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Niir Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) through its network of project consultants in a wide range of business and technological disciplines is engaged in providing services to its clients by way of preparation of project reports. We provide the pre-investment information and business plans required for promoters, business leaders, young entrepreneurs, women entrepreneurs, investors, NRI (Non Resident India), startups, professionals looking to start their own venture. The comprehensive project profile reports cover all the aspects of business, from analyzing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. the scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet, break-even point, rate of return (ROR), etc. the DPR is formulated by highly accomplished and experienced consultants and the market research and analysis are supported by a panel of experts and digitized data bank.

Profitable Project Investment Opportunity in Production of Polyanionic Cellulose (PAC)

Capacity 0 Plant and Machinery cost 0.00 Lakhs
Working Capital 0.00 Rate of Return (ROR) 0.00 %
Break Even Point (BEP) 0.00 % TCI 0.00 Lakhs
Cost of Project 0.00Lakhs


Profitable Project Investment Opportunity in Production of Polyanionic Cellulose (PAC)

The market is expected to expand at 3.52% CAGR over the period between 2016 and 2022.


Polyanionic cellulose, or (PAC), is a safe thickening agent. PAC, a water soluble anionic polymer derived from cellulose, is comprised of the woody parts and cell walls of plants. It is chemically modified from natural cellulose and obtained water soluble cellulose ethers.

PAC is used for many different technical applications. These uses are based mainly on its reaction with water content in the finished product. It is used alone or in conjunction with other components in the system to create thickening, water-binding, suspension, stabilizing and emulsifying characteristics. Widely used in Oil drilling fluid control additives, especially in salt water wells and offshore drilling applications. It is a combined filtration controller and minimal viscosifier in fresh and salt water base drilling systems. It is ideal in low solid mud, designed for fast penetration.


·         Polyanionic Cellulose in Food Production

Polyanionic Cellulose is widely used as stabilizer, thickener in food production.

As stabilizer, thickener: in Jelly, ice cream, canned to stabilize.

·         Polyanionic Cellulose in Beverage

Polyanionic Cellulose is widely used as stabilizer, thickener in beverage.

As stabilizer, thickener: in Juice, gravy, vegetable juice to stabilize.

·         Polyanionic Cellulose in Pharmaceutical

Polyanionic Cellulose is widely used as emulsifier, stabilizer in Pharmaceutical.

As emulsifier, stabilizer: in injections and tablets to bond and become a mask.

·         Polyanionic Cellulose in Cosmetics

·         Polyanionic Cellulose in Agriculture/Animal Feed

·         Polyanionic Cellulose in Other Industries

Polyanionic Cellulose is widely used as Flocculants, chelating agents, emulsifiers, thickeners, water retention agents, sizing agents and film-forming material in various other industries.

As Flocculants, chelating agents, emulsifiers, thickeners, water retention agents, sizing agents and film-forming material: In electronics, pesticides, leather, plastics, printing, ceramics and household chemical industry.

PAC, short for polyanionic cellulose, is a kind of water-soluble cellulose ether derivative made from natural cellulose by chemical modification, and an important kind of water-soluble cellulose ether. Usually the sodium salt of Polyanionic Cellulose is in application and widely used in petroleum drilling, especially in salt well and offshore oil drilling.

Polyanionic Cellulose is soluble into water to form thick liquid, and it widely used in water-base drilling fluid so as to enhance the drilling fluid viscosity and control the fluid loss. Usually the sodium salt of Polyanionic Cellulose is in application and widely used in petroleum drilling, especially in salt well and offshore oil drilling.

Polyanionic Cellulose used in the fracturing fluid, Polyanionic Cellulose can efficiently carry ‘the filler’ into the cracks of well, establish the permeability pathway, which can effectively control the fluid into the well structure, reduce the fluid loss, and reduce the pressure drop. Ultra-high viscosity products can replace guar gum, reducing production costs.

In the shape of white to light yellow powder or particles, Polyanionic Cellulose is tasteless, nontoxic, strong in hygroscopicity, and freely soluble in cold and hot water.

Polyanionic Cellulose polymer has excellent heat-resistant stability, salt tolerance and strong antibacterial activity. The slurry or fluid prepared from the product has better fluid loss reducing capability, rejection capability and higher temperature tolerance. Polyanionic Cellulose is widely used in petroleum drilling, especially in salt well and offshore oil drilling.

PAC is an indispensable product for drilling mud making. It is high purity product; the water solution of this white powder is transparent and viscid. As water-soluble polymer, PAC dissolves immediately in cold/hot water and can be used as a thickening agent, rheology controller, bond, stabilizer, colloid protector, suspending agent, and filtrate reducer.

PAC is a good drilling mud additive and also an important material for confecting well liquid, a high mud volume product that featured high acid-resistance and salt-resistance ability. PAC is a good filtrate reducer with the capacity of increasing viscosity and anti-high temperature (150°C) in the freshwater, seawater, or even saturated brine well-completion liquid. PAC is suitable for confecting the completion fluid with these 3 kinds of water above.

Polyanionic cellulose (PAC) is a type of water-soluble cellulose ether derivative manufactured by the chemical modification of natural cellulose. It is a vital type of water-soluble cellulose ether. Polyanionic cellulose finds important applications in offshore exploration & production, drilling & salt well operations in the upstream oil & gas industry. It is a white or yellowish, odorless powder, which is hygroscopic, tasteless, & non-toxic. It is water-soluble at both low as well as high temperatures, and forms a thick liquid when dissolved in water. PAC displays high stability in high temperature applications and exhibits high resistance to salty environments as well. It has also been found to possess anti-bacterial properties. Polyanionic cellulose slurry displays superior fluid loss reducing capability, rejection capability and higher temperature tolerance in various applications. Furthermore, polyanionic cellulose finds applications across a diverse range of industries for a wide range of uses apart from the oil & gas industry. For instance, food & beverage, pharmaceutical, chemical, plastic and polymer are some of the end use industries worth noting.

In recent times, there has been a rise in the demand for polyanionic cellulose from the fast growing food & beverage industry. This is so because polyanionic cellulose has demonstrated to be more safe vis-à-vis other chemicals, as a food additive, thereby gaining preferential use. Polyanionic cellulose has also been finding increased usage in water purification processes in the food & beverage industry. It is also being widely used as a stabilizer & thickener in food production. For instance, jelly products & ice creams are stabilized & thickened to a large extent with the use of polyanionic cellulose (PAC). PAC is also advantageous due to its compatibility to be canned & stored for extended periods of time, thereby becoming a popular choice as a food stabilizer. It is also being increasingly used to stabilize gravies and fruit & vegetable juices. The rapid growth of the food & beverages industry has also been contributing to the market growth of polyanionic cellulose at a global level. In the pharmaceutical industry, polyanionic cellulose has been gaining importance as an emulsifier & a stabilizer in the manufacture of injectable medicines & tablets due to its effective bonding properties.

The PAC is having good demand in the domestic & international markets. The present domestic market size is about Rs. 300 crores annually & likely to grow at 9% per annum. Most of the current domestic demand is met by import mainly from China & to some extent from Europe. The proposed facility will reduce the import demand from the other countries.

On the basis of product type, the polyanionic cellulose market can be segmented as follows: Low viscosity polyanionic cellulose, Regular viscosity polyanionic cellulose, High viscosity polyanionic cellulose, extra high viscosity polyanionic cellulose. On the basis of end use, the polyanionic cellulose market can be segmented as follows: Oil & gas, Food & beverage, Pharmaceutical, Agrochemical, Electronics, Leather processing, Chemical, Printing, Plastic & polymer, Ceramic, Others.

The market is expected to expand at 3.52% CAGR over the period between 2016 and 2022.



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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

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Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

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Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR