Maize is one of the cereal grains which produces through out India and is placed 3rd position in agricultural base production. Maize is constituted by hull, germ, protein, starch and moisture. There is dry and wet milling process of manufacturing of starch, zein, germ and hulls. Starch is the basic constituent of maize and it is converted to liquid glucose by adopting series of digestion steps on starch. It will be basically enzyme and acid digestion system. It may be enzyme enzyme system or only acid digestion system. In the production of liquid glucose there is some production of dextrose anhydride. There are several plant and machinery required for the production of dextrose such as Digestion Tank, Digestion Column, Jacketed Reaction Kettle, Ion Exchange Column, Receiver Vessels, Packing Machine and Weighing Machine. For testing the product there is requirement of Spectrophotometer, Glass cylinder, etc. As a whole it can be concluded that there is availability of raw materials according to market demand and it can be stored for long time in the dry place. Handling of the raw material is not difficult. Starch is a tasteless, odorless, white amorphous powder, insoluble in water. All green plants store Starch as nourishment for the future. Starch is one of the fundamental substances in the vegetable kingdom and is in existence abundantly in the natural world. Starch is produced from various sources such as corn (maize), tapioca etc. Starch is a mixture of two polymers namely amylase and amylospectin. Uses & Applications Pure Starches can be physically modified into various products of varied characteristics. Starch can be potentially used in large number of preparations. Its major applications are in textiles and paper manufacture and in food and pharmaceutical industries. Starch is used in the manufacture of number of products such as starch esters, starch phosphates, glucose, dextrose, sorbitol, ethyl alcohol etc. Industry & Specific Uses Food, Paper, Adhesives, Textiles and Many more. Market Survey Maize (Corn) contains about 70% starch, other components being protein, fibers and fat. The basis of the maize milling process is the separation of the maize kernel into its different parts. Maize starch is produced by the wet milling process, which involves grinding of softened maize and separation of corn oil seeds (germs), gluten (proteins), fibers (husk) and finally pure starch. Maize is doing wonderful things in our everyday life. Maize is present in one form or other in: The Food we eat, The Milk we drink, The Chocolates/Biscuits we take, The Clothes we wear, The Paper we read and The Medicines we take. Karnataka, AP, Bihar, MP. UP and Rajasthan are the main maize producing areas. It is also produced in Assam, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, HP, Jammu Kashmir, and Orissa. Punjab, West Bengal etc. Expiry rate of maize is fixed according to Nizamabad mandi. Apart from Nizamabad, Karimnagar in AP is also a delivery centre. In Maharashtra, Jalna and Jalgaon are the delivery centres while in Karnataka, Davengere is a delivery centre. Nimbaheda in Rajasthan, Ratlam in MP and Bahraich in UP are the delivery centres which are approved by the NCDEX There is a very good scope and ample space for growth in this field. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Few Indian Major Players are as Under:
- Bharat Starch Inds. Ltd.
- English Indian Clays Ltd.
- Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd.
- Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd.
- Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd.
- Hindustan Maize Products Ltd.
- Indian Maize & Chemicals Ltd.
- International Bestfoods Ltd.
- Jayant Vitamins Ltd.
- K G Gluco Biols Ltd.
- Kamala Sugar Mills Ltd.
- Laxmi Starch Ltd.
- Origin Agrostar Ltd.
- Rai Agro Inds. Ltd.
- Riddhi Siddhi Gluco Biols Ltd.
- Santosh Starch Ltd.
- Santosh Starch Products Ltd.
- Sayaji Industries Ltd.
- Starch & Chemicals Ltd.
- Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Ltd.
- Tirupati Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Unique Sugars Ltd.
- Universal Starch Chem Allied Ltd.
- Wockhardt Health Care Ltd.
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