Comparatively speaking to other methods of tanning, natural tanning is now the most conventional, classic, and identifiable technique. It is the only process that gives leather special qualities while also being environmentally friendly. Comfort, elegance, style, versatility, and individuality are all present in plant-tanned leathers.
Leather made from plant-based compounds has a natural feel and scent. A perfume for leather lovers is created when trained artisans combine the greatest extracts with carefully chosen natural oils and fat liquors to create the leathers.
Among the items created using only natural extracts are bags, rugs, briefcases, belts, chairs, boots, and saddles.
The name "tannin" refers to a chemical found in plant extracts that can bind to the proteins in animal skin to create insoluble complexes while inhibiting the action of proteolytic enzymes that might otherwise change the physical state of the skin. The main tanning principle for the creation of sole leathers is this procedure, which has been used more and more frequently throughout the years.
A typical tree of the East Indies that can reach a height of 15 metres is called myrobalan (Terminalia chebula). The French term "Myrobalanos," which means "acorn," is where its name originates.
Its fruits resemble prunes and range in colour from yellowish green at the time of harvest to brownish black when they are stored. They are highly astringent, have excellent light fastness, and are rich in pyrogallic hydrolysable tannins. The stones are on the opposite side and contain a low (3%) tannic content. Before the extraction procedure, they are eliminated.
Myrobalan extracts give tanning liquors and leathers a light greenish yellow hue, and they are particularly useful in the first stages of tanning sole leathers to counteract the reddish hue of tanning agents like quebracho extracts.
Mainly used in food and pharmaceutical industries, it has an excellent taste and smell, good nutrition and can be directly used. It is mainly made from chicken feathers, fish scales, eggshells, hair of animals such as horses and pigs. These kinds of sources can be used for eggshell powder making. In addition to natural cattle bone powder production business for human consumption, there are also a lot of other uses such as feed additives for poultry and livestock industry . . . The raw materials for producing various powders should be selected according to the product requirements of the final products.
In notably the US and Europe, rapid industrialization and the potential for fatal injuries in the manufacturing industry have drawn the attention of regulatory agencies like ILO, OSHA, and NIOSH to worker safety. This prompted the creation of stringent guidelines for the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). PPE frequently consists of leather gloves and safety shoes. Hence opening up new potential opportunities for the leather chemicals market.
The production of leather has a negative influence on the environment, especially because skin tanning uses highly polluting chemicals. For instance, processing a tonne of raw hide or skin results in the production of 20 to 80 metre cubes of wastewater, which contains significant levels of chromium ranging from 100 to 400 mg/L and sulphide ranging from 200 to 800 mg/L as well as other solid wastes that may result in pathogen contamination. Additionally, the high operational costs associated with the various stages of leather processing, such as tanning, crusting, surface coating, etc., may restrain the global market share for leather chemicals throughout the projected period of time.
One of the main elements driving the global demand for leather goods is the expanding population, which is coupled with rising personal income levels. Additionally, because these items are useful, comfy, and economical, their sales are rising globally. Leading manufacturers are also providing distinctive and fashionable products to satisfy the demands of rich consumers. To offer variety and customised possibilities, they are implementing cutting-edge technologies into their production process, such as the automated cutting process. Additionally, the expanding automobile business presents profitable chances for market participants to build their customer bases.
Indian Leather Industry
One of the most traded commodities worldwide is leather. The fashion sector, particularly the footwear sector, is responsible for the increase in demand for leather. In addition, leather is required by the automotive, furniture, and interior design industries. The leather sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy and is among the top ten foreign exchange earners for the nation due to its high export revenues.
The Indian leather industry handles a significant annual production of about 3 billion square feet of leather, or 12.93% of the world's total leather production of hides and skins. Nine percent of the world's footwear output is produced in this nation. With an estimated 2.41 billion pairs produced annually, India is the second-largest footwear producer in the world (2017). During the 2018–19 fiscal year, India's exports of footwear, leather, and leather goods were $5.69 billion USD.
Industry Major Market Players:
· Avon Products, Inc.
· Beiersdorf AG
· Christian Dior SE
· St. Tropez Inc.
· Kao Corporation
· L'Oréal S.A.
· Shiseido Co., Ltd.
· Coola LLC
· Banana Boat
· Tantowel Inc.