Best Business Opportunities in Chhattisgarh - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship
Agro and Food Processing: Project Opportunities in Chhattisgarh
Food processing involves any type of value addition to agricultural or horticultural produce and also includes processes such as grading, sorting and packaging which enhance shelf life of food products. The food processing industry provides vital linkages and synergies between industry and agriculture. The Food Processing Industry sector in India is one of the largest in terms of production, consumption, export and growth prospects. The government has accorded it a high priority, with a number of fiscal reliefs and incentives, to encourage commercialization and value addition to agricultural produce, for minimizing pre/post harvest wastage, generating employment and export growth. India's food processing sector covers a wide range of products fruit and vegetables; meat and poultry; milk and milk products, alcoholic beverages, fisheries, plantation, grain processing and other consumer product groups like confectionery, chocolates and cocoa products, Soya-based products, mineral water, high protein foods etc.
Chhattisgarh is also known as the rice bowl of central India. With 80% of the population (around 32,55,062 families) depending on it as the main source of income, the state is heavily engaged in agriculture. Chhattisgarh accounts for 137.9 lakh Ha. of land, which translates to 4.15 % of the total land mass of the country. 37% of the land (47.5 lakh Ha.) is under agriculture. Crops in India are traditionally classified as Rabi and Kharif depending on the season in which they are sown. Crops that are grown in Rainy season are called Kharif Crops and sowing typically begins in the first week of July with the arrival of monsoon. The Rabi Crop is grown after the monsoon withdraws and the harvest is obtained usually around spring. Major Kharif Crops include Rice, Millets, Maize and Pulse etc. These crops are water intensive and thus Kharif Season is suited for such crops. Rabi Crops include food grains like Wheat, Barley and Mustard etc. In view of its extremely rich and unique bio-cultural diversity, the government is providing support through various schemes to promote horticulture.
The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI) is a ministry of the Government of India is responsible for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to food processing in India. The ministry was set up in the year 1988, with a view to develop a strong and vibrant food processing industry, to create increased employment in rural sector and enable farmers to reap the benefits of modern technology and to create a of surplus for exports and stimulating demand for processed food.
• Custom duty rates have been substantially reduced on food processing plant and equipments, as well as on raw materials and intermediates, especially for export production.
• Wide-ranging fiscal policy changes have been introduced progressively in food processing sector. Excise and Import duty rates have been reduced substantially. Many processed food items are totally exempt from excise duty.
• Corporate taxes have been reduced and there is a shift towards market related interest rates. There are tax incentives for new manufacturing units for certain years, except for industries like beer, wine, aerated water using flavouring concentrates, confectionery, chocolates etc.
• Indian currency, rupee, is now fully convertible on current account and convertibility on capital account with unified exchange rate mechanism is foreseen in coming years.
• Repatriation of profits is freely permitted in many industries except for some, where there is an additional requirement of balancing the dividend payments through export earnings.
Mineral: Project Opportunities in Chhattisgarh
A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. India is endowed with significant mineral resources. India produces 89 minerals out of which 4 are fuel minerals, 11 metallic, 52 non-metallic and 22 minor minerals.
Chhattisgarh is the richest State in terms of mineral wealth, with 28 varieties of major minerals, including diamonds. It hosts a wide variety of minerals found in igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic terrains. These mineral resources have immense potential for large investment in mining, setting of mineral based industries and generating employment in the State. The large deposits of coal, iron ore, limestone, bauxite, dolomite and tin ore are located in several parts of the State.
Chhattisgarh produces around twenty per cent of the country's steel and cement and is the only tin-ore producing State in the country. It is nestling atop the world's largest Kimberlite area. Eight blocks have been demarcated for diamond exploration. For instance, Diamondiferous Kimberlites identified in Raipur district are likely to yield substantial quantity of diamonds. Apart from diamond, four blocks of gold exploration and five blocks for base metal investigation have been demarcated. The State is also encouraging establishment of a Gems and Jewellery Park to attract new investment in the sector.
NATIONAL MINERAL POLICY, 2008
Keeping in view the long term national goals and perspective for exploitation of minerals, Government of India has revised its earlier National Mineral Policy, 1993 and came up with a new National Mineral Policy 2008. Basic goals of NMP 2008 are-
1. Regional and detailed exploration using state of the art techniques in time bound manner.
2. Zero waste mining
For achieving the above goals, important changes envisaged are:
• Creation of improved regulatory environment to make it more conducive to investment and technology flows
• Transparency in allocation of concessions
• Preference for value addition
• Development of proper inventory of resources and reserves
• Enforcement of mining plans for adoption of proper mining methods and optimum utilization of minerals
• Data filing requirements will be rigorously monitored
• Old disused mining sites will be used for plantation or for other useful purposes.
• Mining infrastructure will be upgraded through PPP initiatives
• State PSU involved in mining sector will be modernized
• State Directorate will be strengthened to enable it to regulate mining in a proper way and to check illegal mining
• There will be arms length distance between State agencies that mine and those that regulate
• Productivity and economics of mining operation, safety and health of workers and others will be encouraged.
Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Chhattisgarh
The Biotechnology sector in India is one of the fastest growing sectors of the Indian Economy. As the sector is mainly based on knowledge, it is expected that it will play an important part in shaping the Indian Economy, which is developing at a rapid pace. The Indian Biotechnology sector holds immense potential in terms of research and development, skill and cost effectiveness. As per the eight annual survey by the Association of Biotechnology-led enterprise (ABLE) and a monthly journal, Bio-Spectrum, the sector grew threefold in five years and reported a revenue of US$ 3 billion during 2009-2011 with a 17 per cent rise as compared to the previous year.
Chhattisgarh is a biodiversity hotspot – and is thus well poised to assume a significant and leading place in the biotechnology sector. The State, given its strengths, would like to benefit from the present global advances in the field of biotechnology & bioinformatics. Given a facilitative environment Biotechnology as a scientific tool holds immense promise in areas as wide ranging as agriculture, health and communication.
Biotechnology has been identified as a thrust sector in the State's Industrial Policy. The Bastar region is one of the richest biospheres in India. The state is endowed with about 22 varieties of forest and is extremely rich in aromatic plants used in herbal medicine .The state has vast land of virgin biosphere reserves. Its biotech policy has the following objectives:
· Focus on thrust areas viz. Agri-biotechnology, Health care, Bioinformatics, Industrial and Environment biotechnology
· Creation of a Biotechnology Fund with an initial corpus of US$ 7 million
· Providing infrastructure for biotechnology industry through setting up of biotechnology parks and bio-villages
· Human resource development through introduction of biotechnology in technical education institutions and industry partnered educational programmes
· Incentives for bio-technology industry
Cement: Project Opportunities in Chhattisgarh
The cement industry is one of the main beneficiaries of the infrastructure boom. With robust demand and adequate supply, the cement industry comprises of 125 large cement plants with an installed capacity of 148.28 million tonnes and more than 300 mini cement plants with an estimated capacity of 11.10 million tonnes per annum. India is the 2nd largest cement producer in world after china .Right from laying concrete bricks of economy to waving fly over’s cement industry has shown and shows a great future. The overall outlook for the industry shows significant growth on the back of robust demand from housing construction, Phase-II of NHDP (National Highway Development Project) and other infrastructure development projects.
Chhattisgarh Cement industry presents a total of around nine major units that are effectively performing on the economic domain of the state. Raipur, Bilaspur and Durg districts of Chhattisgarh are known to house some of the notable cement industries of the state. Specializing in dry and semi-dry qualities, the ACC cement plant is situated in the Jamul region of Chhattisgarh state. The Akaltara and Mandhar areas of the state have the plants of CCI Cement Company which produces only the dry quality ones. Lafarge, Ambuja, Grasim, Larsen & Toubro are some other important names that have set up their units in various locations of Chhattisgarh.
The government of India has set ambitious plans to increase the production of cement in the country, and to attain the target the government has made huge investments in the sector. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, which falls under the central Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is the agency that is responsible for the development of the cement industry in the country. The agency is actively involved in keeping track of the performance of cement companies in the country and provides assistance and suitable incentives when required by the company. The department is also involved in framing and administering the industrial policy for foreign direct investments in the sector. Apart from formulating policies, the department also promotes the industry to attract new foreign investments in the sector.
Steel: Project Opportunities in Chhattisgarh
India has now emerged as the eighth largest producer of steel in the world with a production capacity of 35MT. Almost all varieties of steel is now produced in India. India has also emerged as a net exporter of steel which shows that Indian steel is being increasingly accepted in the global market. The growth of the steel industry in India is also dependant, to a large extent, on the level of consumption of steel in the domestic market. Steel consumption is significant in housing and infrastructure. In recent years the surge in housing industry of India has led to increase in the domestic demand for steel.
Steel industry is the biggest sector of Chhattisgarh, having a reputation of producing high quality iron and steel products which has huge export value. Because of this we can say Chhattisgarh steel industries provide major momentum to the growing economy of the state. Chhattisgarh Steel industry holds a major position in the arena of Indian industries. Some of the notable steel units like the Bhilai Steel Plant efficiently produces considerable amount of steel products round the year. The advances machineries, tools and equipment used in the iron and steel industry of Chhattisgarh also help in encouraging the yearly production.
The iron ore reserves of Chhattisgarh are quite abundant in nature. Supported by government and private bodies, today even the remote locales where iron deposit are found, have become flourishing industrial zones. It can be said that Chhattisgarh Steel industry provides momentum to the process of economic progress in the state.
The government of Chhattisgarh has opened its doors to private investors who wish to set up new steel plants in the state. With such a significant step, the state government has already covered a considerable journey towards becoming the ultimate steel hub of India. Under the new industrial policy, iron and steel has been made one of the high priority industries. Price and distribution controls have been removed as well as foreign direct investment up to 100% (under automatic route) has been permitted. The Trade Policy has also been liberalized and import and export of iron and steel is freely allowed with no quantitative restrictions on import of iron and steel items. Tariffs on various items of iron and steel have drastically come down since 1991-92 levels and the government is committed to bring them down to the international levels. With the abolishing of price regulation of iron and steel in 92, the steel prices are market determined. The policy devises a multi-pronged strategy to achieve these targets with following focus areas; removal of supply constraints especially availability of critical inputs like iron ore; improve cost competitiveness by expanding and strengthening the infrastructure in roads, railways, ports and power; increase exports; meet the additional capital requirements by mobilizing financial resources; promote investments by removing procedural delays. In addition the policy also addresses challenges arising out of environmental concerns, human resource requirements, R&D, volatile steel prices and the secondary sector.
Textile: Project Opportunities in Chhattisgarh
The textile industry is primarily concerned with the production of yarn, and cloth and the subsequent design or manufacture of clothing and their distribution. The raw material may be natural or synthetic using products of the chemical industry. The Indian Textile Industry is as diverse, large, colourful yet full of complexity like the country itself. It is one of the leading textile industries in the world. The industry employs about 35 million people and contributes to approximately 4% of the GDP of India and 17% of the country’s export earnings.
Chhattisgarh is one of the leading producers of Tussar and Kosa silks in the country and has the potential to be a strong player in the Indian apparel industry. The Chhattisgarh State Industrial Development Corporation (CSIDC) is establishing an apparel park on about 20 hectares for the development of textile and textile-based industries and to attract new investment in the sector. Readymade garment in Raipur is a prospecting business. The wholesale market of Pandri (Raipur) supplies readymade garments in Orissa, Maharashtra, Jharkhand etc. To provide a single roof for apparel associated activities and give a boost to apparel industry an Apparel Park is developed in Bhanpuri at Raipur on 1.35 ha. land.
The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.
Tourism: Project Opportunities in Chhattisgarh
Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.
Chhattisgarh, situated in the heart of India, is endowed with a rich cultural heritage and attractive natural diversity. The State is full of ancient monuments, rare wildlife, exquisitely carved temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, waterfalls, caves, rock paintings and hill plateaus. Most of these sites are untouched and unexplored and offer a unique and alternate experience to tourists compared to traditional destinations which have become overcrowded. Chhattisgarh offers the tourist a Destination with a Difference. For those who are tired of the crowds at major destinations, Bastar, with its unique cultural and ecological identity, will come as a breath of fresh air. The Green State of Chhattisgarh has 44% of its area under forests, and is one of the richest bio-diversity areas in the country.
In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-
• Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;
• Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;
• Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.
• Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;
• Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;
• Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and feel India from within.
Power: Project Opportunities in Chhattisgarh
India is the sixth largest in terms of power generation. About 65% of the electricity consumed in India is generated by thermal power plants, 22% by hydroelectric power plants, 3% by nuclear power plants and rest by 10% from other alternate sources like solar, wind, biomass etc. 53.7% of India’s commercial energy demand is met through the country’s vast coal reserves. The country has also invested heavily in recent years on renewable sources of energy such as wind energy. As of March 2011, India’s installed wind power generation capacity stood at about 12000 MW. Additionally, India has committed massive amount of funds for the construction of various nuclear reactors which would generate at least 30,000 MW. In July 2009, India unveiled a $19 billion plan to produce 20,000 MW of solar power by 2020 under National Solar Mission.
Chhattisgarh is poised to become the power hub of India. The abundant availability of coal ensures constant supply of raw material for future thermal power projects. State's Energy Policy endeavours to provide electricity to all villages by 2007 and all households by 2009 and to encourage private participation in power production. Chhattisgarh Biofuel Development Agency (CBDA) has been setup to take up an ambitious programme for development of Bio-Diesel in the state. Government has constituted the Chhattisgarh Vidyut Niyamak Ayog (Electricity Regulatory Authority). 60 MOUs signed for establishment of power plants. Anticipated power production through MOUs is 50,000 MW. Proposed investment is Rs. 2,25,000 crores.
State Government enunciates the following Energy Policy with an objective to to accelerate the pace of development of the State and bring it at least at par with other developed States:
I. Rural Electrification: To bring per capita electricity consumption at par with national level, State Government accords highest priority to providing electricity to all the villages and Majra /Tolas (Hamlets).
II. Energy for Agriculture: Keeping in view the important role of agriculture in the State's economic development and low irrigation percentage, priority shall be accorded to energisation of agriculture pump sets.
Ill. Energy for Industries: For giving impetus to industrial investment in the State, it is absolutely essential that industries get quality power at reasonable rates.
IV. Generation: Because of abundant availability of coal and water, there exists a wide scope for coal-based power projects in the State. In addition, the State has very good potential for power generation through non-conventional energy sources especially through Hydel projects.
V. Power Sector Reforms: Due to long monopoly of State/SEBs in energy sector and due to defective policies, power generation, transmission and distribution sectors have become inefficient and most of the SEB' s have become financially unviable with the result that SEB's are unable to make required investments in these sectors.
VI. Development of Non-Conventional Energy
VII. Energy Conservation and Demand Side Management
Waste management and recycling: Project Opportunities in Chhattisgarh
Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, also, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socio-economic development.
Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.
There are total 5 municipal corporations situated in Durg, Korba, Raipur, Bhilai Nagar and Rajnandgaon in Chhattisgarh. Manufacturing and material processing trade generated waste. Around the Raipur city and planning area there are no major industries available and around 1700 small and medium scale industries are available. Industrial waste may contain hazardous wastes and it may be toxic to humans, animals, and plants; are corrosive, highly inflammable, or explosive. These industrial waste shall be treated at “Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility ( TSDF)” separately.
National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.
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