Controlled atmosphere (CA) storage involves maintaining an atmospheric composition that is different from air composition (about 78% N2, 21% O2, and 0.03% CO2); generally, O2 below 8% and CO2 above 1% are used. Controlled atmosphere storage is a system for holding produce in an atmosphere that differs substantially from normal air in respect to CO2 and O2 levels. Controlled atmosphere storage refers to the constant monitoring and adjustment of the CO2 and O2 levels within gas tight stores or containers. The gas mixture will constantly change due to metabolic activity of the respiring fruits and vegetables in the store and leakage of gases through doors and walls. The gases are therefore measured periodically and adjusted to the predetermined level by the introduction of fresh air or nitrogen or passing the store atmosphere through a chemical to remove CO2. The use of controlled atmosphere storage has great potential to reduce the postharvest use of chemicals, maintain the nutritional quality of fruits and vegetables and reduce physical losses. This revised edition incorporates the latest research to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the range of conditions currently in use, their effect on flavour, quality and physiology, the influence of pests and diseases, environmental factors and packaging as well as a synthesis of recommendations for each fruit and vegetable. The Indian agricultural sector is witnessing a major shift from traditional farming to horticulture, meat and poultry and dairy products, all of which are perishables. The demand for fresh and processed fruits and vegetables is increasing as urban populations rise and consumption habits change. Therefore, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest.
Few Indian Major Players are as under:
- Allana Cold Storage Ltd.
- Anjaneya Cold Storage Ltd.
- Asvini Fisheries Pvt. Ltd.
- H M G Industries Ltd.
- Hindusthan Ice & Cold Storage Co. Ltd.
- Ideal Ice & Cold Storage Co. Ltd.
- Indagro Foods Ltd.
- Jindal Steel & Alloys Ltd.
- Karnavati Cold Storage Ltd.
- Karnimata Cold Storage Ltd.
- Kisan Cold Storage & Refrigeration Service Ltd.
- Mohan Meakin Ltd.
- Nav Bharat Refrigeration & Inds. Ltd.
- Prabhu Hira Ice & Cold Storage Ltd.
- Ram'S Assorted Cold Storage Ltd.
- Sri Vatsa Hotels Ltd.
- Universal Cold Storage Pvt. Ltd.
- Uptown Trading & Investments Ltd.
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