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Start Production of Silica from Rice Husk Ash

Capacity Silica 5.80 MT Per Day Activated Carbon (by product) 0.64 MT Per Day Sodium Carbonate (by product) 0 Plant and Machinery cost 745.00 Lakhs
Working Capital 0.00 Rate of Return (ROR) 27.00 %
Break Even Point (BEP) 45.00 % TCI 0.00 Lakhs
Cost of Project 1121.00Lakhs


In the concrete business, rice husk ash silica is a viable alternative to conventional sand, particularly in areas where sand is scarce. Silica is extracted from rice husk ash using high-temperature calcination and carbonization procedures to produce silicon dioxide, which can be used to concrete mixes to improve qualities like as strength, density, air entrainment, and freeze-thaw resistance.

          The husk formed during milling is usually used as a fuel in the boilers for processing paddy, providing energy through direct combustion and/or gasification. This RHA poses a significant environmental risk by causing harm to the ground and surrounding area where it is dumped. Many options for disposing of them through commercial use of this RHA are being considered.

          Every year, India generates 12 million tonnes of rice husks. The global husk output is projected to be 80 million tonnes per year. Rice husk is considered a waste product of the rice milling process, and it is frequently allowed to rot in the field or burned in the open. In some underdeveloped countries, rice husk has been used as a fuel for cooking and parboiling paddy rice to some extent.

          Different types of silica area given below:-

 The high silica content of rice husk ash has sparked interest in finding commercial applications for it. Although silica is found in practically all arial sections of the rice plant as a component of cells or cell walls, it is most plentiful in the husk. One of the most precious inorganic chemical substances is silica. Gel, crystalline, and amorphous forms are all possible.

Precipitated Silica (also known as particulate silica) is made up of aggregates of colloidal-size ultimate particles that haven't formed a large gel network throughout the preparation process.

Three types of amorphous silica can be distinguished. Silica made indicating either amorphous or crystalline silica with high speed neutrons & Micro amorphous silica are examples of vitreous silica or glass made by fusing quartz.

Gynogenic silicas are generated by condensation of SiO2 from the vapour phase at high temperatures, or by chemical reaction in the vapour phase followed by condensation at low temperatures. Silica can form as sols, gels, or particles in an aqueous solution.

Amorphous silica is produced by concentrating an under saturated solution into a heated saturated solution, or by producing Si(OH)4 of the silica ester SiH4, SiS2, SiCl4, or Si.

Precipitated Silica soluble silicate solutions are porous and have finely regulated particle sizes. Dried pulverised gels have a more open structure with less volume than precipitated silica powders.

Silica is used in toothpastes and cosmetics as a filler for paper and rubber, as a carrier and diluent for agricultural chemicals, as an anti-caking agent, to control viscosity and thickness, and as a cleansing agent.

          1. Adhesive: Silica is used as a reinforcing and thickening agent, as well as to improve bond strength. When a liquid adhesive comes into touch with a solid surface, the dispersed silica particles within it solidify quickly. Adhesive based on natural and synthetic rubber.

2. Chappals: Silica is utilised in shoe soles because of its wear and tear durability, non-scuffing properties, and the ability to create compounds with light colours or even transparent materials.


3. Conveyor Belt & Transmission Belt: Due to its small particle size and complex aggregate structure, silica is employed to improve tear strength.

4. PVC Sheets: Silica improves pigment dispersion, acts as a separating agent and an absorbent to increase flow, and gives the compound a dry feel.

5. Railway Pads: Silica is utilised in railway pads for the following reasons:

7. Rubber Products and Rubber Hoses: In industrial rubber, silica gives higher strength and durability, as well as improved heat resistance and tear strength, to industrial Rubber Belts and Rubber Hoses.

8. Silicon Tubes: Silicone rubber is utilised in a variety of applications where its distinct qualities are advantageous. Many of these characteristics are heavily influenced by the type and amount of filler used in the compound.

          In 2019-20, the India silica market was worth USD 46.8 million. It is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.5 percent in the next years. Because of its anti-caking and super absorption qualities, strong product demand in the food industry has helped the market gain traction in recent years.

          The rubber industry's increased usage of silica in the production of micro sheets, rice rollers, thermoplastic rubber, PVC sheets, and shoe soles is expected to move the market forward. Over the forecast period, the market is expected to develop due to increased use of the product in transmission and conveyor belts, particularly for improved tear strength and elastomer compound reinforcement.

          Rising vehicle manufacturing, particularly in India, China, Indonesia, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Mexico, the United States, and Germany, is driving up tyre demand. Rapid economic growth, more government expenditure, improvements in road infrastructure, and a growing preference for personal transportation are likely to stimulate demand for automobiles, pushing market expansion.

          The global silica market was valued at USD 5.22 billion in 2018 and is expected to grow at an annual rate of 8.6% over the next five years. Precipitated, fumed, gels and sols, as well as microsilica, are all included in the market's scope (fumes). The key driver of the market is rising demand for the product from the rubber industry. Rubber goods with silica have better abrasion resistance, tensile strength, and flex fatigue qualities. Because of its capacity to strengthen the binding and tear resistance between rubber tyres and metallic reinforcements, it is frequently employed in tyre applications.


  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.



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• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
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• Project Costs and Payback Period

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Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR