Onion is an important fresh vegetable consumed all over the world. India ranks first in acreage in the world covering about 480 thousand ha (21 per cent of the world area) and second in production after China, with over 15 million tons. Onion is produced in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar which together constitute around 70 percent of the area under onion.
Onion is the largest vegetable produced and consumed not only in India but also in the world. Although, it is classified as vegetable, it is mainly used in cuisines and culinary preparations. Onion is believed to have originated in Asia, though it is likely that onions may have been growing wild on every continent.
Top 10 Onion Producing States Maharashtra:
· Madhya Pradesh
· Andhra Pradesh
· Uttar Pradesh
Maharashtra ranks first in Onion production with a share of 28.32%. Onion powder is a processed form of dehydrated onion that can add the same flavor as fresh onions in a convenient manner. As a flavoring agent, onion powder is currently being used in a number of food and non-food products like- snacks, sauces, salads, soups, gravies, appetizers, seafood, meats, etc. Although, it is slightly less pungent than fresh onions, even its little amount can replace the chopping of a whole medium-sized onion. Thus, it is quite easier to handle compared to fresh onions and saves a lot of time while cooking as no chopping is required. Onion powder is also easier to pack and unlike fresh onions does not require refrigerated storage.
Onion is an important vegetable crop grown in India and forms a part of daily diet in almost all households throughout the year. Onion is one of the most important but perishable groups known. It is also used for medical purpose.
On account of rapid urbanization, hectic schedules and rising working population, the demand for onion powder is witnessing a tremendous growth, particularly in India. In order to save time, consumers are not willing to indulge in difficult cooking procedures such as chopping onions. Apart from this, food processing represents one of the largest sectors in India which is bolstering the demand for onion powder. Moreover, onion powder is used in ready-to-eat food products, like packaged soups, sauces, oats, noodles, pasta, frozen food and instant mixes. Further, onion powder is used in seasonings, dry rubs, marinades and condiments for preparing appetisers, seafood and meat.
Dehydrated onions register widespread consumption worldwide, predominantly due to growing popularity of convenience/packaged food products. Manufacturers are constantly striving to provide nutrition-rich dried products through their offerings of on-the-go or ready-to-cook meals and snacks, which is believed to be another key factor impacting adoption of dry vegetables globally. Rising consumer awareness about the improved shelf life of dehydrated foods has contributed to the growing adoption of dry onions among consumers, especially within developing economies. Volatility in production and pricing of vegetables primarily due to seasonal variations, and availability and utilization of resources, has been identified to be a decisive factor influencing the market scenario.