50 Projects To Start With 5,00,000 (Reprint Edition) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author Jamuna Muralidharan ISBN 9788178330600
Code ENI54 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 475   475 US$ 13   13
Pages: 296 Published 2003
Publisher Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
Usually Ships within 5 days

The small scale sector is assuming greater importance every day. Hundreds of thousands of people start their own businesses every year, and untold more dream about the possibility of becoming their own bosses. While entrepreneurship has its many potential rewards, it also carries unique challenges. You need to understand the environment to set up an enterprise of your own. Setting up a business requires many things. Understanding yourself, understanding market, availing funds are certain basic things that one must mandatorily know before making a business decision. 

Startup India Stand up

Our Prime Minister unveiled a 19-point action plan for start-up enterprises in India. Highlighting the importance of the Standup India Scheme, Hon’ble Prime minister said that the job seeker has to become a job creator. Prime Minister announced that the initiative envisages loans to at least two aspiring entrepreneurs from the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Women categories. It was also announced that the loan shall be in the ten lakh to one crore rupee range. 

A startup India hub will be created as a single point of contact for the entire startup ecosystem to enable knowledge exchange and access to funding. Startup India campaign is based on an action plan aimed at promoting bank financing for start-up ventures to boost entrepreneurship and encourage startups with jobs creation. 

Startup India is a flagship initiative of the Government of India, intended to build a strong ecosystem for nurturing innovation and Startups in the country. This will drive sustainable economic growth and generate large scale employment opportunities. The Government, through this initiative aims to empower Startups to grow through innovation and design.


What is Startup India offering to the Entrepreneurs?

Stand up India backed up by Department of Financial Services (DFS) intents to bring up Women and SC/ST entrepreneurs. They have planned to support 2.5 lakh borrowers with Bank loans (with at least 2 borrowers in both the category per branch) which can be returned up to seven years.

PM announced that “There will be no income tax on startups’ profits for three years”

PM plans to reduce the involvement of state government in the startups so that entrepreneurs can enjoy freedom.


No tax would be charged on any startup up to three years from the day of its establishment once it has been approved by Incubator.

Basically this book gives you the opportunity to choose your ideal project among the 50 projects described. Some of them are: dish antenna manufacturing unit, voltage transformer, S.M.P.S unit, sanitary article shop, screen printing, computer centre, detergent powder, liquid indigo, liquid phenyl, leather jacket, airbag and purse, handmade bricks, bamboo sticks, goat farming etc. This book also explains employment assurance scheme, how to increase the sales, knowing more about bank loan, loan facilities for women entrepreneurs, small scale service business enterprise, etc.
The book has been written for the benefit of small entrepreneurs who do not wish to invest large amount and case has been taken to present the matter in a very simple and comprehensive language so that person without much technical background can grasp the subject easily. More than 50 profitable products have been included in this book with brief project profiles, processes, addresses of machinery and raw material suppliers. This is very helpful book for new entrepreneurs, consultants, libraries etc. 

Opportunity Factors Influencing Entrepreneurship
Employment Assurance Scheme
How to Increase the Sales of Your Products?
Knowing More About Bank Loan : Why Do We Need Margin Money?
Loan Facilities for Women Entrepreneurs
Small Scale Service Business Enterprise
How to Obtain Eco Mark Labels for Your Products
Manufacture of Rubber (Nylon) Stamp Using New Techniques
Printed circuit boards (PCB)
Dish Antenna Manufacturing Unit
Rechargeable Torch assembling unit
Voltage Transformer 
S.M.P.S. Unit
Computer Software Service Unit
Domestic Electrical Equipments and Electric Goods Servicing Unit
Workshop for Repairing and 
Servicing of Refrigerators & Air Conditioners
Assembling Unit of Radio/Transistors
Repairing/Servicing of T.V. Sets
Computer Centre
Installation of Fax Machine for Commercial use
Staple pins manufacturing unit
Paper pins/all pins manufacturing unit 
Aluminium Utensils manufacturing unit
Sanitary Articles shop
screen printing
Mini Offset Printing Press
Paper Envelopes Manufacturing Unit
File Covers Manufacturing Unit
Stationery (Note books) Manufacturing Unit
In cense Sticks Manufacturing Unit
Detergent Powder
Liquid Indigo
Liquid Phenyl 
Unit of Chalk Crayons
Laundry Soap, Cake, Bar, Chips & Powder
Distemper Paint
Extraction of Silver from waste Hyposolution
(X-Ray and other Photographic Films)
Button from Acrylic Sheets
Small Plastic Items (Upto 45 gms)
Rural Tannery
Leather Jackets
Airbag and Purse
Hawai Chappal
Leather toys and other decoration items 
Soft Toys Manufacture
Knitting of Sweaters through Automatic Computerised Machine
Donaire Carpets unit
Surgical Bandages
Manufacture of Sari Falls
Readymade Garments (Ladies suit)
Socks Manufacturing Unit
Roofing Tiles Following M.C.R. Technique
Handmade Bricks
Tailor's Labels Manufacturing Unit
Cultivation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
Preparation of Presentation Articles from Dehydrated Flowers
Wooden Furniture
Bamboo Sticks
Wooden Photoframes Unit
Goat Farming
Small Dairy Farm 
Badminton Shuttle Cocks







Paper envelopes are among those stationery items whose demand is consistently increasing. The most popular and commonly used envelops are small envelopes, long envelopes, official envelopes, envelopes that are used for correspondence. The small sized envelopes are used for keeping medicines, long or big sized envelopes are used for keeping magazines, catalogues, invitation cards etc, official envelopes are used for official correspondence etc. The envelopes that are made up of useless papers are generally used to keep general items, medicine and other kinds of material. Seeing the trend that the people put the smallest piece of paper in envelopes their is no doubt that the used of envelopes is constantly increasing. There can be different types of envelopes namely:


  • Plain envelopes
  • Coloured envelopes
  • Printed (company's name and address)
  • Envelopes with windows
  • Envelopes made of useless papers etc.
  • [/ol]

    The production process of these envelopes is almost similar but alterations can always be made according to requirements., In the given unit envelopes of meplitho paper would be made and the ones to be used for packing purpose at departmental stores big envelopes would also be made for sending magazines catalogue, postage etc. For the sales of these envelopes, stationery shops offices and departmental stores would be contacted.

    Production Process

    The production process of envelopes is quite easy. First, all paper or craft paper is fixed over each other and then punch machine (or envelopes making machine) and dies are used to cut envelopes of a definite size. After the application of gum, these are left to dry. After they dry completely, they are arranged in cartons and sent to markets.

    Production Target

    S.No.DetailsQntyRateTotal Income
    1. White and coloured enveloped made up of meplitho paper, 9x15 cm, 11x17c.m and 13x28 cm 10 lakh envelopes 562.5/- per thousand Rs.5.625 lakh
    2. Brown and white envelops up of craft paper 6 lakh made upto average 26x31 cm 6 lakh 1250 per thousand 7.5 lakh
    3. Envelopes of different size made up of useless papers 10 lakh envelops 125/-Rs per thousand 1.25 lakh
      Total     14.375 lakh

    Financial Aspect of the Unit

    Working Place

    For the proposed unit about 800 sq.ft. of working place which can be rented or bought according to the entrepreneurs convenience.


    S.No.DetailsNo.RateTotal Cost
    1. Paper cutting machine(of 1H.P along with the motor) 1 37500 37500
    2. Envelope making machine size being 24x36 (5H.P alongwith the motor) 1 87500 87500
    3. Dies for cutting envelopes (of different sizes) 8 1250 10000
    4. Different tools and other supporting equipments     2500
    5. Sales tax over machines     12500
    6. Electrification installation charges     6250
      Total     156250

    Raw Materials (Annual)


    S.No.DetailsQntyRateTotalCost (Rs)
    1. Meplitho paper(white and other paper 70 GSM and more) 8 tonnes 56250/-tonne 450000
    2. Scrap Paper 14 tonnes 31250/-tonne 437500
    3. Useless paper 15 tonnes 4375/-tonne 65625
    4. Adhesive and other consumables     18750
      Total     971875


    S.No.DetailsNo.SalaryTotal Salary
    1. Manager 1 1875 1875
    2. Machine operator 1 1875 1875
    3. Helper 2 1250 2500
    4. Unskilled labour 4 750 3000
      Total     9250

    Printing Cost Over Envelopes

    Printing or screen printing is done on the envelopes as per the customer demands. This work is done with Screen printing process or a tradle/offset press, around 6250/- would be spent on this head.


    Around 7HP electricity connections is needed for this unit over which the monthly expenditure is estimated to be Rs 2500/-.

    Miscellaneous Expenses

    1. Advertising and Insurance 625
    2. Maintenance/Repairs 625
    3. Travelling/Carrying Charges 625
    4. Telephone 500
    5. Stationary/postage 250
    6. Others 625
      Total 3250

    Total Working Capital (Monthly)

    1. Raw Material 80990
    2. Salaries/Wages 9250
    3. Utilities 2500
    4. Misc. Expenditure 3250
    5. Rent of working Place 2000
    6. Printing charges over the envelopes 6250
      Total 104240

    Total Investment

    1. Machines/Equipments 156250
    2. Other fixed assets (Racks, table, furniture etc.) 12500
    3. Working capital (monthly) 104240
      Total 272990

    Finance for the Unit (PMRY)

    1. Margin Money 5% 13649.5
    2. Bank Loan 95% 259340.5
      Total 272990

    Annual Production Cost

    1. Working capital 1250880
    2. Depreciation of Machines/Equipments 15625
    3. Interest over Bank loan 40198
      Total 1306703

    Profitability of the Unit

    1. Annual Profits 130797
    2. Monthly Profit 10899.75
    3. Break Even Point 46.18%





    NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

    Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

    NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

    Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


    And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

    • Good Present/Future Demand
    • Export-Import Market Potential
    • Raw Material & Manpower Availability
    • Project Costs and Payback Period

    We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


    The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

    • Why I should invest in this project?
    • What will drive the growth of the product?
    • What are the costs involved?
    • What will be the market potential?

    The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

    The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

    Reasons for buying the report:

    • This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

    • This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

    • This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

    • This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

    • The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


    Our Approach:

    • Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

    • The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

    • We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


    Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



    Ø  Introduction

    ·         Project Introduction

    ·         Project Objective and Strategy

    ·         Concise History of the Product

    ·         Properties

    ·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

    ·         Uses & Applications


    Ø  Market Study and Assessment

    ·         Current Indian Market Scenario

    ·         Present Market Demand and Supply

    ·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

    ·         Statistics of Import & Export

    ·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

    ·         Market Opportunity


    Ø  Raw Material

    ·         List of Raw Materials

    ·         Properties of Raw Materials

    ·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

    ·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


    Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

    ·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


    Ø  Plant and Machinery

    ·         List of Plant & Machinery

    ·         Miscellaneous Items

    ·         Appliances & Equipments

    ·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

    ·         Electrification

    ·         Electric Load & Water

    ·         Maintenance Cost

    ·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


    Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

    ·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

    ·         Packaging Required

    ·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


    Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

    ·         Project Location

    ·         Requirement of Land Area

    ·         Rates of the Land

    ·         Built Up Area

    ·         Construction Schedule

    ·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


    Project at a Glance

    Along with financial details as under:


      •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

      •    Plant Economics

      •    Production Schedule

      •    Land & Building

                Factory Land & Building

                Site Development Expenses

      •    Plant & Machinery

                 Indigenous Machineries

                Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

      •    Other Fixed Assets

                Furniture & Fixtures

                Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

                Technical Knowhow

                Provision of Contingencies

      •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

                 Raw Material

                Packing Material

                Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

               Consumable Store

      •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

             Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

                 Royalty and Other Charges

                Selling and Distribution Expenses

      •    Salary and Wages

      •    Turnover Per Annum

      •   Share Capital

                Equity Capital

                Preference Share Capital


      •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

      •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                    Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                    Gross Profit

                    Financial Charges     

                    Total Cost of Sales

                    Net Profit After Taxes

                    Net Cash Accruals

      •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                    Current Assets

                    Gross Working. Capital

                    Current Liabilities

                    Net Working Capital

                    Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

      •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

      •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                    ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                    RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                    ROI (Average of Total Assets)

      •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                    Earnings Per Share (EPS)


                 Debt Equity Ratio

            Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                    Variable Cost & Expenses

                    Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                    Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                    Fixed Expenses / Cost 


      •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

                Resultant N.P.B.T

                Resultant D.S.C.R

       Resultant PV Ratio

       Resultant DER

      Resultant ROI

              Resultant BEP

      •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital

      •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

            Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

            Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

            Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

           Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

      •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

      •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

      •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

      •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

      •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

      •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

      •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

      •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

      •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

      •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

      •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

      •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

      •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

      •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

      •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

      •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

      •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

      •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

      •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

      •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

      •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

      •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR