Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms in small quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health. Micronutrient requirements differ between organisms; for example, humans and other animals require numerous vitamins and dietary minerals, whereas plants require specific minerals. For human nutrition, micronutrient requirements are in amounts generally less than 100 milligrams per day, whereas macronutrients are required in gram quantities daily.
Micronutrients are essential to the production of enzymes, hormones, proteins, and other products created by your body. Some micronutrients have a specialized role, while others fulfill a broad range of functions. Micronutrients are incredibly important for health and wellness. Mineral deficiencies can have lasting, detrimental health consequences in children and adults of all ages.
Micronutrients are trace elements such as vitamins and minerals. They differ from macronutrients, like carbohydrates, protein and fat, because they are necessary only in very small amounts. Micronutrients include minerals such as fluoride, selenium, sodium, iodine, copper and zinc, and vitamins such as vitamin A, B, C, D, E, and K. Because our body is not able to produce all vitamins and minerals, it obtains them from the nutrient-rich foods we eat.
Global micronutrients market is expected to grow over the forecast period on account of increasing demand from agriculture industry since they significantly improve uniformity and quality in crop yield. Micronutrients deficiency results in yellowing of leaves, withering of buds in crops, health hazards and eventually resulting in crop productivity decline. Micronutrients are utilized by humans and other organisms in micro quantities for various physiological functions. As opposed to macronutrients, micronutrients are required in minute quantities in soil and humans, generally less than 100 milligrams per day.
Micronutrients such as copper, iron, zinc, boron are considered as essential micronutrients for plants. As the deficiency of micronutrients can lead to various diseases in plants that may reduce quality and quantity of plants. Increasing preference for Genetically Modified (GM) seeds across the globe is also likely to impact the growth of the global market for agriculture micronutrients. Increasing use of chemical fertilizer is also driving the growth of micronutrients, as it protects crops from insects, UV radiations, and also offer increased yield.
The global micronutrients market is expanding due to high demand for quality and uniform yield owing to rising population. Food security is one of the major challenges faced by the global agriculture industry. Depleting arable land is another major concern in most regions. The amount of nutrients in the soil has diminished due to adoption of new technologies and increasing pressure on agricultural land to deliver quality yields.