Fertilizers are chemical compounds applied to promote plant and fruit growth. Fertilizers are usually applied either through the soil (for uptake by plant roots) or by foliar feeding (for uptake through leaves). Artificial fertilizers are inorganic fertilizers formulated in appropriate concentrations and the combinations supply three main nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (N, P and K) for various crops and growing conditions. N (nitrogen) promotes leaf growth and forms proteins and chlorophyll. P (phosphorus) contributes to root, flower and fruit development. K (potassium) contributes to stem and root growth and the synthesis of proteins
The physical condition of a soil is one of the fundamental factors affecting crop growth, development and yield. This is because the soil physical properties have very high degree of correlation with crop production and have high influence on soil fertility and crop performance.
NPK mixture fertilizers are formulated & recommended by agricultural scientists to enhance the output of the crops by giving it specific and exclusive blend of plant nutrients like balanced diet for human being. All the major plant nutrients like Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash are mixed in different ratios to make it suitable for specific crops. Therefore, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest.
Few Indian Major Players are as under
• Basant Agro Tech (India) Ltd.
• Bhilai Engineering Corpn. Ltd.
• Deccan Sales Corpn. Ltd.
• Deogiri Fertilisers Ltd.
• Hindustan Fertilizer Corpn. Ltd.
• Indian Farmers Fertiliser Co-Op. Ltd.
• Jamshedpur Cement Ltd.
• Kashi Urvarak Ltd.
• Khushhal Fertiliser Ltd.
• Krishak Bharati Co-Op. Ltd.
• Krishna Industrial Corpn. Ltd.
• Madras Fertilizers Ltd.
• Maruti Fertochem Ltd.
• North Eastern Regional Agri. Mktg. Corp. Ltd.
• Paradeep Phosphates Ltd.
• Premier Fertilisers Ltd.
• Rama Phosphates Ltd.
• Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd.
• Tata Chemicals Ltd.
• Tungabhadra Fertilizers & Chemicals Co. Ltd.