Melamine resin or melamine formaldehyde (also shortened to melamine) is a hard, thermosetting plastic material made from melamine and formaldehyde by polymerization. It is then used to cross-link with alkyd, epoxy, acrylic, and polyester resins, used in surface coatings.
Melamine-formaldehyde resins in partially condensed form, herein referred to as melamine-formaldehyde precondensates, are widely used in finishing of textiles. They are commonly applied to the textiles in an aqueous medium. Such resins are commonly produced by condensing melamine and formaldehyde in the presence of methanol under reflux conditions. The reaction between the melamine and formaldehyde is exothermic and diflicult to control so as to form chiefly the desired trior tetramethylol melamine.
Melamine formaldehyde is a synthetic resin manufactured by reacting melamine with highly reactive formaldehyde gas under alkaline conditions. Melamine formaldehyde resin is generally compared with urea-formaldehyde resin with respect to its processing and applications, however it is harder, stronger and offers even better resistance to chemicals, moisture, heat, electricity and scratching, compared against urea-formaldehyde.It is referred as thermosetting polymer or amino resins, exhibits excellent value added properties such as low density, thermal stability, high gloss, transparency, and light fastness. Owing to its value added properties, melamine formaldehyde has found great industrial applications in fire retardants, surface coatings, plywood, particleboard, adhesive, molding compounds and laminates among others.
Global Melamine Formaldehyde Market size is expected to reach $687 million by 2022 from $430 million in 2015. It is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 6.9%. Melamine formaldehyde is a synthetic resin obtained by chemical combination of melamine. It is a translucent solid made from urea and formaldehyde, a highly reactive strong smelling gas derived from methane. The reaction product of melamine, urea, and related compounds with formaldehyde are called amino lasts. The hardness and chemical & moisture resistance quality of melamine resin is attributed to its complex and interlinked polymer structure.
Melamine resin or Melamine formaldehyde is an organic, heterocyclic compound made from polymerizing melamine and formaldehyde to form a hard, thermosetting plastic material. Melamine when in its butylated form is dissolved in xylene and n-butanol. Nitrogen being a major constituent in the melamine structure makes melamine formaldehyde extremely flame retardant by nature. Melamine formaldehyde is formed by cross-linking this product with other products such as epoxy, acrylic, alkyd, and polyester resins. MF has some beneficial physical characteristics over Urea resins. It is moisture-resistant, hard, and stronger than urea formaldehyde.
Global melamine formaldehyde market is anticipated to observe vigorous development over the forecast period owing to increase in demand from a range of end-use market applications. The properties of melamine formaldehyde such as resistance to water, fire, UV and light is slated to aid the overall market considerably over the forecast period.