Lithium batteries are now powering a wide range of electrical and electronical devices, including laptop computers, mobile phones, power tools, telecommunication systems and new generations of electric cars and vehicles.
Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, also known as secondary batteries, are rechargeable batteries in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode, usually made of carbon, to the positive electrode made of a metal oxide (nickel, manganese and cobalt) during discharge, and back when charging. The electrolyte is typically a mixture of organic solvents, such as ethylene carbonate, dimethyl carbonate or diethyl carbonate, containing complexes of lithium ions, such as lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6),
The India lithium-ion battery market is expected to grow at a robust CAGR of 29.26% during the forecast period, 2018-2023.
The Indian automobile sector is one of the most prominent sectors of the country, accounting for nearly 7.1% of the national GDP. The industry produced a total of 25.31 million vehicles, including commercial, passenger, two, and three vehicles and commercial quadricycle in April-March 2017, as against 24.01 million in April-March 2016. However, India has set itself an ambitious target of having only electric vehicles (EV) by 2030, which is expected to increase the demand for lithium-ion batteries in India, significantly.