Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula C10H8. It is the simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, and is a white crystalline solid with a characteristic odor that is detectable at concentrations as low as 0.08 ppm by mass. As an aromatic hydrocarbon, naphthalene's structure consists of a fused pair of benzene rings. It is best known as the main ingredient of traditional mothballs.
Naphthalene is the most abundant single constituent of coal tar, a volatile product from the destructive distillation of coal, and is also formed in modern processes for the high-temperature cracking (breaking up of large molecules) of petroleum. It is commercially produced by crystallization from the intermediate fraction of condensed coal tar and from the heavier fraction of cracked petroleum. The substance crystallizes in lustrous white plates, melting at 80.1°C (176.2°F) and boiling at 218°C (424°F). It is almost insoluble in water. Naphthalene is highly volatile and has a characteristic odour; it has been used as moth repellent.
Naphthalene is a class of an organic compound with chemical formula C10H8. It is considered as the simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, and is a white solid chemical that sublimes easily. Naphthalene is manufactured commercially from either coal tar or petroleum; majorly it is produced from coal tar across the globe.
Naphthalene is used in the manufacturing of phthalic anhydride and also used in mothballs. Additionally, it is used as surfactant & wetting agent, plasticizer, and pesticide in numerous end use industries such as building & construction, agriculture, household cleaning, textile and others.
The global naphthalene market is categorized into five regions, Asia Pacific, Europe, Latin America, North America, and the Middle East & Africa. The Asia Pacific region is predicted to grow with the fastest CAGR during the review period, (2016 to 2023) on account of expansion of numerous end use industries such as building & construction and agriculture among others.