Best Business Opportunities in Manipur - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship
Manipur is a state in north Eastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. Manipur has been at the crossroads of Asian economic and cultural exchange for more than 2500 years. It has long connected Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia, enabling migration of people, cultures and religions. Manipur is primarily an agrarian economy, with significant hydroelectric power generation potential.
The natural vegetation occupies an area of about 14,365 km² which is nearly 64% of the total geographical area of the state. The vegetation consists of a large variety of plants ranging from short and tall grasses, reeds and bamboos to trees of various species. Broadly, there are four types of forests - Tropical Semi-evergreen, Dry Temperate Forest, Sub-Tropical Pine and Tropical Moist Deciduous.
Manipur has population of 25.7 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 22.94 Lakh. Total population of Manipur as per 2011 census is 2,570,390 of which male and female are 1,290,171 and 1,280,219 respectively.
Total area of Manipur is 22,327 sq. km. Density of Manipur is 115 per sq km which is lower than national average 382 per sq km. In 2001, density of Manipur was 103 per sq km.
Of the total population of Manipur state, around 67.55 percent live in the villages of rural areas. In actual numbers, males and females were 878,469 and 857,767 respectively. Total population of rural areas of Manipur state was 1,736,236. In rural areas of Manipur, literacy rate for males and female stood at 83.39 % and 67.03 %. Average literacy rate in Manipur for rural areas was 76.20 percent. Total literates in rural areas were 1,142,564.
Least touched and least discovered Manipur promises to be the great tourist discovery of the21st century. An oval shaped valley surrounded by blue green hills, rich in art and tradition has inspired description such as the Switzerland of the East with its cascading rapids, tripling rivers, varieties of flowers, exotic blooms and lakes. The people of Manipur include Meitei, Nagas, Kuki-Chin-Mizo and Gorkhas groups and Muslims and other colorful communities which have lived in complete harmony for centuries.
The Ministry of Tourism has five Regional offices located at Kolkata (East), Mumbai (West), Delhi (North), Chennai (South) and Guwahati (North East), which are headed by an officer of the level of Deputy Director General designated as Regional Director.
Domestic tourists intending to visit Manipur by road via Dimapur/Kohima require Inner Line Permits to pass through Nagaland. These are issued by the Liaison officers of the Government of Nagaland at New Delhi, Calcutta, Guwahati, Shillong and the Sub-divisional officer (Civil), Dimapur, deputy Commissioner, Imphal can also issue permits to tourists traveling by road from imphal to Kohima and Dimapur in Nagaland.
The Information Technology and IT Enabled Services sector in India is looking towards Tier-II and Tier-III cities to meet the growing demands of the industry for sourcing its required skilled manpower. The youth of Manipur have not only excelled in the field of Sports, but have already established a noticeable presence in the ITES industry in India.
Manipur State is striving to score higher on being business-friendly in terms of the available IT infrastructure. These include:
• Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) unit of Imphal with Earth station and OFC connectivity.
• Up gradation of IT infrastructure at Imphal to provide modern Business-ready built-up office space for IT/ITES firms.
• Internet on the move – Various Telcos like BSNL, Tata Indicom, Airtel etc. are providing Wireless Internet across the State.
A high rate of unemployment exists in Manipur, particularly among the educated youth. According to the Live Register of Employment Exchange, the total number of educated job-seekers were recorded as 5, 83.65 thousands.
Manipur is rich in natural resources but due to difficult terrain, inadequate infrastructural facilities and varying climatic conditions, the state could not develop much in the industrial sector of its economy. In the initial stage, Govt. policy in the state was one of revival and revitalization of the traditional handlooms and handicrafts of the local habitats. The contribution of the manufacturing sector to the total gross state domestic product at current prices is found to be 6.17 percent. The trend of industrial development and the present local conditions of the state and in consonance with industrial policy of the Government of India, the Govt. of Manipur in its policy announcement of 1990, has decided to focus attention to the small scale and agro-based industries without discouraging the medium and large-scale industries. It is expected to serve the objective of employment generation and dispersal of industries in rural and urban areas. The state has laid emphasis on creating a strong industrial base and employment opportunities in the state through provision of various growth inducing factors based on locally available resources. It is based on locally available raw materials and minerals. In order to promote rapid industrialization, the State Government has over the years been offering attractive package of incentives and concessions to invigorative industries.
The khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) was established by the Govt. of India in the year 1957. The Khadi and Village Industries is not only providing employment to people in rural and semi-urban areas at low investment per job, but also utilizes local skill resources and provides part-time as well as full time work to rural artisans, women and minorities.
The traditional sector of industries falls within the purview of organizations such as Khadi and Village Industries Commission. The KVIC include artisans in tiny industrial units and defines it as any industry located in a village or town inhabited by population not exceeding 10000 which produces goods and renders services with or without the use of power in which the fixed capital per head does not exceed Rs.15000.
Growth Centres are large villages or small towns which have the potential to become the nuclei for the socio-economic development of the surrounding area. The Growth Centres can be identified by the different orders with respect to the quality and quantity of services and facilities, service area and population. A growth centre of lowest order should have services such as agricultural input centre, primary and middle school, maternity and child care centres and daily market.
Small-Scale Industries (SSI) is an important segment of the economy, contributing substantially in the form of production, employment and exports. It has continued to play a vital role in the fulfillment of socio-economic objectives. The principal factor for defining small-scale Industries has always been based on the size of investment. Small-Scale Industries are those industries whose investment in fixed assets such as plants and machineries does not exceed Rs.100.00 lakhs (Rs.1 Crore). Investment in plant and machinery in respect of industry related Small-Scale Service and Business Enterprises (SSSBE) were increased to Rs.10.00 lakhs from Rs.5.00 lakhs. For speedy growth of small-scale industries, the Government has already brought about simplifications in the SSI registration procedures.
The State Government has introduced this Policy with various components being offered such as, incentives, improved infrastructure facilities, supply of quality power, and credit flow from Bank and Financial institutions, better market linkages and to boost investor confidence.
The Government of Manipur desire Manipur to be a preferred destination for industrial and trade activities and achieving to the aspiration of the people of Manipur, thereby affording to –
• All round economic development and to improve living standards.
• To create employment opportunities, skill development and self
• Employment opportunities.
• Optimal utilization of both natural and physical resources.
OBJECTIVE OF INDUSTRIAL POLICY
• Develop adequate infrastructures to ensure planned and accelerated industrial development.
• Promote maximum capital investment in the State for economic activities resulting in employment opportunities, improving standard of living of people at large and all-round development of the State.
• Promote modernization and technology up-gradation of existing industrial units.
• Encourage quality control, standardization and competitiveness of local products.
• Promote eco-friendly industries.
INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES IDENTIFIED AS THRUST AREAS
• Agro based industry
• Bio-Technology industries.
• Handloom and Handicraft.
• Medicinal Plants.
• Distillation of oils from aromatic plants.
• Mineral based industries.
• Information Technology Trade and Commerce under Export Import mechanisms.
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