Niir Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) through its network of project consultants in a wide range of business and technological disciplines is engaged in providing services to its clients by way of preparation of project reports. We provide the pre-investment information and business plans required for promoters, business leaders, young entrepreneurs, women entrepreneurs, investors, NRI (Non Resident India), startups, professionals looking to start their own venture. The comprehensive project profile reports cover all the aspects of business, from analyzing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. the scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet, break-even point, rate of return (ROR), etc. the DPR is formulated by highly accomplished and experienced consultants and the market research and analysis are supported by a panel of experts and digitized data bank.

Start a Manufacturing Unit of Toughened Glass Look here for Best Business Plan and Entrepreneurship Project in Glass Sector

Capacity 0 Plant and Machinery cost 0.00 Lakhs
Working Capital 0.00 Rate of Return (ROR) 0.00 %
Break Even Point (BEP) 0.00 % TCI 0.00 Lakhs
Cost of Project 0.00Lakhs





Tempered glass, also known as toughened glass, has greater strength and toughness than any other form of glass. Tempered glass's structure causes it to disintegrate into smaller granular fragments rather than fragmenting into small bits. Tempered glass is usually made using thermal and chemical processes. Tempered glass has important properties such as strength, thermal resistance, and protection. As a result, tempered glass is becoming more widely used in a variety of applications. Tempered glass, also known as toughened glass, is a form of safety glass that has been strengthened by regulated thermal or chemical treatments.


Related Project: - Toughened Glass


Tempering compresses the outer surfaces when tensioning the interior. When shattered, such stresses cause the glass to break into small granular fragments rather than splintering into jagged shards as it does with ordinary annealed glass. The granular chunks have a lower risk of causing damage. Toughened glass is a form of safety glass that has been treated to boost the strength of regular glass. The glass is compressed and tensioned, causing the glass to shatter into pieces. Since this can result in injuries and injury, toughened glass is used to make windows, doors, tables, and other items that are used on a daily basis. Toughened glass eliminates the risk of damage and is made under strict supervision to ensure long-term durability and strength.


Uses of Toughened glass:


When power, thermal resistance, and protection are essential factors, tempered glass is used. Tempered glass is used in a range of applications, such as passenger vehicle windows, shower doors, aquariums, architectural glass doors and tables, refrigerator trays, cell phone screen protectors, bulletproof glass parts, diving masks, and plates and cookware, due to its protection and power. They must also tolerate minor impacts from road debris such as stones and road collisions. Tempered glass is used because big, sharp glass fragments can pose an additional and unreasonable risk to passengers if broken. Tempered glass is blunt and often harmless if broken.


Related Book: - The Complete Book on Glass Technology


The windscreen or windshield is made of laminated glass, which does not break when shattered, while the side windows and rear windshield are traditionally made of tempered glass. To meet occupancy retention regulations, anti-theft purposes, or sound-deadening purposes, some newer luxury vehicles have laminated side windows. Toughened glass can be four to five times stronger than annealed glass after being treated with heat or chemicals to make it stronger, making toughened glass panels suitable for architectural use. Toughened glass is commonly used in commercial applications where normal glass would be rendered useless due to wind, snow, or thermal effects. They're often used in high-rise buildings because of their ability to carry heavy loads. They're often used in the windshields of sports cars that travel at high speeds.


Manufacturing Process:


Tempering, also known as toughening, is a process that involves heating glass to extremely high temperatures in order to strengthen it and make it more resistant to breakage. Glass article production necessitates the ability to strike a balance between quality control and efficiency. A thermal tempering process can be used to create tempered glass from annealed glass. The glass is mounted on a roller table and passed through a furnace that heats it to about 620 °C (1,148 °F), well above its transition temperature of 564 °C (1,047 °F).


Related Videos: - Glass, Flat Glass, Art Glass, Hollow Glass, Automotive Glass, Optical Glass, glass processing line, Glassware Industry


The glass plate is heated until it reaches a temperature above its softening point, then rapidly cooled. The glass is unexpectedly chilled, and it contracts towards the heart as a result. It extends until it has solidified and can no longer contract further; the core is still soft at this stage. It contracts against the constrained exercise of the glass's solidified upper layer. The glass sheet's power, which is limited to around 20,000 lb/sq.inch, is due to this compression. As a result, it is extremely stressed, and the resulting force is capable of cancelling out the external force. The rate of cooling, co-efficient of expansion, thermal conductivity of the glass, real heat, elasticity, and other physical properties all influence the strength of the stresses. Tempering, a method in which ordinary glass is heated to a temperature of about 620°C for a period of time before being abruptly cooled with cold air jets, is used to make most toughened glass or safety glass. The outside of the glass is compressed as a result of this operation, while the inside remains free to float for a period of time (creating tension on the inside).


Market Outlook:


The Global Toughened Glass Consumption Market has been rising at a faster rate with strong growth rates over the last few years, and it is expected to expand significantly in the future. The demand for toughened glass is one of the markets in which investors have shown a lot of interest.




The global Tempered Glass Market is partially consolidated, with a few major players controlling a sizable portion of the market. The demand is driven by the increased use of tempered glass in the automotive and construction industries. Single, double, and triple pane tempered glass are available. Its application scope in the greenhouse sector is expanding, as it provides four to six times more shatter resistance than annealed varieties, which should boost tempered glass demand. Increased public awareness of energy-efficient and environmentally friendly construction would also aid the industry's development.


Market Research: - Market Research Report


 Any glass that has been reheated and treated to the point where it is tenacious enough to withstand any collision is referred to as tempered glass. As a result, this material is widely used to ensure the protection of a structure, unit, or system. The tempered glass market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 4.95 percent over the forecast period of 2019-2025. This represents a significant increase over its global market sales of $41 billion in 2018. Construction application, which dominates the industry in terms of sales, has seen considerable growth in the Tempered Glass market.


Key Players:-


·         Asahi India Glass Ltd.

·         Atul Glass Inds. Ltd.

·         Bhagwati Projects Pvt. Ltd.

·         Floatglass India Ltd.

·         Friends Glass & Glazing Pvt. Ltd.

·         Gold Plus Glasses India Ltd.

·         Gujarat Guardian Ltd.

·         Saint-Gobain Sekurit India Ltd.

·         Sejal Glass Ltd.

·         Sisecam Flat Glass India Pvt. Ltd.

·         T P R S Enterprises Pvt. Ltd.

·         Triplex Glass Works Pvt. Ltd.

·         Triveni Glass Ltd.



For More Details:-,,b,64,64/index.html?_sort_by=default



#DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #ProjectReport #startup #projectconsultancy #businessopportunity #NewBusinessPlan #BusinessProfessional #BusinessConsulting #GlassBusiness #ToughenedGlass #GlassManufacturing #GlassProduction

#GlassIndustry #glassprocessing #glasstempering



  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.



NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


Our Approach:

• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR