Vehicles that are no longer roadworthy are scrapped, deconstructed, crushed, and recycled with the help of automated scrapping and recycling machinery. They're frequently made to order by bespoke manufacturers and rented out to companies who don't have the capacity to develop their own.
The deconstruction of automobiles for spare parts is known as vehicle recycling. Vehicles have value as a source of replacement components as they reach the end of their useful lives, which has given rise to the car dismantling industry. Commercial outlets in the business are often referred to as "wrecking yards," "auto dismantling yards," "vehicle replacement parts providers," and, more recently, "auto or vehicle recycling."
Vehicle recycling has been a part of the process for a long time, but manufacturers have been more active in recent years. Before transferring a discarded car to a steel mill, a crusher is typically used to reduce its size.
End-of-life automobiles are unsafely stripped and scrap metals, as well as various recovered and refurbished pieces, are sold in India's hitherto unregulated vehicle scrap recycling industry. There are now no rules in place to regulate these markets and account for the scrap that is gathered, necessitating a government plan that recognises scrap generation from auto recycling as a long-term, environmentally friendly industry.
The Indian Ministry of Road Transport and Highways is developing a new scrapping strategy, also known as an end-of-life policy, under which rusted, smoke-coughing, decaying End of Life Vehicles, or ELVs, that pose a safety and environmental risk will be scrapped in a systematic manner. Instead of having their automobiles scrapped, owners of classic cars would get a range of incentives under the proposal. This change in policy is projected to increase vehicle recycling options in India while also benefiting the economy.
Steel is an important material in vehicle construction because it makes up the majority of the components, including the structure. Because iron ores are needed for steel manufacture, recycling autos helps to keep iron ores in the ground. All trash generated as a by-product of steel processing is also avoided, ensuring that air pollution is kept to a minimum.
Landfill garbage is also becoming more of a problem. It is possible to limit the amount of waste present and ensure that fewer harmful chemicals leach into groundwater and permanently damage the soil by using recycling vehicles.
While discussing government policy for ELVs, it is only required to highlight the National Green Tribunal's (NGT) current efforts to push for the ban of old diesel and gasoline vehicles. The National Green Tribunal (NGT) banned all autos over 15 years old in Delhi in November 2014. Kerala, Bihar, and, most recently, Chhattisgarh have all made it illegal to drive petrol and diesel vehicles that are more than 10 years old. While a statewide ban on polluting autos is being challenged, a hearing on the case has been scheduled for July 11th, indicating that the government's efforts in this area are progressing.
Automobile recycling, as a result, is critical. It's also critical to handle them correctly to avoid releasing dangerous waste into the environment. Professionals who are knowledgeable with hazardous compounds such as fuel, coolants, and brake fluids must dispose of such cars.
There is still work to be done. Metals is a licenced treatment centre with a lot of experience in vehicle depollution and recycling, as well as a rigorous adherence to the latest standards. What are the advantages of wrecking and recycling a car, exactly?
Another thing to consider is how proper car recycling can aid in the preservation of local flora and animals. Steel mining is harmful to the environment because it causes soil erosion and degradation. As a result, animals are unable to maintain their usual routines and may develop ill as a result. Land erosion causes debris to flow into bodies of water, affecting water quality and the proliferation of species.
Landfills are also far removed from a species' natural habitat, making it difficult for animals (or plants) to survive and thrive there; they also take up a lot of space, reducing animal habitats. India, the world's fastest growing economy, has taken an exceptionally long period to enter the market in an era when many economies rely only on recovered car waste. Scrap generation from auto recycling is not only profitable, but it also has the added benefit of being ecologically friendly because polluting automobiles are removed from the road.
India, being the world's third-largest steel production, has tremendous auto-recycling potential. Auto recycling in India can give a host of benefits to the country, ranging from a boost to the automotive sector to fuel savings and employment development, due to the fact that it is largely unorganized. The recycling industry is betting big on the government's efforts. Based on 25% (7 million vehicles) of all automobiles that could be discarded, it is anticipated to generate business worth USD 2.9 billion (approximately INR 190 billion) at first. These figures are expected to climb in the coming years.
An automobile weighs between 1,400 and 1,600 kilogrammes on average. When steel scrap is recycled, it yields 65-70 percent steel scrap, 7-8 percent aluminium scrap, 1-1.5 percent copper scrap, and 15-20 percent rubber and plastic scrap. At current scrap prices, a recycled car can get around INR 30,000-35,000. (USD 380-455).