The Chlorinated Paraffin’s (CP) industry is a large consumer of chlorine, accounting for around 12% of all chlorine generated in the country. Chlorinated paraffin’s are a type of chlorinated hydrocarbon with a straight chain length [CnH (2n +2)], with carbon atoms ranging from C10 to C20. Chlorination of n-paraffin or paraffin wax, usually in a batch process, produces chlorinated paraffins. The reaction is exothermic, resulting in the production of hydrochloric acid as a byproduct. To make final batches, remaining residues of acid are removed and a stabiliser is added.
Straight-chain hydrocarbons that have been chlorinated are known as chlorinated paraffins wax. Wax is classed according to its carbon-chain length and chlorination percentage, with carbon-chain lengths ranging from C10 to C30 and chlorination percentages ranging from around 35 percent to greater than 70 percent by weight. Chlorinating paraffin wax fractions derived from petroleum distillation produces chlorinated paraffin wax. Short-chain (C10-13), intermediate-chain (C14-17), and long-chain (C18-20) paraffins are the three most often utilised commercial feedstocks (C18-30).
This paraffin wax is commonly utilised in flexible PVC compounds as a secondary plasticizer. The provided paraffin wax is processed using advanced technology in accordance with industry quality standards. In the metalworking sector, chlorinated paraffins are utilised as extreme pressure lubricant additives. It's used in polymers to make fire-retardant and water-repellent coated cloth, among other things. They're also found in rubber chalk and sealants. In the vinyl business, it's employed as a supplementary plasticizer.
Because of their high performance (low volatility), nondrying and no polymerizing qualities, chemical resistance, and moisture resistance, chlorinated paraffins are employed as a general purpose plasticizer in various applications.
The market for chlorinated paraffin was valued at over USD 1.6 billion in 2016, and the sector is expected to develop at a CAGR of more than 3% through 2024. Chlorinated paraffin wax is a class of synthetic organic chemical compounds made up of n-alkanes with chlorine concentrations ranging from 30% to 70% by weight. Natural alkanes are chlorinated to generate it. By 2024, the global market for chlorinated paraffin will exceed USD 2 billion; according to global market expansion in the plastic and manufacturing industries, as well as the aerospace and automotive sectors, is a key element fueling product demand throughout growing areas.
Few Indian Major Players
1. Aditya Birla Chemicals (India) Ltd.
2. Faith Industries Ltd.
3. Gujarat Alkalies & Chemicals Ltd.
4. Ideal Chemicals (India) Pvt. Ltd.