As a dry-formed panel product made from lignocellulosic fibers mixed with a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, fiberboard (MDF) is produced. A hot press is used to compress the panels to a density of between 496 and 801 kilogrammes per cubic meter (kg/m3) (31 to 50 pounds per cubic foot [lb/ft3]). A synthetic glue or other suitable organic binder forms the whole interfiber link.
MDF has a more consistent density throughout the board and may be machined due to its smooth, tight edges. There is no requirement for veneers or laminates because it can be finished with a smooth surface and printed with a grain pattern. The majority of the thicker MDF panels used in furniture panels range in thickness from 1.27 to 1.91 centimeters [cm] (1/2 to 3/4 inch [in.]). Siding commonly uses medium density fiberboard panels that are thinner than 1.27 cm (1/2 in.).
MDF, a manmade wood product related to particleboard, is one of these. However, MDF is a far more refined material than particleboard, which is just a mixture of wood chunks and shavings bound together with resin.
Additionally, finer materials can be crushed more tightly to create denser, stronger panels. The advantages of converting wood into a fibrous material are numerous. It has no grain at all. This indicates that MDF is extremely stable and is unaffected by variations in humidity. Additionally, the finer material produces a smooth, flat, homogeneous surface that serves as the ideal foundation for plastic laminate and wood veneer.
As long as carbide cutters are utilized, MDF may be worked just like any other type of wood product. MDF is typically not organically stained or polished. Usually, it is painted or covered in wood veneer or plastic laminate.
Paint adheres easily to MDF. With a layer of primer and a few coats of paint, MDF looks good, unlike particleboard or plywood where the surface grain is visible.
Uses and Application
· Laminate Flooring
· Laminating & Finishing
· Store Fixtures
· Office & Residential Furniture
· Edge Shaping & Machining
· Kitchen Cabinets
MDF is very consistent throughout, so cut edges appear smooth and won't have voids or splinters. Because of the smooth edges, you can use a router to create decorative edges. The consistency and smoothness of MDF allow for easy cutting of detailed designs (such as scrolled or scalloped designs) using a scroll saw, band saw, or jigsaw. The surface of MDF is very smooth, making it a great surface for painting.
In India, the MDF market is thought to be worth H35 billion and has increased at a CAGR of 5-8 percent over the previous five years. The difference between supply and demand has grown as a result of the Central Government's decision to deny new permits for the production of plywood. This is a good development for the MDF market and will lead to more engineered panel materials being used.
Wood serves as the main raw material for the manufacture of MDF and particle boards. According to FAO, the demand for wood from the Indian wood-based panel industry has grown at a CAGR of 5.5% over the last 10 years and is projected to continue to grow at a CAGR of 5% through 2020.
Due to expanding demand from the wood and paper sectors as well as stringent Central Government forest protection regulations, wood prices have been steadily rising over the past ten years. Since the company lacks any long-term commitments for the supply of raw materials, rising wood costs could put a strain on its profitability.
Rapid urbanization is driving up demand for pre-assembled furniture made of engineered panels like MDF. MDF penetration in India is only 7% of the entire wood substrate market, which is quite low compared to the global average of 80%.
The MDF sector has grown at a 20 percent CAGR over the previous five years due to rising awareness, the introduction of major, specialized players into the market, and rising applications. Given the high prices of plywood and the growing popularity of MDF, we anticipate the MDF market will expand at a 15-20 percent CAGR over the coming years.
Industry Major Market Players:
· Arauco (Chile)
· Centuryply (India)
· Daiken Corporation (Japan)
· Duratex (Brazil)
· Fantoni Spa (Italy)
· Greenpanel (India)
· M. Kaindl KG (Austria)
· Roseburg Forest Products (U.S.)
· Rushil Décor (India)
· Swiss Krono Group (Switzerland)
· Uniboard (Canada)
· Unilin (Belgium)
· VRG Dongwha (Vietnam)
· West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. (Canada)
· Weyerhaeuser (U.S.)
· Kronospan (Switzerland)
· Egger (Austria)