Best Business Opportunities in Odisha (Orissa) - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship
Minerals: Project Opportunities in Odisha (Orissa)
Indian mineral resources are sufficiently rich and varied to provide the country with a strong industrial base. India is gifted with important mineral resources. The country produces about 89 minerals out of which 52 are non-metallic, 4 are fuel minerals, 11 are metallic, and 22 are minor minerals. The Mining industry in India is a major economic activity which contributes significantly to the economy of India. The GDP contribution of the mining industry varies from 2.2% to 2/5% only but going by the GDP of the total industrial sector it contributes around 10% to 11%. Even mining done on small scale contributes 6% to the entire cost of mineral production. Indian Mining Industry provides job opportunities to around 700,000 individuals.
With its vast resources of minerals Orissa offers excellent opportunities for mineral and mineral-based industries. The State has vast and diverse mineral deposits amounting to almost 16.92% of the total reserves of the country. Orissa offers investment opportunities for the following mineral-based industries: - sponge iron unit, induction furnace, coal washery, aluminium fluoride, powder metallurgy, aluminium downstream. The rich reserves of minerals in Orissa have led to the establishment of several mineral based industries in the State. Orissa is endowed with rich mineral resources like iron-ore, bauxite, coal, manganese-ore, chromite etc. According to All India Mineral Resources Estimates the mineral deposits of Orissa in respect of chromite, nickel, cobalt, bauxite, iron-ore are about 98.4%, 95.1%, 77.5%, 52.7% and 33.4% respectively of the total deposits of India. Other important mineral resources of the state are limestone, china clay, quartz, precious and semi-precious stones, copper, vanadium etc. The main exported minerals of the state are chromite, coal, dolomite, iron-ore, manganese and bauxite.
The salient features of the National Mineral Policy, 2008 (NMP) generally applicable to the States are as follows:-
· Minerals being a valuable resource, extraction have to be optimised through scientific methods, beneficiation and economic utilization. Zero waste mining will be the goal.
· The regulatory environment will be made more conducive to investment. Transparency in allocations of concession will be assured with security of tenure to a concessionaire.
· The duration of all concessions shall be rationalised.
· Data filing requirements will be rigorously monitored and concessionaires will be closely monitored in this regard.
· A framework of sustainable development will be designed to ensure that mining can take place along with restoration.
· Mining shall not be undertaken in ecologically fragile or biologically rich areas. Mining in forest areas will be accompanied by time-bound reclamation.
· Mining sectoral value addition through beneficiation, calibration, blending, sizing, concentration, pelletisation, purification and customization will be encouraged.
· Mining infrastructure requires a special thrust. Infrastructure needs will be financed through innovative structures including user charges, PPP mode and viability gap funding.
· An enabling environment will be created to motivate large capacity mining companies to undertake creation of transportation network.
· In the public funding of infrastructure, greater thrust will be given to development of health, education, drinking water, road and other related facilities for integrated regional development.
· State agencies involved in mineral sector development and regulation will be encouraged to modernize in the areas of prospecting as well as regulation.
· The State Directorates will be suitably strengthened to enable them to regulate mining in the interests of conservation and scientific development of the sector.
Agro & Food Processing: Project Opportunities in Odisha (Orissa)
India is the world's second largest producer of food next to China, and has the potential of being the biggest with the food and agricultural sector. The Indian food processing industry stands at $135 billion and is estimated to grow with a CAGR of 10 per cent to reach $200 billion by 2015. The food processing industry in India is witnessing rapid growth. In addition to the demand side, there are changes happening on the supply side with the growth in organised retail, increasing FDI in food processing and introduction of new products. India's food processing sector covers fruit and vegetables; meat and poultry; milk and milk products, alcoholic beverages, fisheries, plantation, grain processing and other consumer product groups like confectionery, chocolates and cocoa products, Soya-based products, mineral water, high protein foods etc.
The State has vast potential for agro and food processing industries. This sector has therefore been identified as a prominent thrust area. Agriculture occupies a vital place in Orissa's economy with nearly 65 per cent of the total work force directly or indirectly engaged it. The State attaches top most priority to the growth of agro based and food processing industries. The Government has framed an agricultural policy with the aim of increasing investment in agriculture; bringing about a shift from subsistence to commercial agriculture and thus providing a status of industry to agriculture. There are several investment opportunities in the sector, which include :- provision of infrastructure like cold storage, storage godown, lift irrigation, marketing, etc ; (ii) setting up of agro-based industries for value addition to agricultural produce; (iii) seed production and quality planting material; (iv) agro-service centres; (v) production of organic tea, coffee, ginger, turmeric, cashew, aromatic rice; (vi) export of horticultural produces; (vii) fisheries and fish processing; etc. Priority has been accorded to agriculture extension through application of high-end crop production technologies as well as adoption of integrated nutrient management and pest management practices.
The promotion of Agro-based industries is among the priorities of the State Government. Government would consider privatization of Government agricultural farms to act as nuclei for production of high quality seeds for hi-tech, agriculture and dissemination of advanced technology to farmers. Private efforts for development of agriculture, horticulture, plantation crops etc. will generally through contract farming. However, provisions of the Land Reforms Act would be suitably amended to exclude private commercial plantations from the provisions of Land Reforms. Greenhouse horticulture/floriculture would be promoted in private sector. Hi-tech, agritech firms would be also supported in selected areas. Sericulture will get high priority and private sector would be permitted to be involved in this activity. Tissue-Culture and techniques of advanced bio-technology will be promoted in a big way. Special efforts would be made to extensively develop cotton and sugarcane. Separate agencies will be created in the Agriculture A comprehensive programme for development of inland fish culture through advanced techniques of high yielding fish production will be launched. Brackish water and fresh water prawn culture has vast potential in the State. While promoting this sector, care will be taken to regulate this activity to prevent encroachments/pollution/disease spread. Modern hatcheries and feed plants would be promoted and supported. To give the required support to agro and food processing industries, a new corporate body will be set up to promote this sector through equity participation, load and other financial support and escort services. A comprehensive programme for development of Poultry sector will also be launched. Efforts will be made for long term arrangements to meet the raw material requirements of existing forest-based industries. Measures to promote commercial plantations in areas like rubber, coffee and tea will also be adopted.
Automobile Industry: Project Opportunities in Odisha (Orissa)
The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units. Automobile Exports registered a growth of 22.30 percent during the current financial year. Automotive industry is the key driver of any growing economy. It plays a pivotal role in country's rapid economic and industrial development. It caters to the requirement of equipment for basic industries like steel, non-ferrous metals, fertilisers, refineries, petrochemicals, shipping, textiles, plastics, glass, rubber, capital equipments, logistics, paper, cement, sugar, etc. It facilitates the improvement in various infrastructure facilities like power, rail and road transport. Due to its deep forward and backward linkages with almost every segment of the economy, the industry has a strong and positive multiplier effect and thus propels progress of a nation. The automotive industry comprises of the automobile and the auto component sectors.
The State would make every endeavour to attract entrepreneurs specially established industrial houses to the State for setting up Automobile, Automobile components and Auto Ancillary industries of suitable locations. Orissa holds huge investment potential in the automobile sector including the auto component sector. This is because of the inherent advantages of the State in terms of raw material, cost and manpower. The resources available in the State to support automobile manufacturing units include:- Good quality pig iron/steel ingot and aluminium ingot; steel flat products like plates and sheets; steel rounds; several state-of-the-art automobile tyre manufacturing units; adequate supply of power in the State for the power intensive industrial activities; several institutions which are a constant source of educated and skilled human resource; etc. Investment Opportunities in the sector exist in passenger car segment, two wheeler segment and heavy truck segment. The Government is making all efforts to attract investors into the State, through various incentives and schemes.
The Orissa state government is considering implementing a dedicated policy to encourage and boost investment in the sector of automotive components manufacturing. The state sees huge potential in the sector owing to the surge of investment and growth in the automobile industry and expects to cash in on it through the policy. According to a state official, the state plans to come up with a policy that will incentivize investment from auto parts manufacturing companies with the aim of creating an auto parts manufacturing hub in the state. In order to do so, the incentives offered in other states will be studied and the draft of the policy will be prepared accordingly after consultations with various prospective investors and stakeholders.
Biotechnology Industry: Project Opportunities in Orissa
The Biotechnology sector in India is one of the fastest growing sectors of the Indian Economy. As the sector is mainly based on knowledge, it is expected that it will play an important part in shaping the Indian Economy, which is developing at a rapid pace. The Indian Biotechnology sector holds immense potential in terms of research and development, skill and cost effectiveness.
Given the rich bio-resources base, the State offers several opportunities for investment in the sector. This is particularly so, in the areas of tissue culture, herbal products, biofertilizers and biopesticides, as well as aqua-culture. The Government of Orissa has been encouraging investors through provision of infrastructural facilities and other necessary support. The State is advantageously positioned to harness biotechnology applications owing to its rich mineral and bio-resources. The Chilika lake, Asia’s largest brackish water lake, houses a unique ecosystem comprising aquatic and terrestrial vegetation, migratory and resident birds, fishery resources and terrestrial wild life. It has a long coastline covering 480 km. The State has a rich floristic wealth with an estimated 2754 plant species. Out of the estimated 1200 orchid species in India, 129 rare species are reported to occur exclusively in Orissa. Forests cover about 30% of the geographical area of the State.
Recognizing the potential, the Government of Orissa has identified biotechnology as a priority area. The biotech policy aims at integrating the existing achievements in research and industry and strengthening and expanding the existing base to maximize the benefits for development of the state through the following:
1. Prioritising the thrust areas for basic and applied research and technology development
2. Promoting innovation in R&D by providing financial and infrastructural support and by encouraging public-private partnership for R&D.
3. Promoting development of the industry by providing quality infrastructure and an enabling environment for sustained growth and international competitiveness.
4. Development of human resources in various areas of biotechnology.
5. Employment generation
6. Capacity building of IPR and biosafety.
7. Providing financial support, and incentives to industry.
Handicrafts and Handlooms: Project Opportunities in Odisha (Orissa)
Indian handloom has been the pride of India’s tradition and a representative of its cultural brilliance. In fact, handloom sector has been gaining significance since the ancient times, when it was discovered. The basic meaning of Indian handloom is creating designs by keeping traditions intact. And that’s the reason; this sector has always been in demand. In earlier times, the weavers, embroiders and printers used to do wonders with their skills manually. But, the development in this sector has given birth to various machines that are meant to simplify the tasks. India has a rich history of handicrafts that has evolved over the centuries. The entire wealth of timeless Indian handicrafts has survived through ages. The legacy of Indian culture promises everything- beauty, dignity, form and style. The magnetic appeal of Indian culture resides in its exclusivity, its mystical tone that leaves people amazed at their sight.
Handlooms and Handicrafts of Orissa are known the world over. The industry is being assisted by the Government in various ways. It is being provided raw material, marketing and quality up gradation facilities as well as the required financial support. The sector is a source of large scale employment in the State, particularly in the rural areas. All efforts would be made to provide assistance for marketing, quality upgradation, etc. Strong incentives and support would be provided to Khadi and Village Industries sector to provide large scale employment in rural areas. As with many other handicrafts of Orissa, the roots of the applique art/craft form is interwined with the rituals and traditions of Lord Jagannath, the presiding deity of the Puri temple. Horn articles of Orissa are mystical and are blended with a superb fashion design. Their lively appearance, dynamism and animation vie with the real objects of nature - that spells the names of Parlakhemundi and Cuttack. Available in widest spectrum of items like combs, pen stands, cigar pipes, decorative figures - horn articles form a memorable memento for the near and dear ones at home. The traditional crafts like wood and stone carvings, tie and dye weaving textiles, folk and patta paintings, applique, filigree and jewellery work had flourished side by side with royal patronage and ritualistic needs of the temples in the state.
For handlooms and handicrafts, the two key organisations under the ministry of textiles are the Office of the Development Commissioner for Handlooms and the Office of the Development Commissioner for Handicrafts. Over the years, AIACA has engaged with the two offices in various capacities over issues such as access to raw material, access to markets and access to credit. More recently, AIACA has been engaging on the issue of protection, preservation and promotion of handloom and handicraft goods through the Geographical Indications status. Due to effective Government intervention through financial assistance and implementation of various developmental and welfare schemes, this sector has been able to withstand the competition from the power loom and mill sectors.
Tourism: Project Opportunities in Odisha (Orissa)
Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. The number of tourists worldwide has been registering phenomenal growth and it is expected that this number would shortly touch 1.5 billion. Tourism contributes about 11% of the world work force and 10.2% of the global gross domestic products. The dynamic growth of this industry is evident from the fact that a new job is added to this sector every 2.5 second.
Orissa offers excellent opportunities in the tourism sector. The Government has recognised the importance of tourism promotion in economic growth and has accordingly, undertaken several measures. These include:-A new logo to re-position and rebrand Orissa as a vibrant tourist destination Tourism fairs and festivals such as 'Sreekhetra Utsav' at Puri, 'Ekamra Utsav' at Bhubaneswar, 'Konark Festival' at Konark, showcasing tourism and cultural potential of the State Participation in travel-trade shows like 'Buddhist festival' , 'Leisure Moscow', 'WTM', 'PATA convention', 'IATO' , 'TTF', etc. The State has several places for tourists attraction, in the form of ancient monuments; beaches; religious places; hot springs; forest and wildlife; etc. The beaches include Gopalpur, Puri, Chandipur, Chandrabhaga, Aryapalli, Astaranga, Balaramgadi, Balighai, Baliharachandi, Beleswar, Paradeep, etc. Atri, Deulajhari, Taptapani and Tarabalo are the hot springs. Major waterfalls in the State are Barehipani, Joranda, Badaghagra, Sanaghagra, Khandadhar, Duduma, Harishankar, Miriglotah, Nrusimhanath, Phurli Jharan and Pradhanpat. Orissa was the first State to declare Hotels as an Industry. In addition to Hotels, other tourism related activities and wayside amenities would be entitled to various incentives as industries under the Industrial Policy. A separate policy on tourism would be formulated and announced shortly.
A tourism policy has also been formulated by the Government for encouraging private investors. Investment opportunities in the sector, existing across a wide spectrum of areas, include:-
· Accommodation facilities in the form of hotels, motels, spas and resorts, camps and jungle lodges;
· Transportation services in the form of air, road and rail network, tourist vehicles and taxicabs;
· Entertainment and leisure centres in the form of amusement Parks, theme Parks, multiplexes; water sports complexes; golf courses, bowling alleys and other sports related facilities;
Waste Management: Project Opportunities in Odisha (Orissa)
Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.
The most common way of treating solid waste in Orissa is land filling. Awareness on Solid Waste management among the people and various Institutions, Government Organisations and non-government Organisations are working on it. In Puri Municipality there exists a mechanized Bio-compost plant for treatment of garbage of 100 TPD capacities. Solid waste from industrial activities is one of the major environmental concerns. About 25 million tons of solid waste is being generated from industrial sectors in the state. It includes fly ash & bottom ash from thermal power plants, chemical slags from Iron 7 Steel plants and red mud from Aluminium industries. Some of the wastes are designated as hazardous because of their composition and hazard potential. About 80000 MT/annum of hazardous waste is being generated in Orissa. In the mining sectors, the major solid waste is the overburden waste.
National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.
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