Geotextiles were used in roadway construction to stabilize roadways and their edges. These early geotextiles were made from natural fibres, fabrics or vegetation mixed with soil to improve road quality, particularly when roads were made on unstable soil. Recently have geotextiles been used and evaluated for contemporary construction. Geotextiles today are highly developed products that has got to suits numerous standards.
Geotextiles should fulfill certain requirements love it must permit material exchange between air and soil without which plant growth is impossible, it must be penetrable by roots etc. and it must allow rain water to penetrate the soil from outside and also excess water to empty out of the world without erosion of the soil. To get of these properties in geotextiles, the right choice of textile Fibre is very important. The various synthetic fibers utilized in geotextiles are nylon, polyester, polypropylene while some natural fibres like ramie, jute etc. also can be used. The worldwide geotextiles market is expected to be over $12 billion by 2024, growing at a rate of 5-7 per cent. Rapid urbanization in China, India and Brazil alongside favorable government initiatives to enhance infrastructure will favor the housing, transport, and construction and energy industries, thereby scaling up the dimensions of the geotextiles industry.
Increasing environmental concerns alongside a shift in consumer trends towards green buildings and material is probably going to positively influence industry growth. In India, the geotextiles market is predicted to continue the momentum of double-digit growth on the rear of a robust infrastructure push. Growing construction within the country is one among the most important factors expected to assist the geotextiles market. The railway sector is another fast emerging application area for geotextiles, as upcoming metro rail, passenger train and high speed train projects within the country are expected to fuel the demand for geotextiles.
Geotextiles are being widely and increasingly used in the infrastructure sector to construct retaining walls and steep slopes, highways, airports, municipal landfill sites (under Central Pollution Control Board guidelines), for ground improvement and shore protection works, etc. With climate change and the increasing carbon footprint posing a huge challenge, geotextiles products offer sustainable solutions. The potential for the use of geotextiles is dependent on the soil type in a project area. Some of the areas where these materials can be used are in black cotton soils, coastal and delta regions, hilly terrain and in reinforced soil structures. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project.
Few Indian major players are as under
Parry Enterprises India Ltd.
Skaps Industries India Pvt. Ltd.
Strata Geosystems (India) Pvt. Ltd
Techfab (India) Inds. Ltd.
Terram Geosynthetics Pvt. Ltd.
Maccaferri Environmental Solutions Pvt. Ltd.