The Sanitary napkin industry is closely connected with the mode of life, which is in turn directly correlated to housing. Accordingly this industry has always grown by keeping space with improvement in living and it is new indispensable for sanitary in modern housing. In India, the technology for sanitary napkins available by processing of raw cotton spinning and weaving of napkins. On small scale, the processed cotton is purchased which is spinned and woven. Sanitary napkin is a product used by women during the menstrual period to treat menstruation. It is one of the daily necessities for women. Most napkins will prevent leakage. Kotex were first manufactured as bandages during World War I. Kotex are a product of the Kimberly-Clark company. In 1914 this (then) conservative supplier of paper developed absorbent wadding from processed wood and dubbed it Cellucotton. Five times as absorbent as cotton and costing only half as much, Cellucotton was used to bandage wounds in World War I. (Kimberly-Clark agreed to provide it to the War Department at cost, refusing the chance to make a healthy profit.) After the war, Kimberly-Clark faced the question of what to do with Cellucotton. The company hit upon the notion of marketing disposable sanitary napkins. Prior to this invention, women used and reused cloth rags this was indeed groundbreaking stuff. The resulting product was first marketed as Cellunap, a contraction of "Cellucotton napkins." Immediately upon hire, Kimberly-Clark's first marketing agency (Charles F.W. Nichols Company) suggested changing the name to Kotex, short for "cotton textile". Previously, in Japan, absorbent cotton was used for the purpose. But the use of absorbent cotton limited bodily movement considerably. Because of intensive improvement and progress of sanitary goods after World War II, sanitary napkin is replaced absorbent cotton in many countries today since it is clean & it can be carried easily, and since it is thrown away after once used. Generally absorption paper, waterproof paper crushed pulp, and non-woven cloth or rayon paper is used as raw material. Sanitary Napkin for Ladies monthly uses well done enterprises can provide not only the standard type sanitary napkin machine but also the specified machinery for producing any type sanitary napkin according to the requirement & specifications. Extending to the abilities of own engineering, the machinery for producing maternity pad, adult's pad is also available. 75% 0f women experience itching and pain during their menstrual period which is mostly caused by the use of to sanitary Pads that are not air permeable, so they cannot reduce moisture. Sanitary pads can also harbor bacteria as they are not sterilized products. A woman will use an average of 10000 pieces of sanitary napkins within 30 to 40 years in her entire lifetime. Having a trusted brand of sanitary napkins has become paramount for every modern woman. Not only must the sanitary napkin provide comfort and safety, but also enhance every woman's health and lifestyle. Here in this report, details of well-done napkin making plant is given. However, the composition of sanitary napkin & a typical layout for crushed-pulp Type Napkin Making Plant is also described.
USES & APPLICATIONS
Sanitary Napkins are exclusively used by adult girls & Ladies around the world during their menstrual periods as a means of maintaining physical aid & to avoid wetting or staining of the clothes. Sanitary Napkin is not reasonable & it is to be thrown away only, when it is saturated with wet liquids. Its use is much popular amongst the educated class of adult girls & ladies.
The Industry in India is of recent origin. The first unit is to manufacture viscous napkin filament yarn. Sanitary napkins have an important place in women's history and in the history of technology. 19th Century research into disposable sanitary napkins marked the humble beginnings of a new era of gynecological sanitary. Disposable Sanitary Napkins appeared in Germany as early as the 1880s but were unavailable to American women because of the Comstock Laws. Women protection during their critical days is not a problem in a modern world. Great variety of different types of sanitary facilities is provided on the market. Sanitary facilities obviously don't cause any significant environmental impact during use, but they do during production as well as final waste utilization stages. If somebody would like to make choice among them relying not only on prices and personal preferences but also on environmental friendliness of the product, life cycle assessment should be the main instrument designed to assess product's environmental impact and compare different types of sanitary facilities referring to this assessment. Hindustan Lever (now Hindustan Unilever), Johnson & Johnson and Procter & Gamble have been the lead players in sanitary napkins market. The Unilever-Kimberly Clark joint venture had earlier entered the Indian market with its brand, Kotex, in competition with the market leader, Whisper of Proctor & Gamble. Until 1993, belted sanitary napkins were the largest segment. In that segment, Johnson & Johnson's Carefree con-trolled about half the market. Along with its beltless brand, Stayfree, its share could be estimated at around 75%. Beltless napkins now have catapulted to a share of over 70% of the market. Johnson's overall market share is down to 46% and P&G has gained a penetration of 43%. Kimberly Clark had launched upgraded Whisper with Wings brand, priced only 5% higher than the regular Whisper brand. After the launch of Whisper Extra Dry from Procter & Gamble, Johnson & Johnson came in with Stayfree Spirit.
Carewell Hygiene Products Ltd.
Godrej Consumer Products Ltd.
Gufic Biosciences Ltd.
Hindustan Unilever Ltd.
Johnson & Johnson Ltd.
Kimberly Clark Lever Pvt. Ltd.
Procter & Gamble Hygiene & Health Care Ltd.
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