Product Profile Ammonium chloride, an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl, is a white crystalline salt, highly soluble in water. Solutions of ammonium chloride are mildly acidic. Sal ammoniac is a name of the natural, mineralogical form of ammonium chloride. The mineral is especially common on burning coal dumps (formed by condensation of coal-derived gases), but also on some volcanoes and liquorice. It is the product from the reaction of hydrochloric acid and ammonia. Product characteristics Chemical Formula : NH4Cl Appearance : White, granular powder Density : 1.520 Solubility : Soluble in water, Soluble in methanol, ethanol Almost insoluble in acetone, ether, ethyl acetate Applications The main application of ammonium chloride is as a nitrogen source in fertilizers, e.g. chloroammonium phosphate. Ammonium chloride is used as a systemic acidifying agent in treatment of severe metabolic alkalosis. Ammonium chloride is used as a flux in preparing metals to be tin coated, galvanized or soldered. Ammonium chloride is used in a ~5% aqueous solution to work on oil wells with clay swelling problems. It is also used as electrolyte in zincâ€“carbon batteries. Ammonium chloride is used in the textile and leather industry in dyeing, tanning, textile printing and to luster cotton. Ammonium chloride is used in the textile and leather industry in dyeing, tanning, textile printing and to luster cotton. ? Market scenario Ammonium chloride is produced by the companies in multi product facility where other products are also made. Indian production of ammonium chloride is 7600 metric tonnes per annum. The demand for ammonium chloride would be largely driven by the performance and growth of industries such as dry cell battery as well as that of steel galvanizing/ zinc refining. Overall AAGR in demand for ammonium chloride through 2017 is estimated to be 6% per annum. Indian demand for ammonium chloride for above sectors is around 30000 tonnes per annum. Demand for ammonium chloride take place in the following sectors: dry cell batteries, refining of zinc, galvanized steel, pharmaceuticals, miscellaneous including laboratory reagent, fluorescent pigments etc. In industrial application sector demand Ammonium chloride is growing rapidly.