghan Badam Talkh
Roghan Badam Shirin
Roghan Badiyan
Roghan Balsan
Roghan Banafshah
Roghan Baiza-i-Murgh
Roghan Pista
Roghan Pumba Danah
Roghan Turb
Roghan Jamalgotah
Roghan Henna
Roghan Khashkhash
Roghan Darchini
Roghan Dhatura
Roghan Zift
Roghan Zaitun
Roghan Surkh
Roghan Santara
Roghan Suranjan
Roghan Seer
Roghan Shafa
Roghan Sandal
Roghan Aqrab
Roghan Qurtum
Roghan Qust
Roghan Quba
Roghan Kafur
Roghan Kahu
Roghan Kuchla
Roghan Kaddu
Roghan Kishneez
Roghan Kalan
Roghan Kamila
Roghan Gul
Roghan Gul Akh
Roghan Labub Subaa
Roghan Laung
Roghan Malkangni
Roghan Mahi
Roghan Mastagi
Roghan Mom
Roghan Nargis
Roghan Neem

Sirkay (Vinegars)
Sirka Anguri
Sirka Jamun
Sirka Desi

Sufuf Asal-Us-Sus
Sufuf Andari Julab
Sufuf Andari Julab
Sufuf Bars
Sufuf Barq
Sufuf Burg hina wala
Sufuf Basbasa
Sufuf Chutki
Sufuf Cheb Gaz Wala
Sufuf Habis
Sufuf Khas
Sufuf Dama
Sufuf Surkh
Sufuf Suranjan
Sufuf Suzak
Sufuf Shahtarah
Sufuf Shora Qalmi
Sufuf Shirin
Sufuf Sandal
Sufuf Tabashir
Sufuf Tehal
Sufuf Teen
Sufuf Fizzah
Sufuf Fauladi
Sufuf Qinnab
Sufuf Kushta Qalai
Sufuf Kishneezi
Sufuf Kalan
Sufuf Lodh
Sufuf Longa
Sufuf Muhafiz Janeen
Sufuf Muzeed-C-Sheer
Sufuf Mushil
Sufuf Musaffi Khas
Sufuf Muqliyasa
Sufuf Mulliyin
Sufuf Muallif
Sufuf Moya
Sufuf Muhazzil
Sufuf Na'Na
Sufuf Namak Sulaimani
Sufuf Namak Shaikh-Ur-Rais

Sikanjbin Bazuri
Sikanjbin Sada
Sikanjbin Limun
Sikanjbin Na'Na

Sunun poast Mughilan
Sunun Tambaku
Sunun Khas
Sunun Zard
Sunun Supari
Sunun Kalan
Sunun Mujalli
Sunun Missi
Sunun Muqawwi-E-Dandan

Sharbat Alu Balu
Sharbat Alu Bokhara
Sharbat Abresham
Sharbat Ahmad Shahi
Sharbat Arzani
Sharbat Ustukhuddus
Sharbat Aijaz
Sharbat Aftimun
Sharbat Afsantin
Sharbat Anar Tursh
Sharbat Anar Shirin
Sharbat Anjabar
Sharbat Anjir
Sharbat Angur Tursh
Sharbat Angur Shirin
Sharbat Ananas
Sharbat Bazuri Barad
Sharbat Bazuri Har
Sharbat Bazuri Motadil
Sharbat Banafsha
Sharbat Bihi
Sharbat Belgiri
Sharbat Tamar Hindi
Sharbat Tut Siyah
Sharbat Hab-Ul-As
Sharbat Khaksi
Sharbat Khashkhash
Sharbat Dinar
Sharbat Zanjbil
Sharbat Zufah Sada
Sharbat Zufah Murrakab
Sharbat Santara
Sharbat Saib
Sharbat Shafa
Sharbat Sadar
Sharbat Sandal
Sharbat Ushbah Khas
Sharbat Unnab
Sharbat Phalsa
Sharbat Faryad Ras
Sharbat Fawakih
Sharbat Qabz Kusha
Sharbat Kasni
Sharbat Kaknaj
Sharbat Kusus
Sharbat Keora
Sharbat Gaozaban
Sharbat Gazar
Sharbat Gurhal
Sharbat Gulab
Sharbat Laukat
Sharbat Mudir
Sharbat Murakkab Musaffi Khun
Sharbat Mushil
Sharbat Mulayyan
Sharbat Mawaiz
Sharbat Naranj
Sharbat Nankhwah
Sharbat Nilofar
Sharbat Ward

Shiyaf (Suppositories)
Shiyaf Abyaz
Shiyaf Aksir Chashm

Zimadat (Pastes, Poultices)
Zimad Ushuq
Zimad Bars
Zimad Bawasir
Zimad Jalinus
Zimad Jarb
Zimad Rahat
Zimad Sumbul-Ut-Teeb
Zamad Sheer Shutar
Zimad Kibrit
Zimad Mohasa


Arqiyat (Aquas)
Arq Ajwain
Arq Ilaichi
Arq Ananas
Arq Badiyan
Arq Brinjasuf
Arq Bahar
Arq Baid Mushk
Arq Pan
Arq Podina
Arq Peppermint Vilayati
Arq Chiraita
Arq Dasmol
Arq Zira
Arq Shahtara
Arq Shir Murakkab
Arq Ushba
Arq Ambar
Arq Fawakeh
Arq Faulad
Arq Kafur
Arq Kasni
Arq Keora
Arq Gaozaban
Arq Gaz
Arq Gazar Sada
Arq Gazar Ambari
Arq Gulab
Arq Gilo
Arq Ma'ul Jubn
Arq Ma'ul Laham Ambariba Nushka Kalan
Arq Ma'ul Laham Mako Kasniwala
Arq Murakkab Musaffi Khun
Arq Mundi
Arq Na'na
Arq Nilofar
Arq Hazim
Arq Hara Bhara
Ghaza-I-Husn Afza
Faulad Sayyal

Aqras (Tablets)
Qurs Abiaz
Qurs Asfar
Qurs Alkali
Qurs Bandish Khun
Qurs Podina
Qurs Takhmir
Qurs Tankar
Qurs Taifudia
Qurs Habis
Qurs Hiltit
Qurs Humma Jadid
Qurs Kharatin
Qurs Dawa Karhai Wali
Qurs Didan
Qurs Ziabitus
Qurs Zarishk
Qurs Sartan
Qurs Salajit
Qurs Sailan
Qurs Sailan Jadid
Qurs Suda
Qurs Tabashir Qabiz
Qurs Tabashir Mulayyin
Qurs Ood Salib
Qurs Ghafis
Qurs Fizza
Qurs Kafur
Qurs Kaknaj
Qurs Kabid Naushadri
Qurs Kahruba
Qurs Gulnar
Qurs Mussalas
Qurs Mushil
Qurs Mulayyin

Qaturat (Eye Drops)
Qatur Ramad
Qatur Siyah
Qairuti Arad Krasna
Kafur Sayyal

Kuhl (Collyriums)
(i) Kuhl-ul-Jawahar
Kuhl Bayaz
Kuhl Chikni Dawa
Kuhl Roshania
Kuhl Shifa
Kuhl Sadaf
Kuhl Gul Kunjad

Kushta Abrak Safaid
Kushta Abrak Siyah
Kushta Abrak Kalan
Kushta Busud
Kushta Baiza Murgh
Kushta Para
Kushta Tamysar
Kushta Tamba Safaid
Kushta Tutia
Kushta Jast
Kushta Hajr-Ul-Yahud
Kushta Khubs-Ul-Hadid
Kushta Khar Mohra
Kushta Ras Kapur
Kushta Zamarrud
Kushta Zehar Mohra
Kushta Surb
Kushta Sam-Ul-Far (Sankhia)
Kushta Sankh
Kushta Sang Jarahat
Kushta Sang Sarmahi
Kushta Shangraf
Kushta Sadaf
Kushta Tila Kalan
Kushta Tila Marwaridi
Kushta Aqiq
Kushta Faulad
Kushta Faulad Sard
Kushta Qarnul-Eil
Kushta Qal'Ai
Kushta Gaodanti
Kushta Musallas
Kushta Marjan Jawaharwala
Kushta Mirgang
Kushta Marwarid
Kushta Nuqra
Kushta Hartal Warqj
Kushta Yaqut
Kushta Yashab
Kushton kay qurs (Kushta Tablets)
Recipes for Kushta Tablets
Kushta Abrak Safaid
Kushta Abrak Siyah
Kushta Abrak Kalan
Kushta Busd
Kushta Baiza Murgh
Kushta Para
Kushta Tamysar
Kushta Tamba Safaid
Kushta Jast
Kushta Hajr-Ul-Yahud
Kushta Khubs-Ul-Hadid
Kushta Zehar Mohra
Kushta Sam-ul-Far
Kushta Sankh
Kushta Sang Jarahat
Kushta Sang Sarmahl
Kushta Shangraf
Kushta Sadaf
Kushta Tila Kalan
Kushta Tila Marwaridi
Kushta Aqiq
Kushta Faulad
Kushta Qarnul-Eil
Kushta Qal'Al
Kushta Gaodanti
Kushta Musallas
Kushta Marjan Jawaharwala
Kushta Marjan Sada
Kushta Mirgang
Kushta Marwarid
Kushta Nuqra
Kushta Hartal Warqi
Kushta Yaqut
Kushta Yashab
Malti Basant (q.v.)

Gulqands (Sugared Flowers)
Gulqand Seoti
Gulqand Gulab

Gandhak Sayyal

Lubub Barid
Lubub Saghir
Lubub Kabir
Lubub Mo'Tadil

Laooquat (Electuaries)
Laooq Ab Tarbuz Wala
Laooq Ab Naishakar Wala
Laooq Badam
Laooq Bihdana
Laooq Hab-Ul-Sanobar
Laooq Rabavi
Laooq Sapistan
Laooq Sapistan Khiyar Shambari
Laooq Zeequn-Nafs
Laooq Katan
Laooq Maseehi
Laooq MòTadil
Laooq Nazli

Murabbay (Preserves)
Murabba-I-Adrak (Murabba-I-Zanjibil)
Marwarid Sayyal

Marhamain (Unguenta, Salves, Ointments)
Marham Atishak
Marham Ushaq
Marham Basliqun
Marham Bawasir Jadid
Marham Jadwar
Marham Kharish Jadid
Marham Dakhliyun
Marham Ral
Marham Rusul
Marham Zardi-i-Baiza-i-Murgh
Marham Quba
Marham Kafur
Marham Mazu
Marham Nasur

Ma'Junain (Confections, Electuaries)
Ma'jun Arad Khurma
Ma'jun Izaraqi
Ma'jun Ispand Soakhtani
Ma'jun Anjir
Ma'jun Brahmi
Ma'jun Bussud
Ma'jun Baladur
Ma'jun Bawasir
Ma'jun Behmanain
Ma'jun Pumba Dana
Ma'jun Piyaz
Ma'jun Talkh
Ma'jun Sa'lab
Ma'jun Jalinoos Lului
Ma'jun Juzam
Ma'jun Jiryan Khas
Ma'jun Jalali
Ma'jun Jograj Gugul
Ma'jun Chob Chini
Ma'jun Chob Gazwali
Ma'jun Hajr-ul-Yahud
Ma'jun Hamal Ambari Alvi Khani
Ma'jun Khubs-ul-Hadid
Ma'jun Khadar
Ma'jun Dabeedul-Ward
Ma'jun Rah-ul-Mominin
Ma'jun Raig Mahi
Ma'jun Zabib
Ma'jun Zanjibil
Ma'jun Supari Pak
Ma'jun Sana
Ma'jun Sangdana Murgh
Ma'jun Sang-E-Sar-I-Mahi
Ma'jun Suranjan
Ma'jun Sohag Sonth
Ma'jun Seer Alvi Khan
Ma'jun Shir Bargadh Wali
Ma'jun Samagh
Ma'jun Sandal
Ma'jun Ushba
Ma'jun Aqrab
Ma'jun Filasfa
Ma'jun Finjinosh
Ma'jun Fotinji
Ma'jun Qurtum
Ma'jun Kalan
Ma'jun Kalkalanj
Ma'jun Kundur
Ma'jun Masik-ul-boul
Ma'jun Mobahee Antaki
Ma'jun Murraweh-ul-Arwah
Ma'jun Mughalliz
Ma'jun Mughalliz Jawahar Wali
Ma'jun Muqil
Ma'jun Muqawwi Wa Mumsik
Ma'jun Mundi
Ma'jun Mochras
Ma'jun Musli Pak
Ma'jun Momiai
Ma'jun Muhazzil
Ma'jun Nankhwah
Ma'jun Nankhwah Mushki
Ma'jun Najah
Ma'jun Nisyan
Ma'jun Nishara-i-Aj Wali
Ma'jun Nuqra
Ma'jun Halila

Muffarehat (Exhilirants)
Muffareh Azam
Muffareh Barid Jawaharwali
Muffareh Barid Sada
Muffareh Buqrat
Muffareh Dilkusha
Muffareh Shaikh-ul-Rais
Muffareh Kabir
Muffareh Mo'Tadil
Muffareh-Yaquti Mo'Tadil

Namak Bawasir
Namak Mirgang


Preparation Methods 
Preparation of sawdust
Preparation of the watery extract (tarwiq)
Calcination (ihraq) :
Preparation of dana
Preparation of rice water (dhanab karna) :
Washing :
Purification :
Preparation of qiwam :
Qiwam generally employs the following recipe :
Gil-hikmat :
Processing :

Techniques, Standardizations, and Preservation of Medicines
Triphala Infusion
Lagenaria Siceraria Juice
Liquid Meat Extract
Ma-ul-Jaban (Yogurt)
Namakiyat (Salts)

Arrowroot Paste
Starch or Amylum Paste
Gelatin Paste
Acacia Arabica Gum Paste
Cochlospermum Religiosum Gum Paste
Wheat Flour Paste

Characteristics and Properties of Some Ingredients
Prunus amygdalus or almond oil :
Olive oil
Crocus Sativus
Volatile Oils : 2.5-4.5%
Aqua Pandanus Odoratissimus
Aqua Rosa Damascena
Pistacia Lentiscus gum
Ammonium Chloride
Gold Foil
Silver Foil

Appendix I Preservation of Medicines 
Preservation of Medicaments
Araqiyat (aquas)
Pills and tablets

Research of Medicinal Plants
Natural Products from Ruellia tuberosa L.
Fraction 'A'
Fraction 'B'
Chemical Constituents of Phyllanthus niruri Linn.
Experimental Procedure
Isolation :
Alkaline hydrolysis of compound-A
Isolation of compounds C and D
Chemical investigation of Symplocos racemosa Roxb
Chemical Investigation of Clerodendron fragrans
Results and Discussion
Activity of Diospyros montana
Bark Extract on Ehrlich Ascites carcinoma in Mice
Results and Discussion
Chemical Constituents of Dillenia indica
Linn, and Vitex negundo Linn.
Crystalline Components of the
Roots of Phyllanthus reticulatus.
Results and Discussion
Aurantiamide Acetate from 
Artocarpus integrefolia Linn.
Chemical Examination of Essential Oil of 
Coleus aromaticus Benth
Chemical Examination of Essential Oil 
from the leaves of Tagetes-erecta Linn.
A New Neoflavonoid from Dalbergia volubilis
Occurrence of D7-Sterols in Celosia cristata Linn.
Terpenoids & Related Compounds : 3b-Hydroxyfriedelan-7-one, a 
New Triterpene from Pergularia extensa N.E. Br.
A new isoflavone from Ochna squarrosa (Linn).
A novel quinone from Dalbergia sissoides Grah.
A New Triterpene Acid from Heynea trijuga Roxb.
A new Saponin, from the Roots of 
Streblus asper (Lour)
Chemical Investigation of Wrightia mollissima
Chemical Constituents of Eucalyptus Citriodora Roots
Alkaloids from Doronicum Pardalianches Linn.
Occurrence of Two Rare Amides in 
Medicago Polymorpha
A New Flavanone Glycoside from the 
Roots of Alstomia scholaris R.Br.
Isolation of Trimethoxyflavanone from the 
Bark of Macaranga peltata Muell
Synthesis & Hypotensive Activity of Diaboline
Biological activity
Experimental Procedure
Wieland-Gumlich aldehyde (2)
Aprenylated anthraquinone and 
a flavone from the seeds of Cassia marginata
Furocoumarins from Angelica glauca Edgw
Glycolone : A New 2-Quinolone 
Alkaloid from Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz) DC
A short and efficient synthesis of ethyl 
(ostopanic acid ethyl ester)
Isolation & Identification of a 
New Derivative of Allophanic 
Acid from the Seed Coat of 
Butea monosperma (Lam.) Kuntze
A new diuretic principal from 
Dolichos biflorous seeds
A New Sorboside from Ichnocarpus frutescens
Dalspinosin 7-O-b-D-Glucopyranoside, a 
New Isoflavone Glycoside from the 
Roots of Dalbergia spinosa Roxb.
Uncinatone, a Diterpene Hydroquinone from 
Clerodendron fragrans & C. siphonenthus

Machinery & Equipments


A Clinical Study of Chyavanaprash produced by Ayurveda Rasashala


Chyavanaprash is commonly taken by Indian people as a general tonic and an appetiser.

The term 'Chyavanaprash' is taken from the name of the sage 'Chyavana'. After losing his youthful vigor, Chyavana Rishi was given a sticky sweet paste like substance by Ashwinikumars and Chyavana Rishi had got a miraculous reversal of age and his youthful vigor. Thus the substance became known as 'Chyavanaprash'.

It is given to children as well as elderly people for strong and healthy life. The process of aging is common to all living beings. Various symptoms are seen during aging from loss of hair to loss of memory.

All these signs appears because catabolic rate is more than anabolic rate. The catabolic process can be accelerated by improper intake of food, drink and erratic life styles, mental stresses, and physical strains, etc. And this can be slowed by proper life style and food.

Ayurveda is not only concerned with proper intake of food but also proper digestion and absorption. So that all 7 dhatus are able to nourish the body properly, and this will happen only when 'Agni' (Entity for proper digestion) is functioning well. The lack of digestion 'Agni-mandya' will lead to various disorders thus provoking disfunction of the body mechanism which in turn will accelerate the catabolic process.

As Ayurveda is keen about proper digestion and absorption it is also related with elimination of waste products. So that not to produce toxins and provoking all kinds of diseases.

For proper cleansing Ayurveda recommends 'Pancha-Karma' and it is recommended that in past panchakarma stage 'Chyavanaprash' is highly useful to be taken orally as Rasaya to build up the proper digestive ability.

There are 3 major References of Chyanvanaprash-Ashtanga Haridaya-Charak Samhita - Sharangadhar Samhita - Vogaratnakar Samhita.

Chyavanaprash is made with about 35-50 herbal ingredients processed by boiling, frying in ghee, pounding, mixing, etc. resulting in a thick paste like dark brown Sweet-Sour substance which is taken orally.

It is equally recommended for children as well as adults as an excellent tonic and as an anti-aging agent.

Materials and Methods

Materials used

Agaru - Carminative nerve tonic
Agnimantha - Digestive, Kapha-Vatanashak
Amalaki - Rich in vit C., Diuretic, laxative
Bala - Cardiac Stimulent,cooling
Bibhitaka - Expectorant,laxative
Vidarikanda - Diuretic, Helps lactation.
Bilva - Heart & brain tonic,laxative
Brihati - Carminative,astringent
Chandana - Bitter, Cooling, Astringent, Sedative
Draksha - Laxative, stomachic diuretic
Ela - Aromatic, Stimulant,diuretic
Gokshur - Apohrdisiac, diuretic,tonic
Guduchi - Antiperiodic, alternative, diuretic
Haritaki - Laxative, brain tonic, Tridoshhara
Jivanti - cooling,tonic, Rasayan
Jivak - Nutritious, Braintonic
Kakanasika - Narcotic, Kaphahar
Kakoli - Cooling,Spermatopoetic
Kakrashingi - Astrigent, expectorant, cholagogue
Kantakari - Alterative,astringent
Kashmari - Laxative, stomachic
Karlimoola - Tonic, Refrigerant
Keshara - Bitter,Aromatic,emmenagogue
Kshirakakoli - One of Ashta-
Mahameda - Spermatogenetic, blood
Mashapami - Aphrodisiac,stomachic
Mudgaparni - Sedative antibilious tonic
Musta - Diuretic, stimulant,emmenagogue
Pali - Antispasmodic, diuretic
Pimpali - Carminative, tonic,emmenagogue
Pokharmoola - Expectorant,aphrodisiac
Prushniparni - Abortifacient
Punarnava - Diuretic, laxative, expectorant
Salaparni - Bitter tonic, fibrifuge, diuretic
Syonaka - Astringent, bitter
Shatavari - Galactagogue,aphrodisiac,
Shati - Stomachic, carminatie,tonic
Shringi - Demulcent, aphrodisiac, cardiac tonic Shwadamstra
Tamalaki - Astringent,Cooling diuretic
Takolimoola - Antiparasitic,vataharam
Tajapatra - Carminative diuretic
Twak - Antispasmodic,haemostatic
Utpala - Refrigerant, diuretic
Vamsalochana - Stimulant Antispasmodic
Vasakmoola - Expectorant,antispasmodic
Vasuchimmola - Cathartic,abortifacient
Vidari - Demulcent, refrigerant, aphrodisiac


(Chyavanaprash is an Avaleha kalpana)

All the above ingredients were taken and a decoction was made. A decoction and sugar were boiled till 'Pak-Siddhi' was done. All the ingredients and prakshepa - Dravyas were added to pak and kept for cooling. Loha Bhasma is also added to the Chyavanaprash.


Nine patients were chosen to given Chyavanaprash and were classified in 3 categories:


  • Skin related diseases.
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Asthma & respiratory disorders.
  • [/ol]

    All the patients divided in above categories were observed by giving an ayurvedic treatment with chyavanaprash for certain period.

    At the end of this period it is observed that all patients were relieved of their complaints. Chyavanaprash is not the only cause of their improvement.


    All the patients selected were divided in 3 categories. Skin related diseases are concerned with Rakta Dhatu. All the patients in this group showed marked increase in haemoglobin % with increase in weight.

    Mansa Dhatu can't be built properly if Rakta Dhatu is disturbed.Chyavanaprash appeared to be an excellent drug for the people suffering from general debility, irritability etc.

    Third group selected for the study is Asthma and respiratory disorders. These patients under observations for 6 months showed marked improvement relieving their signs and symptoms.

    All the patients were given an ayurvedic treatment and panchakarma (whatever is necessary) with the aid of Chyavanaprash with Loha Bhasma.


    Three different groups of diseases were selected and Chyavanaprash and an ayurvedic treatment were given to them. All the patients were well benefitted with the given treatment. So it should not be concluded that Chyavanaprash with Loha bhasma is not the only cause for improvement, but CPL definately contributes to the improvement of the patient such as increases in Hb%, increase in weight etc.

    A Clinical assessment of effect of Sookshma Triphala in Lipoma


    Lipoma is a fatty benign Tumour. Majority patients of Lipoma try to avoid surgical intervention for cure. Surgical aspect to cure is as follows:-

    Benign tumours are as a rule excised with or without surrounding healthy tissue as the case may be. In adults this is done under local anaesthesia. In case of children general anaesthesia may be required as it is very difficult to control them under local anaesthesia.


    This circumscribed tumour of the adipose tissue is excised as a rule. This tumour has got a capsule which helps in its removal. The skin and subcutaneous tissue up to the tumour are incised along the line of the natural crease. The capsule of the tumour has got fibrous prolongations upto the skin. These are incised and made the capsule free from the surrounding tissue. Then the tumour is very easily shelled out. The dead space is now packed with gauze and kept for a few minutes. The gauze is then removed, the oozing vessels are electrocoagulated and the dead space is obliterated with the needle and catgut. If the tumour is very large a rubber sheet drain may be used. The skin is closed as usual.

    There are cases who responded well to the Sookshma Triphala when it was used for some other skin problems. This observation inspired for this project.

    About Sookshma Triphala:

    SOOKSHMA TRIPHALA is a Proprietory Ayurvedic Medicine of Ayurveda Rasashala, Pune, India Contents:

    1) Hareetaki - Terminalia chebula 66.7 mg.
    2) Bibheetaka - Terminalia bellerica 66.7 mg.
    3) Amalaki - Emblica officinalis 66.7 mg.
    3) Kajjali made from      
      i) Shuddha Parada - Detoxified Mercury 5.0 mg.
      ii) Shuddha Gandhaka - Detoxified Sulphur 5.0 mg.

    Action of Triphala:

    Triphala, the basic constituent of this drug is useful in kapha and Pitta disorders. Kajjali enhances the action of Triphala. This compound is useful in skin diseases and as a blood purifier. It is used as a primary antibiotic and safely be prescribed during or after withdrawal of broad spectrum antibiotics for prevention of re-infections.

    With warm astrigent action is alleviates 'Kapha Dosha'. Thus relieves inflammatory conditions by preventing pus formation, it is successfully used in viral infections, long lasting fevers and as a drug of choice in Acne vulgaris.



  • Patients were selected on random basis at out patient department irrespective of age, sex, cast, occupation during period of five years.
  • 2 Tablets of Sookshma Triphala of Ayurveda Rasashals, pune India were administered to each patient, Anupana was water.
  • No dietory restriction was advised to the patients.
  • Regular visits of the patient were organised & findings were recorded.
  • [/ol]


    Observation of the doctors were analysed as follows:

    Age group

    S.No. Years from - to No. Of patients
    1. 11-20 01
    2. 21-30 07
    3. 31-30 08
    3. 31-50 08
    5. 51-60 01
      Total 25

    Sex group

    1. 06 19 25


    S.No.OccupationNo.of patients
    1. Service 12
    2. Engineer 01
    3. Student 03
    3. House Hold 03
    5. Business 01
    6. Professor 03
    7. Farmer 01
    8. Driver 01
      Total 25


    S. No.TotalNo. of Patalets
    1. Vata Pitta 02
    2. Pitta Vata 06
    3. Kapha Vata -
    3. Vata Kapha 01
    5. Pitta Kapha 10
    6. Kapha Pitta 03
      Total 25


    up to 30% 31 to 60% 80% and above
    15 05 05

    No. of Days of Treatment

    S.No. Days No. of Patients
    1. 21 days 01
    2. 32 days 22
    3. 90 days 02
      Total 25


    S.No.SiteNo. of Patients
    1. Axilla both 01
    2. Multiple (All over Body) 09
    3. Fore arm 09
    3. Fore head 01
    5. Abdoman (epigastric) region 01
    6. Popliteal fossa 01
    7. Back 03
      Total 25

    Duration of appearance of Lipoma

    1. 1 month 01
    2. Upto 1 years 10
    3. 1-2 yrs 03
    3. 2-3 yrs 02
    5. 3-3 yrs 01
    6. 3-5 yrs 05
    7. 5-6 yrs 01
    8. 8-9 yrs 01
    9. 9-10 yrs 02
    10. More than 10-15 yrs 01
      Total 25



  • Lipoma is normally cured by surgical intervention.
  • Here attempt is made to manage conservatively.
  • A boy aged 12 years responded completely to the treatment within 21 days. Prior to the treatment surgeon advised excision. Patient and his parents decided to avoid operation due to poverty. Parents were more happy.
  • Solitory Lipoma responded well to the treatment.
  • Two or three Lipomas responded to good degree. Showed increase in softness and slow reduction in size and shape.
  • Multiple Lipomata showed poor progress.
  • Male patients were three times more than female patients.
  • Age group from 21 to 30, 31 to 30 and 31 to 50 were having nearly equal number of patients.
  • Service group patients were having more incidence of Lipoma.
  • Prakruti having Pitta & Kapha predominance & found 65% occurance of Lipomata.
  • Response to treatment by 60% of patients was moderate only. Indicates that they needed long-term treatment.
  • It is found that forearm is the common site (75%) of appearance of Lipoma. No explanation can be given about this incidence.
  • Patients were uneasy with site of lipoma & they were after conservative treatment instead of surgical correction.
  • Sookshma Tripala helped to correct Dhatwagni to some extent. Life style of the patients is responsible for disturbance in the functions of Agni.
  • This study needs multi disciplinary analysis in a separate project.
  • [/ol]


    Sookshma Triphala is moderately useful in correcting problem of lipoma conservatively. Probably needs higher doses & long-term treatment with proper diet and exercise.





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    Ø  Introduction

    ·         Project Introduction

    ·         Project Objective and Strategy

    ·         Concise History of the Product

    ·         Properties

    ·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

    ·         Uses & Applications


    Ø  Market Study and Assessment

    ·         Current Indian Market Scenario

    ·         Present Market Demand and Supply

    ·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

    ·         Statistics of Import & Export

    ·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

    ·         Market Opportunity


    Ø  Raw Material

    ·         List of Raw Materials

    ·         Properties of Raw Materials

    ·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

    ·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


    Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

    ·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


    Ø  Plant and Machinery

    ·         List of Plant & Machinery

    ·         Miscellaneous Items

    ·         Appliances & Equipments

    ·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

    ·         Electrification

    ·         Electric Load & Water

    ·         Maintenance Cost

    ·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


    Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

    ·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

    ·         Packaging Required

    ·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


    Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

    ·         Project Location

    ·         Requirement of Land Area

    ·         Rates of the Land

    ·         Built Up Area

    ·         Construction Schedule

    ·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


    Project at a Glance

    Along with financial details as under:


      •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

      •    Plant Economics

      •    Production Schedule

      •    Land & Building

                Factory Land & Building

                Site Development Expenses

      •    Plant & Machinery

                 Indigenous Machineries

                Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

      •    Other Fixed Assets

                Furniture & Fixtures

                Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

                Technical Knowhow

                Provision of Contingencies

      •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

                 Raw Material

                Packing Material

                Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

               Consumable Store

      •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

             Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

                 Royalty and Other Charges

                Selling and Distribution Expenses

      •    Salary and Wages

      •    Turnover Per Annum

      •   Share Capital

                Equity Capital

                Preference Share Capital


      •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

      •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                    Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                    Gross Profit

                    Financial Charges     

                    Total Cost of Sales

                    Net Profit After Taxes

                    Net Cash Accruals

      •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                    Current Assets

                    Gross Working. Capital

                    Current Liabilities

                    Net Working Capital

                    Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

      •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

      •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                    ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                    RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                    ROI (Average of Total Assets)

      •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                    Earnings Per Share (EPS)


                 Debt Equity Ratio

            Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                    Variable Cost & Expenses

                    Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                    Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                    Fixed Expenses / Cost 


      •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

                Resultant N.P.B.T

                Resultant D.S.C.R

       Resultant PV Ratio

       Resultant DER

      Resultant ROI

              Resultant BEP

      •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital

      •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

            Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

            Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

            Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

           Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

      •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

      •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

      •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

      •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

      •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

      •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

      •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

      •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

      •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

      •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

      •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

      •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

      •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

      •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

      •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

      •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

      •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

      •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

      •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

      •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

      •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

      •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR