Rubber is polymer of butadiene and one of the most important chemical ingredients, which is widely used in the different field of modern advance world. Rubber is specially used in the tyre Industry, which is used in the different type of vehicles. Rubber products require rubber as a raw material. Either natural rubber, which is often cultivated on large plantations – with all the problems associated with a monoculture or alternatively synthetic rubber, which is produced using crude oil. Both processes use a high amount of resources.
Waste tyres are a huge problem throughout the world. There is large number of tyres used in the vehicles and also change of the tyres also regularly happened. Old tyres, which cannot be repaired further, that can be used for another by product of the waste tyres. Rubber powder is one of the major byproduct of waste tyre recycling. Rubber powder has large number of use in the different section of the industry.
Waste tyre recycling technology is very cost effective and performs 100% wastage tyre recycling (No churn left after the process). In this process no chemical ingredients are used, therefore it is environment friendly. Raw material (wastage tyre) is cheap and easily available, Generate economically valuable products out of waste tyres and products have good market value and demand. Also each recycled ton of tyres preserves 10 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) that is a major greenhouse gas.
1. It is fine powder of size of 5 meshes to 200 meshes.
2. It is insoluble in water.
3. It does not react with alkali or normal acid.
4. Bulk density of rubber powder 0.85 - 0.90.
There is a rapid market increase of rubber powder in India. Demand of rubber powder in India is increased by 5%-8%. There is fair scope of this product. There is a difference between recycling and reclaiming. While recycling includes any form of reuse of waste rubber, reclaim involves de-polymerisation. In recycling, the vulcanised rubber is ground either by cryogenic or ambient grinding process. In reclaim the ground rubber is treated with heat and chemicals.
Few Indian Major Players
1. Arihant International Ltd.
2. Elgi Rubber Products Ltd.
3. Rubber Products Intl. (India) Ltd.
4. Rubber Products Ltd.
5. Tinna Rubber & Infrastructure Ltd.
6. Tyre Corpn. Of India Ltd.