Hexamethoxymethyl Melamine (HMMM) Manufacturing Business. Profitable Business Ideas in Melamine Formaldehyde Resins Industry
Hexa (methoxymethyl) melamine (HMMM)-containing resins are used in the production of coatings and plastics for cans, coils, and automobiles. A previous study demonstrated that this compound was associated with acute toxic effects on daphnia. Hexamethoxymethyl Melamine (HMMM) HMMM is a Hexa (methoxymethyl) melamine resin. It is used as a crosslinking agent with resorcinol or a novolak resin and as an adhesion promoter in rubber compounds with a variety of substrates. It is recommended as a replacement for hexamethylene-tetramine due to lower toxicity and less effect on scorch times. It is Crosslinking agent is a commercial grade of Hexamethoxymethyl melamine (HMMM) which supplied in liquid form. It is a versatile crosslinking agent for a wide range of polymeric materials, both organo-soluble and water-borne. It is soluble in most commonly used organic solvent but solubility in water is limited-when blended with most other water-reduciable resins, tolerates dilution in water.
Highly etherified, low molecular weight hexamethoxymethyl melamine-formaldehyde resin supplied in liquid form at 98% minimum solids and applying for high solid or waterborne finishes, Automotive or general metals finishes, Coil or container coatings and Inks.
There is one member of the melamine-formaldehyde coating resin family that deserves special consideration. This is hexamethoxymethyl melamine (HMMM). This is a methylated rather than a butylated or isobutylated product. HMMM, as opposed to melamine-formaldehyde resins of the usual type, does not self-condense to any great degree. The reaction is primarily with the sites on the backbone of the principal film former, the alkyd resin.
Formaldehyde coating types HMMM will react with thermo settable acrylic polymers; either through hydroxyl or carboxyl groups, with the same improvement in properties as described for alkyd types HMMM is compatible with epoxy resins and may be used in the same manner as urea-formaldehyde resins are used to cross-link these polymers. Less is required, and improvements in initial color, gloss, and chemical resistance may be expected.
Melamine formaldehyde is used in variety of product which are valued on basis of its toughness and ease of manufacturing, resultantly most of the melamine formaldehyde resins are highly customized as per the requirements of particular application. The curing behavior and the degree of cross-linking of melamine and formaldehyde determines tailored products properties such as electrical resistance, thermal stability and mechanical properties. Melamine formaldehyde resins has been extensively used for surface coating, especially for automotive top coats and metal furniture. However rising government regulation over release of formaldehyde in environment is decreasing use of melamine formaldehyde for coating manufacturing. Most common uses of melamine formaldehyde resin includes dinnerware, bathroom accessories, electrical breakers, receptacles, knobs and handles, kitchen utensils, appliance components, adhesives, laminates, textile, medium density fiberboard and hard boards among others.
Melamine is an organic chemical compound obtained by thermal decomposition of urea in a liquid phase reaction. It exists in powder form at room temperature and is commercially available in white crystalline powder form with 99.8% purity. Melamine readily reacts with formaldehyde to produce melamine-formaldehyde (MF) resins.
Demand for melamine is largely attributed to strong growth in the global construction industry and rising demand for lightweight and low-emission automotive. MF resins are widely employed in the manufacture of laminated wooden panels. These resins exhibit strong resistance to heat, stain, abrasion, and chemical reaction; thus, these are extensively employed in construction applications such as remodeling, furniture, and specialties laminates for electrical applications.
The melamine market is largely driven by demand for laminates in building & construction activities. In terms of revenue, laminates accounted for more than 50% share of the global melamine market in 2014. Adhesives & sealants is another key application of melamine; this segment is projected to witness above-average growth rate during the forecast period. Other key applications of melamine include molding compounds, paints & coatings, flame retardants, textile resins, concrete plasticizers, and paper finish.
Rapid urbanization, increase in disposable income, and rise in standard of living are key factors contributing to robust growth of the building and construction industry. This is one of the key drivers for the melamine market. Melamine resins are also used in the production of adhesives that are largely employed in panel laminations, hotline fixing of car seats, headlamps, trim, and other interior component assemblies in the automotive industry. Thus, rising importance of lightweight vehicles with lower emissions and increased fuel efficiency is expected to eliminate the usage of fixtures such as screws, nuts, and clamps in automotive assembling.
Countries in Eastern Europe including Turkey, Russia, and Poland are anticipated to exhibit high growth in the melamine market during the forecast period. North America is projected to witness sluggish growth in the melamine market in the next few years. Latin America is expected to exhibit high growth owing to high demand for melamine in laminates and paper finish applications.
Melamine is a white crystalline powder with 99.8% purity and is commonly used in the production of melamine-formaldehyde (MF) resins. Melamine-based resins are moisture-resistant and hard. Melamine contains nearly 66% nitrogen by mass. Thus, it offers flame-retardant properties when mixed with resins. MF resins release nitrogen gas when burned or charred. Melamine is used in a broad range of applications such as laminates, adhesives, molding compounds, surface coatings, paper treatments, textile resins, and flame retardants. Rapid urbanization, increase in disposable income, and rise in standard of living are key factors contributing to robust growth of the building and construction industry.
The global melamine formaldehyde market is growing, owing to the huge demand for manufacturing laminates and adhesives. Apart from this, melamine formaldehyde is widely used in the construction industry in the form of sulfonated melamine formaldehyde in concrete plasticizers. Growing population coupled with increase in urbanization drives the overall construction industry, which in turn is expected to boost the growth of the overall melamine formaldehyde market.
Increasing use of melamine formaldehyde in automotive manufacturing contributes to overall growth in the global melamine formaldehyde market. The building & construction sector, automotive market, and packaging market have seen growth or resurgence that has contributed to projected increase in the world-wide market for melamine formaldehyde. Melamine formaldehyde resins are thermally resistant due to which adhesives which are manufactured from melamine formaldehyde offer diverse advantages which contribute to the consumer product value.
Urea formaldehyde (UF) resin is an opaque cross linked thermosetting polymer produced by condensation of urea and formaldehyde in an aqueous solution in the presence of ammonia as an alkaline catalyst. The product of the reaction is a colorless solution that is dried to form a powder for end applications. Urea formaldehyde solutions can be strengthened with an addition of cellulose and can also be tainted by adding pigments to make light, thin, strong, colorful, and translucent articles for household applications. The Asia Pacific urea formaldehyde resin market is estimated to grow to $3,427.7 million by 2018 at a CAGR of 6.6% from the year 2013-2018.
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