Niir Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) through its network of project consultants in a wide range of business and technological disciplines is engaged in providing services to its clients by way of preparation of project reports. We provide the pre-investment information and business plans required for promoters, business leaders, young entrepreneurs, women entrepreneurs, investors, NRI (Non Resident India), startups, professionals looking to start their own venture. The comprehensive project profile reports cover all the aspects of business, from analyzing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. the scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet, break-even point, rate of return (ROR), etc. the DPR is formulated by highly accomplished and experienced consultants and the market research and analysis are supported by a panel of experts and digitized data bank.

Caramel Colour from Sugar

Capacity 300 MT/Annum Plant and Machinery cost 43.00 Lakhs
Working Capital 0.00 Rate of Return (ROR) 42.00 %
Break Even Point (BEP) 54.00 % TCI 146.00 Lakhs
Cost of Project 146.00Lakhs


Profile: Caramel colouring is a colour additive that is a dark-brown liquid or solid material resulting from the controlled heat treatment, often under pressure and at high temperature, of various food grade carbohydrates, such as high-dextrose corn syrup. Acids such as acetic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, or phosphoric acid may be used to break the bonds between sugars before the sugars are raised to a higher temperature for Caramelization. Caramelizing sugar is a term most often applied to melting sugar until it becomes a caramel colour liquid. Caramelized sugar is simply a mixture of sugar and water cooked until it becomes syrupy and darkens, and reaching a temperature from 320 to 356 degrees F. Caramel colour is a colloid, the specific gravity indicates the solids content and the strength of the colour. There are four distinct types of caramel colour as per their application to satisfy the requirements of different food and beverage systems: Caramel Colour I (also known as plain or spirit caramel), Caramel Colour II (caustic sulfite caramel), Caramel Colour III (ammonia or beer caramel, bakers and confectioners caramel) and Caramel Colour IV (known as sulfite ammonia, soft drink caramel, or acid proof caramel). Classification: • Caramel Colour I Plain caramel, caustic caramel, spirit caramel, used in Whiskey among many. • Caramel Colour II Caustic sulfite caramel, used in Cognac. • Caramel Colour III Ammonia caramel, baker's caramel, confectioner's caramel, beer caramel, used in Beer, soy sauce, and confectionery • Caramel Colour IV Sulfite ammonia caramel, acid proof caramel, soft drink caramel, used in Acidic environments such as soft drinks Application: Improving visual appeal is the primary purpose for caramel colour in a food or beverage system. Caramel colour also: • Protects other ingredients from light deterioration • Emulsifies flavour agents in the preparation of soft drink concentrates • Standardizes batch to batch colour variation • Caramel is used by the Malt and Milk foods industry as well as a natural colourant in pharmaceutical industries. • Caramel colour serves as an emulsifier to impede separation of flavour oils • Caramel colours also appear in beers, whiskeys, wines, rums and liqueurs. • Negatively charged caramels (and, sometimes, specifically formulated spirit caramel colours) work well in whiskeys, wines, rums and liqueurs • Soy sauce, which can be preserved with up to 15 percent salt, demands a caramel colour with the proper salt stability • Caramel colour is used to enhance the attractiveness of baked goods by supplementing the inadequate and irregular colouring power of refined ingredients in rye, pumpernickel, specialty breads, fillings, toppings, cakes and cookies. Global Scenario: The global food colours market was worth an estimated $1.45 billion in 2009 relays an August 2010 market report, The Global Market for Good Colours, by Leatherhead Food Research. World usage of food colours is currently about 40,000 to 50,000 tons. Although current economic conditions mean "annual growth levels have started to fall off sharply, says the report, by the middle of the next decade, the global market value is expected to reach $1.6 billion, up 10% from its present levels. From 2005 to 2009, the global market for natural colours increased almost 35% in value, with much future growth expected to come from natural colours and colouring foodstuffs. Foods account for some 67% of the food colouring global market, followed by soft drinks (28%) and alcoholic beverages (5%). The demand of Caramel colour in the market is immense and therefore its market position is splendid. Hence it is an excellent field to venture.

Caramel Colour from Sugar

Capacity 3 MT/Day Plant and Machinery cost 38.00 Lakhs
Working Capital 0.00 Rate of Return (ROR) 35.00 %
Break Even Point (BEP) 52.00 % TCI 174.00 Lakhs
Cost of Project 174.00Lakhs

Caramel is a well known Pure and simple, brown means flavor and staple commercial material. It is an amorphous, dark brown material that has been produced by the carefully controlled heat treatment of saccharine materials such as dextrose, invert sugar, lactose, malt syrup, molasses, sucrose, starch hydrolysates and fractions thereof, etc. The heavy bodied, almost black syrup contains color, components that impart the amber shade found in carbonated beverages, pharmaceutical and flavoring extracts, candies, soups, bakery products, and numerous other foods. Caramelization, the act of breaking up the natural sugar molecules in food to create a different flavor compound, makes everything taste better. Caramelization is one of the most important types of browning processes in foods. It is the interaction between sugar and sugar. Fructose and glucose are reducing sugars so they give their electrons to other molecules developing compounds which give caramel colors and flavors, viz; Diacetyl gives a buttery flavor, Furan gives a nutty flavor, Acetaldehyde gives a rum or cherry components flavor. Types of Caramel Color There are four distinct types of caramel color as per their application to satisfy the requirements of different food and beverage systems. Caramel Color I (also known as plain or spirit caramel), Caramel Color II (caustic sulfite caramel), Caramel Color III (ammonia or beer caramel, bakers and confectioners caramel), Caramel Color IV (known as sulfite ammonia, soft drink caramel, or acid proof caramel). Each type of caramel color has specific functional properties that ensure compatibility with a product and eliminate undesirable effects, such as haze, flocculation, and separation. Caramel colors are dark brown to black liquids or solids having an odor of burnt sugar and a pleasant, somewhat bitter taste. They are totally miscible with water and contain colloidal aggregates that account for most of their coloring properties and characteristic behavior toward acids, electrolytes, and tannins. Caramel colors are prepared by controlled heat treatment of carbohydrates. Uses & Applications Thousands of companies use caramel colors in the manufacture of various foods and beverages. Through the years, a great deal has been learned about the use of this ingredient. The following are items to be considered in developing formulations with caramel color. The caustic caramel colour, which is a viscous electro positive liquid colour. It imparts a Reddish yellow shade to Beer and is hence used in the Brewery Industry. This Caramel can also be used by the Malt and Milk foods industry as well as a natural colourant in pharmaceutical industries. Caramel colour is positively charged and is widely used in lagers and beers, bakery and confectionery, dairy and ice cream, brown sauces, pet foods, pharmaceuticals and health foods. The largest portion of caramel color usage in the world is Alcoholic beverages, Food products and Soft Drinks. Market Survey Coloring materials can enhance a product's natural color, replace what was lost during processing, or add a novel sensory aspect that attracts customers. The coloring category of ingredients also is undergoing great change around the world. With increasing consumer gravitation toward natural and nature derived food products, the Indian and the Middle East natural colors market is poised for high growth. Europe and the United States have witnessed widespread usage of natural colors, but the trend is fast catching up in India, the Middle East, and other Asian markets as consumer awareness grows. Growing awareness of the functional and nutritional benefits associated with the use of natural colors has boosted market prospects, paving the way for the utilization of natural colors in a host of food and beverage applications apart from the usual coloring properties. "Food and beverage manufacturers are constantly exploring ways to include indigenous ingredients and provide new age, value added, shelf stable natural colors. Food and drinks manufacturers across the world are turning in greater numbers towards natural colorings for inclusion within their products, as consumers increasingly shun foodstuffs containing artificial ingredients and additives. The trend is driving demand for colouring foodstuffs, which are coming into favour since they are not classed as additives and therefore require no E number. The food industry accounts for more than two thirds of the world market for food colours, ahead of soft drinks and alcoholic beverages. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Akay Flavours & Aromatics Ltd. Capsein Bio Lab Ltd. Dynemic Products Ltd. International Flavours & Fragrances (India) Ltd. Kancor Ingredients Ltd. Neelikon Food Dyes & Chemicals Ltd. Vidhi Dyestuffs Manufacturing Ltd.


  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.



NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

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Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

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• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR