Vehicle recycling is the deconstruction of cars for spare parts. When vehicles reach the end of their useful lives, they have value as a source of replacement components, which has given rise to the car dismantling industry. The names "wrecking yard," "auto dismantling yard," "vehicle replacement parts provider," and, more recently, "auto or vehicle recycling" are also used to characterise the industry's commercial outlets. Vehicle recycling has long been a component of the process, but manufacturers have become increasingly active in recent years. A crusher is commonly used to decrease the size of a discarded car before transporting it to a steel mill.
In India's vehicle scrap recycling sector, end-of-life autos are scrapped in a hazardous manner, and scrap metals, as well as different recovered and reconditioned pieces, are sold. There are now no rules in place to regulate these markets and account for the scrap that is gathered, necessitating a government plan that recognises scrap generation from auto recycling as a long-term, environmentally friendly industry.
While discussing government policy for ELVs, it is only required to highlight the National Green Tribunal's (NGT) current efforts to push for the ban of old diesel and gasoline vehicles. The National Green Tribunal (NGT) banned all autos over 15 years old in Delhi in November 2014.
Kerala, Bihar, and, most recently, Chhattisgarh have all made it illegal to drive petrol and diesel vehicles that are more than 10 years old. While a statewide ban on polluting autos is being challenged, a hearing on the case has been scheduled for July 11th, indicating that the government's efforts in this area are progressing.
As a result, automobile recycling is essential. It's also crucial to handle them properly to avoid hazardous waste from being released into the environment. Such vehicles must be disposed of by professionals who are familiar with hazardous chemicals such as fuel, coolants, and brake fluids.
Steel is one of the most significant materials in vehicle building; it makes up the majority of the components, including the structure. Because iron ores are required for the production of steel, recycling automobiles contributes to the preservation of iron ores. All waste generated as a by-product of steel processing is avoided as well, guaranteeing that air pollution is not increased.
Garbage in landfills is also becoming a bigger issue. By using recycling vehicles, it is feasible to reduce the amount of waste present and ensure that fewer dangerous chemicals leach into groundwater and permanently damage the soil.
Another thing to think about is how good car recycling can help preserve local flora and fauna. Steel mining is bad for the environment because it produces soil erosion and degradation, which means animals can't keep up with their normal habits and may become unwell as a result. Land erosion causes sediment flow into bodies of water, which has an impact on water quality and wildlife proliferation.
In India, what is the scope of vehicle recycling?
India, being the world's third-largest steel production, has tremendous auto-recycling potential. Auto recycling in India can give a host of benefits to the country, ranging from a boost to the automotive sector to fuel savings and employment development, due to the fact that it is largely unorganised.
The recycling industry is betting big on the government's efforts. Based on 25% (7 million vehicles) of all automobiles that could be discarded, it is anticipated to generate business worth USD 2.9 billion (approximately INR 190 billion) at first. These figures are expected to climb in the coming years.
The global vehicle recycling market will be worth $20.6 billion in 2020. The market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.1 percent between 2021 and 2026.
Vehicle recycling is the process of dismantling automobiles in order to recover and recycle spare parts, fuel, and scrap metals. Disassembling, crushing, shredding, and material recovery processes are used to recover magnetic parts, sheet metals, seats, wheels, and other components.
Laser, infrared, eddy current, and flotation separation technologies are used to separate non-ferrous metals from other materials, which are then delivered for re-smelting. The reusable parts are also cleaned, tested, and refurbished for resale, while the fluids are drained and preserved for later use.
The rise of industrialization and urbanisation around the world is one of the key factors driving the market's expansion. Another factor driving expansion is the increasing use of metal scrap, particularly steel, in the production of increasingly affordable, lightweight, and fuel-efficient vehicles.
Increased consumer awareness of the environmental benefits of recycling materials and reducing dependency on natural resources is also aiding market growth. Advanced tools and techniques are used by automotive recyclers to remove polymers, fluids, and natural components from used vehicles with minimal environmental impact.
They use a variety of innovative equipment, such as optical sensors, to recognise microscopic metal particles in the scrap. Increased usage of recycled batteries in consumer electronics manufacturing, as well as the implementation of government rules to limit environmental dangers connected with the disposal of batteries, rubber, lubricants, and other materials, are projected to drive the market in the future years.
Spare Parts 188 Units Per Day
Waste Oil 225 Units Per Day
Waste Tyre 1,125 Units Per Day
Engines 25 Units Per Day
Steel Scrap 30,000 Units Per Day
Rubber Scrap 100 Units Per Day
Alloy Wheel 125 Units Per Day
Battery 750 Units Per Day