Zinc Chloride Manufacturing Industry. Chemical Business Ideas & Opportunities
Zinc Chloride Market is expected to Increase at a CAGR of 4.6 % during the 2018 - 2028
Zinc chloride (ZnCl2) is an important compound and it is exists in its nine crystalline forms which are either colorless or white. It is actually a granular powder which we get by heating calcium chloride and zinc sulfate together. It has a specific gravity of 2.75, a pH of 4 and a burning taste. The anhydrous zinc chloride which is white is known for its solubility in water. This compound, which is deliquescent has several applications and the main uses include chemical synthesis and textile processing. It is soluble in many mediums, like water, alcohol, glycerol, and ether.
Some uses of this chemical are as follows:
· Organic Product Synthesis - Synthesis of organic products in the laboratory, mainly as a moderate strength Lewis acid reaction, and several other reactions.
· Chemical - It is used in the production of ethylacetate. It is also used as condensing agent for the production of organic dye-stuff. It is used as a stabilizing agent for diazonium compounds. It is used for the production of active carbon. It is used for Friedel Craft Reaction, Azotropic or Azeotropic Distillation, Desiccation.
· Textile Processing Industry - 64% zinc chloride in water is used to dissolve starch, silk, and cellulose. It has many other applications in textile processing industry.
· Dry Cell - It is used in dry cell batteries as an electrolyte.
· Petroleum - It is a powerful emulsion breaker. It separates oil from water
· Chemical Industry - it is used to prepare ethyl acetate. It is also used in the manufacturing of dyes, and many other industrial intermediate chemicals.
· As a metallurgical flux - Zinc chloride has the ability to attack metal oxides (MO) to give derivatives of the formula MZnOCl2. This reaction is relevant to the utility of ZnCl2 as a flux for soldering. It is used in fluxes for galvanizing, soldering and tinning.
· Herbicide - Zinc Chloride is used as an herbicide. It is used to control lichen and moss growing on the roofs of houses and other domestic dwellings, along walks, driveways, fences, and wherever moss grows.
Zinc chloride has wide range of applications in various end-user industries. Some of applications include Soldering, galvanizing and tinning of fluxes. Heat decomposes moist fluxes based on zinc chloride which forms hydrochloric acid. This acid helps removal of salts and oxides from metal surfaces which help in good metal-to-metal bonding. Odor control is another application of zinc chloride due to which it is in high demand in the market. The reaction of zinc chloride with sulfide minimizes the release of H2S gas in waste water treatment facilities, thus controlling odor. Vulcanization of rubber is the major application of zinc chloride among others.
Zinc chloride is widely used in the rubber industry. Zinc chloride helps dissolve cellulosic fibers in the scrap and catalyzes depolymerization of the elastomer. Zinc chloride is used for many other applications such as organic synthesis, as liquid fertilizer, for textile finishing, as wood preservative and for dry cell batteries
Growing demand for zinc chloride from the chemical industry is anticipated to boost the growth of global zinc chloride market. Escalating demand from the textile industry is another factor contributing to the demand for zinc chloride in the market. Side effects of zinc chloride and availability of safer alternatives is expected to hinder the growth of global zinc chloride market. However, rising research and development activities for applications of zinc chloride is projected to fuel market growth during the forecast period.
On the basis of type, the high purity grade zinc chloride segment is projected to witness a relatively higher growth rate. High purity based powder and solution form zinc chloride are used for different applications, including galvanizing and soldering fluxes. Thus, they are projected to gain significant shares over the forecast period. The battery grade segment is projected to witness moderate growth.
Increasing demand for zinc chloride from petroleum industry to separate oil from water due to its emulsion breaker property is a major factor expected to drive growth of the global zinc chloride market. In addition, growing demand from electronic, agriculture and chemical sectors is expected to support growth of the global zinc chloride market. Furthermore, increasing adoption from of zinc chloride in dry cell batteries as an electrolyte in automotive sector, and increasing use of zinc chloride as dehydrating agent are other factors expected to support growth of the global zinc chloride market.
Global sales of zinc chloride is valued at US$ 270.9 Mn by the end of 2018 – witnessing Y-o-Y growth of 4.6% over 2017. Global Zinc Chloride market size will increase to Million US$ by 2025, from Million US$ in 2017, at a CAGR of during the forecast period.
The growing footprint of the chemical industry is a key reason contributing to the demand growth of metal based chemicals. Zinc chemical demand has been growing over the last few years as these solvents are used for different applications such as galvanizing, soldering and tinning fluxes, odour control, vulcanized fibre, and textile finishing, among others.
On the basis of end use, the global zinc chloride market is projected to be dominated by the chemical segment. Zinc chloride is widely used in the chemical industry for galvanizing fluxes, soldering and tinning fluxes, odour control, vulcanized fibre and textile finishing, among others. Agriculture and electronic industries are also projected to gain high traction over the forecast period. The pharmaceutical segment is projected to witness a relatively moderate growth rate over the forecast period.
Some of the key players in the zinc chloride market include Zaclon LLC, America Elements, TIB Chemicals AG, Global Chemicals Co. Ltd., P.T. Indo Lysaght, Apex Chemicals Corporation, Lipmes, Weifang Dongfangsheng Chemical Co., Ltd., Eurocontal SA, and others. Most manufacturers are venturing into developing economies such as Brazil, Poland, India, and other GCC countries to gain a competitive advantage and to expand their presence.
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