Biomedical Waste Recycling Industry. Start a Medical or Hospital Waste Management Business
Biomedical waste (BMW) is any waste produced during the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human or animal research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological or in health camps. It follows the cradle to grave approach which is characterization, quantification, segregation, storage, transport, and treatment of BMW.
Biomedical waste is classified as a biohazard because of the disease that it might contain. Medical waste contains materials that have been contaminated by body fluids and may contain viruses, bacteria and even harmful drugs such as chemotherapy and radiation drugs. The importance of biomedical waste management should be high on any medical facility’s training and safety procedures.
Bio Medical waste consists of
· Human anatomical waste like tissues, organs and body parts
· Animal wastes generated during research from veterinary hospitals
· Microbiology and biotechnology wastes
· Waste sharps like hypodermic needles, syringes, scalpels and broken glass
· Discarded medicines and cytotoxic drugs
· Soiled waste such as dressing, bandages, plaster casts, material contaminated with blood, tubes and catheters
· Liquid waste from any of the infected areas
· Incineration ash and other chemical wastes
Biomedical waste can be disposed of through incineration or decontamination by heating with steam under pressure in an autoclave. Trash chutes must not be used for the transfer or disposal of biomedical waste.
Classification of Biomedical Waste
Approximately 75-90% of the biomedical waste is non-hazardous and as harmless as any other municipal waste. The remaining 10-25% is hazardous and can be injurious to humans or animals and deleterious to environment. It is important to realize that if both these types are mixed together then the whole waste becomes harmful.
· Non Hazardous Waste
This constitutes about 85% of the waste generated in most healthcare set-ups. This includes waste comprising of food remnants, fruit peels, wash water, paper cartons, packaging material etc.
· Hazardous Waste
Biohazard: Biological hazards, also known as biohazards, refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans. This can include medical waste or samples of a microorganism, virus or toxin (from a biological source) that can impact human health. It can also include substances harmful to animals. The term and its associated symbol is generally used as a warning, so that those potentially exposed to the substances will know to take precautions.
India is likely to generate about 775.5 tonnes of medical waste per day by 2022 from the current level of 550.9 tonnes daily.
Bio-medical waste in India is projected to grow at a rate higher than the overall healthcare services market driven by the expansion of the increasing awareness, improving efficiencies in the system, medical tourism, number of clinics, hospitals, rising of the ageing population and new BMW guidelines.
Medical waste is the waste generated from hospitals, clinics, dental hospitals, veterinary hospitals, blood banks, and medical research institutes, laboratories. The waste may be generated during various treatments and surgeries, it may be generated during test, production or any biological research. Medical waste does not confine to used syringes and other surgical instruments but all the processes, testing and production of various biological operations.
Global Medical Waste Management Market is estimated to reach $26.9 Billion by 2025; growing at a CAGR of 5.6% from 2017 to 2025.
Medical waste management states to the suitable processing of waste materials produced by the healthcare institutions. These waste materials are generated at, hospitals, research institutions, health care teaching institutes, clinics, laboratories, blood banks, animal houses and veterinary institutes. Health-care waste comprises all the wastes produced by medical activities. It holds activities of diagnosis, curative and palliative, preventive treatments in the field of veterinary medicine and human. In addition, it includes the same types of waste originating from minor and scattered sources, including waste produced in the course of health care undertaken in the home (e.g. home dialysis, self-administration of insulin, recuperative care).
The development of innovative manufacturing techniques for drugs and medical devices in the pharmaceuticals industry is growing rapidly. Furthermore, the growth of market is also reflected by the efficient supply of inventories required in day-to-day functioning of hospitals, clinics, and diagnostic centers. This results in generation of more waste. These by products and residues need a proper system or service for collection, transportation, disposal, and recycling of specific materials or byproducts, if required.
Given the growing amount of all types of medical wastes, globally, and increasing regulatory pressure to properly dispose these wastes in a non-hazardous way, the global medical waste management market is expected to grow at a steady pace in the coming years. Medical waste refers to the waste originated within medical amenities, such as hospitals, clinics, veterinary hospitals/clinics, dental practices, physician's offices, laboratories, pharmaceutical industry, and blood banks. There are several types of medical wastes including hazardous (such as infectious, radioactive, or toxic), universal, bio hazardous (such as, red bag medical waste and sharps containers), and solid. The process of medical waste management includes transportation, treatment or destruction, disposal, and documentation of waste generated from the facility.
Growing volume of medical waste, increasing focus on the management of medical waste, and stringent regulatory framework to manage these wastes safely and in an ecofriendly way are some of the factors driving the medical waste management industry.
There are numerous factors driving, restraining and generating opportunities for the world medical waste management market. Rising concerns over employing eco-friendly and safe waste management and treatment process is likely to drive the market in years to come. In addition, the growing healthcare industry would generate more medical waste thereby, generating opportunity for the market. However, lack of awareness about the health hazards associated with medical waste, lack of training for proper disposal coupled with inadequate funds have hindered market growth of world medical waste management.
The market is segmented in terms of disposal or treatment site, type of waste, service, treatment and geography. The treatment site for medical waste disposal can either be offsite or onsite. On the other hand, waste materials are classified as hazardous and non-hazardous waste. The market is also bifurcated in terms of waste treatment services which include collection storage, recycling & transportation, recycling and disposal of the waste. These waste could be treated by chemical treatment, incineration & autoclaving and others. On the basis of geography, the report segments the world medical waste management market into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and LAMEA.
Growing geriatric population requiring health care products and services, increasing incidence and prevalence of infectious and lifestyle diseases, expanding health care infrastructure, changing lifestyles, enforcement of various regulations for the management of biomedical waste, and increasing awareness about safety and security against the hazards caused by biomedical wastes are some factors driving the global biomedical waste management market. However, high cost of services provided by biomedical waste management players, lack of education to workers handling the waste and health care workers about importance of biomedical waste treatment and disposal are factors restraining the market.
Some of the major players operating in global medical waste management industry include, BioMedical Waste Solutions LLC, Clean Harbors Inc., Daniels Sharpsmart Inc., Hawaii Bio-Waste Systems Inc. (HBW), Healthcare Environmental Services Group, Medclean Technologies Inc., Medasend Biomedical Inc., Miller Group, Republic Services Inc., REMONDIS SE & Co. KG, Suez Environnement S.A., Sharps Compliance Inc., Waste Management Inc., Stericycle Inc., and Gamma Waste Systems.
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