Production of Rice Bran Oil with Rice Mill and Captive Power Plant (Integrated Unit). Business Opportunities in Rice Processing Industry
Rice, edible starchy cereal grain and the plant by which it is produced. Roughly one-half of the world population, including virtually all of East and Southeast Asia, is wholly dependent upon rice as a staple food; 95 percent of the world’s rice crop is eaten by humans.
Rice is the most important cereal food crop of India, occupying one-fourth of the gross cropped area of the country. As the basic food crop, rice is cultivated comfortably in hot and humid climate. In the country, the crop is mainly grown as a Kharif crop in rain fed areas that receive heavy annual rainfall.
Rice is the most important staple food crop in India. It provides food for 65% of the population in India. The crop occupies about 37 % of the total cropped area and 44% of the total production of food grains in India. West Bengal is the leading producer of paddy in the country. It accounts for 16.39% of the total production, and the other leading states are Uttar Pradesh (13.38%), Andhra Pradesh (12.24%), Punjab (9.47%), Orissa (7.68%) and Tamil Nadu (7.38%); the remaining states account for 33.45% of the production.
The rice industry in India plays a vital role in the country’s agricultural sector — making significant contributions to India’s economic growth, foreign exchange earnings and employment rates. Thanks to the country’s large growing area and the preferential soil and climate conditions, India is now one of the world’s largest rice and basmati rice producers and exporters, representing over 20% of the world’s total supply. After suffering two years of financial stress caused by excess paddy supply and weak international demand, India’s rice industry, especially basmati rice, is expecting a rebound in 2018 from growing demand and low inventory prices.
India is a major rice producer, consumer, and exporter and continues to be the world’s largest rice exporter for the fourth consecutive year. Rice is the most important agricultural crop in India, contributing to more than 40% of the country’s total food grain production.
India also has a significant competitive advantage over rice exports in the global market. The country has high-yield, high-quality paddy, low production costs and is known to efficiently execute its contracted businesses from the east coast and west coast ports of India. The rice industry in India has seen a transformation in the last decade, with the growth of branded businesses in the domestic market and a strong impetus to export.
In India, the area where rice grown is called western coastal strip, the eastern coastal strip, covering all the primary deltas, Assam plains and surrounding low hills, foothills and Terai region- along the Himalayas and states. The major rice-growing states in India are West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh, which contribute about 72% of the total rice area and 75% of total rice production in the country.
As the dominate food in India, rice is the staple food of the people of the eastern and southern parts of the country. India is one of the largest producer of white and brown rice all over the world, which takes about 10% of the globe rice production. Rice in India is not only the most popular food but a key part for India’s national economy. Indian rice industry has developed a strong position in exports, reaching 25% of market share of global trade.
In India, rice processing is the largest agricultural product in the agricultural processing industry. At present its turnover exceeds 3.65 billion rupee per year. India deals with about 85 million tons of paddy fields each year and provides the food and other valuable products needed for the population. With the increasing production of rice, the demand for high quality for rice processing equipment is growing. More than 50% of the recent rice production is processed by modern rice mill plant, 40% from the traditional mill, and the remaining 10% is stamping by hand. Indians are getting more knowledge on modern rice processing steps day by day.
Rice bran is used for treating diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, alcoholism, obesity, and AIDS; for preventing stomach and colon cancer; for preventing heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease; for strengthening the immune system; for increasing energy and improving athletic performance; for improving liver function; and as an antioxidant.
One hundred kilogram (100 kg) of paddy rice will generate approximately 5−10 kg of bran. Rice bran is a mixture of substances, including protein, fat, ash, and crude fiber. In many cases, bran contains tiny fractions of rice hull, which increases the ash content of bran. Bran composition is largely dependent on the milling process.
In modern rice mills, several different kinds of bran are produced: coarse bran (from the first whitening step), fine bran (from second whitening step) and polish (from the polishing step). Polish consists of part of the endosperm and is often referred to as meal.
The conventional use of rice bran is as ingredient for animal feeds, in particular ruminants and poultry. In recent years however, advances in stabilization techniques have been made which has led to new uses for bran and its derivatives, most notably bran oil for cooking and waxes for cosmetic products. In the developing countries, rice bran is underutilized due to a lack of suitable stabilization techniques.
India rice bran oil market size was valued over USD 600 million in 2014 and is likely to be worth more than USD 600 million by 2016. India has 1.4 million tons of RBO production potential of which only around 900 kilo tons is only produced. SEA is working on plants to help existing mills to upgrade their production process. Only 300 kilo ton is used for direct consumption and rest is blended with different edibles and is sold in the market. SEA is expected to increase its direct consumption levels in the domestic market by promoting associated health benefits among consumers.
The global rice bran oil market is segmented on the basis of end-user, application, and region. Based on end-user, global rice bran oil market is segmented as industry and direct consumer. Among which industry segment is estimated to account for relatively high-value share, however, consumer segment is expected to expand at a relatively high CAGR in global rice bran oil market, owing to increasing health conscious people across the globe. On the basis of application, the global rice bran oil market is segmented as food and beverages, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and others, wherein food and beverages segment has significant revenue share, whereas, pharmaceuticals segment is expected to register significant CAGR, over the forecast period.
The growth of the global rice bran oil market is driven by increasing health consciousness among consumers and growing demand for high nutrition and less fat containing food and beverages. The advantages of rice bran oil including antioxidant, low cholesterol, and hot flashes relief in menopause, is fueling the global rice bran oil market. Macroeconomic factors fueling the global rice bran oil market include growing economy, changing lifestyle, the rapid rate of urbanization, and increasing domestic income. However, less popularity of among rice bran oil people compared to other healthy edible oil is expected to restrain the demand for global rice bran oil market. Some of the factors trending the global rice bran oil market include mergers & acquisitions between rice bran oil market players and its suppliers and high investment in the food industry. Companies operate in the rice bran oil market can increase its share through collaboration with rice bran suppliers, backward integration, and offering organic and gluten-free products in the market.
India Rice Milling Market:
Rice Mill Plant Rice is an essential food for the population of India. India is a large market with a widening middle-income group and an increasing number of double-income households. It holds great potential for the packaged rice segment.
With the growing rice milling market in India, there is seen an increase in the demand of the rice milling machineries across the country. In last few years there has been an increase in the number of foreign players in the rice milling market in the country. The reason lies in the supportive policies and regulations, which promote new rice mills and the government offers various facilities to the new entrants in the market. This has offered flourishing market for the rice milling machinery manufacturers, both the national and international ones.
Furthermore the demographics of the country is such that rice is one of the most sort after food grain in the Indian agriculture. The monsoon and the terrain across the regions of North India, East India and South India supports the rice cultivation of various grades and qualities. However there are few factors such as lack of proper storage and warehousing facilities along with crop failure restraint the market growth.
The India Rice Milling market is expected to reach market size of USD 392.6 million by 2022. It is expected to grow at 3.51% CAGR during the forecast period.
Captive Power refers to generation from a unit set up by industry for its exclusive consumption. The estimates on captive power capacity in the country vary with the Central Electricity Authority putting the figure at about 11600 MW while industry experts feel that it is much higher, close to 20000 MW.
Captive power plants are a form of distributed generation, generating power close to the source of use. Distributed generation facilitates the high fuel efficiency along with minimising losses associated with the transmission of electricity from centralised power plants.
Industrial sector is one of the largest consumers of electrical energy in India. However, a number of industries are now increasingly relying on their own generation (captive and cogeneration) rather than on grid supply, primarily for the following reasons:
• Non-availability of adequate grid supply
• Poor quality and reliability of grid supply
• High tariff as a result of heavy cross- subsidization
Benefits of captive power plants
· Security of power supply through self-generation
· Reduced costs through high fuel efficiency, particularly when in CHP configuration
· Improved environmental performance resulting from fuel efficiency
Captive Power refers to generation from a unit set up by industry majorly for its own consumption. It is a power plant set up by any person to generate electricity primarily for his own use and includes a power plant set up by any cooperative society or association of persons for generating electricity primarily for use of members of such cooperative society or association. Captive Power Generations have been growing at a fairly aggressive pace in India. Industrial sector is one of the largest consumers of electrical energy in India. It consumes about 45.9 percent of total electricity consumption in the country. The demand for electricity in India has been continuously growing with time. Thus, to sustain and excel in the dynamic global environment, it has become imperative for the industries to ensure uninterrupted power supply for performance optimization which has subsequently led to the growth in Captive Power Generations in India. Captive Power Generation market in India to grow at a CAGR of 4.5 percent over the period 2013-2018.
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