Best Business Opportunities in Bihar - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship
Agro and Food Processing: Project Opportunities in Bihar
Indian food processing industry is widely recognized as a 'sunrise industry' having huge potential for uplifting agricultural economy, creation of large scale processed food manufacturing and food chain facilities, and the resultant generation of employment and export earnings. The food processing sector in India is geared to meet the international standards. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has the mandate to develop standards and also to harmonise the same with International Standards consistent with food hygiene and food safety requirement and to the conditions of India's food industry.
Bihar is the seventh largest economy in India in terms of food production. Bihar is the leading State in the production of fruits and vegetables. It is the first largest producer of vegetables and second largest producer of fruits in the country. There exists huge scope of investment in the food-processing sector in the State. Private sector participation is being encouraged in packaging and food processing sectors to ensure better quality. Also, the State welcomes private investment for comprehensive development of tea industry and capital subsidy is available for setting up tea processing units. Even as the state of Bihar is being talked of as the next big hope for agriculture sector in the country, this sector also remains the most crucial factor for the state economy.
In India, agricultural trade policy is a part of a larger food and agriculture policy regime that seeks to maintain food self-sufficiency while providing income support to the agricultural sector and poor consumers. The Government of India (GOI) uses a variety of policy instruments in attempting to achieve these goals, including:
• Domestic subsidies to inputs, outputs, transportation, storage, and consumption to reduce producer costs and consumer prices.
• Border measures such as subsidies, tariffs, quotas, and non-tariff measures to protect domestic producers from import competition, manage domestic price levels, and guarantee domestic supply.
The National Policy on Agriculture seeks to actualise the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture, strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development, promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business, create employment in rural areas, secure a fair standard of living for the farmers and agricultural workers and their families, discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalization and globalisation. Over the next two decades, it aims to attain:
• A growth rate in excess of 4 per cent per annum in the agriculture sector;
• Growth that is based on efficient use of resources and conserves our soil, water and bio-diversity;
• Growth with equity, i.e., growth which is widespread across regions and farmers;
• Growth that is demand driven and caters to domestic markets and maximises benefits from exports of agricultural products in the face of the challenges arising from economic liberalization and globalisation;
• Growth that is sustainable technologically, environmentally and economically.
The policy seeks to promote technically sound, economically viable, environmentally non-degrading, and socially acceptable use of country’s natural resources - land, water and genetic endowment to promote sustainable development of agriculture.
Sugar: Project Opportunities in Bihar
Sugar is one of the oldest commodities in the world and traces its origin in 4th century AD in India and China. Indian sugar industry is highly fragmented with organized and unorganized players. There are 453 sugar mills in India. Co-operative sector has 252 mills and private sector has 134 mills. Public sector boasts of around 67 mills.
Sugar industry is the largest agro-based industry in Bihar. This industry generates sizeable employment in the farm sector directly as well as through ancillary industries and related activities. It is estimated that about five lakh farmers and their dependents are engaged in the cultivation of sugarcane and approximately another half a lakh unskilled and skilled personnel, including highly qualified and trained technologists are engaged in the sugar industry in the State.
The Commerce Ministry has formally issued a trade notice allowing export of sugar, subject to a quantitative ceiling of 10,00,000 tones for the licensing year 2000-01. The public notice dated 14th August' 2000 has been placed at the disposal of Agricultural and Processed Food Products Exports Development Authority (APEDA) for the purpose of issuing Registration-cum-Allocation Certificates (RCAC) to individual exporters. The Government had already announced that the exporters would be exempt from the mandatory levy for the quantity of sugar exported. The country expects to produce more than 18 million tons of sugar during October 1999-September 2000 along with a carryover stock of 6.7 metric tons from the previous season.
Textiles: Project Opportunities in Bihar
The textile industry occupies a unique place in our country. One of the earliest to come into existence in India, it accounts for 14% of the total Industrial production, contributes to nearly 30% of the total exports and is the second largest employment generator after agriculture. Textile Industry is providing one of the most basic needs of people and the holds importance; maintaining sustained growth for improving quality of life. It has a unique position as a self-reliant industry, from the production of raw materials to the delivery of finished products, with substantial value-addition at each stage of processing; it is a major contribution to the country's economy.
Textile sector offers huge potential to the investors. The State has strong weaving traditions. The total number of weavers in the State is over 90,000. The major locations for the textile industry are Bhagalpur, Gaya, Nalanda, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Siwan and Patna. Bihar is the country's second State after West Bengal in jute production and jute textiles. Due to availability of raw jute, cheap labour, sufficient power, water and transportation in northern part of Bihar, some jute mills are located in this region. Jute mills are located in Karbisganj in Purnia district, Katibar, Muktapur in Samstipur district
The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.
Leather: Project Opportunities in Bihar
Leather and allied industries in India play an important role in terms of providing employment to the large number of artisans and also earning foreign exchange through exports. The major factors responsible for the growth of Indian leather industry are availability of raw materials (hides and skins), cheaper labour, technology and Government policy support. Indian Leather sector exports account for Rs.10691 crores and provides direct employment to more than 2.5 million people and among them many belong to socially and economically backward communities.
Bihar has sizeable share of goat and cattle population of the country. Bihar is known for the best quality of cow hides, buff calf skins & goat skins since Bihar is very rich in cattle population. It produces 2.64 million bovine hides per annum. State has tanneries as well as footwear units in the private sector. In case of goats, Bihar state accounts for third rank in the country next only to West Bengal and Rajasthan. The leather tanning industry in Bihar consists of three important segments
(i) Units established under Bihar Leather Development Corporation (BLDC) and its sister concern viz. Bihar Finished Leather ltd.
(ii) a few private tanneries working at Muzaffarpur
(iii) BATA tannery at Mokhamaghat
Government policies in support of the industry are:
• The entire leather sector is now de-licensed and de-reserved, paving way for expansion on modern lines with state-of-the art machinery and equipment
• 100% Foreign Direct Investment and Joint Ventures permitted through the automatic route
• 100% repatriation of profit and dividends, if investments made in convertible foreign currency. Only declaration to this effect to the Reserve Bank is required.
• Promotion of industrial parks (one leather park in Andhra Pradesh, one leather goods park in West Bengal, one footwear park in Tamil Nadu and one footwear components park in Chennai).
• Funding support for modernizing manufacturing facilities
• Funding support for establishing design studios
• Duty free import of raw materials (namely raw skins, hides, semi-finished leather and finished leather) and of embellishments and components under specific scheme
• Concessional duty on import of specified machinery for use in leather sector
• Duty neutralization / remission scheme
Mineral: Project Opportunities in Bihar
Minerals are non renewable and limited natural resources and constitute vital raw materials in a number of basic and important industries. India has a large number of economically useful minerals and they constitute one-quarter of the world's known mineral resources. India produces 89 minerals out of which 4 are fuel minerals, 11 metallic, 52 non-metallic and 22 minor minerals
Bihar is a producer of Steatite (945 tonnes), Pyrites (9,539 tonnes/year), Quartzite (14,865 tonnes/year), Crude Mica (53 tonnes/year), Limestone (4,78,000 tonnes/year). Bihar has also some good resource of Bauxite in Jamui district, Cement Morter in Bhabhua, Dolomite in Bhabhua, Glass sand in Bhabhua, Mica in Muzaffarpur, Nawada, Jamui, Gaya and salt in Gaya and Jamui.
NATIONAL MINERAL POLICY, 2008
Keeping in view the long term national goals and perspective for exploitation of minerals, Government of India has revised its earlier National Mineral Policy, 1993 and came up with a new National Mineral Policy 2008. Basic goals of NMP 2008 are-
1. Regional and detailed exploration using state of the art techniques in time bound manner.
2. Zero waste mining
For achieving the above goals, important changes envisaged are:
• Creation of improved regulatory environment to make it more conducive to investment and technology flows
• Transparency in allocation of concessions
• Preference for value addition
• Development of proper inventory of resources and reserves
• Enforcement of mining plans for adoption of proper mining methods and optimum utilization of minerals
• Data filing requirements will be rigorously monitored
• Old disused mining sites will be used for plantation or for other useful purposes.
• Mining infrastructure will be upgraded through PPP initiatives
• State PSU involved in mining sector will be modernized
• State Directorate will be strengthened to enable it to regulate mining in a proper way and to check illegal mining
• There will be arms length distance between State agencies that mine and those that regulate
• Use of machinery and equipment which improve the efficiency,
• Productivity and economics of mining operation, safety and health of workers and others will be encouraged.
Tourism: Project Opportunities in Bihar
Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity make its international tourism appeal large and diverse. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors.
Bihar promises development of tourism to its optimum level. Rich in its historical traditions and ancient splendour, the culturally rich Bihar has derived its name from "Vihar". It has the sacred Ganga River as its lifeline and huge water mass in form of many rivers and rivulets in North Bihar, the Gandak, Kosi and many more and the vitally important Son River which forms the lifeline in South Bihar. With its rich heritage of antiques, artifacts, historical facts and figures going into its favour, Bihar is a blend of beautiful and bountiful nature, natural resources, the vital sparkling pure water, important archaeological finds, and rich culture. Herein, lies the history of the young prince of Nepal, Siddharth, transforming into Lord Buddha by getting enlightenment through sheer penance at Bodh Gaya under the sacred Bodhi tree which is attracting the Buddhists tourists for ages from across the world. Bihar has 22 Nirvan Sthals of 24 Jain Tirthankars attracting the people following the Jain religion. Development of these tourist's sites has been undertaken on a large scale to promote religious tourism.
Tourism has established itself as 'smokeless' industry in the world and its role in the socio-economic development of a country is well established. Bihar government has also given tourism the status of industry and development works in this pursuit have been undertaken.
In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the “Policy” attempts to:-
• Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;
• Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;
• Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.
• Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;
• Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;
• Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and
• Ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and “feel India from within”.
Animal Husbandry: Project Opportunities in Bihar
A large number of farmers in India depend on animal husbandry for their livelihood. In addition to supplying milk, meat, eggs, and hides, animals, mainly bullocks, are the major source of power for both farmers and drayers. Thus, animal husbandry plays an important role in the rural economy. Today, India has the world's largest dairy herd (composed of cows and buffaloes), about 300 million strong, and is second only to the United States in milk production. India is also the world’s third largest global producer of eggs and the world’s sixth largest producer of poultry meat.
Animal husbandry is a core sector of the State economy. Being the 5th largest goat population state, Bihar contributes about 7.63% of India's total goat population. The state is also a habitat of 42.6% people below poverty line and hence there is a tremendous scope of goat farming to meet up the large gap between demand and supply of meat. Around 574000 goats are slaughtered annually in recognized slaughterhouses contributing 31.17% of total meat production of the state (175 thousand tonnes of meat in 2003). However, goat rearing is not well accepted by all classes of people in Bihar. According to economic census 2003, the total livestock population in the state was 407.83 lakh. Of this, 39.8 per cent are milch animals with 104.7 lakh cows and 57.66 lakh buffaloes.
Components of the scheme for animal husbandry are the following:
• streamlining storage and supply of Liquid Nitrogen by sourcing supply from industrial gas manufacturers and setting up bulk transport and storage systems for the same;
• introduction of quality bulls with high genetic merit;
• promotion of private mobile A.I. service for doorstep delivery of A.I.;
• conversion of existing stationery government centres into mobiles centres;
• quality control and certification of bulls and services at sperm stations, semen banks and training institutions;
• study of breeding systems in areas out of reach of A.I.;
• refresher training to existing AI workers, basic training to rural unemployed youth, training to professionals and organization of farmers orientation programmes; and
• institutional restructuring by way of entrusting the job of managing production and supply of genetic inputs as well as Liquid Nitrogen to a specialized autonomous and professional State Implementing Agency.
Automobile and auto components: Project Opportunities in Bihar
The Indian auto industry has the potential to emerge as one of the largest in the world. Presently, India is second largest two wheeler markets in the world, fourth largest commercial vehicle market in the world. 11th largest passenger car in the world and is expected to be the seventh largest market by 2016. The growth is a reflection of the emergence of India as a global automobile hub with almost all global auto makers having set up plants in India to cater mainly to the domestic market, as also the export market.
There is huge business potential in Automobile industry in the from Tenders, Procurement notices, public tender notices, online tenders, government tenders, domestic tenders, tenders notification, Bids, tenders news, tenders info and contracts available throughout the country.
A number of policy initiatives have been taken by the government to facilitate the automotive industry. These include:
• Permitting 100% FDI in this sector & removal of minimum capital investment norm for fresh entrants.
• Establishing an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars & a centre for manufacturing two-wheelers.
• Conducting incessant modernization of the industry & facilitate indigenous design, research & development.
• Leveraging State’s software technology into automotive technology wherever relevant.
Brewery: Project Opportunities in Bihar
A brewery is a dedicated building for the making of beer, though beer can be made at home, and has been for much of beer's history. A company that makes beer is called either a brewery or a brewing company. The diversity of size in breweries is matched by the diversity of processes, degrees of automation, and kinds of beer produced in breweries. A brewery is typically divided into distinct sections, with each section reserved for one part of the brewing process. The Indian beer industry has been witnessing steady growth of 10 - 17% per year over the last ten years. The rate of growth has increased in recent years, with volumes passing 170m cases during the 2008-2009 financial year. With the average age of the population on the decrease and income levels on the increase, the popularity of beer in the country continues to rise.
Bihar is emerging as a brewery hub with major domestic and foreign firms setting up production units in the state due to availability of cheap labour and raw materials coupled with improved law and order and investment-friendly government policies. Beer consumption in domestic markets in Bihar has increased sharply in the last few years. Beer consumption in the state has risen 10 times in the past seven years. As per industry estimates, annual consumption is 700,000 cases. Nearly 70% of litchis manufactured in India come from Muzaffarpur and also the nearby districts. The firm is mulling to manufacture litchi-flavoured wine by mixing pulpy extracts of the fruit with various types of spirits.
The brewing industry is subject to extensive government regulations at both the federal and state levels, as well as to regulation by a variety of local governments. Some of the regulations imposed at the federal and state level involve production, distribution, labelling, advertising, trade and pricing practices, credit, container characteristics, and alcoholic content. Federal, state and local governmental entities also levy various taxes, license fees and other similar charges and may require bonds to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Specific alcohol taxation (as opposed to more general sales taxes) is primarily a federal and state right although some states permit some additional local taxation. The brewing industry must also comply with numerous federal, state, and local environmental protection laws.
Waste Management: Project Opportunities in Bihar
Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. The management of wastes treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, and tried to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods.
Bihar was the third most populated state of India with total population of 82,998,509. Bihar generates 2600 tonnes urban solid waste per day while Kahalgaon-based thermal power plant produces 36 lakh tonnes fly ash annually. Bihar generates 3800 kg biomedical waste per day. The civic authorities have determined that 14 lakh population of Patna accumulate 700 metric tonne of solid waste every day. The equipment for treatment of bio-medical waste of the city has been installed and commissioned at the Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (IGIMS). In effect, Patna will be free from bio-medical waste that is littered along its various roads and lanes.
The Central Government notified the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 under Sections 3, 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 for the purpose of managing municipal and urban wastes/garbage in an environmentally sound manner. Government of West Bengal are the nodal agencies for technical guidance and preparation of project report for the development of municipal solid waste management plan for the municipal authorities situated within Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) and Non-KMA areas respectively. National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.
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