Limelight used oxygen extracted from the barium oxide Brin process, for example. This method involved roasting barium oxide in air at 590°C and then raising the temperature to 870°C to produce barium peroxide. The formed peroxide decomposes back into oxide at 870°C, releasing more or less pure oxygen that can be cooled and compressed into steel gas cylinders.
The process was ingenious in that it did not require any continuous input of raw materials other than air and electricity, despite its crudeness. Oxygen is non-corrosive and can be found in almost any metal. However, all oil, grease, and other combustible materials must be removed from piping and containers before placing them into oxygen operation.
Nitrogen gas is a chemical compound formed from elemental nitrogen, which is abundant in the planet's atmosphere and in most biochemical reactions. The ability of nitrogen to form several bonds with various other elements and compounds is one of its special properties. The chemical element nitrogen has the symbol N and the atomic number 7.
Nitrogen is the most common gas in the atmosphere, having been discovered and isolated by Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford in 1772. (78 percent). Its first major industrial application was in the production of ammonia, which is used as an intermediate in the chemical industry to make a variety of compounds, especially nitrogenous fertilisers. The oxygen in the air is broken down in the combustion process to produce carbon dioxide, water, and heat.
Nitrogen isn't needed for the process to work. Nitrogen in the air, in reality, has a negative effect on combustion processes. The reaction heats nitrogen to extremely high combustion temperatures, which is then expelled through the flue. In essence, the heated nitrogen exiting the flue is equivalent to dumping fuel from the stack. Nitrogen blanketing is applied to solids and liquids that are flammable or explosive. Certain chemicals, solid structures, and stored food products have properties that must be shielded from ambient oxygen and moisture degradation.
The products are kept safe by being kept in a nitrogen setting. On account of increasing demand from the metal industry, especially steel, the India industrial gases market was valued at $ 2.1 billion in 2017 and is expected to rise at a CAGR of over 11% to surpass $ 3.9 billion in 2023. As a whole any entrepreneur can venture in this project without risk and earn profit.
Few Indian Major Players
· Air Liquide India Holding Pvt. Ltd.
· Arrow Oxygen Ltd.
· Bellary Oxygen Co. Pvt. Ltd.
· Bhagawati Oxygen Ltd.
· Bhilai Oxygen Ltd.
· Govind Poy Oxygen Ltd.
· Howrah Gases Ltd.
· Linde India Ltd.