Spices are used in food and beverage preparation for flavour, colour, scent, and preservation. Spices can come from a variety of plant components, including the bark, buds, flowers, fruits, leaves, rhizomes, roots, seeds, stigmas and styles, and the entire plant tops. Plants having aromatic leaves are referred to be herbs, which is a subset of spice. Spices are frequently dried and used in their unprocessed but intact form.
Chilli, often known as red pepper, is a member of the solanaceae family and belongs to the genus capsicum. They're thought to have come from South America. Chillies are known by a variety of names, including chillies, chile, hot peppers, bell peppers, red peppers, pod peppers, cayenne peppers, paprika, pimento, and capsicum.
Chilli may be found all around the world. Chilli is a widely used spice in both residential and commercial applications. Chilli can be professionally exploited to extract chilli oil and oleoresin, and then processed into chilli powders to be used as ground chilli spices. Solvent extraction or steam distillation will be used to extract the oil and oleoresin from the chilli pepper.
Chilli oil is typically a bright red colour. It's made with vegetable oil, soybean oil, or sesame oil, though olive oil or other oils can be used as well. Chilli oil is a spice made from vegetable oil and infused with chilli peppers. It is commonly used in Chinese cuisine, as well as in East and Southeast Asia and other parts of the world. Chilli oil is made from dried chillis that have been preserved in oil.
Chilli flakes, red pepper flakes, and crushed red pepper flakes are all synonyms for the same thing: a condiment/spice consisting of dried and crushed whole chilies (seeds and all). Red pepper flakes are frequently made up of several distinct peppers. Chilli flakes, on the other hand, are usually a single type of pepper.
Chilli Powder: Chilli powder is a reddish-brown powdered spice combination. It contains cayenne pepper for heat, but it also contains spices like cumin, garlic powder, oregano, and paprika to give it the flavours of chilli con carne. Depending on the blend, one part cayenne to seven parts other spices is used. The heat level of each kind of chilli powder varies, although it is always far less than that of pure ground chilli peppers.
Chilies are consumed and exported in huge quantities in India. It utilises over 6.2 million tonnes, or roughly 90% of the country's total output. Demand from the chilli powder-producing sector accounts for 30% of overall production in the country. This crop is exported in a variety of forms, including chilli powder, dried chilies, pickled chilies, and chilli oleoresins.
Few Indian Major Players
1. A D F Foods Ltd.
2. Catch Foods (India) Ltd.
3. Devon Foods Ltd.
4. Empire Spices & Foods Ltd.
5. Enjayes Spices & Chemical Oils Ltd.
6. Everest Industries Ltd.