Activated charcoal may be a non-graphite variety of charcoal and is micro crystalline in nature. It’s extensively utilized in various industries as a really good adsorbent for odour or colour. There are two varieties of activated charcoal viz gas phase or the liquid phase adsorbents. The liquid phase activated charcoal is typically powder or granular form whereas the gas phase adsorbent is tough granules like dust free pellets. Besides the liquid phase and gas phase classification of activated charcoal, into grades based on the chemical properties it possesses like its methylene blue (MB) value, area , ash content, iron content, pH factor and adsorption quality of charcoal. The term activated charcoal or active charcoal is typically applied to amorphous charcoal possessing higher adsorption capacity their wood or bone black. Many charcoal of commercial value are prepared from coal and from organic vegetable and animal matter. The resulting amorphous products include Charcoal coke, and petroleum coke. Charcoal intrinsically is perhaps, the foremost cosmopolitan element in nature. It occurs in two allotropic crystalline forms, viz, graphite (hexagonal system) and diamond (isomeric system), the previous is soft and weak while diamond is difficult and transparent.
Global Activated charcoal Market is expected to garner 2,776 kilo tons and $5,129 million by 2022, registering a CAGR of 6.8% and 9.3% during the forecast period 2016 - 2020. Activated charcoal is processed charcoal with small, low-volume pores to increase surface area for chemical reactions and adsorption. Growing awareness for clean water consumption coupled with the rising number of water treatment plants owing to government subsidies is anticipated to benefit the overall market growth over the forecast period.
As there is indigenous demand for activated charcoal in bulk, the export potential does not exist. However, in developing countries like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and gulf countries, where industrial development is emerging up, the demand for activated charcoal is anticipated. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful.
Few Indian major players are as under
Active Char Products Pvt. Ltd.
Adsorbent Carbons Ltd.
Aksharchem (India) Ltd.
Jacobi Carbons India Pvt. Ltd.
Kowa India Pvt. Ltd.
Kalpaka Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.
Core Carbons Pvt. Ltd.