The Complete Technology Book on Snack Foods (2nd Revised Edition) ( ) ( Best Seller ) ( ) ( ) ( )
Author Dr. Himadri. Panda ISBN 9789381039243
Code ENI57 Format Paperback
Price: Rs 1475   1475 US$ 40   40
Pages: 544 Published 2013
Publisher Niir Project Consultancy Services
Usually Ships within 5 days

Snacking is becoming a way of life with many people. In some countries the average eating frequency is around 6 to 7 occasions per day. As a staple of life our need to eat has developed from a basic form of simply feeding our bodies with the fuel it requires, to a complicated art of presentation and taste. Combined with our intrinsic need to experiment with everything we see, touch, smell and of course taste. For many people, snack foods are a convenient means of meeting their daily nutritional requirements. People are spending more of their time and money in the world of fast foods and restaurants. The demand for the snack food in market today is splendid. There are plenty of marketing niches and slots to be filled in the snack food area. The major contents of the book are classified in different parts like snack food ingredients, product and processes of manufacturing, equipments used in manufacturing, technical functions and so on. These parts include quality control, specialized equipments, extruding equipments, packaging materials etc. This book attempts to provide the processes for the manufacture of various Snack food items which has tremendous domestic and export market. It is believes that the book may be of immense value and interest to the new entrepreneurs, research institutes, professionals, industry people and libraries.


1. Popcorn and Other Cereal Products


Other Corn Ingredients

Wheat-based Ingredients




2. Fats, Oils, Emulsifiers and Antioxidants

Natural Fats and Oils

Processing Vegetable Oils

Analytical Tests Applied to Shortenings

Specifications and Quality Assurance

Frying Fats



3. Sweeteners

Invert Syrups


Brown Sugar

Other Sweeteners

4. Dairy Products

Fluid Milk Products

Concentrated Milk Products

Dried Milk Products


5. Salt

Manufacture of Salt

Salt with Additives

Storage and Packing

Salt Requirements for Snacks

6. Water

Public Health Service Drinking Water Standards

Analyses of Water

Water Treatment

7. Nuts and Fruits



8. Vegetable Ingredients



Other Plant Products

9. Flavours and Colours




10. Potato Chips

Potato Chips Processing

Quality Factors

Storage Stability

11. Meat-based Snacks

Popped Pork Rinds

Pickled Snacks

12. Snacks-based on Popcorn

Factors affecting the quality of Popcorn

Popping Procedures

Caramel Corn and Other Popcorn Snacks

13. Puffed Snacks

Formulation and Procedures

Addition of Flavours and Colours

14. Corn Chips and Simulated Potato Chips

Corn Chips

Simulated Potato Chips

15. Baked Snacks

Salty-savory Baked Snacks

Sweet Baked Snacks

16. Nut-based Snacks


Other Nuts

Sugared and Spiced Nuts



17. Extruding Equipments

Extruder Function

Using Extruders to make Snacks

Extruder Design and Operation

Commercially Available Extruding Equipments

Complete Plants

Special Processes

18. Equipments for Frying, Baking and Drying

Heat Transfer Mechanism


Electronic Ovens


Toasting Ovens


Specialized Snack Fying Equipment

19. Specialized Equipment for Popcorn Processing




Caramel Corn Plants

20. Specialized Equipment for Potato Chip 


Receiving and Cleaning Potatoes



Slice Washers and Conditioners


Vacuum Finishing of Potato Chips

Microwave Drying

Addition of Salt and Seasonings

Sorting Potato Chips by Size

Protecting the Environment

21. Packaging Materials

Type of Containers

Special Feature for Some Snack Packages

Testing Films

Legal Considerations

22. Packaging Equipments

Folding Cartons

Preformed Pouches

Form-Fill Seal Equipment

Inner-lined Containers and Rotoseal Machines

Automatic Case Packaging for Flexible Bags

Milk Carton Types

Packaging Nut Meats

23. Miscellaneous Equipments

Nut Processing Equipment

Oil, Powder and Granule Applicators

Transfer and Storage Equipment



24. Product Development


Mission and Objectives

Administration of Product Development

Systemalizing New Product Development 

Conducting Development Work 

Packaging Development 

25. Quality Control 

Quality Control or Quality Assurance 

The Mission of Quality Control 

The Extent of the Concern of Quality Control 

The Position of Quantity Control in the Organisation 

Function of Quality Control Department 

Promoting a Quality Conscious Attutude in other Departments 

Keeping Records 

Establishing Standards and Specifications 



Supervision of On-line Inspector 

HACCP Studies 



Utilization of Outside Laboratories 

26. Nutritional Supplementation 

Recommended Daily Allowances 




Other Nutrients 

27. Potato Chips And Tortilla Chips 

28. French Fries 

29. Papad And Namkin 

30. Banana Chips 

31. Extruded Puffed Snacks 

32. High Energy Snack Food 

Machinery & Equipments 



NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report,  Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

Our Detailed Project report aims at providing all the critical data required by any entrepreneur vying to venture into Project. While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line.


And before diversifying/venturing into any product, wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:

• Good Present/Future Demand
• Export-Import Market Potential
• Raw Material & Manpower Availability
• Project Costs and Payback Period

We at NPCS, through our reliable expertise in the project consultancy and market research field, Provides exhaustive information about the project, which satisfies all the above mentioned requirements and has high growth potential in the markets. And through our report we aim to help you make sound and informed business decision.


The report contains all the data which will help an entrepreneur find answers to questions like:

• Why I should invest in this project?
• What will drive the growth of the product?
• What are the costs involved?
• What will be the market potential?

The report first focuses on enhancing the basic knowledge of the entrepreneur about the main product, by elucidating details like product definition, its uses and applications, industry segmentation as well as an overall overview of the industry sector in India. The report then helps an entrepreneur identify the target customer group of its product. It further helps in making sound investment decision by listing and then elaborating on factors that will contribute to the growth of product consumption in India and also talks about the foreign trade of the product along with the list of top importing and top exporting countries. Report includes graphical representation and forecasts of key data discussed in the above mentioned segment. It further explicates the growth potential of the product.

The report includes other market data like key players in the Industry segment along with their contact information and recent developments. It includes crucial information like raw material requirements, list of machinery and manufacturing process for the plant. Core project financials like plant capacity, costs involved in setting up of project, working capital requirements, projected revenue and profit are further listed in the report.

Reasons for buying the report:

• This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, demand of the product and reasons for investing in the product.

• This report provides vital information on the product like its definition, characteristics and segmentation.

• This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product.

• This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like raw materials required, manufacturing process, project costs and snapshot of other project financials.

• The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decision.


Our Approach:

• Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast.

• The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players. 

• We use reliable sources of information and databases.  And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report.


Our Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Report Contains following information:



Ø  Introduction

·         Project Introduction

·         Project Objective and Strategy

·         Concise History of the Product

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

·         Present Market Demand and Supply

·         Estimated Future Market Demand and Forecast

·         Statistics of Import & Export

·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

·         Market Opportunity


Ø  Raw Material

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Properties of Raw Materials

·         Prescribed Quality of Raw Materials

·         List of Suppliers and Manufacturers


Ø  Personnel (Manpower) Requirements

·         Requirement of Staff & Labor (Skilled and Unskilled) Managerial, Technical, Office Staff and Marketing Personnel


Ø  Plant and Machinery

·         List of Plant & Machinery

·         Miscellaneous Items

·         Appliances & Equipments

·         Laboratory Equipments & Accessories

·         Electrification

·         Electric Load & Water

·         Maintenance Cost

·         Sources of Plant & Machinery (Suppliers and Manufacturers)


Ø  Manufacturing Process and Formulations

·         Detailed Process of Manufacture with Formulation

·         Packaging Required

·         Process Flow Sheet Diagram


Ø  Infrastructure and Utilities

·         Project Location

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Rates of the Land

·         Built Up Area

·         Construction Schedule

·         Plant Layout and Requirement of Utilities


Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR