Niir Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) through its network of project consultants in a wide range of business and technological disciplines is engaged in providing services to its clients by way of preparation of project reports. We provide the pre-investment information and business plans required for promoters, business leaders, young entrepreneurs, women entrepreneurs, investors, NRI (Non Resident India), startups, professionals looking to start their own venture. The comprehensive project profile reports cover all the aspects of business, from analyzing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. the scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet, break-even point, rate of return (ROR), etc. the DPR is formulated by highly accomplished and experienced consultants and the market research and analysis are supported by a panel of experts and digitized data bank.

How to Manufacture Carbon Black A Profitable Business Idea You Can Start

Capacity 0 Plant and Machinery cost 0.00 Lakhs
Working Capital 0.00 Rate of Return (ROR) 0.00 %
Break Even Point (BEP) 0.00 % TCI 0.00 Lakhs
Cost of Project 0.00Lakhs


Carbon black is made up of small particles that are mostly carbon. In the processing of carbon black, various properties are regulated by partially combusting oil or gases. Carbon black is commonly used in a variety of applications, ranging from newspaper inks' black coloring pigment to high-tech materials' electric conductive agent. Carbon black particles are spherical in form and crystalline less frequently than graphite. As carbon black is heated to 3,000° C (5,400° F) for an extended period of time, it transforms into graphite. Carbon blacks are among the most finely divided materials known, with particle sizes varying greatly depending on the manufacturing process.


Applications of Carbon Black:


Carbon black is a simple material with a long history of use as a coloring agent, dating back to before the birth of Christ. Carbon black is also being used in new fields such as electrical appliances and devices because it contains nano-particles with different functions such as ultra-violet absorption and conductivity. Carbon black, a well-known but relatively new commodity, has a variety of uses.


Related Project:- Production Of Carbon Black


1.   Ink and Paint Coloring Agent: Carbon black is used in newspaper inks, printing inks, India inks, and paints since it has a stronger tinting ability than iron black or organic pigments. Carbon black is also used in inkjet inks and toners as a black dye.


2.   Colorants for resins and films: Carbon black has a high tinting strength and is thermally stable, making it ideal for coloring heat-formed resins and films. When a small amount of carbon black is mixed with resins, it has a great ability to absorb ultraviolet light, offering excellent UV resistance as well as a coloring effect. Carbon black is commonly used to colour resins and films in general. Automobile bumpers, wire coverings, and steel pipe linings all use carbon black-based resins for their weather resistance.


3.   Conductive Electricity: The graphite-type crystalline structure of carbon black particles provides excellent electric conductivity. Carbon black is used as a conductive filler in a variety of materials, including plastics, elastomers, paints, adhesives, films, and pastes. Electric conductivity is expected of fuel caps and fuel-introducing pipes in automobiles, for example, to prevent static. As a result, carbon black is widely used as an antistatic agent.


Related Book:- The Complete Technology Book on Chemical Industries


4.   Materials Concerning Electronic Equipment: Carbon black also has a stable resistance, which is why it's used in electronic devices including display components and magnetic recording media. In addition, Mitsubishi Chemical has been developing carbon black with a variety of combined functions for use in a variety of applications.


Manufacturing process:


At temperatures ranging from 1320 to 1540°C (2400 to 2800°F), carbon black is formed by the reaction of a hydrocarbon fuel such as oil or gas with a restricted supply of combustion air. The unburned carbon is collected as a very fine black fluffy particle with a diameter of 10 to 500 nanometers (nm). Carbon black is primarily used as a reinforcing agent in rubber compounds (particularly tires) and as a pigment.


Related Videos:- Chemicals (Organic, Inorganic, Industrial)


1.   Oil Furnace Phase - An aromatic liquid hydrocarbon feedstock is heated and continuously pumped into the combustion zone of a natural gas-fired furnace, where it decomposes to form carbon black. To prevent cracking, primary quench water cools the gases to 500°C (1000°F). By passing through heat exchangers and direct water sprays, the exhaust gases encasing the carbon particles are cooled to about 230°C (450°F). A cloth filter is used to isolate the black from the gas stream. The filter may be preceded by a cyclone for primary collection and particle agglomeration. Several manifolded furnaces are often served by a single collection method. Pulverizing and wet pelletizing increase the bulk density of the recovered carbon black to make it marketable. In a gas-fired rotary dryer, water from the wet pelletizer is removed. It is possible to use oil or process gas. Between 35 and 70 percent of the dryer's combustion gas is charged directly to the dryer's interior, with the remainder serving as an indirect heat source. The doctor Depending on the feed composition and the grade of black produced, process yields vary from 35 to 65 percent. The particle size and other physical and chemical properties of the black are determined by the furnace design and operating conditions. Large particle blacks produce the highest yields, while small particle blacks produce the lowest. Natural gas is thermally decomposed (cracked) into carbon particles, hydrogen, and a mixture of other organics in a cyclic procedure known as the thermal phase. In regular operation, two furnaces are used. The first produces carbon black and hydrogen by cracking natural gas. Water sprays cool the effluent gas from the first reactor to around 125°C (250°F), and the black is deposited in a cloth.

2.   Thermal Process: The filtered gas (90 percent hydrogen, 6% methane, and 4% higher hydrocarbons) is used to heat a second reactor via a thermal process. The positions of the reactors are reversed when the first reactor becomes too cold to crack the natural gas feed, and the second reactor is used to crack the gas while the first is heated. In most cases, there is enough hydrogen generated to make the thermal black process self-sustaining, and the excess hydrogen is used to power boilers that supply process steam and electricity.


Market outlook:


In 2020, the carbon black market was worth USD 15,495.32 million, and it is expected to develop at a CAGR of about 5.15 percent over the forecast period (2021-2026). The market was dominated by the tyres and industrial rubber products application segment, which is expected to expand over the forecast period. Because of its influence on the mechanical and dynamic properties of tyres, carbon black is one of the most commonly used reinforces in the tyre industry.


Market Research: - Market Research Report


Incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as coal tar, FCC tar, or ethylene cracking tar produces carbon black. Process form, application, and geography are all used to segment the carbon black market. The market is divided into four types of processes: furnace black, gas black, lamp black, and thermal black. Tires and automotive rubber goods, plastics, toners and printing inks, paints and coatings, textile fabrics, and other applications make up the industry. The tyres and automotive rubber products application is the largest segment of the carbon black market, accounting for roughly 75% of total market share. Tires made of carbon black are used in automobiles. It's used as a filler as well as a reinforcing agent for power.


Profile- Project Reports & Profiles


It's used in a variety of tyre formulations with various rubber forms to customise tyre performance properties. The global tyre production volume reached 16.8 million metric tonnes in 2019, according to IRSG (International Rubber Study Group). Furthermore, from 2.36 billion units in 2019, the total global tyre market volume is forecast to hit 2.75 billion units by 2024. In light of COVID-19's effects, the global tyre industry is expected to recover slowly in 2021, with a substantial recovery beginning in 2022.


Key Players:

·         Cabot Corp.

·         Birla Carbon

·         Tokai Carbon Co. Ltd.

·         Continental Carbon Company

·         Omsk Carbon Group


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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


Our Approach:

• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR