Gum Arabic, also referred to as gum acacia, may be a natural gum harvested from the outside of Acacia trees within the sort of dry, hard nodules up to 50 mm in diameter, and starting from almost colorless to brown. Its unique properties endow it with a large range of uses in food, beverage, pharmaceutical and industrial applications. Gum Arabic is formed from an exudates from the Acacia Senegal and Acacia seyal trees, it's a water soluble gum and soluble in cold water and can increase in solubility by heating. Fortunately, of all the natural gums, only gum acacia is soluble (can be dissolved) enough in water to form spray-drying a cost-effective and desirous option.
A gum is produced by making an incision within the bark of the tree and collecting the exudates repeatedly throughout the season. Gums so obtained contains small lumps, usually transparent and lightweight yellow. Trees produce gums by a process called gummosis, possibly as a protective mechanism, either after mechanical damage to the bark or after a bacterial, insect, or fungal attack upon it. The Acacia Senegal tree yields the best amount of gum acacia when it's in an unhealthy condition, and good culture methods reduce the yield. The name gum Arabic is usually also applied to substitutes for gum acacia, including gum gatti, collected in India.
The growth of the global market is driven by the rising income levels, multiple functionalities of gum Arabic in the food & beverages industry, and the rising awareness regarding the medicinal benefits of gum Arabic. Global Industry Analysis and Forecast, 2017-2025,” indicate that the market, which is presently worth nearly US$ 300 MN, will expand steadily at 5.4% CAGR. Gum Arabic has several value-added benefits over gelatin, starch, and other additives used in drinks as it has proven to be a better stabilizing and emulsifying agent. Beverage manufacturers and makers of edible flavors, syrups, and concentrates have been increasingly using gum Arabic as a functional ingredient in soft drinks, smoothies, fruit-flavored water and beverages, and various soft-alcoholic drinks. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project.
Few Indian major players are as under
Ashland India Pvt. Ltd.
Continental Chemicals Ltd.
India Glycols Ltd.
Rishi Trading Co. Ltd.